February 3rd, 2019

Epiphany 4


Explanation of the Week

In Jonah we see ourselves. For Jonah fled from the presence of the Lord (Jonah 1:1-17), even as we sinners turn our backs on God and go our own way. This brings the storm of God's judgment. But in Jonah we also see Christ. For even as he was in the great fish for three days and three nights, so also Christ Jesus was buried in the depths of death for us and raised on the third day. The Lord of creation, who rules over the wind and the wave (Mt 8:23-27), saved us from the fury of divine wrath by taking the judgment in His own body. His love is the fulfillment of the Law. (Rom 13:8-10) Though our faith be weak in the face of peril, yet we are kept in safety on the ship of the church; for the Son of God is with us. Though the whole creation groans with us under the curse, yet by Jesus' speaking there is a great calm. For we know that our present sufferings are not worthy to be compared with the glory to be revealed in us. (Rom 8:18-23)

Introit

Antiphon:
They cry out to the LORD in their | trouble,*
     and He brings them out of | their distresses.
He | calms the storm,*
     so that its | waves are still. (Psalm 107:28-29)

Psalm:
Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for | He is good!*
     For His mercy endures for- | ever.
Oh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His | goodness,*
     and for His wonderful works to the child- | ren of men!
They see the works | of the LORD,*
     and His wonders | in the deep.
For He commands the | stormy wind,*
     which lifts up the waves | of the sea. (Psalm 107:1, 8, 24-25)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, You know we live in the midst of so many dangers that in our frailty we cannot stand upright. Grant strength and protection to support us in all dangers and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ, You Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty God, who knowest us to be set in the midst of so many and great dangers that by reason of the fraility of our nature we cannot always stand upright, grant to us such strength and protection as may support us in all dangers and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Deus qui nos in tantis periculis constitutos pro humana scis fragilitate non posse subsistere, da nobis salutem mentis et corporis, ut ea quae pro peccatis nostris nos affligunt, te adjuvante vincamus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Jonah 1:1-17


Jonah Flees From the LORD

 1 The word of the LORD came to Jonah son of Amittai: 2 "Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me."

 3 But Jonah ran away from the LORD and headed for Tarshish. He went down to Joppa, where he found a ship bound for that port. After paying the fare, he went aboard and sailed for Tarshish to flee from the LORD.

 4 Then the LORD sent a great wind on the sea, and such a violent storm arose that the ship threatened to break up. 5 All the sailors were afraid and each cried out to his own god. And they threw the cargo into the sea to lighten the ship.
      But Jonah had gone below deck, where he lay down and fell into a deep sleep. 6 The captain went to him and said, "How can you sleep? Get up and call on your god! Maybe he will take notice of us, and we will not perish."

 7 Then the sailors said to each other, "Come, let us cast lots to find out who is responsible for this calamity." They cast lots and the lot fell on Jonah.

 8 So they asked him, "Tell us, who is responsible for making all this trouble for us? What do you do? Where do you come from? What is your country? From what people are you?"

 9 He answered, "I am a Hebrew and I worship the LORD, the God of heaven, who made the sea and the land."

 10 This terrified them and they asked, "What have you done?" (They knew he was running away from the LORD, because he had already told them so.)

 11 The sea was getting rougher and rougher. So they asked him, "What should we do to you to make the sea calm down for us?"

 12 "Pick me up and throw me into the sea," he replied, "and it will become calm. I know that it is my fault that this great storm has come upon you."

 13 Instead, the men did their best to row back to land. But they could not, for the sea grew even wilder than before. 14 Then they cried to the LORD, "O LORD, please do not let us die for taking this man's life. Do not hold us accountable for killing an innocent man, for you, O LORD, have done as you pleased." 15 Then they took Jonah and threw him overboard, and the raging sea grew calm. 16 At this the men greatly feared the LORD, and they offered a sacrifice to the LORD and made vows to him.

 17 But the LORD provided a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was inside the fish three days and three nights.



