June 9th, 2019

Whitsunday (Feast of Pentecost)


Explanation of the Week

Man's self-exaltation causes a confusion of language. In his desire to make a name for himself, he brings the judgment of being divided and scattered. (Gen 11:1-9) However, by the coming of the Holy Spirit, mankind is brought together and united in Christ. Language barriers are broken down as the people hear the wonderful works of God in their own native tongue. (Acts 2:1-21) Through the preaching of the cross, the Holy Spirit draws people from all nations into the one, holy, Christian, apostolic church. The Holy Spirit teaches and brings to our remembrance the words of Jesus, which are the words of the Father who sent Him. These words bestow forgiveness and peace to those who keep and hold on to them in love for Jesus. For He said, "Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid." (Jn 14:23-31)

Introit

Antiphon:
The Spirit of the Lord fills the world. Alle- | luia.*
     Let the righ- | teous be glad;
let them rejoice be- | fore God;*
     yes, let them rejoice exceedingly. Alle- | luia. (Wisdom 1:7; Psalm 68:3)

Psalm:
Let God arise, let His enemies be | scattered;*
     let those also who hate Him flee be- | fore Him.
Sing to God, sing praises | to His name;*
     extol Him who rides | on the clouds.
The Lord | gave the Word;*
     great was the company of those who pro- | claimed it.
He sends out His voice, a | mighty voice.*
     The God of Israel gives strength and power to His | people. (Psalm 68:1, 4, 11, 33, 35)

Collect (LSB)

O God, on this day You once taught the hearts of Your faithful people by sending them the light of Your Holy Spirit. Grant us in our day by the same Spirit to have a right understanding in all things and evermore to rejoice in His holy consolation; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O God, who didst teach the hearts of Thy faithful people by sending to them the light of Thy Holy Spirit, grant us by the same Spirit to have a right judgment in all things and evermore to rejoice in His holy comfort; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who with Thee and the Holy Ghost liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Deus qui hodierno die corda fidelium sanci Spiritus illustratione docuisti, da nobis in eodem Spiritu recta sapere, et de eius consolatione semper gaudere. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate eiusdem Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Gen. 11:1-9

The Tower of Babel

 1 Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. 2 As men moved eastward, [a] they found a plain in Shinar [b] and settled there.

 3 They said to each other, "Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly." They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. 4 Then they said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth."

 5 But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. 6 The LORD said, "If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. 7 Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other."

 8 So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. 9 That is why it was called Babel [c] —because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

Old Testament: Joel 2:28-32

The Day of the LORD

 28 "And afterward,
       I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
       Your sons and daughters will prophesy,
       your old men will dream dreams,
       your young men will see visions.

 29 Even on my servants, both men and women,
       I will pour out my Spirit in those days.

 30 I will show wonders in the heavens
       and on the earth,
       blood and fire and billows of smoke.

 31 The sun will be turned to darkness
       and the moon to blood
       before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.

 32 And everyone who calls
       on the name of the LORD will be saved;
       for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem
       there will be deliverance,
       as the LORD has said,
       among the survivors
       whom the LORD calls.


New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society


Epistle: Acts 2:1-13

The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost

 1When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues[a] as the Spirit enabled them.

 5Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7Utterly amazed, they asked: "Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? 8Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language? 9Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11(both Jews and converts to Judaism Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!" 12Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, "What does this mean?"

 13Some, however, made fun of them and said, "They have had too much wine.[b]"

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

Verse

Alle- | luia.*
     Alle- | luia.
You send forth Your Spirit, they are cre- | ated;*
     and You renew the face of the earth. Alle- | luia.
Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of the | faithful,*
     and kindle them in the fire of Your love. Alle- | luia. (Psalm 104:30, Liturgical text)

Gospel: John 14:23-31

 23Jesus replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 24He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.

 25"All this I have spoken while still with you. 26But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. 27Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.

 28"You heard me say, 'I am going away and I am coming back to you.' If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. 29I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30I will not speak with you much longer, for the prince of this world is coming. He has no hold on me, 31but the world must learn that I love the Father and that I do exactly what my Father has commanded me.
      "Come now; let us leave.


