May 7th, 2019

C. F. W. Walther, Theologian


First Reading: Ex. 34:1-28


Moses Makes New Tablets
 1The LORD said to Moses,(A) "Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first,(B) and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets,(C) which you broke. 2Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me(D) on the top of the mountain. 3No(E) one shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain." 4So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone. 5The LORD(F) descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and(G) proclaimed the name of the LORD. 6The LORD passed before him and proclaimed,(H) "The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and(I) gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast(J) love and faithfulness, 7(K) keeping steadfast love for thousands,[a](L) forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but(M) who will by no means clear the guilty,(N) visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation." 8And Moses quickly(O) bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped. 9And he said, "If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please(P) let the Lord go in the midst of us, for(Q) it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for(R) your inheritance."
The Covenant Renewed
 10And he said, "Behold,(S) I am making a covenant. Before all your people(T) I will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the LORD, for it is an(U) awesome thing that I will do with you.

 11"Observe what I command you this day. Behold,(V) I will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 12(W) Take care, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a(X) snare in your midst. 13You shall(Y) tear down their altars and(Z) break their pillars and cut down their(AA) Asherim 14(for(AB) you shall worship no other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), 15(AC) lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and when they(AD) whore after their gods and sacrifice to their gods and(AE) you are invited, you eat of his sacrifice, 16and you take of(AF) their daughters for your sons, and their daughters(AG) whore after their gods and make your sons whore after their gods.

 17(AH) "You shall not make for yourself any gods of cast metal.

 18(AI) "You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in(AJ) the month Abib, for in the month Abib you came out from Egypt. 19(AK) All that open the womb are mine, all your male[b] livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep. 20The(AL) firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And(AM) none shall appear before me empty-handed.

 21(AN) "Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest. 22(AO) You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end. 23(AP) Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel. 24For I will(AQ) cast out nations before you and(AR) enlarge your borders;(AS) no one shall covet your land, when you go up to appear before the LORD your God three times in the year.

 25(AT) "You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened,(AU) or let the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover remain until the morning. 26(AV) The best of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the LORD your God.(AW) You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk."

 27And the LORD said to Moses, "Write these words, for in accordance with these words(AX) I have made a covenant with you and with Israel." 28(AY) So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And he(AZ) wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.[c]

Footnotes:Exodus 34:7 Or to the thousandth generation Exodus 34:19 Septuagint, Theodotion, Vulgate, Targum; the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain Exodus 34:28 Hebrew the ten words
Cross references:Exodus 34:1 : Deut 10:1 Exodus 34:1 : Exodus 34:28; Deut 10:2, 4 Exodus 34:1 : Exodus 32:19 Exodus 34:2 : Exodus 19:20 Exodus 34:3 : Exodus 19:12, 13, 21 Exodus 34:5 : Num 11:25; 1 Kgs 8:10, 11 Exodus 34:5 : Exodus 33:19 Exodus 34:6 : Num 14:18; 2 Chr 30:9; Neh 9:17; Psalm 86:15; 103:8; 111:4; 112:4; 116:5; 145:8; Joel 2:13 Exodus 34:6 : Exodus 22:27 Exodus 34:6 : Psalm 57:10; 108:4 Exodus 34:7 : Exodus 20:5, 6; Deut 5:10; Jer 32:18; Dan 9:4 Exodus 34:7 : Psalm 103:3; 130:4; Dan 9:9; 1 John 1:9 Exodus 34:7 : Exodus 23:21; Josh 24:19; Job 10:14; Nah 1:3 Exodus 34:7 : Deut 5:9 Exodus 34:8 : Exodus 4:31; 12:27 Exodus 34:9 : Exodus 33:15, 16 Exodus 34:9 : Exodus 32:9 Exodus 34:9 : Deut 32:9; Psalm 28:9; 33:12; 78:62; 94:14; Jer 10:16; Zech 2:12 Exodus 34:10 : Exodus 34:27; Deut 5:2; 29:1 Exodus 34:10 : Deut 4:32-35; Josh 6:20; 10:12, 13; 2 Sam 7:23; Psalm 77:14; 78:12 Exodus 34:10 : Deut 10:21; Psalm 145:6; Isa 64:3 Exodus 34:11 : Exodus 13:5 Exodus 34:12 : Exodus 23:32; Deut 7:2; Josh 23:12, 13; Judg 2:2 Exodus 34:12 : Exodus 23:33 Exodus 34:13 : Deut 7:5; 12:3; Judg 2:2; 6:25; 2 Chr 34:3, 4 Exodus 34:13 : Exodus 23:24; 2 Kgs 18:4; 23:14; 2 Chr 31:1 Exodus 34:13 : Deut 16:21 Exodus 34:14 : Exodus 20:3, 5 Exodus 34:15 : Exodus 34:12 Exodus 34:15 : Lev 17:7; 20:5; Deut 31:16; Judg 2:17; Jer 3:9; Ezek 6:9 Exodus 34:15 : Num 25:2; Psalm 106:28; 1 Cor 8:4, 7, 10; 10:27 Exodus 34:16 : Deut 7:3, 4; 1 Kgs 11:2; Ezra 9:2; Neh 13:25 Exodus 34:16 : Exodus 34:15 Exodus 34:17 : Lev 19:4; Deut 27:15; Exodus 32:4, 8 Exodus 34:18 : Exodus 12:15 Exodus 34:18 : Exodus 13:4 Exodus 34:19 : Exodus 13:2 Exodus 34:20 : Exodus 13:13; Num 18:15 Exodus 34:20 : Exodus 23:15; Deut 16:16 Exodus 34:21 : Exodus 20:9 Exodus 34:22 : Exodus 23:16; Deut 16:10, 13 Exodus 34:23 : Exodus 23:14, 17; Deut 16:16 Exodus 34:24 : Exodus 33:2; Deut 7:1; Psalm 78:55; 80:8; Exodus 23:27-31 Exodus 34:24 : Deut 12:20; 19:8 Exodus 34:24 : Prov 16:7 Exodus 34:25 : Exodus 12:8 Exodus 34:25 : Exodus 12:10 Exodus 34:26 : Exodus 23:19 Exodus 34:26 : Deut 14:21 Exodus 34:27 : Exodus 34:10 Exodus 34:28 : Exodus 24:18 Exodus 34:28 : Exodus 34:1; Exodus 31:18; 32:16; Deut 4:13; 10:2, 4


