March 3rd, 2019

Quinquagesima


Explanation of the Week

The seeing are blind, while the one who is blind can see. (Lk 18:31-43) Jesus tells the twelve that He is going up to Jerusalem to suffer and die and rise again. But they cannot understand or grasp what He is saying. The meaning of His words is hidden from their sight. However, as Jesus makes His way up to Jerusalem, a blind man calls out to Him for mercy. This blind man sees that Jesus is the Messiah-Savior; for he calls Him "Son of David." Indeed, Jesus is the Lord's anointed, the keeper of sheep (I Samuel 16:1-13) who goes to lay down His life for the sheep. He is the incarnate love of the Father who suffers long and is kind, who is not puffed up, who never fails us. (1 Cor 13:1-13) Jesus opens the eyes of the blind (Is 35:3-7) to see Him not according to outward appearances of lowliness, but according to His heart of mercy and compassion. Those who behold Him thus by faith follow Him to the cross through death into life.

Introit

Antiphon:
Be my rock of refuge, a fortress of defense to | save me.*
     For You are my rock and my | fortress.
Therefore, for Your | name's sake,*
     lead me and | guide me. (Psalm 31:2-3)

Psalm:
In You, O LORD, I put my trust; let me never | be ashamed;*
     deliver me in Your | righteousness.
Into Your hand I commit my | spirit;*
     You have redeemed me, O LORD | God of truth.
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in | trouble;*
     my eye wastes a- | way with grief.
Make Your face shine upon Your | servant;*
     save me for Your | mercies' sake. (Psalm 31:1, 5, 9, 16)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of our sins, deliver us from every evil; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of sin, defend us from all evil; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces nostras quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, atque a peccatorum vinculis absolutos, ab omni nos adversitate custodi. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): 1 Sam. 16:1-13


David Anointed King

 1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” 2 And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 3 Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.” 4 So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” 5 And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice. 6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before Him!” 7 But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the LORD does not see as man sees;[a] for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.” 8 So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” 9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” 10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.” 11 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down[b] till he comes here.” 12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.

Footnotes:1 Samuel 16:7 Septuagint reads For God does not see as man sees; Targum reads It is not by the appearance of a man; Vulgate reads Nor do I judge according to the looks of a man. 1 Samuel 16:11 Following Septuagint and Vulgate; Masoretic Text reads turn around; Targum and Syriac read turn away.


Old Testament: Isaiah 35:3-7


3 Strengthen the weak hands,
      And make firm the feeble knees.
       4 Say to those who are fearful-hearted,
      “ Be strong, do not fear!
      Behold, your God will come with vengeance,
      With the recompense of God;
      He will come and save you.”
       5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened,
      And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
       6 Then the lame shall leap like a deer,
      And the tongue of the dumb sing.
      For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness,
      And streams in the desert.
       7 The parched ground shall become a pool,
      And the thirsty land springs of water;
      In the habitation of jackals, where each lay,
      There shall be grass with reeds and rushes.
      



Gradual

You are the God who does | wonders;*
     You have declared Your strength among the | peoples.
You have with Your arm redeemed Your | people,*
     The sons of Jacob and | Joseph. (Psalm 77:14–15)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 13:1-13


The Greatest Gift

 1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. 2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned,[a] but have not love, it profits me nothing. 4 Love suffers long and is kind; love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not puffed up; 5 does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; 6 does not rejoice in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth; 7 bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. 8 Love never fails. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part. 10 But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away. 11 When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. 12 For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known. 13 And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 13:3 NU-Text reads so I may boast.


Verse

Make a joyful shout to the LORD, | all you lands!*
     Serve the LORD with | gladness;
come before His presence with | singing.*
     Know that the LORD, | He is God;
it is He who has | made us,*
     and not | we ourselves;
we are His /people*
     and the sheep of His | pasture. (Psalm 100:1–3)

Gospel: Luke 18:31-43


Jesus a Third Time Predicts His Death and Resurrection

    31 Then He took the twelve aside and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be accomplished. 32 For He will be delivered to the Gentiles and will be mocked and insulted and spit upon. 33 They will scourge Him and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again.” 34 But they understood none of these things; this saying was hidden from them, and they did not know the things which were spoken.

A Blind Man Receives His Sight

    35 Then it happened, as He was coming near Jericho, that a certain blind man sat by the road begging. 36 And hearing a multitude passing by, he asked what it meant. 37 So they told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by. 38 And he cried out, saying, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 39 Then those who went before warned him that he should be quiet; but he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” 40 So Jesus stood still and commanded him to be brought to Him. And when he had come near, He asked him, 41 saying, “What do you want Me to do for you?” He said, “Lord, that I may receive my sight.” 42 Then Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight; your faith has made you well.” 43 And immediately he received his sight, and followed Him, glorifying God. And all the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God.



Offertory

Blessed are You, O LORD! Teach me Your statutes. With my lips I have declared All the judgments of Your mouth. (Psalm 119)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 26


A Psalm of David.

 1 Vindicate me, O LORD,
         For I have walked in my integrity.
         I have also trusted in the LORD;
         I shall not slip.
 2 Examine me, O LORD, and prove me;
         Try my mind and my heart.
 3 For Your lovingkindness is before my eyes,
         And I have walked in Your truth.
 4 I have not sat with idolatrous mortals,
         Nor will I go in with hypocrites.
 5 I have hated the assembly of evildoers,
         And will not sit with the wicked.
         
