March 31st, 2019

Laetare (Lent 4)

Explanation of the Week

The Lord provided bread from heaven for His people in the wilderness. (Ex 16:2-21) Now He who is Himself the Living Bread from heaven miraculously provides bread for the 5000. (Jn 6:1-15) This takes place near the time of the Passover, after a great multitude followed Jesus across the Sea, when He went up on a mountain. Thus we see that Jesus is our new and greater Moses, who releases us from the bondage of Mt. Sinai and makes us free children of the promise. (Gal 4:21-31) Five loaves become twelves baskets, that is, the five books of Moses find their goal and fulfillment in Christ, whose people continue steadfastly in the doctrine and fellowship of the twelve apostles, and in the breaking and receiving of the Bread of Life, which is the body of Christ together with His precious blood, and in the prayers. (Acts 2:41-47) So it is that God's people "shall neither hunger nor thirst." (Is 49:8-13) For He abundantly provides for them in both body and soul.


Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be | glad with her,*
     all you who | love her;
that you may feed and be | satisfied*
     with the consolation of her | bosom. (Isaiah 66:10-11)

I was glad when they | said to me,*
     "Let us go into the house | of the LORD."
Our feet have been | standing*
     within your gates, O Je- | rusalem!
Pray for the peace of Je- | rusalem:*
     "May they prosper who | love you."
For the sake of my brethren and companions, I will | now say,*
     "Peace be with- | in you." (Psalm 122:1-2, 6, 8)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, our heavenly Father, Your mercies are new every morning; and though we deserve only punishment, You receive us as Your children and provide for all our needs of body and soul. Grant that we may heartily acknowledge Your merciful goodness, give thanks for all Your benefits, and serve You in willing obedience; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Grant, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deed do worthily deserve to be punished, by the comfort of Thy grace may mercifully be relieved; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Concede quaesumus omnipotens Deus, ut qui ex merito nostrae actionis affligimur, tuae gratiae consolatione respiremus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Exodus 16:2-21

2And the whole congregation of the people of Israel(A) grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness, 3and the people of Israel said to them,(B) "Would that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt,(C) when we sat by the meat pots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger."

 4Then the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I am about to rain(D) bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may(E) test them, whether they will walk in my law or not. 5On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in,(F) it will be twice as much as they gather daily." 6So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel,(G) "At evening(H) you shall know that it was the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt, 7and in the morning you shall see the(I) glory of the LORD, because he has heard your grumbling against the LORD. For(J) what are we, that you grumble against us?" 8And Moses said, "When the LORD gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to the full, because the LORD has heard your grumbling that you grumble against him—(K) what are we? Your grumbling is not(L) against us but against the LORD."

 9Then Moses(M) said to Aaron, "Say to the whole congregation of the people of Israel,(N) 'Come near before the LORD, for he has heard your grumbling.'" 10And as soon as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the(O) glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. 11And the LORD said to Moses, 12"I(P) have heard the grumbling of the people of Israel. Say to them, 'At(Q) twilight you shall eat meat, and(R) in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God.'"

 13In the evening(S) quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning(T) dew lay around the camp. 14And when the dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wilderness a fine, flake-like thing, fine as frost on the ground. 15When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another,(U) "What is it?"[a] For they(V) did not know what it was. And Moses said to them,(W) "It is the bread that the LORD has given you to eat. 16This is what the LORD has commanded: 'Gather of it, each one of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each take an(X) omer,[b] according to the number of the persons that each of you has in his tent.'" 17And the people of Israel did so. They gathered, some more, some less. 18But when they measured it with an omer,(Y) whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack. Each of them gathered as much as he could eat. 19And Moses said to them, "Let no one leave any of it over till the morning." 20But they did not listen to Moses. Some left part of it till the morning, and(Z) it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. 21Morning by morning they gathered it, each as much as he could eat; but when the sun grew hot, it melted.

