March 31st, 2019

Laetare (Lent 4)


Explanation of the Week

The Lord provided bread from heaven for His people in the wilderness. (Ex 16:2-21) Now He who is Himself the Living Bread from heaven miraculously provides bread for the 5000. (Jn 6:1-15) This takes place near the time of the Passover, after a great multitude followed Jesus across the Sea, when He went up on a mountain. Thus we see that Jesus is our new and greater Moses, who releases us from the bondage of Mt. Sinai and makes us free children of the promise. (Gal 4:21-31) Five loaves become twelves baskets, that is, the five books of Moses find their goal and fulfillment in Christ, whose people continue steadfastly in the doctrine and fellowship of the twelve apostles, and in the breaking and receiving of the Bread of Life, which is the body of Christ together with His precious blood, and in the prayers. (Acts 2:41-47) So it is that God's people "shall neither hunger nor thirst." (Is 49:8-13) For He abundantly provides for them in both body and soul.

Introit

Antiphon:
Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be | glad with her,*
     all you who | love her;
that you may feed and be | satisfied*
     with the consolation of her | bosom. (Isaiah 66:10-11)

Psalm:
I was glad when they | said to me,*
     "Let us go into the house | of the LORD."
Our feet have been | standing*
     within your gates, O Je- | rusalem!
Pray for the peace of Je- | rusalem:*
     "May they prosper who | love you."
For the sake of my brethren and companions, I will | now say,*
     "Peace be with- | in you." (Psalm 122:1-2, 6, 8)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, our heavenly Father, Your mercies are new every morning; and though we deserve only punishment, You receive us as Your children and provide for all our needs of body and soul. Grant that we may heartily acknowledge Your merciful goodness, give thanks for all Your benefits, and serve You in willing obedience; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Grant, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deed do worthily deserve to be punished, by the comfort of Thy grace may mercifully be relieved; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Concede quaesumus omnipotens Deus, ut qui ex merito nostrae actionis affligimur, tuae gratiae consolatione respiremus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Exodus 16:2-21


 2The whole congregation of the sons of Israel (A)grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

 3The sons of Israel said to them, "(B)Would that we had died by the LORD'S hand in the land of Egypt, (C)when we sat by the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger."

 4Then the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, (D)I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may (E)test them, whether or not they will walk in My [a]instruction.

 5"(F)On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily."

 6So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, "At evening (G)you will know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt;

 7and in the morning you will see (H)the glory of the LORD, for (I)He hears your grumblings against the LORD; and (J)what are we, that you grumble against us?"

The LORD Provides Meat
 8Moses said, "This will happen when the LORD gives you meat to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; for the LORD hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are (K)not against us but against the LORD."

 9Then Moses said to Aaron, "Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, '(L)Come near before the LORD, for He has heard your grumblings.'"

 10It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, (M)the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

 11And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

 12"(N)I have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, 'At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and (O)you shall know that I am the LORD your God.'"

 13So it came about at evening that (P)the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning (Q)there was a layer of dew around the camp.

 14(R)When the layer of dew evaporated, behold, on the surface of the wilderness (S)there was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground.

 15When the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, "(T)It is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat.

 16"This is what the LORD has commanded, 'Gather of it every man as much as he should eat; you shall take (U)an omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.'"

 17The sons of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little.

 18When they measured it with an omer, (V)he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered as much as he should eat.

 19Moses said to them, "(W)Let no man leave any of it until morning."

 20But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them.

 21They gathered it morning by morning, every man as much as he should eat; but when the sun grew hot, it would melt.

