March 3rd, 2019

Quinquagesima


Explanation of the Week

The seeing are blind, while the one who is blind can see. (Lk 18:31-43) Jesus tells the twelve that He is going up to Jerusalem to suffer and die and rise again. But they cannot understand or grasp what He is saying. The meaning of His words is hidden from their sight. However, as Jesus makes His way up to Jerusalem, a blind man calls out to Him for mercy. This blind man sees that Jesus is the Messiah-Savior; for he calls Him "Son of David." Indeed, Jesus is the Lord's anointed, the keeper of sheep (I Samuel 16:1-13) who goes to lay down His life for the sheep. He is the incarnate love of the Father who suffers long and is kind, who is not puffed up, who never fails us. (1 Cor 13:1-13) Jesus opens the eyes of the blind (Is 35:3-7) to see Him not according to outward appearances of lowliness, but according to His heart of mercy and compassion. Those who behold Him thus by faith follow Him to the cross through death into life.

Introit

Antiphon:
Be my rock of refuge, a fortress of defense to | save me.*
     For You are my rock and my | fortress.
Therefore, for Your | name's sake,*
     lead me and | guide me. (Psalm 31:2-3)

Psalm:
In You, O LORD, I put my trust; let me never | be ashamed;*
     deliver me in Your | righteousness.
Into Your hand I commit my | spirit;*
     You have redeemed me, O LORD | God of truth.
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in | trouble;*
     my eye wastes a- | way with grief.
Make Your face shine upon Your | servant;*
     save me for Your | mercies' sake. (Psalm 31:1, 5, 9, 16)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of our sins, deliver us from every evil; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of sin, defend us from all evil; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces nostras quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, atque a peccatorum vinculis absolutos, ab omni nos adversitate custodi. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): 1 Sam. 16:1-13


Samuel Anoints David

 1 The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of his sons to be king."

 2 But Samuel said, "How can I go? Saul will hear about it and kill me."
      The LORD said, "Take a heifer with you and say, 'I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.' 3 Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what to do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate."

 4 Samuel did what the LORD said. When he arrived at Bethlehem, the elders of the town trembled when they met him. They asked, "Do you come in peace?"

 5 Samuel replied, "Yes, in peace; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Consecrate yourselves and come to the sacrifice with me." Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.

 6 When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab and thought, "Surely the LORD's anointed stands here before the LORD."

 7 But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."

 8 Then Jesse called Abinadab and had him pass in front of Samuel. But Samuel said, "The LORD has not chosen this one either." 9 Jesse then had Shammah pass by, but Samuel said, "Nor has the LORD chosen this one." 10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, "The LORD has not chosen these." 11 So he asked Jesse, "Are these all the sons you have?"
      "There is still the youngest," Jesse answered, "but he is tending the sheep."
      Samuel said, "Send for him; we will not sit down [a] until he arrives."

 12 So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features.
      Then the LORD said, "Rise and anoint him; he is the one."

 13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to Ramah.

Footnotes:1 Samuel 16:11 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew not gather around


Old Testament: Isaiah 35:3-7


 3 Strengthen the feeble hands,
       steady the knees that give way;

 4 say to those with fearful hearts,
       "Be strong, do not fear;
       your God will come,
       he will come with vengeance;
       with divine retribution
       he will come to save you."

 5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened
       and the ears of the deaf unstopped.

 6 Then will the lame leap like a deer,
       and the mute tongue shout for joy.
       Water will gush forth in the wilderness
       and streams in the desert.

 7 The burning sand will become a pool,
       the thirsty ground bubbling springs.
       In the haunts where jackals once lay,
       grass and reeds and papyrus will grow.



Gradual

You are the God who does | wonders;*
     You have declared Your strength among the | peoples.
You have with Your arm redeemed Your | people,*
     The sons of Jacob and | Joseph. (Psalm 77:14–15)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 13:1-13


Love

 1If I speak in the tongues[a] of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. 2If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames,[b] but have not love, I gain nothing.