Footnotes:Exodus 16:15 Or “It is manna.” Hebrew man hu Exodus 16:16 An omer was about 2 quarts or 2 liters
Cross references:Exodus 16:2 : Exodus 15:24; 17:3; 1 Cor 10:10 Exodus 16:3 : Num 20:3-5 Exodus 16:3 : Num 11:4, 5 Exodus 16:4 : Neh 9:15; Psalm 78:24, 25; 105:40; John 6:31, 32; 1 Cor 10:3 Exodus 16:4 : Exodus 15:25 Exodus 16:5 : Exodus 16:22 Exodus 16:6 : Exodus 16:12, 13 Exodus 16:6 : Exodus 6:7; Num 16:28-30 Exodus 16:7 : Exodus 40:34; Num 16:19; 1 Kgs 8:10, 11; Exodus 13:21; 14:24 Exodus 16:7 : Num 16:11 Exodus 16:8 : Exodus 16:7 Exodus 16:8 : Num 14:27; 1 Sam 8:7; Luke 10:16; Rom 13:2 Exodus 16:9 : Exodus 4:14-16 Exodus 16:9 : Num 16:16 Exodus 16:10 : Exodus 16:7 Exodus 16:12 : Exodus 16:8 Exodus 16:12 : Exodus 16:6 Exodus 16:12 : Exodus 16:7 Exodus 16:13 : Num 11:31; Psalm 78:27, 28; 105:40 Exodus 16:13 : Num 11:9 Exodus 16:15 : Exodus 16:31 Exodus 16:15 : Deut 8:3 Exodus 16:15 : Deut 8:3; Exodus 16:4 Exodus 16:16 : Exodus 16:36 Exodus 16:18 : Cited 2 Cor 8:15 Exodus 16:20 : Exodus 16:24

Old Testament: Isaiah 49:8-13

The Restoration of Israel

 8Thus says the LORD:(A) "In a(B) time of favor I have answered you;
   in a day of salvation I have helped you;I will keep you(C) and give you
   as a covenant to the people,to establish the land,
   (D) to apportion the desolate heritages, 9(E) saying to the prisoners, 'Come out,'
   to those who are in darkness, 'Appear.'(F) They shall feed along the ways;
   on all bare heights shall be their pasture; 10(G) they shall not hunger or thirst,
   neither scorching wind nor sun shall strike them,for he who has pity on them(H) will lead them,
   and by springs of water will guide them. 11(I) And I will make all my mountains a road,
   and my highways shall be raised up. 12(J) Behold, these shall come from afar,
   and behold,(K) these from the north and from the west,[a]
   and these from the land of Syene."[b]

 13(L) Sing for joy, O heavens, and exult, O earth;
   break forth, O mountains, into singing!For the LORD(M) has comforted his people
   and will have compassion on his afflicted.

Footnotes:Isaiah 49:12 Hebrew from the sea Isaiah 49:12 Dead Sea Scroll; Masoretic Text Sinim
Cross references:Isaiah 49:8 : Cited 2 Cor 6:2 Isaiah 49:8 : Psalm 69:13 Isaiah 49:8 : Isaiah 42:6 Isaiah 49:8 : Isaiah 61:4 Isaiah 49:9 : Isaiah 42:7 Isaiah 49:9 : Isaiah 41:18 Isaiah 49:10 : Cited Rev 7:16 Isaiah 49:10 : Rev 7:17; Isaiah 40:11 Isaiah 49:11 : Isaiah 40:4 Isaiah 49:12 : Isaiah 43:5, 6 Isaiah 49:12 : Psalm 107:3 Isaiah 49:13 : Isaiah 44:23 Isaiah 49:13 : Isaiah 40:1


I was glad when they | said to me,*
     “Let us go into the house | of the LORD.”
Peace be with- | in your walls,*
     Prosperity within your | palaces. (Psalm 122:1, 7)

Epistle: Gal. 4:21-31

Example of Hagar and Sarah

 21Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons,(A) one by a slave woman and(B) one by a free woman. 23But(C) the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while(D) the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two(E) covenants.(F) One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia;[a] she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26But(G) the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27For it is written,
   (H) "Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear;
   break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor!For the children of the desolate one will be more
   than those of the one who has a husband."

 28Now you,[b] brothers,(I) like Isaac,(J) are children of promise. 29But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh(K) persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit,(L) so also it is now. 30But what does the Scripture say?(M) "Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman." 31So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but(N) of the free woman.

