July 14th, 2019

Trinity 4

Explanation of the Week

"Be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful"(Luke 6:36-42). The old Adam in us, however, wants to condemn and seek vengeance. But the Lord says, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay" (Rom 12:14-21). To condemn, to avenge yourself, is to put yourself in the place of God. It is to fail to trust that He is just. Ultimately, it is to disbelieve that Jesus suffered the full vengeance for all wrongs. Only Christ is merciful as the Father is merciful. He is the one who overcame all evil with the good of His cross, forgiving even His executioners. Jesus is our Joseph, who comforts us with words of pardon and reconciliation (Gen 50:15-21). He is the One who does not condemn but gives life that runs over. Only through faith in Christ are we sons of the FatherÑbeing merciful, forgiving, doing good to our enemies. For in Christ we know that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us (Rom 8:8-13).


The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom | shall I fear?*
     The LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I | be afraid?
When the wicked came a- | gainst me,*
     my enemies and foes, they stum- | bled and fell. (Psalm 27:1-2)

Though an army may encamp a- | gainst me,*
     my heart | shall not fear;
though war should rise a- | gainst me,*
     in this I will be | confident.
One thing I have desired of the LORD, that | will I seek:*
     that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days | of my life,
for in the time of trouble He shall hide me in His pa- | vilion;*
     he shall set me high up- | on a rock. (Psalm 27:3-5)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, grant that the course of this world may be so peaceably ordered by Your governance that Your Church may joyfully serve You in all godly quietness; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

Grant, O Lord, we beseech Thee, that the course of this world may be so peaceably ordered by Thy governance that Thy Church may jorfully serve Thee in all godly quietness; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Da nobis quaesumus, ut et mundi cursus pacifice nobis tuo ordine dirigatur, et Ecclesia tua tranquilla devotione laetetur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Gen. 50:15-21

God’s Good Purposes

 15When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, "It may be that Joseph will hate us and pay us back for all the evil that we did to him." 16So they sent a message to Joseph, saying, "Your father gave this command before he died, 17'Say to Joseph, Please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you.' And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of(A) the God of your father." Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18His brothers also came and(B) fell down before him and said, "Behold, we are your servants." 19But Joseph said to them, "Do not fear, for(C) am I in the place of God? 20As for you, you meant evil against me, but(D) God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people[a] should be kept alive, as they are today. 21So do not fear;(E) I will provide for you and your little ones." Thus he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Old Testament: Isaiah 58:6-12

 6"Is not this the fast that I choose:
   (A) to loose the bonds of wickedness,
   to undo the straps(B) of the yoke,to let the oppressed[a] go free,
   and to break every yoke? 7Is it not(C) to share your bread with the hungry
   and bring the homeless poor into your house;when you see the naked, to cover him,
   (D) and not to hide yourself from your own flesh? 8(E) Then shall your light break forth like the dawn,
   (F) and your healing shall spring up speedily;(G) your righteousness shall go before you;
   (H) the glory of the LORD shall be your rear guard. 9Then you shall call, and the LORD will answer;
   you shall cry, and he will say, 'Here I am.'If you take away(I) the yoke from your midst,
   (J) the pointing of the finger, and speaking wickedness, 10(K) if you pour yourself out for the hungry
   and satisfy the desire of the afflicted,(L) then shall your light rise in the darkness
   and your gloom be as the noonday. 11And the LORD will guide you continually
   and satisfy your desire in scorched places
   and make your bones strong;and you shall be(M) like a watered garden,
   like a spring of water,
   whose waters do not fail. 12(N) And your ancient ruins shall be rebuilt;
   you shall raise up the foundations of many generations;you shall be called the repairer of the breach,
   the restorer of streets to dwell in.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.