New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society


Offertory

Strengthen, O God, what You have done for us. Because of Your temple at Jerusalem, Kings will bring presents to You, Alleluia. (Psalm 68)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 48; Ps. 68; Ps. 45

A song. A psalm of the Sons of Korah.

 1 Great is the LORD, and most worthy of praise,
       in the city of our God, his holy mountain.

 2 It is beautiful in its loftiness,
       the joy of the whole earth.
       Like the utmost heights of Zaphon [a] is Mount Zion,
       the [b] city of the Great King.

 3 God is in her citadels;
       he has shown himself to be her fortress.

 4 When the kings joined forces,
       when they advanced together,

 5 they saw her and were astounded;
       they fled in terror.

 6 Trembling seized them there,
       pain like that of a woman in labor.

 7 You destroyed them like ships of Tarshish
       shattered by an east wind.

 8 As we have heard,
       so have we seen
       in the city of the LORD Almighty,
       in the city of our God:
       God makes her secure forever.
       Selah

 9 Within your temple, O God,
       we meditate on your unfailing love.

 10 Like your name, O God,
       your praise reaches to the ends of the earth;
       your right hand is filled with righteousness.

 11 Mount Zion rejoices,
       the villages of Judah are glad
       because of your judgments.

 12 Walk about Zion, go around her,
       count her towers,

 13 consider well her ramparts,
       view her citadels,
       that you may tell of them to the next generation.

 14 For this God is our God for ever and ever;
       he will be our guide even to the end.

Footnotes:Psalm 48:2 Zaphon can refer to a sacred mountain or the direction north. Psalm 48:2 Or earth, / Mount Zion, on the northern side / of the




For the director of music. Of David. A psalm. A song.

 1 May God arise, may his enemies be scattered;
       may his foes flee before him.

 2 As smoke is blown away by the wind,
       may you blow them away;
       as wax melts before the fire,
       may the wicked perish before God.

 3 But may the righteous be glad
       and rejoice before God;
       may they be happy and joyful.

 4 Sing to God, sing praise to his name,
       extol him who rides on the clouds [a]
       his name is the LORD—
       and rejoice before him.

 5 A father to the fatherless, a defender of widows,
       is God in his holy dwelling.

 6 God sets the lonely in families, [b]
       he leads forth the prisoners with singing;
       but the rebellious live in a sun-scorched land.

 7 When you went out before your people, O God,
       when you marched through the wasteland,
       Selah

 8 the earth shook,
       the heavens poured down rain,
       before God, the One of Sinai,
       before God, the God of Israel.

 9 You gave abundant showers, O God;
       you refreshed your weary inheritance.

 10 Your people settled in it,
       and from your bounty, O God, you provided for the poor.

 11 The Lord announced the word,
       and great was the company of those who proclaimed it:

 12 "Kings and armies flee in haste;
       in the camps men divide the plunder.

 13 Even while you sleep among the campfires, [c]
       the wings of my dove are sheathed with silver,
       its feathers with shining gold."

 14 When the Almighty [d] scattered the kings in the land,
       it was like snow fallen on Zalmon.

 15 The mountains of Bashan are majestic mountains;
       rugged are the mountains of Bashan.

 16 Why gaze in envy, O rugged mountains,
       at the mountain where God chooses to reign,
       where the LORD himself will dwell forever?

 17 The chariots of God are tens of thousands
       and thousands of thousands;
       the Lord has come from Sinai into his sanctuary.

 18 When you ascended on high,
       you led captives in your train;
       you received gifts from men,
       even from [e] the rebellious—
       that you, [f] O LORD God, might dwell there.

 19 Praise be to the Lord, to God our Savior,
       who daily bears our burdens.
       Selah

 20 Our God is a God who saves;
       from the Sovereign LORD comes escape from death.

 21 Surely God will crush the heads of his enemies,
       the hairy crowns of those who go on in their sins.

 22 The Lord says, "I will bring them from Bashan;
       I will bring them from the depths of the sea,

 23 that you may plunge your feet in the blood of your foes,
       while the tongues of your dogs have their share."