Footnotes:Galatians 4:25 Some manuscripts For Sinai is a mountain in Arabia Galatians 4:28 Some manuscripts we
Cross references:Galatians 4:22 : Gen 16:5 Galatians 4:22 : Gen 21:2 Galatians 4:23 : Galatians 4:29; Rom 9:7 Galatians 4:23 : Galatians 4:28; Gen 17:16-19; 18:10, 14; 21:1, 2; Heb 11:11 Galatians 4:24 : Rom 9:4 Galatians 4:24 : Deut 33:2 Galatians 4:26 : Heb 12:22; Rev 3:12; 21:2, 10 Galatians 4:27 : Isa 54:1 Galatians 4:28 : Galatians 4:23 Galatians 4:28 : Rom 9:8; Galatians 3:29 Galatians 4:29 : Gen 21:9 Galatians 4:29 : Galatians 5:11 Galatians 4:30 : Gen 21:10; John 8:35 Galatians 4:31 : 1 Pet 3:6


Those who trust | in the LORD*
     are like Mount | Zion,
which can- | not be moved,*
     but abides for- | ever.
As the mountains surround Je- | rusalem,*
     so the LORD surrounds His | people
from this time forth and for- | ever.*
     Peace be upon | Israel! (Psalm 125:1–2, 5)

Gospel: John 6:1-15

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

 1After this(A) Jesus went away to the other side of(B) the Sea of Galilee, which is(C) the Sea of Tiberias. 2And a large crowd was following him, because they saw the signs that he was doing on the sick. 3Jesus went up on(D) the mountain, and there he sat down with his disciples. 4Now(E) the Passover, the(F) feast of the Jews, was at hand. 5(G) Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, Jesus said to(H) Philip, "Where are we to buy bread, so that these people may eat?" 6He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he would do. 7(I) Philip answered him, "Two hundred denarii[a] would not buy enough bread for each of them to get a little." 8One of his disciples,(J) Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to him, 9"There is a boy here who has five(K) barley loaves and two fish, but what are they for so many?" 10Jesus said, "Have the people sit down."(L) Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, about five thousand in number. 11Jesus then took the loaves, and(M) when he had given thanks, he distributed them to those who were seated. So also the fish, as much as they wanted. 12And when they had eaten their fill, he told his disciples, "Gather up the leftover fragments, that nothing may be lost." 13So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves left by those who had eaten. 14When the people saw the sign that he had done, they said,(N) "This is indeed(O) the Prophet(P) who is to come into the world!"

 15(Q) Perceiving then that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, Jesus(R) withdrew again to(S) the mountain by himself.

Footnotes:John 6:7 A denarius was a day’s wage for a laborer
Cross references:John 6:1 : For John 6:1-13, Matt 14:13-21; Mark 6:32-44; Luke 9:10-17 John 6:1 : Matt 4:18 John 6:1 : John 21:1 John 6:3 : John 6:15 John 6:4 : John 2:13; 11:55; Exodus 12 John 6:4 : John 5:1; 7:2 John 6:5 : Luke 6:20 John 6:5 : John 1:44 John 6:7 : Mark 6:37 John 6:8 : John 1:40, 44 John 6:9 : 2 Kgs 4:42, 43 John 6:10 : Mark 6:39 John 6:11 : John 6:23; Matt 15:36 John 6:14 : John 4:19 John 6:14 : John 1:21; 7:40; Matt 21:11 John 6:14 : John 11:27; Matt 11:3 John 6:15 : John 12:12-15 John 6:15 : For John 6:15-21, Matt 14:22-33; Mark 6:45-51; Matt 8:18 John 6:15 : John 6:3


Praise the LORD, for the LORD is good; Sing praises to His name, for it is pleasant. Whatever the LORD pleases He does, In heaven and in earth. (Psalm 135)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 46

God Is Our Fortress

To the choirmaster. Of(A) the Sons of Korah. According to(B) Alamoth.[a] A Song.

 1God is our(C) refuge and strength,
   a very(D) present[b] help in(E) trouble. 2Therefore we will not fear(F) though the earth gives way,
   though the mountains be moved into(G) the heart of the sea, 3though(H) its waters roar and foam,
   though the mountains tremble at its swelling.

 4There is(I) a river whose streams make glad(J) the city of God,
   the holy(K) habitation of the Most High. 5(L) God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved;
   God will help her when morning dawns. 6(M) The nations rage, the kingdoms totter;
   he(N) utters his voice, the earth(O) melts. 7(P) The LORD of hosts is with us;
   the God of Jacob is our fortress.

 8(Q) Come, behold the works of the LORD,
   how he has brought desolations on the earth. 9(R) He makes wars cease to the end of the earth;
   he(S) breaks the bow and shatters the spear;
   (T) he burns the chariots with fire. 10(U) "Be still, and know that I am God.
   (V) I will be exalted among the nations,
   I will be exalted in the earth!" 11(W) The LORD of hosts is with us;
   the God of Jacob is our fortress.

