February 17th, 2019
Explanation of the Week
The people of Israel contended with the Lord in the wilderness. (Ex 17:1-7) They were dissatisfied with His provision. In the same way, the first laborers in the vineyard complained against the landowner for the wage he provided them. (Mt 20:1-16) They charged him with being unfair. But in fact he was not being unfair but generous. The Lord does not wish to deal with us on the basis of what we deserve but on the basis of His abounding grace in Christ. The first, those who rely on their own merits, will be last. "Their bodies were scattered in the wilderness." But the last, those who rely on Christ, will be first. For Christ is the Rock. (1 Cor 9:24Ñ10:5) He is the One who was struck and from whose side blood and water flowed that we may be cleansed of our sin. Therefore, "Let him who glories, glory in the Lord." (Jer 9:23-24)
The sorrows of Sheol sur- | rounded me;*
the snares of death con- | fronted me.
In my distress I called up- | on the LORD,*
He heard my voice from His | temple. (Psalm 18:5-6)
I will love You, O | LORD, my strength.*
The LORD is my rock and my | fortress.
For You will save the humble | people,*
but will bring down | haughty looks.
It is God who arms | me with strength,*
and makes my way | perfect.
Therefore I will give thanks to | You, O LORD,*
and sing praises | to Your name. (Psalm 18:1-2, 27, 32, 49)
O Lord, graciously hear the prayers of Your people that we, who justly suffer the consequence of our sin, may be mercifully delivered by Your goodness to the glory of Your name; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.
O Lord, we beseech Thee favorably to hear the prayers of Thy people that we, who are justly punished for our offenses, may be mercifully delivered by Thy goodness for the glory of Thy name; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Savior who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.
Preces populi tui quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, ut qui juste pro peccatis nostris affligimur, pro tui nominis gloria misericorditer liberemur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.
Old Testament (LSB): Ex. 17:1-7
Water in the Rock
1Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed by stages from the wilderness of (A)Sin, according to the command of the LORD, and camped at (B)Rephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink.
2Therefore the people (C)
quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water that we may drink " And Moses said to them, "(D)
Why do you quarrel with me? (E)
Why do you test the LORD?"
3But the people thirsted there for water; and they (F)
grumbled against Moses and said, "Why, now, have you brought us up from Egypt, to kill us and our children and (G)
our livestock with thirst?"
4So Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, "What shall I do to this people? A (H)
little more and they will stone me."
5Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pass before the people and take with you some of (I)
the elders of Israel; and take in your hand your staff with which (J)
you struck the Nile, and go.
6"Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at (K)
Horeb; and (L)
you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
7He named the place [a](M)
Massah and [b](N)
Meribah because of the quarrel of the sons of Israel, and because they (O)
tested the LORD, saying, "Is the LORD among us, or not?" Footnotes:
Exodus 17:7 I.e. test
Exodus 17:7 I e quarrel
Exodus 17:1 : Ex 16:1; Num 33:12
Exodus 17:1 : Ex 19:2; Num 33:14
Exodus 17:2 : Ex 14:11; Num 20:2, 3, 13
Exodus 17:2 : Ex 16:8
Exodus 17:2 : Deut 6:16; Ps 78:18, 41; Matt 4:7; 1 Cor 10:9
Exodus 17:3 : Ex 16:2, 3
Exodus 17:3 : Ex 12:38
Exodus 17:4 : Num 14:10; 1 Sam 30:6
Exodus 17:5 : Ex 3:16, 18
Exodus 17:5 : Ex 7:20
Exodus 17:6 : Ex 3:1
Exodus 17:6 : Num 20:10, 11; Deut 8:15; Neh 9:15; Ps 78:15; 105:41; 114:8; 1 Cor 10:4
Exodus 17:7 : Deut 6:16; 9:22; Ps 95:8
Exodus 17:7 : Num 20:13, 24; 27:14; Ps 81:7
Exodus 17:7 : Num 14:22; Deut 33:8
Old Testament: Jer. 1:4-10
4Now the word of the LORD came to me saying,
5"Before I (A)
formed you in the womb I knew you,
before you were born I consecrated you;
I have (C)
appointed you a prophet to the nations."
I said, "Alas, Lord GOD!
Behold, I do not know how to speak,
I am a youth."
7But the LORD said to me,
"Do not say, 'I am a youth,' (F)
Because everywhere I send you, you shall go,
all that I command you, you shall speak.
Do not be afraid of them,
I am with you to deliver you," declares the LORD.
9Then the LORD stretched out His hand and (J)
touched my mouth, and the LORD said to me,
"Behold, I have (K)
put My words in your mouth.
