May 7th, 2019

C. F. W. Walther, Theologian


First Reading: Ex. 34:1-28


The Two Tablets Replaced
 1Now the LORD said to Moses, "Cut out for yourself (A)two stone tablets like the former ones, and (B)I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered.

 2"So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to (C)Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain.

 3"(D)No man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen anywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze in front of that mountain."

 4So he cut out (E)two stone tablets like the former ones, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand.

 5(F)The LORD descended in the cloud and stood there with him as he called upon the name of the LORD.

 6Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, (G)compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth;

 7who (H)keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He (I)will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, (J)visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations."

 8Moses made haste (K)to bow low toward the earth and worship.

 9He said, "(L)If now I have found favor in Your sight, O Lord, I pray, let the Lord go along in our midst, even though (M)the people are so obstinate, and (N)pardon our iniquity and our sin, and (O)take us as Your own possession."

The Covenant Renewed
 10Then God said, "Behold, (P)I am going to make a covenant Before all your people (Q)I will perform miracles which have not been produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live will see the working of the LORD, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

 11"Be sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold, (R)I am going to drive out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.

 12"(S)Watch yourself that you make no covenant with the inhabitants of the land into which you are going, or it will become a snare in your midst.

 13"(T)But rather, you are to tear down their altars and smash their sacred pillars and cut down their [a](U)Asherim

 14--for (V)you shall not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God--

 15otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they would play the harlot with their gods and (W)sacrifice to their gods, and someone (X)might invite you to eat of his sacrifice,

 16and (Y)you might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters might play the harlot with their gods and cause your sons also to play the harlot with their gods.

 17"(Z)You shall make for yourself no molten gods.

 18"You shall observe (AA)the Feast of Unleavened Bread For (AB)seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the (AC)month of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

 19"(AD)The first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from cattle and sheep.

 20"(AE)You shall redeem with a lamb the first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck You shall redeem (AF)all the firstborn of your sons (AG)None shall appear before Me empty-handed.

 21"You shall work (AH)six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest.

 22"You shall celebrate (AI)the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

 23"(AJ)Three times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.

 24"For I will (AK)drive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the LORD your God.

 25"(AL)You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, (AM)nor is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover to be left over until morning.

 26"You shall bring (AN)the very first of the first fruits of your soil into the house of the LORD your God. "You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk."

 27Then the LORD said to Moses, "(AO)Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made (AP)a covenant with you and with Israel."

 28So he was there with the LORD (AQ)forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water And (AR)he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, (AS)the Ten Commandments.

Footnotes:Exodus 34:13 I e wooden symbols of a female deity
Cross references:Exodus 34:1 : Ex 24:12; 31:18; 32:16, 19 Exodus 34:1 : Deut 10:2, 4 Exodus 34:2 : Ex 19:11, 18, 20 Exodus 34:3 : Ex 19:12, 13 Exodus 34:4 : Ex 34:1 Exodus 34:5 : Ex 19:9; 33:9 Exodus 34:6 : Num 14:18; Deut 4:31; Neh 9:17; Ps 86:15; 103:8; 108:4; 145:8; Joel 2:13; Rom 2:4 Exodus 34:7 : Ex 20:5, 6; Deut 5:10; 7:9; Ps 103:3; 130:3, 4; 1 John 1:9 Exodus 34:7 : Ex 23:7; Deut 7:10; Job 10:14; Nah 1:3 Exodus 34:7 : Deut 5:9 Exodus 34:8 : Ex 4:31 Exodus 34:9 : Ex 33:13 Exodus 34:9 : Ex 32:9 Exodus 34:9 : Ex 34:7 Exodus 34:9 : Deut 4:20; 9:26, 29; 32:9; Ps 33:12 Exodus 34:10 : Ex 34:27, 28; Deut 5:2 Exodus 34:10 : Deut 4:32; Ps 72:18; 136:4 Exodus 34:11 : Ex 33:2 Exodus 34:12 : Ex 23:32, 33 Exodus 34:13 : Ex 23:24; Deut 12:3 Exodus 34:13 : Deut 16:21; Judg 6:25, 26; 2 Kin 18:4; 2 Chr 34:3 Exodus 34:14 : Ex 20:3, 5; Deut 4:24 Exodus 34:15 : Ex 22:20; 32:8 Exodus 34:15 : Num 25:1, 2; Deut 32:37, 38 Exodus 34:16 : Deut 7:3; Josh 23:12, 13; 1 Kin 11:1-4 Exodus 34:17 : Ex 20:4, 23; Lev 19:4; Deut 5:8 Exodus 34:18 : Ex 12:17; Lev 23:6; Num 28:16 Exodus 34:18 : Ex 12:15, 16 Exodus 34:18 : Ex 12:2; 13:4 Exodus 34:19 : Ex 13:2; 22:29 Exodus 34:20 : Ex 13:13 Exodus 34:20 : Ex 13:15; Num 3:45 Exodus 34:20 : Ex 22:29; 23:15; Deut 16:16 Exodus 34:21 : Ex 20:9; 23:12; 31:15; 35:2; Lev 23:3; Deut 5:13 Exodus 34:22 : Ex 23:16; Num 28:26 Exodus 34:23 : Ex 23:14-17 Exodus 34:24 : Ex 33:2; Ps 78:55 Exodus 34:25 : Ex 23:18 Exodus 34:25 : Ex 12:10 Exodus 34:26 : Ex 23:19; Deut 26:2 Exodus 34:27 : Ex 17:14; 24:4 Exodus 34:27 : Ex 34:10 Exodus 34:28 : Ex 24:18 Exodus 34:28 : Ex 31:18; 34:1 Exodus 34:28 : Deut 4:13; 10:4