Old Testament: Isaiah 43:1-3


Israel's Only Savior

 1 But now, this is what the LORD says—
       he who created you, O Jacob,
       he who formed you, O Israel:
       "Fear not, for I have redeemed you;
       I have summoned you by name; you are mine.

 2 When you pass through the waters,
       I will be with you;
       and when you pass through the rivers,
       they will not sweep over you.
       When you walk through the fire,
       you will not be burned;
       the flames will not set you ablaze.

 3 For I am the LORD, your God,
       the Holy One of Israel, your Savior;
       I give Egypt for your ransom,
       Cush [a] and Seba in your stead.

Footnotes:Isaiah 43:3 That is, the upper Nile region


Gradual

The nations shall fear the name | of the LORD,*
     and all the kings of the earth Your | glory.
For the LORD shall build up | Zion;*
     He shall appear in His | glory. (Psalm 102:15–16)

Epistle: Rom. 13:8-10


Love, for the Day is Near

 8Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled the law. 9The commandments, "Do not commit adultery," "Do not murder," "Do not steal," "Do not covet,"[a] and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: "Love your neighbor as yourself."[b] 10Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.

Footnotes:Romans 13:9 Exodus 20:13-15,17; Deut. 5:17-19,21 Romans 13:9 Lev. 19:18


Verse

Alle- | luia.*
     Alle- | luia.
The LORD reigns; let the | earth rejoice,*
     let the multitude of nations be glad! Alle- | luia. (Psalm 97:1)

Gospel: Matt. 8:23-27


Jesus Calms the Storm

 23Then he got into the boat and his disciples followed him. 24Without warning, a furious storm came up on the lake, so that the waves swept over the boat. But Jesus was sleeping. 25The disciples went and woke him, saying, "Lord, save us! We're going to drown!"

 26He replied, "You of little faith, why are you so afraid?" Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm.

 27The men were amazed and asked, "What kind of man is this? Even the winds and the waves obey him!"



Offertory

The right hand of the LORD is exalted; The right hand of the LORD does valiantly. I shall not die, but live, And declare the works of the LORD. (Psalm 118)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 2


 1 Why do the nations conspire [a]
       and the peoples plot in vain?

 2 The kings of the earth take their stand
       and the rulers gather together
       against the LORD
       and against his Anointed One. [b]

 3 "Let us break their chains," they say,
       "and throw off their fetters."

 4 The One enthroned in heaven laughs;
       the Lord scoffs at them.

 5 Then he rebukes them in his anger
       and terrifies them in his wrath, saying,

 6 "I have installed my King [c]
       on Zion, my holy hill."

 7 I will proclaim the decree of the LORD :
       He said to me, "You are my Son [d] ;
       today I have become your Father. [e]

 8 Ask of me,
       and I will make the nations your inheritance,
       the ends of the earth your possession.

 9 You will rule them with an iron scepter [f] ;
       you will dash them to pieces like pottery."

 10 Therefore, you kings, be wise;
       be warned, you rulers of the earth.

 11 Serve the LORD with fear
       and rejoice with trembling.

 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry
       and you be destroyed in your way,
       for his wrath can flare up in a moment.
       Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

Footnotes:Psalm 2:1 Hebrew; Septuagint rage Psalm 2:2 Or anointed one Psalm 2:6 Or king Psalm 2:7 Or son ; also in verse 12 Psalm 2:7 Or have begotten you Psalm 2:9 Or will break them with a rod of iron


First Reading: Zech. 14:1-21


The LORD Comes and Reigns

 1 A day of the LORD is coming when your plunder will be divided among you.

 2 I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city.

 3 Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. 4 On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south. 5 You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake [a] in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.

 6 On that day there will be no light, no cold or frost. 7 It will be a unique day, without daytime or nighttime—a day known to the LORD. When evening comes, there will be light.

 8 On that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half to the eastern sea [b] and half to the western sea, [c] in summer and in winter.