I have appointed you this day over the nations and over the kingdoms, (M)
To pluck up and to break down,
To destroy and to overthrow, (N)
To build and to plant." Cross references:
Jeremiah 1:5 : Ps 139:15, 16
Jeremiah 1:5 : Is 49:1, 5; Luke 1:15
Jeremiah 1:5 : Jer 1:10; 25:15-26
Jeremiah 1:6 : Ex 4:10
Jeremiah 1:6 : 1 Kin 3:7
Jeremiah 1:7 : Ezek 2:3, 4
Jeremiah 1:7 : Num 22:20; Jer 1:17
Jeremiah 1:8 : Ex 3:12; Deut 31:6; Josh 1:5; Jer 15:20
Jeremiah 1:8 : Ezek 2:6
Jeremiah 1:9 : Is 6:7; Mark 7:33-35
Jeremiah 1:9 : Ex 4:11-16; Deut 18:18; Is 51:16
Jeremiah 1:10 : Rev 11:3-6
Jeremiah 1:10 : Jer 18:7-10; Ezek 32:18; 2 Cor 10:4
Jeremiah 1:10 : Is 44:26-28; Jer 24:6; 31:28, 40
The LORD also will be a refuge for | the oppressed,*
a refuge in times of | trouble.
And those who know Your name will put their | trust in You;*
for You, LORD, have not for- | saken them.
For the needy shall not always be for- | gotten;*
the expectation of the poor shall not perish for- | ever.
A- | rise, O LORD,*
do not let | man prevail. (Psalm 9:9–10, 18–19)
Epistle: 1 Cor. 9:24-10:5
Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but only one receives (B)
the prize? (C)
Run in such a way that you may win.
25Everyone who (D)
competes in the games exercises self-control in all things They then do it to receive a perishable (E)
wreath, but we an imperishable.
26Therefore I (F)
run in such a way, as not without aim; I box in such a way, as not (G)
beating the air;
27but I discipline (H)
my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.
Avoid Israel's Mistakes
I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all (J)
under the cloud and all (K)
passed through the sea;
2and all were (L)
baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
3and all (M)
ate the same spiritual food;
4and all (N)
drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.
5Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for (O)
they were laid low in the wilderness. Cross references:
1 Corinthians 9:24 : 1 Cor 9:13
1 Corinthians 9:24 : Phil 3:14; Col 2:18
1 Corinthians 9:24 : Gal 2:2; 2 Tim 4:7; Heb 12:1
1 Corinthians 9:25 : Eph 6:12; 1 Tim 6:12; 2 Tim 2:5; 4:7
1 Corinthians 9:25 : 2 Tim 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Pet 5:4; Rev 2:10; 3:11
1 Corinthians 9:26 : Gal 2:2; 2 Tim 4:7; Heb 12:1
1 Corinthians 9:26 : 1 Cor 14:9
1 Corinthians 9:27 : Rom 8:13
1 Corinthians 10:1 : Rom 1:13
1 Corinthians 10:1 : Ex 13:21; Ps 105:39
1 Corinthians 10:1 : Ex 14:22, 29; Neh 9:11; Ps 66:6
1 Corinthians 10:2 : Rom 6:3; 1 Cor 1:13; Gal 3:27
1 Corinthians 10:3 : Ex 16:4, 35; Deut 8:3; Neh 9:15, 20; Ps 78:24; John 6:31
1 Corinthians 10:4 : Ex 17:6; Num 20:11; Ps 78:15
1 Corinthians 10:5 : Num 14:29-ff, 37; 26:65; Heb 3:17; Jude 5
Out of the depths I have cried to | You, O LORD;*
Lord, | hear my voice!
Let Your ears be at- | tentive*
to the voice of my suppli- | cations.
If You, LORD, should mark in- | iquities,*
O Lord, | who could stand?
But there is forgive- | ness with You,*
that You | may be feared. (Psalm 130:1–4)
Gospel: Matt. 20:1-16
Laborers in the Vineyard
1"For (A)the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his (B)vineyard.
2"When he had agreed with the laborers for a [a]
denarius for the day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3"And he went out about the [b]
third hour and saw others standing idle in the market place;
4and to those he said, 'You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.' And so they went.
5"Again he went out about the [c]
sixth and the ninth hour, and did the same thing.
6"And about the [d]
eleventh hour he went out and found others standing around; and he said to them, 'Why have you been standing here idle all day long?'
7"They said to him, 'Because no one hired us.' He said to them, 'You go into the vineyard too.'
evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his (D)
foreman, 'Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last group to the first.'
9"When those hired about the eleventh hour came, each one received a [e]
10"When those hired first came, they thought that they would receive more; but each of them also received a denarius.