Second Reading: Lk. 7:18-35


A Deputation from John

 18(A)The disciples of John reported to him about all these things.

 19Summoning two of his disciples, John sent them to (B)the Lord, saying, "Are You the Expected One, or do we look for someone else?"

 20When the men came to Him, they said, "John the Baptist has sent us to You, to ask, 'Are You the Expected One, or do we look for someone else?'"

 21At that very time He (C)cured many people of diseases and (D)afflictions and evil spirits; and He gave sight to many who were blind.

 22And He answered and said to them, "Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: the (E)BLIND RECEIVE SIGHT, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the (F)POOR HAVE THE GOSPEL PREACHED TO THEM.

 23"Blessed is he who does not take offense at Me."

 24When the messengers of John had left, He began to speak to the crowds about John, "What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind?

 25"But what did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Those who are splendidly clothed and live in luxury are found in royal palaces!

 26"But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and one who is more than a prophet.

 27"This is the one about whom it is written,
         '(G)BEHOLD, I SEND MY MESSENGER AHEAD OF YOU,
         WHO WILL PREPARE YOUR WAY BEFORE YOU.'

 28"I say to you, among those born of women there is no one greater than John; yet he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he."

 29When all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they acknowledged (H)God's justice, (I)having been baptized with (J)the baptism of John.

 30But the Pharisees and the [a](K)lawyers rejected God's purpose for themselves, not having been baptized by John.

 31"To what then shall I compare the men of this generation, and what are they like?

 32"They are like children who sit in the market place and call to one another, and they say, 'We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.'

 33"For John the Baptist has come (L)eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, 'He has a demon!'

 34"The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, 'Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'

 35"Yet wisdom (M)is vindicated by all her children."

Footnotes:Luke 7:30 I.e. experts in the Mosaic Law
Cross references:Luke 7:18 : Matt 11:2-19 Luke 7:19 : Luke 7:13; 10:1; 11:1, 39; 12:42; 13:15; 17:5, 6; 18:6; 19:8; 22:61; 24:34; John 4:1; 6:23; 11:2 Luke 7:21 : Matt 4:23 Luke 7:21 : Mark 3:10 Luke 7:22 : Is 35:5 Luke 7:22 : Is 61:1 Luke 7:27 : Mal 3:1; Matt 11:10; Mark 1:2 Luke 7:29 : Luke 7:35 Luke 7:29 : Matt 21:32; Luke 3:12 Luke 7:29 : Acts 18:25; 19:3 Luke 7:30 : Matt 22:35 Luke 7:33 : Luke 1:15 Luke 7:35 : Luke 7:29


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