June 16th, 2019
Explanation of the Week
When Isaiah beheld the glory of the Lord, he cried out "Woe is me!" For the sinner cannot stand in the presence of a holy God and live (Is 6:1-7). But God the Father lifted up His Son Jesus for us on the cross, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life (John 3:1-15). This eternal life of Christ is given us according to the Holy Spirit's good pleasure in Baptism. "Unless one is born (again) of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." To sinners in fear of death, the messengers of God place on our lips the living body and blood of Christ and speak His words of absolution, "Your iniquity is taken away, and your sin purged." Having received forgiveness and life from the Father through the Son by the Holy Spirit, we join with the angels in praising the blessed Trinity, "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts!" "For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen" (Rom 11:33-36).
Blessed be the Holy | Trinity*
and the Undivided | Unity:
Let us give glo- | ry to Him*
For He has shown mercy | unto us. (Liturgical Text)
O | LORD, our Lord,*
How excellent is Your name in | all the earth,
You have set Your glory above the | heavens!*
Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants, You have or- | dained strength.
What is man that You are mind- | ful of him,*
and the son of man that You | visit him?
For You have made him a little lower than the | angels,*
and You have crowned him with glory and | honor. (Psalm 8:1-5)
Almighty and everlasting God, You have given us grace to acknowledge the glory of the eternal Trinity by the confession of a true faith and to worship the Unity in the power of the Divine Majesty. Keep us steadfast in this faith and defend us from all adversities; for You, O Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, live and reign, one God, now and forever.
Almighty and everlasting God, who hast given unto us, Thy servants, grace by the confession of a true faith, to aknowledge the glory of the eternal Trinity and in the power of the Divine Majesty to worship the Unity, we beseech Thee that Thou wouldst keep us steadfast in this faith and evermore defend us from all adversities; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end.
Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui dedisti famulis tuis in confessione verae fidei aeternae trinitatis gloriam agnoscere, et in potentia majestatis adorare unitatem quaesumus, ut eiusdem fidei firmitate ab omnibus semper muniamur adversis. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.
Old Testament (LSB): Isaiah 6:1-7
Isaiah Called to Be a Prophet
1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple. 2 Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one cried to another and said:
“ Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts;
The whole earth is full of His glory!”
4 And the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke. 5 So I said:
“ Woe is
me, for I am undone!
Because I am
a man of unclean lips,
And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips;
For my eyes have seen the King,
The LORD of hosts.” 6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a live coal which
he had taken with the tongs from the altar. 7 And he touched my mouth with it,
“ Behold, this has touched your lips;
Your iniquity is taken away,
And your sin purged.”
Old Testament: Ezek. 18:30-32
30 “Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways,” says the Lord GOD. “Repent, and turn from all your transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your ruin. 31 Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit. For why should you die, O house of Israel? 32 For I have no pleasure in the death of one who dies,” says the Lord GOD. “Therefore turn and live!”
Blessed are You, O Lord, who be- / holds the deep,*
and who dwells between the / cherubim.
Blessed are You, O Lord, in the firmament of / heaven,*
and greatly to be praised for- / ever. (Song of the Three Children, 32–34)
Epistle: Rom. 11:33-36
33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out! Footnotes:
34 “ For who has known the mind of the LORD?
Or who has become His counselor?”[a]
35 “ Or who has first given to Him
And it shall be repaid to him?”[b] 36 For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.
Romans 11:34 Isaiah 40:13; Jeremiah 23:18
Romans 11:35 Job 41:11
Alle- / luia.*
Alle- / luia.
Blessed are You, O Lord God of our / Fathers,*
and greatly to be praised and glorified forever. Alle- / luia. (Song of the Three Children, 29)
Gospel: John 3:1-15
The New Birth
1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.” 3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 4 Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” 5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.” 9 Nicodemus answered and said to Him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things? 11 Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness. 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.[a] 14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in Him should not perish but[b] have eternal life.Footnotes:
John 3:13 NU-Text omits who is in heaven.
John 3:15 NU-Text omits not perish but.