11"When they received it, they grumbled at the landowner,
12saying, 'These last men have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the (E)
scorching heat of the day.'
13"But he answered and said to one of them, '(F)
Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius?
14'Take what is yours and go, but I wish to give to this last man the same as to you.
15'Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with what is my own? Or is your (G)
eye envious because I am generous?'
the last shall be first, and the first last." Footnotes:
Matthew 20:2 The denarius was a day's wages
Matthew 20:3 I.e. 9 a.m.
Matthew 20:5 I.e. noon and 3 p.m.
Matthew 20:6 I.e. 5 p.m.
Matthew 20:9 The denarius was a day's wages
Matthew 20:1 : Matt 13:24
Matthew 20:1 : Matt 21:28, 33
Matthew 20:8 : Lev 19:13; Deut 24:15
Matthew 20:8 : Luke 8:3
Matthew 20:12 : Jon 4:8; Luke 12:55; James 1:11
Matthew 20:13 : Matt 22:12; 26:50
Matthew 20:15 : Deut 15:9; Matt 6:23; Mark 7:22
Matthew 20:16 : Matt 19:30; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30
It is good to give thanks to the LORD, And to sing praises to Your name, O Most High(Psalm 91)
Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 23
The LORD, the Psalmist's Shepherd.
A Psalm of David.
1The LORD is my (A)shepherd,Footnotes:
I shall (B)not want.
2He makes me lie down in (C)green pastures;
He (D)leads me beside (E)quiet waters.
3He (F)restores my soul;
He (G)guides me in the (H)paths of righteousness
For His name's sake.
4Even though I (I)walk through the [a]valley of the shadow of death,
I (J)fear no [b]evil, for (K)You are with me;
Your (L)rod and Your staff, they comfort me.
5You (M)prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
You have (N)anointed my head with oil;
My (O)cup overflows.
6Surely (P)goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life,
And I will [c](Q)dwell in the house of the LORD forever.
Psalm 23:4 Or valley of deep darkness
Psalm 23:4 Or harm
Psalm 23:6 Another reading is return to
Psalm 23:1 : Ps 78:52; 80:1; Is 40:11; Jer 31:10; Ezek 34:11-13; John 10:11; 1 Pet 2:25
Psalm 23:1 : Ps 34:9, 10; Phil 4:19
Psalm 23:2 : Ps 65:11-13; Ezek 34:14
Psalm 23:2 : Rev 7:17
Psalm 23:2 : Ps 36:8; 46:4
Psalm 23:3 : Ps 19:7
Psalm 23:3 : Ps 5:8; 31:3
Psalm 23:3 : Ps 85:13; Prov 4:11; 8:20
Psalm 23:4 : Job 10:21, 22; Ps 107:14
Psalm 23:4 : Ps 3:6; 27:1
Psalm 23:4 : Ps 16:8; Is 43:2
Psalm 23:4 : Mic 7:14
Psalm 23:5 : Ps 78:19
Psalm 23:5 : Ps 92:10; Luke 7:46
Psalm 23:5 : Ps 16:5
Psalm 23:6 : Ps 25:7, 10
Psalm 23:6 : Ps 27:4-6
First Reading: Job 13:1-12
Job Says His Friends' Proverbs Are Ashes
1"(A)Behold, my eye has seen all this,Cross references:
My ear has heard and understood it.
2"(B)What you know I also know;
I am not inferior to you.
3"But (C)I would speak to the Almighty,
And I desire to (D)argue with God.
4"But you (E)smear with lies;
You are all (F)worthless physicians.
5"O that you would (G)be completely silent,
And that it would become your wisdom!
6"Please hear my argument
And listen to the contentions of my lips.
7"Will you (H)speak what is unjust for God,
And speak what is deceitful for Him?
8"Will you (I)show partiality for Him?
Will you contend for God?
9"Will it be well when He examines you?
Or (J)will you deceive Him as one deceives a man?
10"He will surely reprove you
If you secretly (K)show partiality.
11"Will not (L)His majesty terrify you,
And the dread of Him fall on you?
12"Your memorable sayings are proverbs of ashes,
Your defenses are defenses of clay.
Job 13:1 : Job 12:9
Job 13:2 : Job 12:3
Job 13:3 : Job 13:22; 23:4
Job 13:3 : Job 13:15
Job 13:4 : Ps 119:69
Job 13:4 : Jer 23:32
Job 13:5 : Job 13:13; 21:5; Prov 17:28
Job 13:7 : Job 27:4
Job 13:8 : Lev 19:15; Prov 24:23
Job 13:9 : Job 12:16
Job 13:10 : Job 13:8; 32:21; 34:19
Job 13:11 : Job 31:23
Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 114
God's Deliverance of Israel from Egypt.
