February 17th, 2019


Explanation of the Week

The people of Israel contended with the Lord in the wilderness. (Ex 17:1-7) They were dissatisfied with His provision. In the same way, the first laborers in the vineyard complained against the landowner for the wage he provided them. (Mt 20:1-16) They charged him with being unfair. But in fact he was not being unfair but generous. The Lord does not wish to deal with us on the basis of what we deserve but on the basis of His abounding grace in Christ. The first, those who rely on their own merits, will be last. "Their bodies were scattered in the wilderness." But the last, those who rely on Christ, will be first. For Christ is the Rock. (1 Cor 9:24Ñ10:5) He is the One who was struck and from whose side blood and water flowed that we may be cleansed of our sin. Therefore, "Let him who glories, glory in the Lord." (Jer 9:23-24)


The sorrows of Sheol sur- | rounded me;*
     the snares of death con- | fronted me.
In my distress I called up- | on the LORD,*
     He heard my voice from His | temple. (Psalm 18:5-6)

I will love You, O | LORD, my strength.*
     The LORD is my rock and my | fortress.
For You will save the humble | people,*
     but will bring down | haughty looks.
It is God who arms | me with strength,*
     and makes my way | perfect.
Therefore I will give thanks to | You, O LORD,*
     and sing praises | to Your name. (Psalm 18:1-2, 27, 32, 49)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, graciously hear the prayers of Your people that we, who justly suffer the consequence of our sin, may be mercifully delivered by Your goodness to the glory of Your name; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

O Lord, we beseech Thee favorably to hear the prayers of Thy people that we, who are justly punished for our offenses, may be mercifully delivered by Thy goodness for the glory of Thy name; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Savior who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Preces populi tui quaesumus Domine clementer exaudi, ut qui juste pro peccatis nostris affligimur, pro tui nominis gloria misericorditer liberemur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Ex. 17:1-7

Water from the Rock

 1(A) All the congregation of the people of Israel moved on from the wilderness of Sin by stages, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. 2(B) Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water to drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you(C) test the LORD?" 3But the people thirsted there for water, and(D) the people grumbled against Moses and said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?" 4So Moses cried to the LORD, "What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready(E) to stone me." 5And the LORD said to Moses, "Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with(F) which you struck the Nile, and go. 6(G) Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink." And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7And he called the name of the place(H) Massah[a] and(I) Meribah,[b] because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested the LORD by saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"

Footnotes:Exodus 17:7 Massah means testing Exodus 17:7 Meribah means quarreling
Cross references:Exodus 17:1 : Exodus 16:1; Num 33:12, 14 Exodus 17:2 : Num 20:3, 4 Exodus 17:2 : Deut 6:16; Psalm 78:18, 41; 95:8, 9; Isa 7:12; Matt 4:7; 1 Cor 10:9; Heb 3:8, 9 Exodus 17:3 : Exodus 15:24; 16:2 Exodus 17:4 : Num 14:10; 1 Sam 30:6; 2 Chr 24:21; Matt 23:37; Luke 13:34; John 8:59; 10:31-33; 11:8; Acts 7:58; 14:5, 19; 2 Cor 11:25; Heb 11:37; Josh 9:25; 1 Kgs 21:13 Exodus 17:5 : Exodus 7:20 Exodus 17:6 : Num 20:8-11; Deut 8:15; Neh 9:15; Psalm 78:15, 16, 20; 105:41; 114:8; Isa 43:20; 48:21; 1 Cor 10:4 Exodus 17:7 : Psalm 95:8 Exodus 17:7 : Num 20:13; Psalm 81:7; 95:8

Old Testament: Jer. 1:4-10

The Call of Jeremiah

 4Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
 5(A) "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you,and before you were born(B) I consecrated you;I appointed you a prophet(C) to the nations."

 6Then I said, "Ah, Lord GOD! Behold,(D) I do not know how to speak,(E) for I am only a youth." 7But the LORD said to me,
   "Do not say, 'I am only a youth';for to all to whom I send you, you shall go,and(F) whatever I command you, you shall speak. 8(G) Do not be afraid of them,(H) for I am with you to deliver you,
         declares the LORD."

 9(I) Then the LORD put out his hand and(J) touched my mouth. And the LORD said to me,
   "Behold, I have put(K) my words in your mouth. 10See, I have set you this day(L) over nations and over kingdoms,(M) to pluck up and to break down,to destroy and to overthrow,to build and to plant."