Footnotes:Exodus 16:4 Or law
Cross references:Exodus 16:2 : Ex 14:11; 15:24; Ps 106:25; 1 Cor 10:10 Exodus 16:3 : Ex 17:3; Num 14:2, 3; 20:3; Lam 4:9 Exodus 16:3 : Num 11:4, 5 Exodus 16:4 : Neh 9:15; Ps 78:23-25; 105:40; John 6:31; 1 Cor 10:3 Exodus 16:4 : Ex 15:25; Deut 8:2, 16 Exodus 16:5 : Ex 16:22 Exodus 16:6 : Ex 6:7 Exodus 16:7 : Ex 16:10, 12; Is 35:2; 40:5; John 11:4, 40 Exodus 16:7 : Num 14:27; 17:5 Exodus 16:7 : Num 16:11 Exodus 16:8 : 1 Sam 8:7; Luke 10:16; Rom 13:2; 1 Thess 4:8 Exodus 16:9 : Num 16:16 Exodus 16:10 : Ex 13:21; 16:7; Num 16:19; 1 Kin 8:10 Exodus 16:12 : Ex 16:8; Num 14:27 Exodus 16:12 : Ex 6:7; 16:7; 1 Kin 20:28; Joel 3:17 Exodus 16:13 : Num 11:31; Ps 78:27-29; 105:40 Exodus 16:13 : Num 11:9 Exodus 16:14 : Num 11:7-9 Exodus 16:14 : Ex 16:31; Neh 9:15; Ps 78:24; 105:40 Exodus 16:15 : Ex 16:4; Neh 9:15; Ps 78:24; John 6:31; 1 Cor 10:3 Exodus 16:16 : Ex 16:32, 36 Exodus 16:18 : 2 Cor 8:15 Exodus 16:19 : Ex 12:10; 16:23; 23:18


Old Testament: Isaiah 49:8-13



    8Thus says the LORD,
         "In a (A)favorable time I have answered You,
         And in a day of salvation I have helped You;
         And I will (B)keep You and (C)give You for a covenant of the people,
         To (D)restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages;
    9Saying to those who are (E)bound, 'Go forth,'
         To those who are in darkness, 'Show yourselves '
         Along the roads they will feed,
         And their pasture will be on all (F)bare heights.
    10"They will (G)not hunger or thirst,
         Nor will the scorching (H)heat or sun strike them down;
         For (I)He who has compassion on them will (J)lead them
         And will guide them to (K)springs of water.
    11"I will make all (L)My mountains a road,
         And My (M)highways will be raised up.
    12"Behold, these will come (N)from afar;
         And lo, these will come from the (O)north and from the west,
         And these from the land of Sinim."
    13(P)Shout for joy, O heavens! And rejoice, O earth!
         Break forth into joyful shouting, O mountains!
         For the (Q)LORD has comforted His people
         And will (R)have compassion on His afflicted.

Cross references:Isaiah 49:8 : Ps 69:13; 2 Cor 6:2 Isaiah 49:8 : Is 26:3; 27:3; 42:6 Isaiah 49:8 : Is 42:6 Isaiah 49:8 : Is 44:26 Isaiah 49:9 : Is 42:7; 61:1; Luke 4:18 Isaiah 49:9 : Is 41:18 Isaiah 49:10 : Is 33:16; 48:21; Rev 7:16 Isaiah 49:10 : Ps 121:6 Isaiah 49:10 : Is 14:1 Isaiah 49:10 : Ps 23:2; Is 40:11 Isaiah 49:10 : Is 35:7; 41:17 Isaiah 49:11 : Is 40:4 Isaiah 49:11 : Is 11:16; 19:23; 35:8; 62:10 Isaiah 49:12 : Is 49:1; 60:4 Isaiah 49:12 : Is 43:5, 6 Isaiah 49:13 : Is 44:23 Isaiah 49:13 : Is 40:1; 51:3, 12 Isaiah 49:13 : Is 54:7, 8, 10


Gradual

I was glad when they | said to me,*
     “Let us go into the house | of the LORD.”
Peace be with- | in your walls,*
     Prosperity within your | palaces. (Psalm 122:1, 7)

Epistle: Gal. 4:21-31


Bond and Free

 21Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not (A)listen to the law?

 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, (B)one by the bondwoman and (C)one by the free woman.

 23But (D)the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and (E)the son by the free woman through the promise.

 24(F)This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from (G)Mount Sinai bearing children who are to be (H)slaves; she is Hagar.

 25Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.

 26But (I)the Jerusalem above is free; she is our mother.

 27For it is written,
         "(J)REJOICE, BARREN WOMAN WHO DOES NOT BEAR;
         BREAK FORTH AND SHOUT, YOU WHO ARE NOT IN LABOR;
         FOR MORE NUMEROUS ARE THE CHILDREN OF THE DESOLATE
         THAN OF THE ONE WHO HAS A HUSBAND."

 28And you brethren, (K)like Isaac, are (L)children of promise.

 29But as at that time (M)he who was born according to the flesh (N)persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, (O)so it is now also.

 30But what does the Scripture say?
         "(P)CAST OUT THE BONDWOMAN AND HER SON,
         FOR (Q)THE SON OF THE BONDWOMAN SHALL NOT BE AN HEIR WITH THE SON OF THE FREE WOMAN."