Footnotes:Psalm 46:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term Psalm 46:1 Or well proved
Cross references:Psalm 46:1 : Psalm 42, title Psalm 46:1 : 1 Chr 15:20 Psalm 46:1 : Psalm 14:6 Psalm 46:1 : Psalm 145:18; Deut 4:7 Psalm 46:1 : Psalm 9:9 Psalm 46:2 : Psalm 18:7 Psalm 46:2 : Ezek 27:26 Psalm 46:3 : Psalm 93:3, 4; Jer 5:22 Psalm 46:4 : Psalm 36:8; 65:9; Isa 8:6; 33:21; Rev 22:1, 2 Psalm 46:4 : Psalm 48:1; 87:3; Isa 60:14 Psalm 46:4 : Psalm 43:3; 84:1 Psalm 46:5 : Lev 26:12; Deut 23:14; Isa 12:6; Ezek 43:7, 9; Hos 11:9; Joel 2:27; Zeph 3:15; Zech 2:5, 10, 11; 8:3 Psalm 46:6 : Psalm 2:1 Psalm 46:6 : Psalm 18:13; 68:33; 76:8; Jer 25:30; Joel 2:11; 3:16; Amos 1:2 Psalm 46:6 : Exodus 15:15; Josh 2:9, 24; Amos 9:5 Psalm 46:7 : Psalms 42:11; 2 Chr 13:12; 20:17; Num 14:9 Psalm 46:8 : Psalm 66:5 Psalm 46:9 : Isa 2:4; Mic 4:3 Psalm 46:9 : Psalm 76:3; 1 Sam 2:4 Psalm 46:9 : Ezek 39:9 Psalm 46:10 : Exodus 14:13 Psalm 46:10 : Isa 2:11, 17; 33:10 Psalm 46:11 : Psalms 42:7

First Reading: Gen. 41:28-57

28It is as I told Pharaoh;(A) God has shown to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 29There will come(B) seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt, 30but after them there will arise(C) seven years of famine, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt.(D) The famine will consume the land, 31and the plenty will be unknown in the land by reason of the famine that will follow, for it will be very severe. 32And the doubling of Pharaoh’s dream means that the(E) thing is fixed by God, and God will shortly bring it about. 33Now therefore let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34Let Pharaoh proceed to appoint overseers over the land and take one-fifth of the produce of the land[a] of Egypt during the seven plentiful years. 35And(F) let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming and store up grain under the authority of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. 36That food shall be a reserve for the land against the seven years of famine that are to occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land may not perish through the famine."

Joseph Rises to Power
 37This proposal pleased Pharaoh and all his servants. 38And Pharaoh said to his servants, "Can we find a man like this,(G) in whom is the Spirit of God?"[b] 39Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has shown you all this, there is none so discerning and wise as you are. 40(H) You shall be over my house, and all my people shall order themselves as you command.[c] Only as regards the throne will I be greater than you." 41And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See,(I) I have set you over all the land of Egypt." 42Then Pharaoh(J) took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and(K) clothed him in garments of fine linen(L) and put a gold chain about his neck. 43And he made him ride in his second chariot.(M) And they called out before him, "Bow the knee!"[d] Thus he set him(N) over all the land of Egypt. 44Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I am Pharaoh, and(O) without your consent no one shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt." 45And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphenath-paneah. And he gave him in marriage Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On. So Joseph went out over the land of Egypt.

 46Joseph was thirty years old when he(P) entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. 47During the seven plentiful years the earth produced abundantly, 48and he gathered up all the food of these seven years, which occurred in the land of Egypt, and put the food in the cities. He put in every city the food from the fields around it. 49And Joseph stored up grain in great abundance,(Q) like the sand of the sea, until he ceased to measure it, for it could not be measured.

 50Before the year of famine came,(R) two sons were born to Joseph. Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, bore them to him. 51Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh. "For," he said, "God has made me forget all my hardship and all my father’s house."[e] 52The name of the second he called Ephraim, "For God has(S) made me fruitful in the land of my affliction."[f]

 53The seven years of plenty that occurred in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54and(T) the seven years of famine began to come,(U) as Joseph had said. There was famine in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55When all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, "Go to Joseph. What he says to you, do."

 56So when the famine had spread over all the land, Joseph opened all the storehouses[g] and(V) sold to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57Moreover, all the earth came to Egypt to Joseph to buy grain, because the famine was severe(W) over all the earth.

