February 17th, 2019

Septuagesima


Explanation of the Week

The people of Israel contended with the Lord in the wilderness. (Ex 17:1-7) They were dissatisfied with His provision. In the same way, the first laborers in the vineyard complained against the landowner for the wage he provided them. (Mt 20:1-16) They charged him with being unfair. But in fact he was not being unfair but generous. The Lord does not wish to deal with us on the basis of what we deserve but on the basis of His abounding grace in Christ. The first, those who rely on their own merits, will be last. "Their bodies were scattered in the wilderness." But the last, those who rely on Christ, will be first. For Christ is the Rock. (1 Cor 9:24Ñ10:5) He is the One who was struck and from whose side blood and water flowed that we may be cleansed of our sin. Therefore, "Let him who glories, glory in the Lord." (Jer 9:23-24)

Introit

Antiphon:
The sorrows of Sheol sur- | rounded me;*
     the snares of death con- | fronted me.
In my distress I called up- | on the LORD,*
     He heard my voice from His | temple. (Psalm 18:5-6)

Psalm:
I will love You, O | LORD, my strength.*
     The LORD is my rock and my | fortress.
For You will save the humble | people,*
     but will bring down | haughty looks.
It is God who arms | me with strength,*
     and makes my way | perfect.
Therefore I will give thanks to | You, O LORD,*
     and sing praises | to Your name. (Psalm 18:1-2, 27, 32, 49)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, graciously hear the prayers of Your people that we, who justly suffer the consequence of our sin, may be mercifully delivered by Your goodness to the glory of Your name; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee favorably to hear the prayers of Thy people that we, who are justly punished for our offenses, may be mercifully delivered by Thy goodness for the glory of Thy name; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Savior who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces populi tui quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, ut qui juste pro peccatis nostris affligimur, pro tui nominis gloria misericorditer liberemur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Ex. 17:1-7


 1And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.

 2Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?

 3And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?

 4And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

 5And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.

 6Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

 7And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?



Old Testament: Jer. 1:4-10


 4Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

 5Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.

 6Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, I cannot speak: for I am a child.

 7But the LORD said unto me, Say not, I am a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak.

 8Be not afraid of their faces: for I am with thee to deliver thee, saith the LORD.

 9Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth.

 10See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.



Gradual

The LORD also will be a refuge for | the oppressed,*
     a refuge in times of | trouble.
And those who know Your name will put their | trust in You;*
     for You, LORD, have not for- | saken them.
For the needy shall not always be for- | gotten;*
     the expectation of the poor shall not perish for- | ever.
A- | rise, O LORD,*
     do not let | man prevail. (Psalm 9:9–10, 18–19)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 9:24-10:5


 24Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.

 25And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.

 26I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:

 27But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

 1Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;

 2And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

 3And did all eat the same spiritual meat;

 4And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

 5But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.



Verse

Out of the depths I have cried to | You, O LORD;*
      Lord, | hear my voice!
Let Your ears be at- | tentive*
     to the voice of my suppli- | cations.
If You, LORD, should mark in- | iquities,*
     O Lord, | who could stand?
But there is forgive- | ness with You,*
     that You | may be feared. (Psalm 130:1–4)

Gospel: Matt. 20:1-16


 1For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

 2And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

 3And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,

 4And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.

 5Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.

 6And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?

 7They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.

 8So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.

 9And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.

 10But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.

 11And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,

 12Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

 13But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?

 14Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.

 15Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?

 16So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.



Offertory

It is good to give thanks to the LORD, And to sing praises to Your name, O Most High(Psalm 91)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 23


 1The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

 2He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

 3He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

 4Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

 5Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

 6Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.



First Reading: Job 13:1-12


 1Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.

 2What ye know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you.

 3Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.

 4But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value.

 5O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.

 6Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.

 7Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him?

 8Will ye accept his person? will ye contend for God?

 9Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him?

 10He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.

 11Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you?

 12Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 114


 1When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

 2Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

 3The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.

 4The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

 5What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back?

 6Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs?

 7Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;

 8Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.



Second Reading: John 6:1-21


 1After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.

 2And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

 3And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.

 4And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.

 5When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

 6And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.

 7Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.

 8One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,

 9There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?

 10And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

 11And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.

 12When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.

 13Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

 14Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

 15When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

 16And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,

 17And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.

 18And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

 19So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

 20But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.

 21Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.



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