Make atonement for our / sins, O Lord*
     lest the nations say, “Where / is their God?”
Help us, O God of our sal- / vation,*
     for the glory of Your name, de- / liver us. (Psalm 79:9–10)

Epistle: Rom. 8:18-23

Future Glory

 18For I consider that the sufferings of this present time(A) are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19For the creation waits with eager longing for(B) the revealing of the sons of God. 20For the creation(C) was subjected to futility, not willingly, but(D) because of him who subjected it, in hope 21that(E) the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22For we know that(F) the whole creation(G) has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have(H) the firstfruits of the Spirit,(I) groan inwardly as(J) we wait eagerly for adoption as sons,(K) the redemption of our bodies.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.


Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
You sat on the throne judging in / righteousness;*
     the Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed in times of trouble. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 9:4, 9)

Gospel: Luke 6:36-42

36(A) Be merciful, even as(B) your Father is merciful.

Judging Others
 37(C) (D) "Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven; 38(E) give, and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be put(F) into your lap. For(G) with the measure you use it will be measured back to you."

 39He also told them a parable: (H) "Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40(I) A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is(J) fully trained will be like his teacher. 41(K) Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but(L) do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 42How can you say to your brother, 'Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,' when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.


Enlighten my eyes, Lest I sleep the sleep of death; Lest my enemy say, "I have prevailed against him." (Psalm 13)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 119:25-32


 25(A) My soul clings to the dust;
   (B) give me life(C) according to your word! 26When(D) I told of my ways, you answered me;
   (E) teach me your statutes! 27(F) Make me understand the way of your precepts,
   and I will(G) meditate on your wondrous works. 28(H) My soul melts away for sorrow;
   strengthen me according to your word! 29Put false ways far from me
   and graciously(I) teach me your law! 30I have chosen the way of faithfulness;
   I(J) set your rules before me. 31I cling to your testimonies, O LORD;
   (K) let me not be put to shame! 32I will run in the way of your commandments
   when you(L) enlarge my heart![a]

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

First Reading: Judg. 14:1-20

Samson’s Marriage

 1(A) Samson went down to(B) Timnah, and at Timnah he saw one of the daughters of the Philistines. 2Then he came up and told his father and mother, "I saw one of the daughters of the Philistines at Timnah.(C) Now get her for me as my wife." 3But his father and mother said to him, "Is there not a woman among the daughters(D) of your relatives, or among all our people, that you must go to take a wife from the(E) uncircumcised Philistines?" But Samson said to his father, "Get her for me, for she is right in my eyes."

 4His father and mother did not know that it was(F) from the LORD, for he was seeking an opportunity against the Philistines.(G) At that time the Philistines ruled over Israel.

 5Then Samson went down with his father and mother to Timnah, and they came to the vineyards of Timnah. And behold, a young lion came toward him roaring. 6(H) Then the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon him, and although he had nothing in his hand, he tore the lion in pieces as one tears a young goat. But he did not tell his father or his mother what he had done. 7Then he went down and talked with the woman, and she was right in Samson’s eyes.

 8After some days he returned to take her. And he turned aside to see the carcass of the lion, and behold, there was a swarm of bees in the body of the lion, and honey. 9He scraped it out into his hands and went on, eating as he went. And he came to his father and mother and gave some to them, and they ate. But he did not tell them that he had scraped the honey from the carcass of the lion.

 10His father went down to the woman, and Samson prepared a feast there, for so the young men used to do. 11As soon as the people saw him, they brought thirty companions to be with him. 12And Samson said to them,(I) "Let me now put a riddle to you. If you can tell me what it is, within(J) the seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty(K) changes of clothes, 13but if you cannot tell me what it is, then you shall give me thirty linen garments and thirty changes of clothes." And they said to him, "Put your riddle, that we may hear it." 14And he said to them,
   "Out of the eater came something to eat.Out of the strong came something sweet."


   And in three days they could not solve the riddle.

 15On the fourth[a] day they said to Samson’s wife,(L) "Entice your husband to tell us what the riddle is,(M) lest we burn you and your father’s house with fire. Have you invited us here to impoverish us?" 16And Samson’s wife wept over him and said,(N) "You only hate me; you do not love me. You have put a riddle to my people, and you have not told me what it is." And he said to her, "Behold, I have not told my father nor my mother, and shall I tell you?" 17She wept before him the seven days that their feast lasted, and on the seventh day he told her, because(O) she pressed him hard. Then she told the riddle to her people. 18And the men of the city said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down,
   "What is sweeter than honey?What is stronger than a lion?"