 4Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.

 8Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. 9For we know in part and we prophesy in part, 10but when perfection comes, the imperfect disappears. 11When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put childish ways behind me. 12Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.

 13And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 13:1 Or languages 1 Corinthians 13:3 Some early manuscripts body that I may boast


Verse

Make a joyful shout to the LORD, | all you lands!*
     Serve the LORD with | gladness;
come before His presence with | singing.*
     Know that the LORD, | He is God;
it is He who has | made us,*
     and not | we ourselves;
we are His /people*
     and the sheep of His | pasture. (Psalm 100:1–3)

Gospel: Luke 18:31-43


Jesus Again Predicts His Death

 31Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32He will be handed over to the Gentiles. They will mock him, insult him, spit on him, flog him and kill him. 33On the third day he will rise again."

 34The disciples did not understand any of this. Its meaning was hidden from them, and they did not know what he was talking about.

A Blind Beggar Receives His Sight

 35As Jesus approached Jericho, a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging. 36When he heard the crowd going by, he asked what was happening. 37They told him, "Jesus of Nazareth is passing by."

 38He called out, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!"

 39Those who led the way rebuked him and told him to be quiet, but he shouted all the more, "Son of David, have mercy on me!"

 40Jesus stopped and ordered the man to be brought to him. When he came near, Jesus asked him, 41"What do you want me to do for you?"
      "Lord, I want to see," he replied.

 42Jesus said to him, "Receive your sight; your faith has healed you." 43Immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus, praising God. When all the people saw it, they also praised God.



Offertory

Blessed are You, O LORD! Teach me Your statutes. With my lips I have declared All the judgments of Your mouth. (Psalm 119)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 26


Of David.

 1 Vindicate me, O LORD,
       for I have led a blameless life;
       I have trusted in the LORD
       without wavering.

 2 Test me, O LORD, and try me,
       examine my heart and my mind;

 3 for your love is ever before me,
       and I walk continually in your truth.

 4 I do not sit with deceitful men,
       nor do I consort with hypocrites;

 5 I abhor the assembly of evildoers
       and refuse to sit with the wicked.

 6 I wash my hands in innocence,
       and go about your altar, O LORD,

 7 proclaiming aloud your praise
       and telling of all your wonderful deeds.

 8 I love the house where you live, O LORD,
       the place where your glory dwells.

 9 Do not take away my soul along with sinners,
       my life with bloodthirsty men,

 10 in whose hands are wicked schemes,
       whose right hands are full of bribes.

 11 But I lead a blameless life;
       redeem me and be merciful to me.

 12 My feet stand on level ground;
       in the great assembly I will praise the LORD.



First Reading: Job 34:10-33


 10 "So listen to me, you men of understanding.
       Far be it from God to do evil,
       from the Almighty to do wrong.

 11 He repays a man for what he has done;
       he brings upon him what his conduct deserves.

 12 It is unthinkable that God would do wrong,
       that the Almighty would pervert justice.

 13 Who appointed him over the earth?
       Who put him in charge of the whole world?

 14 If it were his intention
       and he withdrew his spirit [a] and breath,

 15 all mankind would perish together
       and man would return to the dust.

 16 "If you have understanding, hear this;
       listen to what I say.

 17 Can he who hates justice govern?
       Will you condemn the just and mighty One?

 18 Is he not the One who says to kings, 'You are worthless,'
       and to nobles, 'You are wicked,'

 19 who shows no partiality to princes
       and does not favor the rich over the poor,
       for they are all the work of his hands?

 20 They die in an instant, in the middle of the night;
       the people are shaken and they pass away;
       the mighty are removed without human hand.

 21 "His eyes are on the ways of men;
       he sees their every step.

