February 17th, 2019

Septuagesima


Explanation of the Week

The people of Israel contended with the Lord in the wilderness. (Ex 17:1-7) They were dissatisfied with His provision. In the same way, the first laborers in the vineyard complained against the landowner for the wage he provided them. (Mt 20:1-16) They charged him with being unfair. But in fact he was not being unfair but generous. The Lord does not wish to deal with us on the basis of what we deserve but on the basis of His abounding grace in Christ. The first, those who rely on their own merits, will be last. "Their bodies were scattered in the wilderness." But the last, those who rely on Christ, will be first. For Christ is the Rock. (1 Cor 9:24Ñ10:5) He is the One who was struck and from whose side blood and water flowed that we may be cleansed of our sin. Therefore, "Let him who glories, glory in the Lord." (Jer 9:23-24)

Introit

Antiphon:
The sorrows of Sheol sur- | rounded me;*
     the snares of death con- | fronted me.
In my distress I called up- | on the LORD,*
     He heard my voice from His | temple. (Psalm 18:5-6)

Psalm:
I will love You, O | LORD, my strength.*
     The LORD is my rock and my | fortress.
For You will save the humble | people,*
     but will bring down | haughty looks.
It is God who arms | me with strength,*
     and makes my way | perfect.
Therefore I will give thanks to | You, O LORD,*
     and sing praises | to Your name. (Psalm 18:1-2, 27, 32, 49)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, graciously hear the prayers of Your people that we, who justly suffer the consequence of our sin, may be mercifully delivered by Your goodness to the glory of Your name; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee favorably to hear the prayers of Thy people that we, who are justly punished for our offenses, may be mercifully delivered by Thy goodness for the glory of Thy name; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Savior who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces populi tui quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, ut qui juste pro peccatis nostris affligimur, pro tui nominis gloria misericorditer liberemur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Ex. 17:1-7


Water from the Rock

 1 Then all the congregation of the children of Israel set out on their journey from the Wilderness of Sin, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore the people contended with Moses, and said, “Give us water, that we may drink.”So Moses said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you tempt the LORD?” 3 And the people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and said, “Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?” 4 So Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me!” 5 And the LORD said to Moses, “Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 So he called the name of the place Massah[a] and Meribah,[b] because of the contention of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD among us or not?”

Footnotes:Exodus 17:7 Literally Tempted Exodus 17:7 Literally Contention


Old Testament: Jer. 1:4-10


The Prophet Is Called

    4 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying:
       5 “ Before I formed you in the womb I knew you;
      Before you were born I sanctified you;
      I ordained you a prophet to the nations.” 6 Then said I:
      “ Ah, Lord GOD!
      Behold, I cannot speak, for I am a youth.” 7 But the LORD said to me:
      “ Do not say, ‘I am a youth,’
      For you shall go to all to whom I send you,
      And whatever I command you, you shall speak.
       8 Do not be afraid of their faces,
      For I am with you to deliver you,” says the LORD. 9 Then the LORD put forth His hand and touched my mouth, and the LORD said to me:
      “ Behold, I have put My words in your mouth.
       10 See, I have this day set you over the nations and over the kingdoms,
      To root out and to pull down,
      To destroy and to throw down,
      To build and to plant.”



Gradual

The LORD also will be a refuge for | the oppressed,*
     a refuge in times of | trouble.
And those who know Your name will put their | trust in You;*
     for You, LORD, have not for- | saken them.
For the needy shall not always be for- | gotten;*
     the expectation of the poor shall not perish for- | ever.
A- | rise, O LORD,*
     do not let | man prevail. (Psalm 9:9–10, 18–19)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 9:24-10:5


Striving for a Crown

    24 Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may obtain it. 25 And everyone who competes for the prize is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a perishable crown, but we for an imperishable crown. 26 Therefore I run thus: not with uncertainty. Thus I fight: not as one who beats the air. 27 But I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should become disqualified.

Old Testament Examples

 1 Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness.