Cross references:Jeremiah 1:5 : Isa 44:2 Jeremiah 1:5 : John 10:36 Jeremiah 1:5 : Isa 49:6; Jeremiah 25:15-29; Jeremiah 46–51 Jeremiah 1:6 : Exodus 4:10 Jeremiah 1:6 : 1 Kgs 3:7 Jeremiah 1:7 : Jeremiah 1:17; Ezek 2:7 Jeremiah 1:8 : Ezek 2:6; 3:9 Jeremiah 1:8 : Jeremiah 15:20; Exodus 3:12 Jeremiah 1:9 : Ezek 2:9 Jeremiah 1:9 : Isa 6:7 Jeremiah 1:9 : Jeremiah 5:14 Jeremiah 1:10 : Jeremiah 1:5 Jeremiah 1:10 : Jeremiah 18:7; 31:28; 45:4; 2 Cor 10:4, 5


The LORD also will be a refuge for | the oppressed,*
     a refuge in times of | trouble.
And those who know Your name will put their | trust in You;*
     for You, LORD, have not for- | saken them.
For the needy shall not always be for- | gotten;*
     the expectation of the poor shall not perish for- | ever.
A- | rise, O LORD,*
     do not let | man prevail. (Psalm 9:9–10, 18–19)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 9:24-10:5

 24Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives(A) the prize? So(B) run that you may obtain it. 25Every(C) athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we(D) an imperishable. 26So I do not run aimlessly; I(E) do not box as one(F) beating the air. 27But I discipline my body and(G) keep it under control,[a] lest after preaching to others(H) I myself should be(I) disqualified.

Warning Against Idolatry
 1For I want you to know, brothers,[b] that our fathers were all under(J) the cloud, and all(K) passed through the sea, 2and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3and(L) all ate the same(M) spiritual food, 4and(N) all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ. 5Nevertheless, with most of them God was not pleased, for(O) they were overthrown in the wilderness.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 9:27 Greek I pummel my body and make it a slave 1 Corinthians 10:1 Or brothers and sisters
Cross references:1 Corinthians 9:24 : Phil 3:14; Col 2:18 1 Corinthians 9:24 : Gal 2:2; 5:7; Phil 2:16; Heb 12:1; 2 Tim 4:7 1 Corinthians 9:25 : 1 Tim 6:12; 2 Tim 2:5; 4:7; Jude 3 1 Corinthians 9:25 : James 1:12 1 Corinthians 9:26 : Heb 12:4 1 Corinthians 9:26 : 1 Corinthians 14:9 1 Corinthians 9:27 : Rom 6:19 1 Corinthians 9:27 : Song 1:6 1 Corinthians 9:27 : Jer 6:30; Rom 1:28; Heb 6:8 1 Corinthians 10:1 : Exodus 13:21 1 Corinthians 10:1 : Exodus 14:22 1 Corinthians 10:3 : Exodus 16:15, 35; Deut 8:3; Neh 9:15, 20; Psalm 78:24 1 Corinthians 10:3 : Psalm 78:25; 105:40; John 6:31 1 Corinthians 10:4 : Exodus 17:6 1 Corinthians 10:5 : Num 14:29, 37; 26:64, 65; Psalm 106:26; Heb 3:17; Jude 5


Out of the depths I have cried to | You, O LORD;*
      Lord, | hear my voice!
Let Your ears be at- | tentive*
     to the voice of my suppli- | cations.
If You, LORD, should mark in- | iquities,*
     O Lord, | who could stand?
But there is forgive- | ness with You,*
     that You | may be feared. (Psalm 130:1–4)

Gospel: Matt. 20:1-16

Laborers in the Vineyard

 1"For the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius[a] a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the marketplace, 4and to them he said, 'You go into the vineyard too, and whatever is right I will give you.' 5So they went. Going out again about the sixth hour and the ninth hour, he did the same. 6And(A) about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing. And he said to them, 'Why do you stand here idle all day?' 7They said to him, 'Because no one has hired us.' He said to them, 'You go into the vineyard too.' 8And(B) when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his(C) foreman, 'Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last, up to the first.' 9And when those hired about the eleventh hour came, each of them received a denarius. 10Now when those hired first came, they thought they would receive more, but each of them also received a denarius. 11And on receiving it they grumbled at the master of the house, 12saying, 'These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and(D) the scorching heat.' 13But he replied to one of them,(E) 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14Take(F) what belongs to you and go. I choose to give to this last worker as I give to you. 15(G) Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or(H) do you begrudge my generosity?'[b] 16So(I) the last will be first, and the first last."