 9 The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name.

 10 The whole land, from Geba to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem, will become like the Arabah. But Jerusalem will be raised up and remain in its place, from the Benjamin Gate to the site of the First Gate, to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the royal winepresses. 11 It will be inhabited; never again will it be destroyed. Jerusalem will be secure.

 12 This is the plague with which the LORD will strike all the nations that fought against Jerusalem: Their flesh will rot while they are still standing on their feet, their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongues will rot in their mouths. 13 On that day men will be stricken by the LORD with great panic. Each man will seize the hand of another, and they will attack each other. 14 Judah too will fight at Jerusalem. The wealth of all the surrounding nations will be collected—great quantities of gold and silver and clothing. 15 A similar plague will strike the horses and mules, the camels and donkeys, and all the animals in those camps.

 16 Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, they will have no rain. 18 If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The LORD [d] will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.

 20 On that dayHOLY TO THE LORD will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the LORD's house will be like the sacred bowls in front of the altar. 21 Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to the LORD Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite [e] in the house of the LORD Almighty.

Footnotes:Zechariah 14:5 Or 5 My mountain valley will be blocked and will extend to Azel. It will be blocked as it was blocked because of the earthquake Zechariah 14:8 That is, the Dead Sea Zechariah 14:8 That is, the Mediterranean Zechariah 14:18 Or part, then the LORD Zechariah 14:21 Or merchant


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 97


 1 The LORD reigns, let the earth be glad;
       let the distant shores rejoice.

 2 Clouds and thick darkness surround him;
       righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

 3 Fire goes before him
       and consumes his foes on every side.

 4 His lightning lights up the world;
       the earth sees and trembles.

 5 The mountains melt like wax before the LORD,
       before the Lord of all the earth.

 6 The heavens proclaim his righteousness,
       and all the peoples see his glory.

 7 All who worship images are put to shame,
       those who boast in idols—
       worship him, all you gods!

 8 Zion hears and rejoices
       and the villages of Judah are glad
       because of your judgments, O LORD.

 9 For you, O LORD, are the Most High over all the earth;
       you are exalted far above all gods.

 10 Let those who love the LORD hate evil,
       for he guards the lives of his faithful ones
       and delivers them from the hand of the wicked.

 11 Light is shed upon the righteous
       and joy on the upright in heart.

 12 Rejoice in the LORD, you who are righteous,
       and praise his holy name.



Second Reading: Titus 2:7-3:15


7In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness 8and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us.

 9Teach slaves to be subject to their masters in everything, to try to please them, not to talk back to them, 10and not to steal from them, but to show that they can be fully trusted, so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive.

 11For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men. 12It teaches us to say "No" to ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright and godly lives in this present age, 13while we wait for the blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, 14who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good.

 15These, then, are the things you should teach. Encourage and rebuke with all authority. Do not let anyone despise you.

Doing What is Good
 1Remind the people to be subject to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready to do whatever is good, 2to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and to show true humility toward all men.

 3At one time we too were foolish, disobedient, deceived and enslaved by all kinds of passions and pleasures. We lived in malice and envy, being hated and hating one another. 4But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared, 5he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, 6whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life. 8This is a trustworthy saying. And I want you to stress these things, so that those who have trusted in God may be careful to devote themselves to doing what is good. These things are excellent and profitable for everyone.

 9But avoid foolish controversies and genealogies and arguments and quarrels about the law, because these are unprofitable and useless. 10Warn a divisive person once, and then warn him a second time. After that, have nothing to do with him. 11You may be sure that such a man is warped and sinful; he is self-condemned.

Final Remarks
 12As soon as I send Artemas or Tychicus to you, do your best to come to me at Nicopolis, because I have decided to winter there. 13Do everything you can to help Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way and see that they have everything they need. 14Our people must learn to devote themselves to doing what is good, in order that they may provide for daily necessities and not live unproductive lives.

 15Everyone with me sends you greetings. Greet those who love us in the faith.
      Grace be with you all.



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