Footnotes:Genesis 41:34 Or over the land and organize the land Genesis 41:38 Or of the gods Genesis 41:40 Hebrew and according to your command all my people shall kiss the ground Genesis 41:43 Abrek, probably an Egyptian word, similar in sound to the Hebrew word meaning to kneel Genesis 41:51 Manasseh sounds like the Hebrew for making to forget Genesis 41:52 Ephraim sounds like the Hebrew for making fruitful Genesis 41:56 Hebrew all that was in them
Cross references:Genesis 41:28 : Genesis 41:25 Genesis 41:29 : Genesis 41:47 Genesis 41:30 : Genesis 41:54; Genesis 45:6 Genesis 41:30 : Genesis 47:13 Genesis 41:32 : Num 23:19; Isa 14:24; 46:10, 11 Genesis 41:35 : Genesis 41:48 Genesis 41:38 : Num 27:18; Dan 4:8, 18; 5:11, 14 Genesis 41:40 : Psalm 105:21; Acts 7:10 Genesis 41:41 : Genesis 42:6 Genesis 41:42 : Esth 3:10; 8:2, 8, 10 Genesis 41:42 : Esth 8:15 Genesis 41:42 : Ezek 16:11; Dan 5:7, 29 Genesis 41:43 : Esth 6:9 Genesis 41:43 : Genesis 41:40; Genesis 42:6; 45:8, 9, 26 Genesis 41:44 : Psalm 105:21, 22 Genesis 41:46 : 1 Sam 16:21; 1 Kgs 12:6, 8; Dan 1:19 Genesis 41:49 : Genesis 22:17; Judg 7:12; 1 Sam 13:5; Psalm 78:27 Genesis 41:50 : Genesis 46:20; 48:5 Genesis 41:52 : Genesis 49:22; Hos 13:15 Genesis 41:54 : Psalm 105:16; Acts 7:11 Genesis 41:54 : Genesis 41:30 Genesis 41:56 : Genesis 42:6; Genesis 47:14, 20, 24 Genesis 41:57 : Genesis 41:54, 56

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 139

Search Me, O God, and Know My Heart

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

 1O LORD, you have(A) searched me and known me! 2You(B) know when I sit down and when I rise up;
   you(C) discern my thoughts from afar. 3You search out my path and my lying down
   and are acquainted with all my ways. 4Even before a word is on my tongue,
   behold, O LORD,(D) you know it altogether. 5You(E) hem me in, behind and before,
   and(F) lay your hand upon me. 6(G) Such knowledge is(H) too wonderful for me;
   it is high; I cannot attain it.

 7(I) Where shall I go from your Spirit?
   Or where(J) shall I flee from your presence? 8(K) If I ascend to heaven, you are there!
   (L) If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! 9If I take the wings of the morning
   and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, 10even there your hand shall(M) lead me,
   and your right hand shall hold me. 11If I say,(N) "Surely the darkness shall cover me,
   and the light about me be night," 12(O) even the darkness is not dark to you;
   the night is bright as the day,
   for darkness is as light with you.

 13For you(P) formed my inward parts;
   you(Q) knitted me together in my mother’s womb. 14I praise you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.[a](R) Wonderful are your works;
   my soul knows it very well. 15(S) My frame was not hidden from you,when I was being made in secret,
   intricately woven in(T) the depths of the earth. 16Your eyes saw my unformed substance;in your(U) book were written, every one of them,
   the days that were formed for me,
   when as yet there was none of them.

 17How precious to me are your(V) thoughts, O God!
   How vast is the sum of them! 18(W) If I would count them, they are more than(X) the sand.
   I awake, and I am still with you.

 19Oh that you would(Y) slay the wicked, O God!
   O(Z) men of blood,(AA) depart from me! 20They(AB) speak against you with malicious intent;
   your enemies(AC) take your name in vain![b] 21(AD) Do I not hate those who hate you, O LORD?
   And do I not(AE) loathe those who(AF) rise up against you? 22I hate them with complete hatred;
   I count them my enemies.

