March 20th, 2019

Wednesday of Reminiscere (Lent 2)

First Reading: Gen. 22:1-19

The Sacrifice of Isaac

 1After these things(A) God tested Abraham and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I." 2He said, "Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to(B) the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you." 3So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. 4On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. 5Then Abraham said to his young men, "Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy[a] will go over there and worship and come again to you." 6And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and(C) laid it on Isaac his son. And he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both of them together. 7And Isaac said to his father Abraham, "My father!" And he said, "Here am I, my son." He said, "Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?" 8Abraham said,(D) "God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son." So they went both of them together.

 9When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built the altar there and laid the wood in order and bound Isaac his son and(E) laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. 10Then Abraham reached out his hand and took the knife to slaughter his son. 11But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I." 12He said,(F) "Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for(G) now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me." 13And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14So Abraham called the name of that place,(H) "The LORD will provide";[b] as it is said to this day, "On the mount of the LORD it shall be provided."[c]

 15And the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven 16and said,(I) "By myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring(J) as the stars of heaven and(K) as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess(L) the gate of his[d] enemies, 18and(M) in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed,(N) because you have obeyed my voice." 19So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to(O) Beersheba. And Abraham lived at Beersheba.

Footnotes:Genesis 22:5 Or young man; also verse 12 Genesis 22:14 Or will see Genesis 22:14 Or he will be seen Genesis 22:17 Or their
Cross references:Genesis 22:1 : 1 Cor 10:13; Heb 11:17; James 1:12, 13; 1 Pet 1:6, 7 Genesis 22:2 : 2 Chr 3:1 Genesis 22:6 : John 19:17 Genesis 22:8 : John 1:29, 36; 1 Pet 1:19; Rev 5:12 Genesis 22:9 : Heb 11:17; James 2:21 Genesis 22:12 : Mic 6:7, 8 Genesis 22:12 : Genesis 26:5 Genesis 22:14 : Genesis 22:8 Genesis 22:16 : Psalm 105:9; Luke 1:73; Heb 6:13 Genesis 22:17 : Jer 33:22; Genesis 15:5 Genesis 22:17 : Genesis 13:16 Genesis 22:17 : Genesis 24:60; Psalm 127:5 Genesis 22:18 : Genesis 12:3; 18:18; 26:4; Gal 3:8; Cited Acts 3:25 Genesis 22:18 : Genesis 22:3; Genesis 26:5 Genesis 22:19 : Genesis 21:31

Second Reading: Mk 7:1-23

Traditions and Commandments
 1(A) Now when the Pharisees gathered to him, with some of the scribes(B) who had come from Jerusalem, 2they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were(C) defiled, that is, unwashed. 3(For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash[a] their hands, holding to(D) the tradition of(E) the elders, 4and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash.[b] And there are many other traditions that they observe, such as(F) the washing of(G) cups and pots and copper vessels and dining couches.[c]) 5And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, "Why do your disciples not walk according to(H) the tradition of(I) the elders,(J) but eat with(K) defiled hands?" 6And he said to them, "Well did Isaiah prophesy of you(L) hypocrites, as it is written,
   (M) "'This people honors me with their lips,
   but their heart is far from me; 7in vain do they worship me,
   teaching as(N) doctrines the commandments of men.'

 8You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men."

 9And he said to them, "You have a fine way of(O) rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition! 10For Moses said,(P) 'Honor your father and your mother'; and,(Q) 'Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.' 11But you say, 'If a man tells his father or his mother, "Whatever you would have gained from me is Corban"' (that is, given to God)[d]12then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother, 13thus(R) making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do."

What Defiles a Person
 14And he called the people to him again and said to them, (S) "Hear me, all of you, and understand: 15(T) There is nothing outside a person that by going into him can defile him, but the things that come out of a person are what defile him."[e] 17And when he had entered(U) the house and left the people,(V) his disciples asked him about the parable. 18And he said to them, "Then(W) are you also without understanding? Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile him, 19since it enters not his heart(X) but his stomach, and is expelled?"[f] ((Y) Thus he declared all foods clean.) 20And he said, (Z) "What comes out of a person is what defiles him. 21For from within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft,(AA) murder, adultery, 22coveting, wickedness, deceit,(AB) sensuality,(AC) envy,(AD) slander,(AE) pride,(AF) foolishness. 23(AG) All these evil things come from within, and they defile a person."

Footnotes:Mark 7:3 Greek unless they wash with a fist, probably indicating a kind of ceremonial washing Mark 7:4 Greek unless they baptize; some manuscripts unless they purify themselves Mark 7:4 Some manuscripts omit and dining couches Mark 7:11 Or an offering Mark 7:15 Some manuscripts add verse 16: If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear Mark 7:19 Greek goes out into the latrine
Cross references:Mark 7:1 : For Mark 7:1-30, Matt 15:1-28 Mark 7:1 : Mark 3:22 Mark 7:2 : Acts 10:14; Rom 14:14 (Gk) Mark 7:3 : Gal 1:14; Col 2:8 Mark 7:3 : Heb 11:2 Mark 7:4 : Heb 9:10; John 2:6 Mark 7:4 : Matt 23:25; Luke 11:39 Mark 7:5 : Mark 7:3 Mark 7:5 : Mark 7:3 Mark 7:5 : Luke 11:38 Mark 7:5 : Mark 7:2 Mark 7:6 : Matt 23:13 Mark 7:6 : Isa 29:13; Ezek 33:31 Mark 7:7 : Col 2:22; Titus 1:14 Mark 7:9 : Luke 7:30; Gal 2:21 (Gk); Heb 10:28 (Gk) Mark 7:10 : Exodus 20:12 Mark 7:10 : Exodus 21:17 Mark 7:13 : Gal 3:17 (Gk); Rom 2:23 Mark 7:14 : Matt 13:51 Mark 7:15 : Acts 10:14, 15 Mark 7:17 : Mark 9:28 Mark 7:17 : Matt 13:36; 15:15 Mark 7:18 : Mark 8:17, 18 Mark 7:19 : 1 Cor 6:13 Mark 7:19 : Luke 11:41; Acts 10:15; 11:9 Mark 7:20 : Matt 12:34; James 3:6 Mark 7:21 : Matt 5:22, 28; Exodus 20:13, 14, 17 Mark 7:22 : 2 Cor 12:21; Gal 5:19; Eph 4:19; 2 Pet 2:7; Jude 4 Mark 7:22 : Matt 6:23 (Gk) Mark 7:22 : Eph 4:31; Col 3:8; 1 Tim 6:4 Mark 7:22 : Luke 1:51 Mark 7:22 : Eph 5:17 Mark 7:23 : 1 Cor 6:9, 10


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