March 27th, 2019

Wednesday of Oculi (Lent 3)

First Reading: Gen. 37:1-36

Joseph’s Dreams

 1Jacob lived in(A) the land of his father’s sojournings, in the land of Canaan.

 2These are the generations of Jacob.


   Joseph, being seventeen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. And Joseph brought(B) a bad report of them to their father. 3Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was(C) the son of his old age. And he made him(D) a robe of many colors.[a] 4But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peacefully to him.

 5Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they hated him even more. 6He said to them, "Hear this dream that I have dreamed: 7Behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and behold,(E) my sheaf arose and stood upright. And behold, your sheaves gathered around it and(F) bowed down to my sheaf." 8His brothers said to him, "Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to rule over us?" So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.

 9Then he dreamed another dream and told it to his brothers and said, "Behold, I have dreamed another dream. Behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me." 10But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and(G) your mother and your brothers indeed come(H) to bow ourselves to the ground before you?" 11And(I) his brothers were jealous of him,(J) but his father kept the saying in mind.

Joseph Sold by His Brothers

 12Now his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near(K) Shechem. 13And Israel said to Joseph, "Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them." And he said to him, "Here I am." 14So he said to him, "Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock, and bring me word." So he sent him from the Valley of(L) Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15And a man found him wandering in the fields. And the man asked him, "What are you seeking?" 16"I am seeking my brothers," he said. "Tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock." 17And the man said, "They have gone away, for I heard them say, 'Let us go to(M) Dothan.'" So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

 18They saw him from afar, and before he came near to them(N) they conspired against him to kill him. 19They said to one another, "Here comes this dreamer. 20Come now,(O) let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits.[b] Then we will say that a fierce animal has devoured him, and we will see what will become of his dreams." 21But when(P) Reuben heard it, he rescued him out of their hands, saying, "Let us not take his life." 22And Reuben said to them, "Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but do not lay a hand on him"—(Q) that he might rescue him out of their hand to restore him to his father. 23So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe,(R) the robe of many colors that he wore. 24And they took him and(S) threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.

 25Then they sat down to eat. And looking up they saw a(T) caravan of(U) Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing(V) gum, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry it down to Egypt. 26Then Judah said to his brothers, "What profit is it(W) if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 27Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and(X) let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother, our own flesh." And his brothers listened to him. 28Then(Y) Midianite traders passed by. And they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and(Z) sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels[c] of silver. They took Joseph to Egypt.

 29When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he(AA) tore his clothes 30and returned to his brothers and said, "The boy(AB) is gone, and I, where shall I go?" 31Then they took(AC) Joseph’s robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, "This we have found; please identify whether it is your son’s robe or not." 33And he identified it and said, "It is my son’s robe.(AD) A fierce animal has devoured him. Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces." 34Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days. 35All his sons and all his daughters(AE) rose up to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted and said, "No,(AF) I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning." Thus his father wept for him. 36Meanwhile(AG) the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh,(AH) the captain of the guard.

Footnotes:Genesis 37:3 See Septuagint, Vulgate; or (with Syriac) a robe with long sleeves. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain; also verses 23, 32 Genesis 37:20 Or cisterns; also verses 22, 24 Genesis 37:28 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
Cross references:Genesis 37:1 : Genesis 36:7 Genesis 37:2 : 1 Sam 2:23, 24 Genesis 37:3 : Genesis 44:20 Genesis 37:3 : Genesis 37:23, 32 Genesis 37:7 : Genesis 42:6, 9 Genesis 37:7 : Genesis 43:26; 44:14 Genesis 37:10 : Genesis 35:18 Genesis 37:10 : Genesis 37:7, 9 Genesis 37:11 : Acts 7:9 Genesis 37:11 : Luke 2:19, 51 Genesis 37:12 : Genesis 33:18 Genesis 37:14 : Genesis 13:18; 35:27 Genesis 37:17 : 2 Kgs 6:13 Genesis 37:18 : Psalm 37:12, 32 Genesis 37:20 : Genesis 37:26 Genesis 37:21 : Genesis 42:22 Genesis 37:22 : Genesis 37:29, 30 Genesis 37:23 : Genesis 37:3 Genesis 37:24 : Jer 38:6; Lam 3:53 Genesis 37:25 : Job 6:19; Isa 21:13 Genesis 37:25 : Genesis 37:28, 36; Genesis 39:1 Genesis 37:25 : Genesis 43:11; Jer 8:22; 46:11 Genesis 37:26 : Genesis 37:20 Genesis 37:27 : 1 Sam 18:17 Genesis 37:28 : Genesis 37:36; Judg 8:22, 24 Genesis 37:28 : Genesis 45:4; Psalm 105:17; Acts 7:9 Genesis 37:29 : Genesis 44:13; Num 14:6; 2 Sam 1:11; 3:31; Job 1:20 Genesis 37:30 : Genesis 42:13, 32, 36; 44:31; Jer 31:15; Lam 5:7 Genesis 37:31 : Genesis 37:23 Genesis 37:33 : Genesis 37:20; Genesis 44:28 Genesis 37:35 : 2 Sam 12:17 Genesis 37:35 : Genesis 42:38; 44:29, 31 Genesis 37:36 : Genesis 37:28; Genesis 37:25; Genesis 39:1 Genesis 37:36 : Genesis 40:3, 4; 41:10, 12

Second Reading: Mk. 10:1-12

Teaching About Divorce
 1(A) And he left there and went(B) to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and crowds gathered to him again. And again, as was his custom, he taught them.

 2And Pharisees came up and in order(C) to test him asked,(D) "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?" 3He answered them, "What did Moses command you?" 4They said,(E) "Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away." 5And Jesus said to them, "Because of your(F) hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment. 6But(G) from the beginning of creation, 'God made them(H) male and female.' 7(I) 'Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife,[a] 8and(J) the two shall become one flesh.' So they are no longer two but one flesh. 9(K) What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate."

 10And in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter. 11And he said to them, (L) "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her, 12and(M) if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery."

Footnotes:Mark 10:7 Some manuscripts omit and hold fast to his wife
Cross references:Mark 10:1 : For Mark 10:1-12, Matt 19:1-9 Mark 10:1 : Luke 9:51; 17:11; John 10:40; Matt 4:25 Mark 10:2 : John 8:6 Mark 10:2 : Matt 5:31 Mark 10:4 : Deut 24:1-4 Mark 10:5 : Mark 16:14; Mark 3:5; 6:52; Heb 3:8 Mark 10:6 : Mark 13:19; 2 Pet 3:4; Rom 1:20 Mark 10:6 : Gen 1:27; 5:2 Mark 10:7 : Eph 5:31; Gen 2:24 Mark 10:8 : 1 Cor 6:16; Mal 2:15 Mark 10:9 : 1 Cor 7:10 Mark 10:11 : Matt 5:32 Mark 10:12 : 1 Cor 7:11, 13


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