 31So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman, but of the free woman.

Cross references:Galatians 4:21 : Luke 16:29 Galatians 4:22 : Gen 16:15 Galatians 4:22 : Gen 21:2 Galatians 4:23 : Rom 9:7; Gal 4:29 Galatians 4:23 : Gen 17:16-ff; 18:10-ff; 21:1; Gal 4:28; Heb 11:11 Galatians 4:24 : 1 Cor 10:11 Galatians 4:24 : Deut 33:2 Galatians 4:24 : Gal 4:3 Galatians 4:26 : Heb 12:22; Rev 3:12; 21:2, 10 Galatians 4:27 : Is 54:1 Galatians 4:28 : Gal 4:23 Galatians 4:28 : Rom 9:7-ff; Gal 3:29 Galatians 4:29 : Gal 4:23 Galatians 4:29 : Gen 21:9 Galatians 4:29 : Gal 5:11 Galatians 4:30 : Gen 21:10, 12 Galatians 4:30 : John 8:35


Verse

Those who trust | in the LORD*
     are like Mount | Zion,
which can- | not be moved,*
     but abides for- | ever.
As the mountains surround Je- | rusalem,*
     so the LORD surrounds His | people
from this time forth and for- | ever.*
     Peace be upon | Israel! (Psalm 125:1–2, 5)

Gospel: John 6:1-15


Five Thousand Fed

 1After these things (A)Jesus went away to the other side of (B)the Sea of Galilee (or (C)Tiberias).

 2A large crowd followed Him, because they saw the (D)signs which He was performing on those who were sick.

 3Then (E)Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He sat down with His disciples.

 4Now (F)the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was near.

 5Therefore Jesus, lifting up His eyes and seeing that a large crowd was coming to Him, said to (G)Philip, "Where are we to buy bread, so that these may eat?"

 6This He was saying to (H)test him, for He Himself knew what He was intending to do.

 7(I)Philip answered Him, "(J)Two hundred [a]denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, for everyone to receive a little."

 8One of His (K)disciples, (L)Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to Him,

 9"There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two (M)fish, but what are these for so many people?"

 10Jesus said, "Have the people sit down." Now there was (N)much grass in the place So the men sat down, in number about (O)five thousand.

 11Jesus then took the loaves, and (P)having given thanks, He distributed to those who were seated; likewise also of the (Q)fish as much as they wanted.

 12When they were filled, He said to His (R)disciples, "Gather up the leftover fragments so that nothing will be lost."

 13So they gathered them up, and filled twelve (S)baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten.

 14Therefore when the people saw the sign which He had performed, they said, "This is truly the (T)Prophet who is to come into the world."

Jesus Walks on the Water

 15So Jesus, perceiving that they were intending to come and take Him by force (U)to make Him king, (V)withdrew again to (W)the mountain by Himself alone.

Footnotes:John 6:7 The denarius was equivalent to a day's wages
Cross references:John 6:1 : Matt 14:13-21; Mark 6:32-44; Luke 9:10-17 John 6:1 : Matt 4:18; Luke 5:1 John 6:1 : John 6:23; 21:1 John 6:2 : John 2:11, 23; 3:2; 6:14, 30; 11:47; 12:18, 37; 20:30 John 6:3 : Matt 5:1; Mark 3:13; Luke 6:12; 9:28; John 6:15 John 6:4 : Deut 16:1; John 2:13 John 6:5 : John 1:43 John 6:6 : 2 Cor 13:5; Rev 2:2 John 6:7 : John 1:43 John 6:7 : Mark 6:37 John 6:8 : John 2:2 John 6:8 : John 1:40 John 6:9 : John 6:11; 21:9, 10, 13 John 6:10 : Mark 6:39 John 6:10 : Matt 14:21 John 6:11 : Matt 15:36; John 6:23 John 6:11 : John 6:9; 21:9, 10, 13 John 6:12 : John 2:2 John 6:13 : Matt 14:20 John 6:14 : Matt 11:3; 21:11; John 1:21 John 6:15 : John 18:36 John 6:15 : John 6:15-21: Matt 14:22-33; Mark 6:45-51 John 6:15 : John 6:3


Offertory

Praise the LORD, for the LORD is good; Sing praises to His name, for it is pleasant. Whatever the LORD pleases He does, In heaven and in earth. (Psalm 135)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 46


God the Refuge of His People.

For the choir director. A Psalm of the sons of Korah, set to Alamoth [a]. A Song.