Verse

Out of the depths I have cried to | You, O LORD;*
      Lord, | hear my voice!
Let Your ears be at- | tentive*
     to the voice of my suppli- | cations.
If You, LORD, should mark in- | iquities,*
     O Lord, | who could stand?
But there is forgive- | ness with You,*
     that You | may be feared. (Psalm 130:1–4)

Gospel: Matt. 20:1-16


The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

 1 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2 Now when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the marketplace, 4 and said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went. 5 Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise. 6 And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing idle,[a] and said to them, ‘Why have you been standing here idle all day?’ 7 They said to him, ‘Because no one hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right you will receive.’[b] 8 “So when evening had come, the owner of the vineyard said to his steward, ‘Call the laborers and give them their wages, beginning with the last to the first.’ 9 And when those came who were hired about the eleventh hour, they each received a denarius. 10 But when the first came, they supposed that they would receive more; and they likewise received each a denarius. 11 And when they had received it, they complained against the landowner, 12 saying, ‘These last men have worked only one hour, and you made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of the day.’ 13 But he answered one of them and said, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take what is yours and go your way. I wish to give to this last man the same as to you. 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’ 16 So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.”[c]

Footnotes:Matthew 20:6 NU-Text omits idle. Matthew 20:7 NU-Text omits the last clause of this verse. Matthew 20:16 NU-Text omits the last sentence of this verse.


Offertory

It is good to give thanks to the LORD, And to sing praises to Your name, O Most High(Psalm 91)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 23


A Psalm of David.

 1 The LORD is my shepherd;
         I shall not want.
 2 He makes me to lie down in green pastures;
         He leads me beside the still waters.
 3 He restores my soul;
         He leads me in the paths of righteousness
         For His name’s sake.
         
 4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
         I will fear no evil;
         For You are with me;
         Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.
         
 5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
         You anoint my head with oil;
         My cup runs over.
 6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me
         All the days of my life;
         And I will dwell[a] in the house of the LORD
         Forever.

Footnotes:Psalm 23:6 Following Septuagint, Syriac, Targum, and Vulgate; Masoretic Text reads return.


First Reading: Job 13:1-12


 1 “Behold, my eye has seen all this,
      My ear has heard and understood it.

 2 What you know, I also know;
      I am not inferior to you.

 3 But I would speak to the Almighty,
      And I desire to reason with God.

 4 But you forgers of lies,
      You are all worthless physicians.

 5 Oh, that you would be silent,
      And it would be your wisdom!

 6 Now hear my reasoning,
      And heed the pleadings of my lips.

 7 Will you speak wickedly for God,
      And talk deceitfully for Him?

 8 Will you show partiality for Him?
      Will you contend for God?

 9 Will it be well when He searches you out?
      Or can you mock Him as one mocks a man?

 10 He will surely rebuke you
      If you secretly show partiality.

 11 Will not His excellence make you afraid,
      And the dread of Him fall upon you?

 12 Your platitudes are proverbs of ashes,
      Your defenses are defenses of clay.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 114


The Power of God in His Deliverance of Israel

 1 When Israel went out of Egypt,
         The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,
 2 Judah became His sanctuary,
         And Israel His dominion.
         
 3 The sea saw it and fled;
         Jordan turned back.
 4 The mountains skipped like rams,
         The little hills like lambs.
 5 What ails you, O sea, that you fled?
         O Jordan, that you turned back?
 6 O mountains, that you skipped like rams?
         O little hills, like lambs?
         
 7 Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord,
         At the presence of the God of Jacob,
 8 Who turned the rock into a pool of water,
         The flint into a fountain of waters.



Second Reading: John 6:1-21


Feeding the Five Thousand

 1 After these things Jesus went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias. 2 Then a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His signs which He performed on those who were diseased. 3 And Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He sat with His disciples. 4 Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near. 5 Then Jesus lifted up His eyes, and seeing a great multitude coming toward Him, He said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat?” 6 But this He said to test him, for He Himself knew what He would do. 7 Philip answered Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may have a little.” 8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to Him, 9 “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two small fish, but what are they among so many?” 10 Then Jesus said, “Make the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. 11 And Jesus took the loaves, and when He had given thanks He distributed them to the disciples, and the disciples[a] to those sitting down; and likewise of the fish, as much as they wanted. 12 So when they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the fragments that remain, so that nothing is lost.” 13 Therefore they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten. 14 Then those men, when they had seen the sign that Jesus did, said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.”

Jesus Walks on the Sea

    15 Therefore when Jesus perceived that they were about to come and take Him by force to make Him king, He departed again to the mountain by Himself alone. 16 Now when evening came, His disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into the boat, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was already dark, and Jesus had not come to them. 18 Then the sea arose because a great wind was blowing. 19 So when they had rowed about three or four miles,[b] they saw Jesus walking on the sea and drawing near the boat; and they were afraid. 20 But He said to them, “It is I; do not be afraid.” 21 Then they willingly received Him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land where they were going.

Footnotes:John 6:11 NU-Text omits to the disciples, and the disciples. John 6:19 Literally twenty-five or thirty stadia


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