July 28th, 2019

Trinity 6


Explanation of the Week

"Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven" (Matt 5:17-26). God demands nothing less than perfection and holiness from you in regard to His commandments (Ex 20:1-17). Your only hope, then, is not in your own goodness but in the goodness of Christ, who did not come to destroy the Law and the Prophets, but to fulfill them for you. In Christ your righteousness does indeed exceed that of the scribes and Pharisees. For you have been baptized into Christ's death and your sinful nature crucified. Therefore, he who has died has been freed from sin (Rom 6:1-11). You are now raised with Christ to walk in newness of life and to share in His resurrection on the Last Day. Christ has brought you through the baptismal sea "out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." Therefore, "reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord."

Introit

Antiphon:
The LORD | is their strength,*
     and He is the saving refuge of His a- | nointed.
Save Your people, and bless Your in- | heritance;*
     shepherd them also, and bear them up for- | ever. (Psalm 28:8-9)

Psalm:
To You I will cry, O | LORD my Rock:*
     do not be si- | lent to me,
lest, if You are si- | lent to me,*
     I become like those who go down | to the pit.
Hear the voice of my supplications when I | cry to You,*
     when I lift up my hands toward Your holy sanctu- | ary.
The LORD is my strength | and my shield;*
     my heart trusted in Him, and | I am helped. (Psalm 28:1-2, 7)

Collect (LSB)

Lord of all power and might, author and giver of all good things, graft into our hearts the love of Your name, increase in us true religion, nourish us with all goodness, and of Your great mercy keep us in the same; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

Lord of all power and might, who art the Author and Giver of all good things, graft in our hearts the love of Thy name, increase in us true religion, nourish us with all goodness, and of Thy great mercy keep us in the same; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end, Amen.

Collecta Latina

Deus virtutum, cuius est totum quod est optimum, insere pectoribus nostris amorem tui nominis, et praesta nobis religionis augmentum, ut quae bona sunt notrias, ac pietatis studio quae sunt nutrita custodias. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Exodus 20:1-17

The Ten Commandments

 1(A) And(B) God spoke all these words, saying,

 2(C) "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

 3(D) "You shall have no other gods before[a] me.

 4(E) "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5(F) You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am(G) a jealous God,(H) visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing steadfast love to thousands[b] of those who love me and keep my commandments.

 7(I) "You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

 8(J) "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9(K) Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, 10but the(L) seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the(M) sojourner who is within your gates. 11For(N) in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

 12(O) "Honor your father and your mother,(P) that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.

 13(Q) "You shall not murder.[c]

 14(R) "You shall not commit adultery.

 15(S) "You shall not steal.

 16(T) "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

 17(U) "You shall not covet(V) your neighbor’s house;(W) you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s."

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Old Testament: Exodus 20:1-17

The Ten Commandments

 1(A) And(B) God spoke all these words, saying,

 2(C) "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

 3(D) "You shall have no other gods before[a] me.

 4(E) "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5(F) You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am(G) a jealous God,(H) visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing steadfast love to thousands[b] of those who love me and keep my commandments.

 7(I) "You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

 8(J) "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9(K) Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, 10but the(L) seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the(M) sojourner who is within your gates. 11For(N) in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

 12(O) "Honor your father and your mother,(P) that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.

 13(Q) "You shall not murder.[c]

 14(R) "You shall not commit adultery.

 15(S) "You shall not steal.

 16(T) "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

 17(U) "You shall not covet(V) your neighbor’s house;(W) you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s."

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Gradual

Return, O / LORD! How long?*
     And have compassion on Your / servants.
LORD, You have been our dwelling place in all gener- / ations.*
     Even from everlasting to everlasting, / You are God. (Psalm 90:13:1–2)

Epistle: Rom. 6:3-11

3Do you not know that all of us(A) who have been baptized(B) into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4We were(C) buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as(D) Christ was raised from the dead by(E) the glory of the Father, we too might walk in(F) newness of life.

 5For(G) if we have been united with him in(H) a death like his, we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his. 6We know that(I) our old self[a](J) was crucified with him in order that(K) the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. 7For(L) one who has died(M) has been set free[b] from sin. 8Now(N) if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. 9We know that(O) Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again;(P) death no longer has dominion over him. 10For the death he died he died to sin,(Q) once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. 11So you also must consider yourselves(R) dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
In You, O LORD, I put my trust; let me never / be ashamed;*
     deliver me in Your righteousness. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 31:1 )

Gospel: Matt. 5:20-26

20For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds(A) that of the scribes and Pharisees, you(B) will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

Anger
 21(C) "You have heard that it was said to those of old,(D) 'You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable(E) to judgment.' 22But I say to you that(F) everyone who is angry with his brother[a] will be liable(G) to judgment; whoever insults[b] his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, 'You fool!' will be liable to(H) the hell[c] of fire. 23(I) So if(J) you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25(K) Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison. 26Truly, I say to you,(L) you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.[d]

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Offertory

Uphold my steps in Your paths, That my footsteps may not slip. Incline Your ear to me, and hear my speech. Show Your marvelous loving-kindness, O Lord, O You who save those who trust in You (Psalm 17)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 119:41-48

Waw

 41Let your(A) steadfast love come to me, O LORD,
   your salvation(B) according to your promise; 42then(C) shall I have an answer for him(D) who taunts me,
   for I trust in your word. 43And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth,
   for my(E) hope is in your rules. 44I will keep your law continually,
   forever and ever, 45and I shall walk(F) in a wide place,
   for I have(G) sought your precepts. 46I will also speak of your testimonies(H) before kings
   and shall not be put to shame, 47for I(I) find my delight in your commandments,
   which I love. 48I will(J) lift up my hands toward your commandments, which I love,
   and I will(K) meditate on your statutes.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

First Reading: 1 Sam. 13:1-18

Saul Fights the Philistines

 1Saul was  . . .[a] years old when he began to reign, and he reigned  . . . and two[b] years over Israel.