    1God is our (A)refuge and strength,
         [b]A very (B)present help (C)in trouble.
    2Therefore we will (D)not fear, though (E)the earth should change
         And though (F)the mountains slip into the heart of the sea;
    3Though its (G)waters roar and foam,
         Though the mountains quake at its swelling pride. Selah.
    4There is a (H)river whose streams make glad the (I)city of God,
         The holy (J)dwelling places of the Most High.
    5God is (K)in the midst of her, she will not be moved;
         God will (L)help her when morning dawns.
    6The nations (M)made an uproar, the kingdoms tottered;
         He (N)raised His voice, the earth (O)melted.
    7The LORD of hosts (P)is with us;
         The God of Jacob is (Q)our stronghold. Selah.
    8Come, (R)behold the works of the LORD,
         Who has wrought (S)desolations in the earth.
    9He (T)makes wars to cease to the end of the earth;
         He (U)breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two;
         He (V)burns the chariots with fire.
    10"Cease striving and (W)know that I am God;
         I will be (X)exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth."
    11The LORD of hosts is with us;
         The God of Jacob is our stronghold. Selah.

Footnotes:Psalm 46:1 Possibly for soprano voices Psalm 46:1 Or Abundantly available for help
Cross references:Psalm 46:1 : Ps 14:6; 62:7, 8 Psalm 46:1 : Deut 4:7; Ps 145:18 Psalm 46:1 : Ps 9:9 Psalm 46:2 : Ps 23:4; 27:1 Psalm 46:2 : Ps 82:5 Psalm 46:2 : Ps 18:7 Psalm 46:3 : Ps 93:3, 4; Jer 5:22 Psalm 46:4 : Ps 36:8; 65:9; Is 8:6; Rev 22:1 Psalm 46:4 : Ps 48:1; 87:3; 101:8; Is 60:14; Rev 3:12 Psalm 46:4 : Ps 43:3 Psalm 46:5 : Deut 23:14; Is 12:6; Ezek 43:7, 9; Hos 11:9; Joel 2:27; Zech 2:5 Psalm 46:5 : Ps 37:40; Is 41:14; Luke 1:54 Psalm 46:6 : Ps 2:1, 2 Psalm 46:6 : Ps 18:13; 68:33; Jer 25:30; Joel 2:11; Amos 1:2 Psalm 46:6 : Amos 9:5; Mic 1:4; Nah 1:5 Psalm 46:7 : Num 14:9; 2 Chr 13:12 Psalm 46:7 : Ps 9:9; 48:3 Psalm 46:8 : Ps 66:5 Psalm 46:8 : Is 61:4; Jer 51:43 Psalm 46:9 : Is 2:4; Mic 4:3 Psalm 46:9 : 1 Sam 2:4; Ps 76:3 Psalm 46:9 : Is 9:5; Ezek 39:9 Psalm 46:10 : Ps 100:3 Psalm 46:10 : Is 2:11, 17


First Reading: Gen. 41:28-57


 28"It is as I have spoken to Pharaoh: (A)God has shown to Pharaoh what He is about to do.

 29"Behold, (B)seven years of great abundance are coming in all the land of Egypt;

 30and after them (C)seven years of famine will come, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will ravage the land.

 31"So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it will be very severe.

 32"Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that (D)the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about.

 33"Now let Pharaoh look for a man (E)discerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt.

 34"Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers in charge of the land, and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven years of abundance.

 35"Then let them (F)gather all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh's authority, and let them guard it.

 36"Let the food become as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine."

 37Now the proposal seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his servants.

Joseph Is Made a Ruler of Egypt
 38Then Pharaoh said to his servants, "Can we find a man like this, (G)in whom is a divine spirit?"

 39So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so (H)discerning and wise as you are.

 40"(I)You shall be over my house, and according to your command all my people shall do homage; only in the throne I will be greater than you."

 41Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See, I have set you (J)over all the land of Egypt."

 42Then Pharaoh (K)took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and (L)put the gold necklace around his neck.

 43He had him ride in his second chariot; and they proclaimed before him, "Bow the knee!" And he set him over all the land of Egypt.

 44Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Though I am Pharaoh, yet (M)without your permission no one shall raise his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt."

 45Then Pharaoh named Joseph [a]Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of (N)On, as his wife. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt.

 46Now Joseph was (O)thirty years old when he [b]stood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt.

 47During the seven years of plenty the land brought forth abundantly.