Footnotes:Matthew 20:2 A denarius was a day’s wage for a laborer Matthew 20:15 Or is your eye bad because I am good?
Cross references:Matthew 20:6 : 1 Cor 15:8 Matthew 20:8 : Lev 19:13; Deut 24:15 Matthew 20:8 : Luke 8:3; Matthew 24:45 Matthew 20:12 : Luke 12:55; James 1:11 (Gk) Matthew 20:13 : Matthew 22:12; 26:50 Matthew 20:14 : Matthew 25:25 Matthew 20:15 : Rom 9:15-24 Matthew 20:15 : Matthew 6:23; Deut 15:9; Prov 23:6 Matthew 20:16 : Matthew 19:30


It is good to give thanks to the LORD, And to sing praises to Your name, O Most High(Psalm 91)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 23

The LORD Is My Shepherd

A Psalm of David.

 1The LORD is my(A) shepherd; I shall not(B) want.
 2He makes me lie down in green(C) pastures.He leads me beside still waters.[a]
 3He(D) restores my soul.He(E) leads me in(F) paths of righteousness[b]
   for his(G) name’s sake.

 4Even though I(H) walk through the valley of(I) the shadow of death,[c]
   I will(J) fear no evil,for(K) you are with me;
   your(L) rod and your staff,
   they comfort me.

 5You(M) prepare a table before me
   in(N) the presence of my enemies;you(O) anoint my head with oil;
   my(P) cup overflows. 6Surely[d] goodness and mercy[e] shall follow me
   all the days of my life,and I shall(Q) dwell[f] in the house of the LORD
   (R) forever.[g]

Footnotes:Psalm 23:2 Hebrew beside waters of rest Psalm 23:3 Or in right paths Psalm 23:4 Or the valley of deep darkness Psalm 23:6 Or Only Psalm 23:6 Or steadfast love Psalm 23:6 Or shall return to dwell Psalm 23:6 Hebrew for length of days
Cross references:Psalm 23:1 : Psalm 78:52; 80:1; Isa 40:11; Jer 31:10; Ezek 34:11, 12, 23; John 10:11; Heb 13:20; 1 Pet 2:25; 5:4 Psalm 23:1 : Psalm 34:9, 10; Matt 6:33 Psalm 23:2 : Ezek 34:14; John 10:9 Psalm 23:3 : Psalm 19:7 Psalm 23:3 : Psalm 5:8; 31:3; 139:10, 24; 143:10; Isa 40:11; 49:10 Psalm 23:3 : Prov 4:11; 8:20 Psalm 23:3 : Psalm 25:11; 31:3; 79:9; 109:21; Ezek 20:9, 14 Psalm 23:4 : Psalm 138:7 Psalm 23:4 : Job 3:5 Psalm 23:4 : Psalm 3:6; 27:1, 3; 118:6 Psalm 23:4 : Exodus 3:12; Isa 43:2 Psalm 23:4 : Mic 7:14 Psalm 23:5 : Psalm 78:19; Prov 9:2; John 6:51; 2 Sam 17:27-29 Psalm 23:5 : Psalm 31:19 Psalm 23:5 : Psalm 45:7; 133:2; Luke 7:46; Psalm 92:10 Psalm 23:5 : Psalm 16:5 Psalm 23:6 : Psalm 27:4 Psalm 23:6 : Psalm 21:4

First Reading: Job 13:1-12

Job Continues: Still I Will Hope in God

 1"Behold, my eye has seen all this,
   my ear has heard and understood it. 2(A) What you know, I also know;
   I am not inferior to you. 3(B) But I would speak to the Almighty,
   and I desire to(C) argue my case with God. 4As for you,(D) you whitewash with lies;
   (E) worthless physicians are you all. 5Oh that you would(F) keep silent,
   and it would be your wisdom! 6Hear now my argument
   and listen to the pleadings of my lips. 7Will you(G) speak falsely for God
   and speak deceitfully for him? 8Will you show partiality toward him?
   Will you(H) plead the case for God? 9Will it be well with you when he(I) searches you out?
   Or(J) can you deceive him, as one deceives a man? 10He will surely rebuke you
   if in secret you show partiality. 11Will not his(K) majesty terrify you,
   and the dread of him fall upon you? 12Your maxims are proverbs of(L) ashes;
   your defenses are defenses of clay.