 24 Your procession has come into view, O God,
       the procession of my God and King into the sanctuary.

 25 In front are the singers, after them the musicians;
       with them are the maidens playing tambourines.

 26 Praise God in the great congregation;
       praise the LORD in the assembly of Israel.

 27 There is the little tribe of Benjamin, leading them,
       there the great throng of Judah's princes,
       and there the princes of Zebulun and of Naphtali.

 28 Summon your power, O God [g] ;
       show us your strength, O God, as you have done before.

 29 Because of your temple at Jerusalem
       kings will bring you gifts.

 30 Rebuke the beast among the reeds,
       the herd of bulls among the calves of the nations.
       Humbled, may it bring bars of silver.
       Scatter the nations who delight in war.

 31 Envoys will come from Egypt;
       Cush [h] will submit herself to God.

 32 Sing to God, O kingdoms of the earth,
       sing praise to the Lord,
       Selah

 33 to him who rides the ancient skies above,
       who thunders with mighty voice.

 34 Proclaim the power of God,
       whose majesty is over Israel,
       whose power is in the skies.

 35 You are awesome, O God, in your sanctuary;
       the God of Israel gives power and strength to his people.
       Praise be to God!

Footnotes:Psalm 68:4 Or prepare the way for him who rides through the deserts Psalm 68:6 Or the desolate in a homeland Psalm 68:13 Or saddlebags Psalm 68:14 Hebrew Shaddai Psalm 68:18 Or gifts for men, / even Psalm 68:18 Or they Psalm 68:28 Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts Your God has summoned power for you Psalm 68:31 That is, the upper Nile region




For the director of music. To the tune of "Lilies." Of the Sons of Korah. A maskil. A wedding song. [a]

 1 My heart is stirred by a noble theme
       as I recite my verses for the king;
       my tongue is the pen of a skillful writer.

 2 You are the most excellent of men
       and your lips have been anointed with grace,
       since God has blessed you forever.

 3 Gird your sword upon your side, O mighty one;
       clothe yourself with splendor and majesty.

 4 In your majesty ride forth victoriously
       in behalf of truth, humility and righteousness;
       let your right hand display awesome deeds.

 5 Let your sharp arrows pierce the hearts of the king's enemies;
       let the nations fall beneath your feet.

 6 Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever;
       a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

 7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness;
       therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions
       by anointing you with the oil of joy.

 8 All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia;
       from palaces adorned with ivory
       the music of the strings makes you glad.

 9 Daughters of kings are among your honored women;
       at your right hand is the royal bride in gold of Ophir.

 10 Listen, O daughter, consider and give ear:
       Forget your people and your father's house.

 11 The king is enthralled by your beauty;
       honor him, for he is your lord.

 12 The Daughter of Tyre will come with a gift, [b]
       men of wealth will seek your favor.

 13 All glorious is the princess within her chamber ;
       her gown is interwoven with gold.

 14 In embroidered garments she is led to the king;
       her virgin companions follow her
       and are brought to you.

 15 They are led in with joy and gladness;
       they enter the palace of the king.

 16 Your sons will take the place of your fathers;
       you will make them princes throughout the land.

 17 I will perpetuate your memory through all generations;
       therefore the nations will praise you for ever and ever.

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

First Reading: Num. 21:10-35

The Journey to Moab

 10 The Israelites moved on and camped at Oboth. 11 Then they set out from Oboth and camped in Iye Abarim, in the desert that faces Moab toward the sunrise. 12 From there they moved on and camped in the Zered Valley. 13 They set out from there and camped alongside the Arnon, which is in the desert extending into Amorite territory. The Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. 14 That is why the Book of the Wars of the LORD says:
       "...Waheb in Suphah [a] and the ravines,
       the Arnon 15 and [b] the slopes of the ravines
       that lead to the site of Ar
       and lie along the border of Moab."