Blessed be God the Father, and the only-begotten Son of God, and likewise the Holy Spirit: for He has shown His mercy upon us. (Tobit 12)
Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 67; Ps. 8; Ps. 148
To the Chief Musician. On stringed instruments.[a] A Psalm. A Song.
1 God be merciful to us and bless us,Footnotes:
And cause His face to shine upon us, Selah
2 That Your way may be known on earth,
Your salvation among all nations.
3 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
Let all the peoples praise You.
4 Oh, let the nations be glad and sing for joy!
For You shall judge the people righteously,
And govern the nations on earth. Selah
5 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
Let all the peoples praise You.
6 Then the earth shall yield her increase;
God, our own God, shall bless us.
7 God shall bless us,
And all the ends of the earth shall fear Him.
Psalm 67:1 Hebrew neginoth
To the Chief Musician. On the instrument of Gath.[a] A Psalm of David.
1 O LORD, our Lord,Footnotes:
How excellent is Your name in all the earth,
Who have set Your glory above the heavens!
2 Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
You have ordained strength,
Because of Your enemies,
That You may silence the enemy and the avenger.
3 When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers,
The moon and the stars, which You have ordained,
4 What is man that You are mindful of him,
And the son of man that You visit him?
5 For You have made him a little lower than the angels,[b]
And You have crowned him with glory and honor.
6 You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands;
You have put all things under his feet,
7 All sheep and oxen—
Even the beasts of the field,
8 The birds of the air,
And the fish of the sea
That pass through the paths of the seas.
9 O LORD, our Lord,
How excellent is Your name in all the earth!
Psalm 8:1 Hebrew Al Gittith
Psalm 8:5 Hebrew Elohim, God;
Septuagint, Syriac, Targum, and Jewish tradition translate as angels.
Praise to the LORD from Creation
1 Praise the LORD!
Praise the LORD from the heavens;
Praise Him in the heights!
2 Praise Him, all His angels;
Praise Him, all His hosts!
3 Praise Him, sun and moon;
Praise Him, all you stars of light!
4 Praise Him, you heavens of heavens,
And you waters above the heavens!
5 Let them praise the name of the LORD,
For He commanded and they were created.
6 He also established them forever and ever;
He made a decree which shall not pass away.
7 Praise the LORD from the earth,
You great sea creatures and all the depths;
8 Fire and hail, snow and clouds;
Stormy wind, fulfilling His word;
9 Mountains and all hills;
Fruitful trees and all cedars;
10 Beasts and all cattle;
Creeping things and flying fowl;
11 Kings of the earth and all peoples;
Princes and all judges of the earth;
12 Both young men and maidens;
Old men and children.
13 Let them praise the name of the LORD,
For His name alone is exalted;
His glory is above the earth and heaven.
14 And He has exalted the horn of His people,
The praise of all His saints—
Of the children of Israel,
A people near to Him.
Praise the LORD!
First Reading: Prov. 16:1-24
1 The preparations of the heart belong
But the answer of the tongue is
from the LORD.
2 All the ways of a man are
pure in his own eyes,
But the LORD weighs the spirits.
3 Commit your works to the LORD,
And your thoughts will be established.
4 The LORD has made all for Himself,
Yes, even the wicked for the day of doom.
5 Everyone proud in heart is
an abomination to the LORD; Though they join
none will go unpunished.
6 In mercy and truth
Atonement is provided for iniquity;
And by the fear of the LORD one
departs from evil.
7 When a man’s ways please the LORD,
He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.
8 Better is
a little with righteousness,
Than vast revenues without justice.
9 A man’s heart plans his way,
But the LORD directs his steps.
10 Divination is
on the lips of the king;
His mouth must not transgress in judgment.
11 Honest weights and scales are
All the weights in the bag are
12 It is
an abomination for kings to commit wickedness,
For a throne is established by righteousness.
13 Righteous lips are
the delight of kings,
And they love him who speaks what is
14 As messengers of death is
the king’s wrath,
But a wise man will appease it.
15 In the light of the king’s face is
And his favor is
like a cloud of the latter rain.
16 How much better to get wisdom than gold!
And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver.