   And he said to them,
   "If you had not plowed with my heifer,you would not have found out my riddle."

 19(P) And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon him, and he went down to(Q) Ashkelon and struck down thirty men of the town and took their spoil and gave the garments to those who had told the riddle. In hot anger he went back to his father’s house. 20And Samson’s wife was given to(R) his companion,(S) who had been his best man.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 92

How Great Are Your Works

A Psalm. A Song for the Sabbath.

 1(A) It is good to give thanks to the LORD,
   to sing praises to your name,(B) O Most High; 2to declare your(C) steadfast love in(D) the morning,
   and your faithfulness by night, 3to the music of(E) the lute and the harp,
   to the melody of the lyre. 4For you, O LORD, have made me glad by your(F) work;
   at(G) the works of your hands I sing for joy.

 5How(H) great are your works, O LORD!
   Your(I) thoughts are very(J) deep! 6The stupid man cannot know;
   the fool cannot understand this: 7that though(K) the wicked sprout like grass
   and all(L) evildoers flourish,they are doomed to destruction forever;
 8but you, O LORD, are(M) on high forever. 9For behold, your enemies, O LORD,
   for behold, your enemies shall perish;
   all evildoers shall be(N) scattered.

 10But you have exalted my(O) horn like that of(P) the wild ox;
   you have(Q) poured over me[a] fresh oil. 11My(R) eyes have seen the downfall of my enemies;
   my ears have heard the doom of my evil assailants.

 12(S) The righteous flourish like the palm tree
   and grow like a cedar in Lebanon. 13They are planted in the house of the LORD;
   they flourish in(T) the courts of our God. 14They still bear fruit in old age;
   they are ever full of sap and green, 15(U) to declare that the LORD is upright;
   he is my(V) rock, and there is(W) no unrighteousness in him.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Second Reading: Gal. 3:1-22

By Faith, or by Works of the Law?

 1O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you?(A) It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly(B) portrayed as crucified. 2Let me ask you only this:(C) Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by(D) hearing with faith? 3Are you so foolish?(E) Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by[a] the flesh? 4(F) Did you suffer[b] so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain? 5Does he who supplies the Spirit to you and(G) works miracles among you do so(H) by works of the law, or by hearing with faith— 6just as(I) Abraham "believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness"?

 7Know then that it is(J) those of faith who are(K) the sons of Abraham. 8And the Scripture, foreseeing that(L) God would justify[c] the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying,(M) "In you shall all the nations be blessed." 9So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.

The Righteous Shall Live by Faith

 10For all who rely on works of the law are(N) under a curse; for it is written,(O) "Cursed be everyone who does not(P) abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them." 11Now it is evident that(Q) no one is justified before God by the law, for(R) "The righteous shall live by faith."[d] 12But the law is not of faith, rather(S) "The one who does them shall live by them." 13Christ(T) redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written,(U) "Cursed is everyone who is hanged(V) on a tree"— 14so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might(W) come to the Gentiles, so that(X) we might receive(Y) the promised Spirit[e] through faith.

The Law and the Promise

 15(Z) To give a human example, brothers:[f](AA) even with a man-made covenant, no one annuls it or adds to it once it has been ratified. 16Now(AB) the promises were made(AC) to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, "And to offsprings," referring to many, but referring to one,(AD) "And to your offspring," who is Christ. 17This is what I mean: the law, which came(AE) 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as(AF) to make the promise void. 18For if the inheritance comes by the law, it no longer comes by promise; but(AG) God gave it to Abraham by a promise.

 19Why then the law?(AH) It was added because of transgressions,(AI) until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was(AJ) put in place through angels(AK) by an intermediary. 20Now(AL) an intermediary implies more than one, but(AM) God is one.

 21Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For(AN) if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22But the Scripture(AO) imprisoned everything under sin, so that(AP) the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given(AQ) to those who believe.

English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.


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