First Reading: Gen. 22:1-19
The Offering of Isaac
1Now it came about after these things, that (A)God tested Abraham, and said to him, "(B)Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am."
2He said, "Take now (C)
your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of (D)
Moriah, and offer him there as a (E)
burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you."
3So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him and Isaac his son; and he split wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told him.
4On the third day Abraham raised his eyes and saw the place from a distance.
5Abraham said to his young men, "Stay here with the donkey, and I and the lad will go over there; and we will worship and return to you."
6Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and (F)
laid it on Isaac his son, and he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So the two of them walked on together.
7Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, "My father!" And he said, "Here I am, my son." And he said, "Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the (G)
lamb for the burnt offering?"
8Abraham said, "God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son." So the two of them walked on together.
9Then they came to (H)
the place of which God had told him; and Abraham built (I)
the altar there and arranged the wood, and bound his son Isaac and (J)
laid him on the altar, on top of the wood.
10Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.
the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am."
12He said, "Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now (L)
I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld (M)
your son, your only son, from Me."
13Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.
14Abraham called the name of that place The LORD Will Provide, as it is said to this day, "In the mount of the LORD (N)
it will be provided."
15Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,
16and said, "(O)
By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,
17indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly (P)
multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as (Q)
the sand which is on the seashore; and (R)
your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.
In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have (T)
obeyed My voice."
So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham lived at Beersheba. Cross references:
Genesis 22:1 : Deut 8:2, 16; Heb 11:17; James 1:12-14
Genesis 22:1 : Gen 22:11
Genesis 22:2 : Gen 22:12, 16; John 3:16; 1 John 4:9
Genesis 22:2 : 2 Chr 3:1
Genesis 22:2 : Gen 8:20
Genesis 22:6 : John 19:17
Genesis 22:7 : Ex 29:38-42; John 1:29, 36; Rev 13:8
Genesis 22:9 : Gen 22:2
Genesis 22:9 : Gen 12:7, 8; 13:18
Genesis 22:9 : Heb 11:17-19; James 2:21
Genesis 22:11 : Gen 16:7-11; 21:17, 18
Genesis 22:12 : James 2:21, 22
Genesis 22:12 : Gen 22:2, 16
Genesis 22:14 : Gen 22:8
Genesis 22:16 : Ps 105:9; Luke 1:73; Heb 6:13, 14
Genesis 22:17 : Gen 15:5; 26:4; Jer 33:22; Heb 11:12
Genesis 22:17 : Gen 32:12
Genesis 22:17 : Gen 24:60
Genesis 22:18 : Gen 12:3; 18:18; Acts 3:25; Gal 3:8, 16
Genesis 22:18 : Gen 18:19; 22:3, 10; 26:5
Genesis 22:19 : Gen 22:5
Second Reading: Mk 7:1-23
Followers of Tradition 1(A)
The Pharisees and some of the scribes gathered around Him when they had come (B)
from Jerusalem, 2
and had seen that some of His disciples were eating their bread with (C)
impure hands, that is, unwashed. 3
(For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they carefully wash their hands, thus observing the (D)
traditions of the elders; 4
and when they come from the market place, they do not eat unless they cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received in order to observe, such as the washing of (E)
cups and pitchers and copper pots.) 5
The Pharisees and the scribes asked Him, "Why do Your disciples not walk according to the (F)
tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with (G)
impure hands?" 6
And He said to them, "Rightly did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written:
THIS PEOPLE HONORS ME WITH THEIR LIPS,
BUT THEIR HEART IS FAR AWAY FROM ME. 7
BUT IN VAIN DO THEY WORSHIP ME,
TEACHING AS DOCTRINES THE PRECEPTS OF MEN.' 8
"Neglecting the commandment of God, you hold to the (J)
tradition of men." 9
He was also saying to them, "You are experts at setting aside the commandment of God in order to keep your (K)
"For Moses said, '(L)
HONOR YOUR FATHER AND YOUR MOTHER'; and, '(M)
HE WHO SPEAKS EVIL OF FATHER OR MOTHER, IS TO BE PUT TO DEATH'; 11
but you say, 'If a man says to his father or his mother, whatever I have that would help you is (N)
Corban (that is to say, [a]
given to God),' 12
you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or his mother; 13
thus invalidating the word of God by your (O)
tradition which you have handed down; and you do many things such as that."
The Heart of Man 14
After He called the crowd to Him again, He began saying to them, "Listen to Me, all of you, and understand: 15
there is nothing outside the man which can defile him if it goes into him; but the things which proceed out of the man are what defile the man. 16
If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear."] 17
When he had left the crowd and entered (P)
the house, (Q)
His disciples questioned Him about the parable. 18
And He said to them, "Are you so lacking in understanding also? Do you not understand that whatever goes into the man from outside cannot defile him, 19
because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and is eliminated?" (Thus He declared (R)
all foods (S)
And He was saying, "(T)
That which proceeds out of the man, that is what defiles the man. 21
"For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed the evil thoughts, fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries, 22
deeds of coveting and wickedness, as well as deceit, sensuality, (U)
envy, slander, pride and foolishness. 23
"All these evil things proceed from within and defile the man." Footnotes:
Mark 7:11 Or a gift, i.e. an offering
Mark 7:16 Early mss do not contain this verse
Mark 7:1 : Matt 15:1-20
Mark 7:1 : Matt 15:1
Mark 7:2 : Matt 15:2; Mark 7:5; Luke 11:38; Acts 10:14, 28; 11:8; Rom 14:14; Heb 10:29; Rev 21:27
Mark 7:3 : Mark 7:5, 8, 9, 13; Gal 1:14
Mark 7:4 : Matt 23:25
Mark 7:5 : Mark 7:3, 8, 9, 13; Gal 1:14
Mark 7:5 : Mark 7:2
Mark 7:6 : Is 29:13
Mark 7:7 : Is 29:13
Mark 7:8 : Mark 7:3, 5, 9, 13; Gal 1:14
Mark 7:9 : Mark 7:3, 5, 8, 13; Gal 1:14
Mark 7:10 : Ex 20:12; Deut 5:16
Mark 7:10 : Ex 21:17; Lev 20:9
Mark 7:11 : Lev 1:2; Matt 27:6
Mark 7:13 : Mark 7:3, 5, 8, 9; Gal 1:14
Mark 7:17 : Mark 2:1; 3:20; 9:28
Mark 7:17 : Matt 15:15
Mark 7:19 : Rom 14:1-12; Col 2:16
Mark 7:19 : Luke 11:41; Acts 10:15; 11:9
Mark 7:20 : Matt 15:18; Mark 7:23
Mark 7:22 : Matt 6:23; 20:15