 22 There is no dark place, no deep shadow,
       where evildoers can hide.

 23 God has no need to examine men further,
       that they should come before him for judgment.

 24 Without inquiry he shatters the mighty
       and sets up others in their place.

 25 Because he takes note of their deeds,
       he overthrows them in the night and they are crushed.

 26 He punishes them for their wickedness
       where everyone can see them,

 27 because they turned from following him
       and had no regard for any of his ways.

 28 They caused the cry of the poor to come before him,
       so that he heard the cry of the needy.

 29 But if he remains silent, who can condemn him?
       If he hides his face, who can see him?
       Yet he is over man and nation alike,

 30 to keep a godless man from ruling,
       from laying snares for the people.

 31 "Suppose a man says to God,
       'I am guilty but will offend no more.

 32 Teach me what I cannot see;
       if I have done wrong, I will not do so again.'

 33 Should God then reward you on your terms,
       when you refuse to repent?
       You must decide, not I;
       so tell me what you know.

Footnotes:Job 34:14 Or Spirit


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 27


Of David.

 1 The LORD is my light and my salvation—
       whom shall I fear?
       The LORD is the stronghold of my life—
       of whom shall I be afraid?

 2 When evil men advance against me
       to devour my flesh, [a]
       when my enemies and my foes attack me,
       they will stumble and fall.

 3 Though an army besiege me,
       my heart will not fear;
       though war break out against me,
       even then will I be confident.

 4 One thing I ask of the LORD,
       this is what I seek:
       that I may dwell in the house of the LORD
       all the days of my life,
       to gaze upon the beauty of the LORD
       and to seek him in his temple.

 5 For in the day of trouble
       he will keep me safe in his dwelling;
       he will hide me in the shelter of his tabernacle
       and set me high upon a rock.

 6 Then my head will be exalted
       above the enemies who surround me;
       at his tabernacle will I sacrifice with shouts of joy;
       I will sing and make music to the LORD.

 7 Hear my voice when I call, O LORD;
       be merciful to me and answer me.

 8 My heart says of you, "Seek his [b] face!"
       Your face, LORD, I will seek.

 9 Do not hide your face from me,
       do not turn your servant away in anger;
       you have been my helper.
       Do not reject me or forsake me,
       O God my Savior.

 10 Though my father and mother forsake me,
       the LORD will receive me.

 11 Teach me your way, O LORD;
       lead me in a straight path
       because of my oppressors.

 12 Do not turn me over to the desire of my foes,
       for false witnesses rise up against me,
       breathing out violence.

 13 I am still confident of this:
       I will see the goodness of the LORD
       in the land of the living.

 14 Wait for the LORD;
       be strong and take heart
       and wait for the LORD.

Footnotes:Psalm 27:2 Or to slander me Psalm 27:8 Or To you, O my heart, he has said, "Seek my


Second Reading: John 11:17-37


Jesus Comforts the Sisters

 17On his arrival, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days. 18Bethany was less than two miles[a] from Jerusalem, 19and many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother. 20When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary stayed at home.

 21"Lord," Martha said to Jesus, "if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22But I know that even now God will give you whatever you ask."

 23Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again."

 24Martha answered, "I know he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day."

 25Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; 26and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?"

 27"Yes, Lord," she told him, "I believe that you are the Christ,[b] the Son of God, who was to come into the world."

 28And after she had said this, she went back and called her sister Mary aside. "The Teacher is here," she said, "and is asking for you." 29When Mary heard this, she got up quickly and went to him. 30Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still at the place where Martha had met him. 31When the Jews who had been with Mary in the house, comforting her, noticed how quickly she got up and went out, they followed her, supposing she was going to the tomb to mourn there.

 32When Mary reached the place where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet and said, "Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died."

 33When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled. 34"Where have you laid him?" he asked.
      "Come and see, Lord," they replied.

 35Jesus wept.

 36Then the Jews said, "See how he loved him!"

 37But some of them said, "Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man have kept this man from dying?"

Footnotes:John 11:18 Greek fifteen stadia (about 3 kilometers) John 11:27 Or Messiah


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