 23Search me, O God, and know my heart!
   (AG) Try me and know my thoughts![c] 24And see if there be any grievous way in me,
   and(AH) lead me in(AI) the way everlasting![d]

Footnotes:Psalm 139:14 Or for I am fearfully set apart Psalm 139:20 Hebrew lacks your name Psalm 139:23 Or cares Psalm 139:24 Or in the ancient way (compare Jeremiah 6:16)
Cross references:Psalm 139:1 : Jer 12:3; Psalm 7:9; 17:3; 44:21 Psalm 139:2 : 2 Kgs 19:27; Lam 3:63 Psalm 139:2 : Job 14:16; 31:4; Matt 9:4; John 2:24, 25 Psalm 139:4 : Heb 4:13 Psalm 139:5 : Job 19:8 Psalm 139:5 : Job 9:33 Psalm 139:6 : Rom 11:33 Psalm 139:6 : Job 42:3 Psalm 139:7 : Jer 23:24 Psalm 139:7 : Jonah 1:3 Psalm 139:8 : Amos 9:2 Psalm 139:8 : Job 26:6 Psalm 139:10 : Psalms 42:24; Psalm 23:3 Psalm 139:11 : Job 22:14 Psalm 139:12 : Job 34:22; Dan 2:22 Psalm 139:13 : Deut 32:6 Psalm 139:13 : Job 10:11 Psalm 139:14 : Psalm 72:18 Psalm 139:15 : Job 10:8-10; Eccles 11:5 Psalm 139:15 : Psalm 63:9 Psalm 139:16 : Psalm 56:8 Psalm 139:17 : Psalm 92:5 Psalm 139:18 : Psalm 40:5 Psalm 139:18 : Gen 22:17 Psalm 139:19 : Isa 11:4; Psalm 9:17 Psalm 139:19 : Psalm 5:6 Psalm 139:19 : Psalm 6:8 Psalm 139:20 : Jude 15 Psalm 139:20 : Exodus 20:7 Psalm 139:21 : Psalm 26:5 Psalm 139:21 : Psalm 119:158 Psalm 139:21 : Psalm 59:1 Psalm 139:23 : Psalm 26:2 Psalm 139:24 : Psalms 42:10 Psalm 139:24 : Jer 6:16; 18:15

Second Reading: Mk. 11:20-33

The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree

 20(A) As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away to its roots. 21And Peter remembered and said to him,(B) "Rabbi, look! The fig tree that you cursed has withered." 22And Jesus answered them, "Have(C) faith in God. 23(D) Truly, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain,(E) 'Be taken up and thrown into the sea,' and does not(F) doubt in his heart, but(G) believes that what he says will come to pass, it will be done for him. 24Therefore I tell you,(H) whatever you ask in prayer,(I) believe that you(J) have received[a] it, and it will be yours. 25And whenever(K) you stand praying,(L) forgive,(M) if you have anything against anyone, so that(N) your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses."[b]

The Authority of Jesus Challenged

 27(O) And they came again to Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders came to him, 28and they said to him,(P) "By what authority are you doing these things, or who gave you this authority to do them?" 29Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one question; answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 30Was the baptism of John(Q) from heaven or from man? Answer me." 31And they discussed it with one another, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say,(R) 'Why then did you not believe him?' 32But shall we say, 'From man'?"—(S) they were afraid of the people, for they all held that John really was(T) a prophet. 33So they answered Jesus, "We do not know." And Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."

Footnotes:Mark 11:24 Some manuscripts are receiving Mark 11:25 Some manuscripts add verse 26: But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your trespasses
Cross references:Mark 11:20 : For Mark 11:20-24, Matt 21:19-22 Mark 11:21 : John 1:38 Mark 11:22 : Eph 3:12; Phil 3:9 Mark 11:23 : Matt 17:20 Mark 11:23 : Psalm 46:2; 1 Cor 13:2; Rev 8:8 Mark 11:23 : Rom 4:20; 14:23; James 1:6 Mark 11:23 : Mark 16:17; John 14:12 Mark 11:24 : Matt 7:7 Mark 11:24 : Mark 11:23 Mark 11:24 : Isa 65:24; Matt 6:8 Mark 11:25 : Matt 6:5; Luke 18:11 Mark 11:25 : Matt 6:14 Mark 11:25 : Col 3:13; Matt 5:23; 6:15 Mark 11:25 : Matt 7:11 Mark 11:27 : For Mark 11:27-33, Matt 21:23-27; Luke 20:1-8 Mark 11:28 : Exodus 2:14; John 1:25; Acts 4:7 Mark 11:30 : Luke 15:18, 21; John 3:27 Mark 11:31 : Matt 21:32; Luke 7:30 Mark 11:32 : Matt 14:5; 21:46 Mark 11:32 : John 5:35; Matt 11:9


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