February 3rd, 2019

Epiphany 4


Explanation of the Week

In Jonah we see ourselves. For Jonah fled from the presence of the Lord (Jonah 1:1-17), even as we sinners turn our backs on God and go our own way. This brings the storm of God's judgment. But in Jonah we also see Christ. For even as he was in the great fish for three days and three nights, so also Christ Jesus was buried in the depths of death for us and raised on the third day. The Lord of creation, who rules over the wind and the wave (Mt 8:23-27), saved us from the fury of divine wrath by taking the judgment in His own body. His love is the fulfillment of the Law. (Rom 13:8-10) Though our faith be weak in the face of peril, yet we are kept in safety on the ship of the church; for the Son of God is with us. Though the whole creation groans with us under the curse, yet by Jesus' speaking there is a great calm. For we know that our present sufferings are not worthy to be compared with the glory to be revealed in us. (Rom 8:18-23)

Introit

Antiphon:
They cry out to the LORD in their | trouble,*
     and He brings them out of | their distresses.
He | calms the storm,*
     so that its | waves are still. (Psalm 107:28-29)

Psalm:
Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for | He is good!*
     For His mercy endures for- | ever.
Oh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His | goodness,*
     and for His wonderful works to the child- | ren of men!
They see the works | of the LORD,*
     and His wonders | in the deep.
For He commands the | stormy wind,*
     which lifts up the waves | of the sea. (Psalm 107:1, 8, 24-25)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, You know we live in the midst of so many dangers that in our frailty we cannot stand upright. Grant strength and protection to support us in all dangers and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ, You Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty God, who knowest us to be set in the midst of so many and great dangers that by reason of the fraility of our nature we cannot always stand upright, grant to us such strength and protection as may support us in all dangers and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Deus qui nos in tantis periculis constitutos pro humana scis fragilitate non posse subsistere, da nobis salutem mentis et corporis, ut ea quae pro peccatis nostris nos affligunt, te adjuvante vincamus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Jonah 1:1-17


 1Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,

 2Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

 3But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.

 4But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken.

 5Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.

 6So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.

 7And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is upon us. So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah.

 8Then said they unto him, Tell us, we pray thee, for whose cause this evil is upon us; What is thine occupation? and whence comest thou? what is thy country? and of what people art thou?

 9And he said unto them, I am an Hebrew; and I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, which hath made the sea and the dry land.

 10Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him. Why hast thou done this? For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.

 11Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous.

 12And he said unto them, Take me up, and cast me forth into the sea; so shall the sea be calm unto you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.

 13Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring it to the land; but they could not: for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous against them.

 14Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said, We beseech thee, O LORD, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased thee.

 15So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased from her raging.

 16Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.

 17Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.



Old Testament: Isaiah 43:1-3


 1But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.

 2When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.

 3For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.



Gradual

The nations shall fear the name | of the LORD,*
     and all the kings of the earth Your | glory.
For the LORD shall build up | Zion;*
     He shall appear in His | glory. (Psalm 102:15–16)

Epistle: Rom. 13:8-10


 8Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

 9For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

 10Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.



Verse

Alle- | luia.*
     Alle- | luia.
The LORD reigns; let the | earth rejoice,*
     let the multitude of nations be glad! Alle- | luia. (Psalm 97:1)

Gospel: Matt. 8:23-27


 23And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him.

 24And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep.

 25And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish.

 26And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm.

 27But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!



Offertory

The right hand of the LORD is exalted; The right hand of the LORD does valiantly. I shall not die, but live, And declare the works of the LORD. (Psalm 118)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 2


 1Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

 2The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

 3Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

 4He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the LORD shall have them in derision.

 5Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

 6Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

 7I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

 8Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.

 9Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

 10Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

 11Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

 12Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.



First Reading: Zech. 14:1-21


 1Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.

 2For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.

 3Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.

 4And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

 5And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.

 6And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:

 7But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.

 8And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.

 9And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.

 10All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.

 11And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.

 12And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.

 13And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.

 14And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.

 15And so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents, as this plague.

 16And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

 17And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.

 18And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

 19This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

 20In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD's house shall be like the bowls before the altar.

 21Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 97


 1The LORD reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof.

 2Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

 3A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about.

 4His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and trembled.

 5The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.

 6The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.

 7Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all ye gods.

 8Zion heard, and was glad; and the daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy judgments, O LORD.

 9For thou, LORD, art high above all the earth: thou art exalted far above all gods.

 10Ye that love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.

 11Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.

 12Rejoice in the LORD, ye righteous; and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.



Second Reading: Titus 2:7-3:15


 7In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,

 8Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

 9Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;

 10Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

 11For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

 12Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

 13Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

 14Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

 15These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

 1Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

 2To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.

 3For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

 4But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,

 5Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

 6Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

 7That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

 8This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

 9But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.

 10A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;

 11Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

 12When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

 13Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.

 14And let our's also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.

 15All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.



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