 2Saul chose three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in(A) Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in(B) Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent home, every man to his tent. 3Jonathan defeated(C) the garrison of the Philistines that was(D) at Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul(E) blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear." 4And all Israel heard it said that Saul had defeated the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become a stench to the Philistines. And the people were called out to join Saul at Gilgal.

 5And the Philistines mustered to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen and troops(F) like the sand on the seashore in multitude. They came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of(G) Beth-aven. 6When the men of Israel saw that they were in trouble (for the people were hard pressed), the people hid themselves(H) in caves and in holes and in rocks and in tombs and in cisterns, 7and some Hebrews crossed the fords of the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

Saul’s Unlawful Sacrifice

 8(I) He waited seven days, the time appointed by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people were scattering from him. 9So Saul said, "Bring the burnt offering here to me, and the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering. 10As soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came. And Saul went out to meet him and greet him. 11Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines had mustered at Michmash, 12I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering." 13And Samuel said to Saul,(J) "You have done foolishly.(K) You have not kept the command of the LORD your God, with which he commanded you. For then the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 14But now(L) your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought out a man(M) after his own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you." 15And Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal. The rest of the people went up after Saul to meet the army; they went up from Gilgal[c] to(N) Gibeah of Benjamin.

   

   And Saul numbered the people who were present with him,(O) about six hundred men. 16And Saul and Jonathan his son and the people who were present with them stayed in(P) Geba of Benjamin, but the Philistines encamped in Michmash. 17And(Q) raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual; 18another company turned toward(R) Beth-horon; and another company turned toward the border that looks down on the Valley of(S) Zeboim toward the wilderness.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps.114

Tremble at the Presence of the Lord

 1When(A) Israel went out from Egypt,
   the house of Jacob from(B) a people of strange language, 2Judah became his(C) sanctuary,
   Israel his dominion.

 3(D) The sea looked and fled;
   (E) Jordan turned back. 4(F) The mountains skipped like rams,
   the hills like lambs.

 5What(G) ails you, O sea, that you flee?
   O Jordan, that you turn back? 6O mountains, that you skip like rams?
   O hills, like lambs?

 7(H) Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord,
   at the presence of the God of Jacob, 8who turns(I) the rock into(J) a pool of water,
   (K) the flint into a spring of water.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Second Reading: Acts 23:12-35

A Plot to Kill Paul

 12When it was day,(A) the Jews made a plot and(B) bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 13There were more than forty who made this conspiracy. 14They went to the chief priests and elders and said, "We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food till we have killed Paul. 15Now therefore you, along with the council, give notice to the tribune to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case more exactly. And we are ready to kill him before he comes near."

 16Now the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered(C) the barracks and told Paul. 17Paul called one of the centurions and said, "Take this young man to the tribune, for he has something to tell him." 18So he took him and brought him to the tribune and said, "Paul(D) the prisoner called me and asked me to bring this young man to you, as he has something to say to you." 19The tribune took him by the hand, and going aside asked him privately, "What is it that you have to tell me?" 20And he said,(E) "The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire somewhat more closely about him. 21But do not be persuaded by them, for more than forty of their men are lying in ambush for him, who(F) have bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they have killed him. And now they are ready, waiting for your consent." 22So the tribune dismissed the young man, charging him, "Tell no one that you have informed me of these things."

Paul Sent to Felix the Governor

 23Then he called two of the centurions and said, "Get ready two hundred soldiers, with seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen to go as far as Caesarea at the third hour of the night.[a] 24Also provide mounts for Paul to ride and bring him safely to(G) Felix(H) the governor." 25And he wrote a letter to this effect:

 26"Claudius Lysias, to(I) his Excellency the governor Felix,(J) greetings. 27(K) This man was seized by the Jews and(L) was about to be killed by them(M) when I came upon them with the soldiers and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28And(N) desiring to know the charge for which they were accusing him, I brought him down to their council. 29I found that he was being accused(O) about questions of their law, but(P) charged with nothing deserving death or imprisonment. 30(Q) And when it was disclosed to me(R) that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you at once,(S) ordering his accusers also to state before you what they have against him."

 31So the soldiers, according to their instructions, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 32And on the next day they returned to(T) the barracks, letting the horsemen go on with him. 33When they had come to Caesarea and delivered the letter to the governor, they presented Paul also before him. 34On reading the letter, he asked what(U) province he was from. And when he learned(V) that he was from Cilicia, 35he said, "I will give you a hearing(W) when your accusers arrive." And he commanded him to be guarded in Herod’s(X) praetorium.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

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