 16 From there they continued on to Beer, the well where the LORD said to Moses, "Gather the people together and I will give them water."

 17 Then Israel sang this song:
       "Spring up, O well!
       Sing about it,

 18 about the well that the princes dug,
       that the nobles of the people sank—
       the nobles with scepters and staffs."
      Then they went from the desert to Mattanah, 19 from Mattanah to Nahaliel, from Nahaliel to Bamoth, 20 and from Bamoth to the valley in Moab where the top of Pisgah overlooks the wasteland.

Defeat of Sihon and Og

 21 Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites:

 22 "Let us pass through your country. We will not turn aside into any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the king's highway until we have passed through your territory."

 23 But Sihon would not let Israel pass through his territory. He mustered his entire army and marched out into the desert against Israel. When he reached Jahaz, he fought with Israel. 24 Israel, however, put him to the sword and took over his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, but only as far as the Ammonites, because their border was fortified. 25 Israel captured all the cities of the Amorites and occupied them, including Heshbon and all its surrounding settlements. 26 Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken from him all his land as far as the Arnon.

 27 That is why the poets say:
       "Come to Heshbon and let it be rebuilt;
       let Sihon's city be restored.

 28 "Fire went out from Heshbon,
       a blaze from the city of Sihon.
       It consumed Ar of Moab,
       the citizens of Arnon's heights.

 29 Woe to you, O Moab!
       You are destroyed, O people of Chemosh!
       He has given up his sons as fugitives
       and his daughters as captives
       to Sihon king of the Amorites.

 30 "But we have overthrown them;
       Heshbon is destroyed all the way to Dibon.
       We have demolished them as far as Nophah,
       which extends to Medeba."

 31 So Israel settled in the land of the Amorites.

 32 After Moses had sent spies to Jazer, the Israelites captured its surrounding settlements and drove out the Amorites who were there. 33 Then they turned and went up along the road toward Bashan, and Og king of Bashan and his whole army marched out to meet them in battle at Edrei.

 34 The LORD said to Moses, "Do not be afraid of him, for I have handed him over to you, with his whole army and his land. Do to him what you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon."

 35 So they struck him down, together with his sons and his whole army, leaving them no survivors. And they took possession of his land.

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 104; Ps. 145

 1 Praise the LORD, O my soul.
       O LORD my God, you are very great;
       you are clothed with splendor and majesty.

 2 He wraps himself in light as with a garment;
       he stretches out the heavens like a tent

 3 and lays the beams of his upper chambers on their waters.
       He makes the clouds his chariot
       and rides on the wings of the wind.

 4 He makes winds his messengers, [a]
       flames of fire his servants.

 5 He set the earth on its foundations;
       it can never be moved.

 6 You covered it with the deep as with a garment;
       the waters stood above the mountains.

 7 But at your rebuke the waters fled,
       at the sound of your thunder they took to flight;

 8 they flowed over the mountains,
       they went down into the valleys,
       to the place you assigned for them.

 9 You set a boundary they cannot cross;
       never again will they cover the earth.

 10 He makes springs pour water into the ravines;
       it flows between the mountains.

 11 They give water to all the beasts of the field;
       the wild donkeys quench their thirst.

 12 The birds of the air nest by the waters;
       they sing among the branches.

 13 He waters the mountains from his upper chambers;
       the earth is satisfied by the fruit of his work.

 14 He makes grass grow for the cattle,
       and plants for man to cultivate—
       bringing forth food from the earth:

 15 wine that gladdens the heart of man,
       oil to make his face shine,
       and bread that sustains his heart.

 16 The trees of the LORD are well watered,
       the cedars of Lebanon that he planted.

 17 There the birds make their nests;
       the stork has its home in the pine trees.

 18 The high mountains belong to the wild goats;
       the crags are a refuge for the coneys. [b]

 19 The moon marks off the seasons,
       and the sun knows when to go down.

 20 You bring darkness, it becomes night,
       and all the beasts of the forest prowl.

 21 The lions roar for their prey
       and seek their food from God.

 22 The sun rises, and they steal away;
       they return and lie down in their dens.

 23 Then man goes out to his work,
       to his labor until evening.

 24 How many are your works, O LORD!
       In wisdom you made them all;
       the earth is full of your creatures.

 25 There is the sea, vast and spacious,
       teeming with creatures beyond number—
       living things both large and small.

