March 3rd, 2019

Quinquagesima


Explanation of the Week

The seeing are blind, while the one who is blind can see. (Lk 18:31-43) Jesus tells the twelve that He is going up to Jerusalem to suffer and die and rise again. But they cannot understand or grasp what He is saying. The meaning of His words is hidden from their sight. However, as Jesus makes His way up to Jerusalem, a blind man calls out to Him for mercy. This blind man sees that Jesus is the Messiah-Savior; for he calls Him "Son of David." Indeed, Jesus is the Lord's anointed, the keeper of sheep (I Samuel 16:1-13) who goes to lay down His life for the sheep. He is the incarnate love of the Father who suffers long and is kind, who is not puffed up, who never fails us. (1 Cor 13:1-13) Jesus opens the eyes of the blind (Is 35:3-7) to see Him not according to outward appearances of lowliness, but according to His heart of mercy and compassion. Those who behold Him thus by faith follow Him to the cross through death into life.

Introit

Antiphon:
Be my rock of refuge, a fortress of defense to | save me.*
     For You are my rock and my | fortress.
Therefore, for Your | name's sake,*
     lead me and | guide me. (Psalm 31:2-3)

Psalm:
In You, O LORD, I put my trust; let me never | be ashamed;*
     deliver me in Your | righteousness.
Into Your hand I commit my | spirit;*
     You have redeemed me, O LORD | God of truth.
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in | trouble;*
     my eye wastes a- | way with grief.
Make Your face shine upon Your | servant;*
     save me for Your | mercies' sake. (Psalm 31:1, 5, 9, 16)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of our sins, deliver us from every evil; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee, mercifully hear our prayers and, having set us free from the bonds of sin, defend us from all evil; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces nostras quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, atque a peccatorum vinculis absolutos, ab omni nos adversitate custodi. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): 1 Sam. 16:1-13


 1And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.

 2And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the LORD.

 3And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

 4And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?

 5And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.

 6And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD's anointed is before him.

 7But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.

 8Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.

 9Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.

 10Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.

 11And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.

 12And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.

 13Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.



Old Testament: Isaiah 35:3-7


 3Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

 4Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come and save you.

 5Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.

 6Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.

 7And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.



Gradual

You are the God who does | wonders;*
     You have declared Your strength among the | peoples.
You have with Your arm redeemed Your | people,*
     The sons of Jacob and | Joseph. (Psalm 77:14–15)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 13:1-13


 1Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.

 2And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.

 3And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.

 4Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,

 5Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil;

 6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth;

 7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

 8Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.

 9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.

 10But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.

 11When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.

 12For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

 13And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.



Verse

Make a joyful shout to the LORD, | all you lands!*
     Serve the LORD with | gladness;
come before His presence with | singing.*
     Know that the LORD, | He is God;
it is He who has | made us,*
     and not | we ourselves;
we are His /people*
     and the sheep of His | pasture. (Psalm 100:1–3)

Gospel: Luke 18:31-43


 31Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.

 32For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on:

 33And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.

 34And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.

 35And it came to pass, that as he was come nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the way side begging:

 36And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant.

 37And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.

 38And he cried, saying, Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.

 39And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, Thou son of David, have mercy on me.

 40And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him,

 41Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight.

 42And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee.

 43And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.



Offertory

Blessed are You, O LORD! Teach me Your statutes. With my lips I have declared All the judgments of Your mouth. (Psalm 119)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 26


 1Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; therefore I shall not slide.

 2Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.

 3For thy lovingkindness is before mine eyes: and I have walked in thy truth.

 4I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers.

 5I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.

 6I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O LORD:

 7That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works.

 8LORD, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.

 9Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:

 10In whose hands is mischief, and their right hand is full of bribes.

 11But as for me, I will walk in mine integrity: redeem me, and be merciful unto me.

 12My foot standeth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the LORD.



First Reading: Job 34:10-33


 10Therefore hearken unto me ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.

 11For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

 12Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.

 13Who hath given him a charge over the earth? or who hath disposed the whole world?

 14If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

 15All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.

 16If now thou hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words.

 17Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just?

 18Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked? and to princes, Ye are ungodly?

 19How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.

 20In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.

 21For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings.

 22There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

 23For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.

 24He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.

 25Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

 26He striketh them as wicked men in the open sight of others;

 27Because they turned back from him, and would not consider any of his ways:

 28So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.

 29When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:

 30That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.

 31Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:

 32That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.

 33Should it be according to thy mind? he will recompense it, whether thou refuse, or whether thou choose; and not I: therefore speak what thou knowest.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 27


 1The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

 2When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.

 3Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

 4One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.

 5For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.

 6And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD.

 7Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.

 8When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, LORD, will I seek.

 9Hide not thy face far from me; put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation.

 10When my father and my mother forsake me, then the LORD will take me up.

 11Teach me thy way, O LORD, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.

 12Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.

 13I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the LORD in the land of the living.

 14Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.



Second Reading: John 11:17-37


 17Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already.

 18Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off:

 19And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

 20Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.

 21Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

 22But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.

 23Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.

 24Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.

 25Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:

 26And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

 27She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.

 28And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly, saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee.

 29As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him.

 30Now Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that place where Martha met him.

 31The Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth unto the grave to weep there.

 32Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

 33When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled.

 34And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

 35Jesus wept.

 36Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him!

 37And some of them said, Could not this man, which opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have died?



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