17 The highway of the upright is
to depart from evil;
He who keeps his way preserves his soul.
18 Pride goes
And a haughty spirit before a fall.
19 Better to be
of a humble spirit with the lowly,
Than to divide the spoil with the proud.
20 He who heeds the word wisely will find good,
And whoever trusts in the LORD, happy is
21 The wise in heart will be called prudent,
And sweetness of the lips increases learning.
22 Understanding is
a wellspring of life to him who has it.
But the correction of fools is
23 The heart of the wise teaches his mouth,
And adds learning to his lips.
24 Pleasant words are like
Sweetness to the soul and health to the bones. Footnotes:
Proverbs 16:5 Literally hand to hand
Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 115; Ps. 143
The Futility of Idols and the Trustworthiness of God
1 Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us,
But to Your name give glory,
Because of Your mercy,
Because of Your truth.
2 Why should the Gentiles say,
“So where is their God?”
3 But our God is in heaven;
He does whatever He pleases.
4 Their idols are silver and gold,
The work of men’s hands.
5 They have mouths, but they do not speak;
Eyes they have, but they do not see;
6 They have ears, but they do not hear;
Noses they have, but they do not smell;
7 They have hands, but they do not handle;
Feet they have, but they do not walk;
Nor do they mutter through their throat.
8 Those who make them are like them;
So is everyone who trusts in them.
9 O Israel, trust in the LORD;
He is their help and their shield.
10 O house of Aaron, trust in the LORD;
He is their help and their shield.
11 You who fear the LORD, trust in the LORD;
He is their help and their shield.
12 The LORD has been mindful of us;
He will bless us;
He will bless the house of Israel;
He will bless the house of Aaron.
13 He will bless those who fear the LORD,
Both small and great.
14 May the LORD give you increase more and more,
You and your children.
15 May you be blessed by the LORD,
Who made heaven and earth.
16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’s;
But the earth He has given to the children of men.
17 The dead do not praise the LORD,
Nor any who go down into silence.
18 But we will bless the LORD
From this time forth and forevermore.
Praise the LORD!
A Psalm of David.
1 Hear my prayer, O LORD,Footnotes:
Give ear to my supplications!
In Your faithfulness answer me,
And in Your righteousness.
2 Do not enter into judgment with Your servant,
For in Your sight no one living is righteous.
3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul;
He has crushed my life to the ground;
He has made me dwell in darkness,
Like those who have long been dead.
4 Therefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me;
My heart within me is distressed.
5 I remember the days of old;
I meditate on all Your works;
I muse on the work of Your hands.
6 I spread out my hands to You;
My soul longs for You like a thirsty land. Selah
7 Answer me speedily, O LORD;
My spirit fails!
Do not hide Your face from me,
Lest I be like those who go down into the pit.
8 Cause me to hear Your lovingkindness in the morning,
For in You do I trust;
Cause me to know the way in which I should walk,
For I lift up my soul to You.
9 Deliver me, O LORD, from my enemies;
In You I take shelter.[a]
10 Teach me to do Your will,
For You are my God;
Your Spirit is good.
Lead me in the land of uprightness.
11 Revive me, O LORD, for Your name’s sake!
For Your righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.
12 In Your mercy cut off my enemies,
And destroy all those who afflict my soul;
For I am Your servant.
Psalm 143:9 Septuagint and Vulgate read To You I flee.
Second Reading: John 16:1-16
1 “These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble. 2 They will put you out of the synagogues; yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service. 3 And these things they will do to you[a]
because they have not known the Father nor Me. 4 But these things I have told you, that when the[b]
time comes, you may remember that I told you of them.“And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.
The Work of the Holy Spirit
5 “But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’ 6 But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. 7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. 8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: 9 of sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; 11 of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. 12 “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them
now. 13 However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority,
but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. 14 He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it
to you. 15 All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it
Sorrow Will Turn to Joy
16 “A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father.” Footnotes:
John 16:3 NU-Text and M-Text omit to you.
John 16:4 NU-Text reads their.
John 16:15 NU-Text and M-Text read He takes of Mine and will declare it to you.