 48So he gathered all the food of these seven years which occurred in the land of Egypt and placed the food in the cities; he placed in every city the food from its own surrounding fields.

 49Thus Joseph stored up grain in great abundance like the sand of the sea, until he stopped measuring it, for it was beyond measure.

The Sons of Joseph
 50Now before the year of famine came, (P)two sons were born to Joseph, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of [c]On, bore to him.

 51Joseph named the firstborn [d]Manasseh, "For," he said, "God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household."

 52He named the second [e]Ephraim, "For," he said, "(Q)God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction."

 53When the seven years of plenty which had been in the land of Egypt came to an end,

 54and (R)the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said, then there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.

 55So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, "Go to Joseph; (S)whatever he says to you, you shall do."

 56When the famine was spread over all the face of the earth, then Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians; and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt.

 57The people of all the earth came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because (T)the famine was severe in all the earth.

Footnotes:Genesis 41:45 Probably Egyptian for "God speaks; he lives" Genesis 41:46 Or entered the service of Genesis 41:50 Or Heliopolis Genesis 41:51 I.e. making to forget Genesis 41:52 I.e. fruitfulness
Cross references:Genesis 41:28 : Gen 41:25, 32 Genesis 41:29 : Gen 41:47 Genesis 41:30 : Gen 41:54, 56; 47:13; Ps 105:16 Genesis 41:32 : Gen 41:25, 28 Genesis 41:33 : Gen 41:39 Genesis 41:35 : Gen 41:48 Genesis 41:38 : Job 32:8; Dan 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11, 14 Genesis 41:39 : Gen 41:33 Genesis 41:40 : Ps 105:21; Acts 7:10 Genesis 41:41 : Gen 42:6; Ps 105:21; Dan 6:3; Acts 7:10 Genesis 41:42 : Esth 3:10; 8:2 Genesis 41:42 : Dan 5:7, 16, 29 Genesis 41:44 : Ps 105:22 Genesis 41:45 : Jer 43:13; Ezek 30:17 Genesis 41:46 : Gen 37:2 Genesis 41:50 : Gen 48:5 Genesis 41:52 : Gen 17:6; 28:3; 49:22 Genesis 41:54 : Gen 41:30; Ps 105:16; Acts 7:11 Genesis 41:55 : John 2:5 Genesis 41:57 : Gen 12:10


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 139


God's Omnipresence and Omniscience.

For the choir director. A Psalm of David.

    1O LORD, You have (A)searched me and known me.
    2You (B)know when I sit down and when I rise up;
         You (C)understand my thought from afar.
    3You (D)scrutinize my path and my lying down,
         And are intimately acquainted with all my ways.
    4Even before there is a word on my tongue,
         Behold, O LORD, You (E)know it all.
    5You have (F)enclosed me behind and before,
         And (G)laid Your hand upon me.
    6Such (H)knowledge is (I)too wonderful for me;
         It is too high, I cannot attain to it.
    7(J)Where can I go from Your Spirit?
         Or where can I flee from Your presence?
    8(K)If I ascend to heaven, You are there;
         If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, (L)You are there.
    9If I take the wings of the dawn,
         If I dwell in the remotest part of the sea,
    10Even there Your hand will (M)lead me,
         And Your right hand will lay hold of me.
    11If I say, "Surely the (N)darkness will overwhelm me,
         And the light around me will be night,"
    12Even the (O)darkness is not dark to You,
         And the night is as bright as the day
         (P)Darkness and light are alike to You.
    13For You (Q)formed my inward parts;
         You (R)wove me in my mother's womb.
    14I will give thanks to You, for [a]I am fearfully and wonderfully made;
         (S)Wonderful are Your works,
         And my soul knows it very well.
    15My (T)frame was not hidden from You,
         When I was made in secret,
         And skillfully wrought in the (U)depths of the earth;
    16Your (V)eyes have seen my unformed substance;
         And in (W)Your book were all written
         The (X)days that were ordained for me,
         When as yet there was not one of them.
    17How precious also are Your (Y)thoughts to me, O God!
         How vast is the sum of them!
    18If I should count them, they would (Z)outnumber the sand
         When (AA)I awake, I am still with You.
    19O that You would (AB)slay the wicked, O God;
         (AC)Depart from me, therefore, (AD)men of bloodshed.
    20For they (AE)speak against You wickedly,
         And Your enemies (AF)take Your name in vain.
    21Do I not (AG)hate those who hate You, O LORD?
         And do I not (AH)loathe those who rise up against You?
    22I hate them with the utmost hatred;
         They have become my enemies.
    23(AI)Search me, O God, and know my heart;
         (AJ)Try me and know my anxious thoughts;
    24And see if there be any (AK)hurtful way in me,
         And (AL)lead me in the (AM)everlasting way.