 26 There the ships go to and fro,
       and the leviathan, which you formed to frolic there.

 27 These all look to you
       to give them their food at the proper time.

 28 When you give it to them,
       they gather it up;
       when you open your hand,
       they are satisfied with good things.

 29 When you hide your face,
       they are terrified;
       when you take away their breath,
       they die and return to the dust.

 30 When you send your Spirit,
       they are created,
       and you renew the face of the earth.

 31 May the glory of the LORD endure forever;
       may the LORD rejoice in his works-

 32 he who looks at the earth, and it trembles,
       who touches the mountains, and they smoke.

 33 I will sing to the LORD all my life;
       I will sing praise to my God as long as I live.

 34 May my meditation be pleasing to him,
       as I rejoice in the LORD.

 35 But may sinners vanish from the earth
       and the wicked be no more.
       Praise the LORD, O my soul.
       Praise the LORD. [c]

Footnotes:Psalm 104:4 Or angels Psalm 104:18 That is, the hyrax or rock badger Psalm 104:35 Hebrew Hallelu Yah ; in the Septuagint this line stands at the beginning of Psalm 105.




A psalm of praise. Of David.

 1 [a] I will exalt you, my God the King;
       I will praise your name for ever and ever.

 2 Every day I will praise you
       and extol your name for ever and ever.

 3 Great is the LORD and most worthy of praise;
       his greatness no one can fathom.

 4 One generation will commend your works to another;
       they will tell of your mighty acts.

 5 They will speak of the glorious splendor of your majesty,
       and I will meditate on your wonderful works. [b]

 6 They will tell of the power of your awesome works,
       and I will proclaim your great deeds.

 7 They will celebrate your abundant goodness
       and joyfully sing of your righteousness.

 8 The LORD is gracious and compassionate,
       slow to anger and rich in love.

 9 The LORD is good to all;
       he has compassion on all he has made.

 10 All you have made will praise you, O LORD;
       your saints will extol you.

 11 They will tell of the glory of your kingdom
       and speak of your might,

 12 so that all men may know of your mighty acts
       and the glorious splendor of your kingdom.

 13 Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
       and your dominion endures through all generations.
       The LORD is faithful to all his promises
       and loving toward all he has made. [c]

 14 The LORD upholds all those who fall
       and lifts up all who are bowed down.

 15 The eyes of all look to you,
       and you give them their food at the proper time.

 16 You open your hand
       and satisfy the desires of every living thing.

 17 The LORD is righteous in all his ways
       and loving toward all he has made.

 18 The LORD is near to all who call on him,
       to all who call on him in truth.

 19 He fulfills the desires of those who fear him;
       he hears their cry and saves them.

 20 The LORD watches over all who love him,
       but all the wicked he will destroy.

 21 My mouth will speak in praise of the LORD.
       Let every creature praise his holy name
       for ever and ever.

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

Second Reading: Lk. 21:20-38

 20"When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near. 21Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those in the city get out, and let those in the country not enter the city. 22For this is the time of punishment in fulfillment of all that has been written. 23How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people. 24They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

 25"There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. 27At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near."

 29He told them this parable: "Look at the fig tree and all the trees. 30When they sprout leaves, you can see for yourselves and know that summer is near. 31Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that the kingdom of God is near.

 32"I tell you the truth, this generation[a] will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. 33Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.

 34"Be careful, or your hearts will be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness and the anxieties of life, and that day will close on you unexpectedly like a trap. 35For it will come upon all those who live on the face of the whole earth. 36Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man."

 37Each day Jesus was teaching at the temple, and each evening he went out to spend the night on the hill called the Mount of Olives, 38and all the people came early in the morning to hear him at the temple.

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

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