Second Reading: Lk. 7:18-35


Messengers from John the Baptist

 18(A) (B) The disciples of John reported all these things to him. And John, 19calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to the Lord, saying, "Are you the one(C) who is to come, or(D) shall we look for another?" 20And when the men had come to him, they said, "John the Baptist has sent us to you, saying, 'Are you the one(E) who is to come, or(F) shall we look for another?'" 21In that hour(G) he healed many people of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and(H) on many who were blind he bestowed sight. 22And he answered them, "Go and tell John what you have seen and heard:(I) the blind receive their sight, the lame walk,(J) lepers[a] are cleansed, and(K) the deaf hear,(L) the dead are raised up,(M) the poor have good news preached to them. 23And blessed is the one who is(N) not offended by me."

 24When John’s messengers had gone, Jesus[b] began to speak to the crowds concerning John: "What did you go out(O) into the wilderness to see?(P) A reed shaken by the wind? 25What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are dressed in splendid clothing and live in luxury are in kings’ courts. 26What then did you go out to see?(Q) A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 27This is he of whom it is written,
   (R) "'Behold, I send my messenger before your face,
   who will prepare your way before you.'

 28I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he." 29((S) When all the people heard this, and(T) the tax collectors too, they declared God just,[c](U) having been baptized with the baptism of John, 30(V) but the Pharisees and(W) the lawyers(X) rejected(Y) the purpose of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him.)

 31"To what then shall I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like? 32They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another,
   "'We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;
   we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.'

 33For John the Baptist has come(Z) eating no bread and(AA) drinking no wine, and you say, 'He has a demon.' 34The Son of Man has come(AB) eating and drinking, and you say, 'Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard,(AC) a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' 35Yet(AD) wisdom is justified by all her children."

Footnotes:Luke 7:22 Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13 Luke 7:24 Greek he Luke 7:29 Greek they justified God
Cross references:Luke 7:18 : For Luke 7:18-35, Matt 11:2-19 Luke 7:18 : Matt 9:14 Luke 7:19 : John 4:25; 6:14; 11:27 Luke 7:19 : Luke 3:15 Luke 7:20 : Luke 7:19 Luke 7:20 : Luke 7:19 Luke 7:21 : Mark 1:34 Luke 7:21 : Luke 18:42; Matt 9:30; 12:22; 15:31; 20:34; 21:14; Mark 8:25; John 9:7 Luke 7:22 : Isa 29:18; 35:5, 6; Matt 15:30 Luke 7:22 : Luke 17:14 Luke 7:22 : Mark 7:35 Luke 7:22 : Luke 7:14 Luke 7:22 : Luke 4:18; Matt 5:3; James 2:5 Luke 7:23 : Isa 8:14, 15; John 6:61 Luke 7:24 : Luke 1:80; 3:2 Luke 7:24 : Eph 4:14; James 1:6 Luke 7:26 : Luke 1:76; 20:6; Matt 14:5 Luke 7:27 : Mark 1:2; Mal 3:1; Luke 1:17, 76 Luke 7:29 : Luke 20:6 Luke 7:29 : Luke 3:12; Matt 21:32 Luke 7:29 : Acts 18:25; 19:3 Luke 7:30 : Matt 21:25, 32; 23:13 Luke 7:30 : Luke 10:25; 11:45, 46, 52; 14:3; Matt 22:35 Luke 7:30 : Mark 7:9 Luke 7:30 : Acts 2:23; 13:36 Luke 7:33 : Matt 3:4; Mark 1:6 Luke 7:33 : Luke 1:15 Luke 7:34 : Luke 7:36; Luke 14:1; Matt 9:10; John 2:1; 12:2 Luke 7:34 : Luke 15:2; 19:7; Matt 9:11 Luke 7:35 : Luke 11:49; Prov 8:1-36


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