Footnotes:Psalm 139:14 Some ancient versions read You are fearfully wonderful
Cross references:Psalm 139:1 : Ps 17:3; 44:21; Jer 12:3 Psalm 139:2 : 2 Kin 19:27 Psalm 139:2 : Ps 94:11; Is 66:18; Matt 9:4 Psalm 139:3 : Job 14:16; 31:4 Psalm 139:4 : Heb 4:13 Psalm 139:5 : Ps 34:7; 125:2 Psalm 139:5 : Job 9:33 Psalm 139:6 : Rom 11:33 Psalm 139:6 : Job 42:3 Psalm 139:7 : Jer 23:24 Psalm 139:8 : Amos 9:2-4 Psalm 139:8 : Job 26:6; Prov 15:11 Psalm 139:10 : Ps 23:2, 3 Psalm 139:11 : Job 22:13 Psalm 139:12 : Job 34:22; Dan 2:22 Psalm 139:12 : 1 John 1:5 Psalm 139:13 : Ps 119:73; Is 44:24 Psalm 139:13 : Job 10:11 Psalm 139:14 : Ps 40:5 Psalm 139:15 : Job 10:8-10; Eccl 11:5 Psalm 139:15 : Ps 63:9 Psalm 139:16 : Job 10:8-10; Eccl 11:5 Psalm 139:16 : Ps 56:8 Psalm 139:16 : Job 14:5 Psalm 139:17 : Ps 40:5; 92:5 Psalm 139:18 : Ps 40:5 Psalm 139:18 : Ps 3:5 Psalm 139:19 : Is 11:4 Psalm 139:19 : Ps 6:8; 119:115 Psalm 139:19 : Ps 5:6; 26:9 Psalm 139:20 : Jude 15 Psalm 139:20 : Ex 20:7; Deut 5:11 Psalm 139:21 : 2 Chr 19:2; Ps 26:5; 31:6 Psalm 139:21 : Ps 119:158 Psalm 139:23 : Job 31:6; Ps 26:2 Psalm 139:23 : Ps 7:9; Prov 17:3; Jer 11:20; 1 Thess 2:4 Psalm 139:24 : Ps 146:9; Prov 15:9; 28:10; Jer 25:5; 36:3 Psalm 139:24 : Ps 5:8; 143:10 Psalm 139:24 : Ps 16:11


Second Reading: Mk. 11:20-33


 20(A)As they were passing by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots up.

 21Being reminded, Peter said to Him, "(B)Rabbi, look, the fig tree which You cursed has withered."

 22And Jesus answered saying to them, "(C)Have faith in God.

 23"(D)Truly I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is going to happen, it will be granted him.

 24"Therefore I say to you, (E)all things for which you pray and ask, believe that you have received them, and they will be granted you.

 25"Whenever you (F)stand praying, (G)forgive, if you have anything against anyone, so that your Father who is in heaven will also forgive you your transgressions.

 26["[a](H)But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions."]

Jesus' Authority Questioned
 27They came again to Jerusalem. (I)And as He was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders came to Him,

 28and began saying to Him, "By what authority are You doing these things, or who gave You this authority to do these things?"

 29And Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one question, and you answer Me, and then I will tell you by what authority I do these things.

 30"Was the baptism of John from heaven, or from men? Answer Me."

 31They began reasoning among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Then why did you not believe him?'

 32"But shall we say, 'From men'?"--they were afraid of the people, for everyone considered John to have been a real prophet.

 33Answering Jesus, they said, "We do not know." And Jesus said to them, "Nor will I tell you by what authority I do these things."

Footnotes:Mark 11:26 Early mss do not contain this v
Cross references:Mark 11:20 : Matt 21:19-22 Mark 11:21 : Matt 23:7 Mark 11:22 : Matt 17:20; 21:21 Mark 11:23 : Matt 17:20; 1 Cor 13:2 Mark 11:24 : Matt 7:7 Mark 11:25 : Matt 6:5 Mark 11:25 : Matt 6:14 Mark 11:26 : Matt 6:15; 18:35 Mark 11:27 : Matt 21:23-27; Luke 20:1-8


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