Cross references:Job 13:2 : Job 12:3; 15:9 Job 13:3 : Job 23:4; 31:35 Job 13:3 : Job 13:15, 18 Job 13:4 : Psalm 119:69 Job 13:4 : Job 16:2 Job 13:5 : Prov 17:28 Job 13:7 : Job 27:4 Job 13:8 : Judg 6:31 Job 13:9 : Prov 28:11 Job 13:9 : Gal 6:7 Job 13:11 : Job 31:23 Job 13:12 : Isa 44:20

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 114

Tremble at the Presence of the Lord

 1When(A) Israel went out from Egypt,
   the house of Jacob from(B) a people of strange language, 2Judah became his(C) sanctuary,
   Israel his dominion.

 3(D) The sea looked and fled;
   (E) Jordan turned back. 4(F) The mountains skipped like rams,
   the hills like lambs.

 5What(G) ails you, O sea, that you flee?
   O Jordan, that you turn back? 6O mountains, that you skip like rams?
   O hills, like lambs?

 7(H) Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord,
   at the presence of the God of Jacob, 8who turns(I) the rock into(J) a pool of water,
   (K) the flint into a spring of water.

Cross references:Psalm 114:1 : Exodus 12:37 Psalm 114:1 : Psalm 81:5; Gen 42:23 Psalm 114:2 : Psalm 78:68, 69; Exodus 15:17; 25:8 Psalm 114:3 : Psalm 77:16 Psalm 114:3 : Josh 3:13-16 Psalm 114:4 : Psalm 18:7; 29:6; Exodus 19:18 Psalm 114:5 : Hab 3:8 Psalm 114:7 : Psalm 96:9 Psalm 114:8 : Num 20:11; Psalm 78:15 Psalm 114:8 : Psalm 107:35 Psalm 114:8 : Deut 8:15

Second Reading: John 6:1-21

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

 1After this(A) Jesus went away to the other side of(B) the Sea of Galilee, which is(C) the Sea of Tiberias. 2And a large crowd was following him, because they saw the signs that he was doing on the sick. 3Jesus went up on(D) the mountain, and there he sat down with his disciples. 4Now(E) the Passover, the(F) feast of the Jews, was at hand. 5(G) Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, Jesus said to(H) Philip, "Where are we to buy bread, so that these people may eat?" 6He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he would do. 7(I) Philip answered him, "Two hundred denarii[a] would not buy enough bread for each of them to get a little." 8One of his disciples,(J) Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to him, 9"There is a boy here who has five(K) barley loaves and two fish, but what are they for so many?" 10Jesus said, "Have the people sit down."(L) Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, about five thousand in number. 11Jesus then took the loaves, and(M) when he had given thanks, he distributed them to those who were seated. So also the fish, as much as they wanted. 12And when they had eaten their fill, he told his disciples, "Gather up the leftover fragments, that nothing may be lost." 13So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves left by those who had eaten. 14When the people saw the sign that he had done, they said,(N) "This is indeed(O) the Prophet(P) who is to come into the world!"

 15(Q) Perceiving then that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, Jesus(R) withdrew again to(S) the mountain by himself.

Jesus Walks on Water

 16When evening came, his disciples went down to the sea, 17got into a boat, and started across the sea to Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them. 18The sea became rough because a strong wind was blowing. 19When they had rowed about three or four miles,[b] they saw Jesus walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they were frightened. 20(T) But he said to them, "It is I; do not be afraid." 21Then they were glad to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going.

Footnotes:John 6:7 A denarius was a day’s wage for a laborer John 6:19 Greek twenty-five or thirty stadia; a stadion was about 607 feet or 185 meters
Cross references:John 6:1 : For John 6:1-13, Matt 14:13-21; Mark 6:32-44; Luke 9:10-17 John 6:1 : Matt 4:18 John 6:1 : John 21:1 John 6:3 : John 6:15 John 6:4 : John 2:13; 11:55; Exodus 12 John 6:4 : John 5:1; 7:2 John 6:5 : Luke 6:20 John 6:5 : John 1:44 John 6:7 : Mark 6:37 John 6:8 : John 1:40, 44 John 6:9 : 2 Kgs 4:42, 43 John 6:10 : Mark 6:39 John 6:11 : John 6:23; Matt 15:36 John 6:14 : John 4:19 John 6:14 : John 1:21; 7:40; Matt 21:11 John 6:14 : John 11:27; Matt 11:3 John 6:15 : John 12:12-15 John 6:15 : For John 6:15-21, Matt 14:22-33; Mark 6:45-51; Matt 8:18 John 6:15 : John 6:3 John 6:20 : Luke 24:38, 39


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