 6 I will wash my hands in innocence;
         So I will go about Your altar, O LORD,
 7 That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving,
         And tell of all Your wondrous works.
 8 LORD, I have loved the habitation of Your house,
         And the place where Your glory dwells.
         
 9 Do not gather my soul with sinners,
         Nor my life with bloodthirsty men,
 10 In whose hands is a sinister scheme,
         And whose right hand is full of bribes.
         
 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity;
         Redeem me and be merciful to me.
 12 My foot stands in an even place;
         In the congregations I will bless the LORD.



First Reading: Job 34:10-33


 10 “ Therefore listen to me, you men of understanding:
      Far be it from God to do wickedness,
      And from the Almighty to commit iniquity.

 11 For He repays man according to his work,
      And makes man to find a reward according to his way.

 12 Surely God will never do wickedly,
      Nor will the Almighty pervert justice.

 13 Who gave Him charge over the earth?
      Or who appointed Him over the whole world?

 14 If He should set His heart on it,
      If He should gather to Himself His Spirit and His breath,

 15 All flesh would perish together,
      And man would return to dust.

 16 “If you have understanding, hear this;
      Listen to the sound of my words:

 17 Should one who hates justice govern?
      Will you condemn Him who is most just?

 18 Is it fitting to say to a king, ‘You are worthless,’
      And to nobles, ‘You are wicked’?

 19 Yet He is not partial to princes,
      Nor does He regard the rich more than the poor;
      For they are all the work of His hands.

 20 In a moment they die, in the middle of the night;
      The people are shaken and pass away;
      The mighty are taken away without a hand.

 21 “For His eyes are on the ways of man,
      And He sees all his steps.

 22 There is no darkness nor shadow of death
      Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

 23 For He need not further consider a man,
      That he should go before God in judgment.

 24 He breaks in pieces mighty men without inquiry,
      And sets others in their place.

 25 Therefore He knows their works;
      He overthrows them in the night,
      And they are crushed.

 26 He strikes them as wicked men
      In the open sight of others,

 27 Because they turned back from Him,
      And would not consider any of His ways,

 28 So that they caused the cry of the poor to come to Him;
      For He hears the cry of the afflicted.

 29 When He gives quietness, who then can make trouble?
      And when He hides His face, who then can see Him,
      Whether it is against a nation or a man alone?—

 30 That the hypocrite should not reign,
      Lest the people be ensnared.

 31 “For has anyone said to God,
      ‘I have borne chastening;
      I will offend no more;

 32 Teach me what I do not see;
      If I have done iniquity, I will do no more’?

 33 Should He repay it according to your terms,
      Just because you disavow it?
      You must choose, and not I;
      Therefore speak what you know.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 27


A Psalm of David.

 1 The LORD is my light and my salvation;
         Whom shall I fear?
         The LORD is the strength of my life;
         Of whom shall I be afraid?
 2 When the wicked came against me
         To eat up my flesh,
         My enemies and foes,
         They stumbled and fell.
 3 Though an army may encamp against me,
         My heart shall not fear;
         Though war may rise against me,
         In this I will be confident.
         
 4 One thing I have desired of the LORD,
         That will I seek:
         That I may dwell in the house of the LORD
         All the days of my life,
         To behold the beauty of the LORD,
         And to inquire in His temple.
 5 For in the time of trouble
         He shall hide me in His pavilion;
         In the secret place of His tabernacle
         He shall hide me;
         He shall set me high upon a rock.
         
 6 And now my head shall be lifted up above my enemies all around me;
         Therefore I will offer sacrifices of joy in His tabernacle;
         I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the LORD.
         
 7 Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice!
         Have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
 8 When You said, “Seek My face,”
         My heart said to You, “Your face, LORD, I will seek.”
 9 Do not hide Your face from me;
         Do not turn Your servant away in anger;
         You have been my help;
         Do not leave me nor forsake me,
         O God of my salvation.
 10 When my father and my mother forsake me,
         Then the LORD will take care of me.
         
 11 Teach me Your way, O LORD,
         And lead me in a smooth path, because of my enemies.
 12 Do not deliver me to the will of my adversaries;
         For false witnesses have risen against me,
         And such as breathe out violence.
 13 I would have lost heart, unless I had believed
         That I would see the goodness of the LORD
         In the land of the living.
         
 14 Wait on the LORD;
         Be of good courage,
         And He shall strengthen your heart;
         Wait, I say, on the LORD!



Second Reading: John 11:17-37


I Am the Resurrection and the Life

    17 So when Jesus came, He found that he had already been in the tomb four days. 18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles[a] away. 19 And many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother. 20 Now Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met Him, but Mary was sitting in the house. 21 Now Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 But even now I know that whatever You ask of God, God will give You.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” 24 Martha said to Him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.” 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. 26 And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?” 27 She said to Him, “Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world.”

Jesus and Death, the Last Enemy

    28 And when she had said these things, she went her way and secretly called Mary her sister, saying, “The Teacher has come and is calling for you.” 29 As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly and came to Him. 30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the town, but was[b] in the place where Martha met Him. 31 Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and comforting her, when they saw that Mary rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying, “She is going to the tomb to weep there.”[c] 32 Then, when Mary came where Jesus was, and saw Him, she fell down at His feet, saying to Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.” 33 Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, He groaned in the spirit and was troubled. 34 And He said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.” 35 Jesus wept. 36 Then the Jews said, “See how He loved him!” 37 And some of them said, “Could not this Man, who opened the eyes of the blind, also have kept this man from dying?”

Footnotes:John 11:18 Literally fifteen stadia John 11:30 NU-Text adds still. John 11:31 NU-Text reads supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there.


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