1When Israel went forth (A)from Egypt,Cross references:
The house of Jacob from a people of (B)strange language,
2Judah became (C)His sanctuary,
Israel, (D)His dominion.
3The (E)sea looked and fled;
The (F)Jordan turned back.
4The mountains (G)skipped like rams,
The hills, like lambs.
5What (H)ails you, O sea, that you flee?
O Jordan, that you turn back?
6O mountains, that you skip like rams?
O hills, like lambs?
7(I)Tremble, O earth, before the Lord,
Before the God of Jacob,
8Who (J)turned the rock into a (K)pool of water,
The (L)flint into a fountain of water.
Psalm 114:1 : Ex 12:51; 13:3
Psalm 114:1 : Ps 81:5
Psalm 114:2 : Ex 15:17; 29:45, 46; Ps 78:68, 69
Psalm 114:2 : Ex 19:6
Psalm 114:3 : Ex 14:21; Ps 77:16
Psalm 114:3 : Josh 3:13, 16
Psalm 114:4 : Ex 19:18; Judg 5:5; Ps 18:7; 29:6; Hab 3:6
Psalm 114:5 : Hab 3:8
Psalm 114:7 : Ps 96:9
Psalm 114:8 : Ex 17:6; Num 20:11; Ps 78:15; 105:41
Psalm 114:8 : Ps 107:35
Psalm 114:8 : Deut 8:15
Second Reading: John 6:1-21
Five Thousand Fed
1After these things (A)Jesus went away to the other side of (B)the Sea of Galilee (or (C)Tiberias).
2A large crowd followed Him, because they saw the (D)
signs which He was performing on those who were sick.
Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He sat down with His disciples.
the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was near.
5Therefore Jesus, lifting up His eyes and seeing that a large crowd was coming to Him, said to (G)
Philip, "Where are we to buy bread, so that these may eat?"
6This He was saying to (H)
test him, for He Himself knew what He was intending to do.
Philip answered Him, "(J)
Two hundred [a]
denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, for everyone to receive a little."
8One of His (K)
Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to Him,
9"There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two (M)
fish, but what are these for so many people?"
10Jesus said, "Have the people sit down." Now there was (N)
much grass in the place So the men sat down, in number about (O)
11Jesus then took the loaves, and (P)
having given thanks, He distributed to those who were seated; likewise also of the (Q)
fish as much as they wanted.
12When they were filled, He said to His (R)
disciples, "Gather up the leftover fragments so that nothing will be lost."
13So they gathered them up, and filled twelve (S)
baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten.
14Therefore when the people saw the sign which He had performed, they said, "This is truly the (T)
Prophet who is to come into the world."
Jesus Walks on the Water
15So Jesus, perceiving that they were intending to come and take Him by force (U)to make Him king, (V)withdrew again to (W)the mountain by Himself alone.
16Now when evening came, His (X)
disciples went down to the sea,
17and after getting into a boat, they started to cross the sea (Y)
to Capernaum. It had already become dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them.
18The sea began to be stirred up because a strong wind was blowing.
19Then, when they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and drawing near to the boat; and they were frightened.
20But He said to them, "It is I; (Z)
do not be afraid."
21So they were willing to receive Him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going. Footnotes:
John 6:7 The denarius was equivalent to a day's wages
John 6:1 : Matt 14:13-21; Mark 6:32-44; Luke 9:10-17
John 6:1 : Matt 4:18; Luke 5:1
John 6:1 : John 6:23; 21:1
John 6:2 : John 2:11, 23; 3:2; 6:14, 30; 11:47; 12:18, 37; 20:30
John 6:3 : Matt 5:1; Mark 3:13; Luke 6:12; 9:28; John 6:15
John 6:4 : Deut 16:1; John 2:13
John 6:5 : John 1:43
John 6:6 : 2 Cor 13:5; Rev 2:2
John 6:7 : John 1:43
John 6:7 : Mark 6:37
John 6:8 : John 2:2
John 6:8 : John 1:40
John 6:9 : John 6:11; 21:9, 10, 13
John 6:10 : Mark 6:39
John 6:10 : Matt 14:21
John 6:11 : Matt 15:36; John 6:23
John 6:11 : John 6:9; 21:9, 10, 13
John 6:12 : John 2:2
John 6:13 : Matt 14:20
John 6:14 : Matt 11:3; 21:11; John 1:21
John 6:15 : John 18:36
John 6:15 : John 6:15-21: Matt 14:22-33; Mark 6:45-51
John 6:15 : John 6:3
John 6:16 : John 2:2
John 6:17 : Mark 6:45; John 6:24, 59
John 6:20 : Matt 14:27