January 27th, 2019

Epiphany 3


Explanation of the Week

The Gospel of Christ is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Gentile. (Rom 1:8-17) Even in the Old Testament, the Gentiles were beneficiaries of God's saving power. Though unimpressed at first with the Word of God, a Syrian commander is persuaded to receive that Word, and in the water he is cleansed and brought to faith in the God of Israel. (2 Ki 5:1-15a) Evil is overcome by good. (Rom 12:16-21) So also in the New Testament a Roman centurion demonstrates great and humble faith in the Lord. (Mt 8:1-13) All He needs is the Word of Christ. For He trusts that Jesus' Word of healing has authority to accomplish what it says. And indeed it does. The centurion's faith is praised by our Lord above that of any Israelite. For the last shall be first, and the first last. Apart from faith in Christ, there is no salvation, even for a Jew, but only weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Introit

Antiphon:
The heavens declare His | righteousness,*
     and all the peoples see His | glory.
For You, LORD, are most high above | all the earth;*
     You are exalted far a- | bove all gods (Psalm 97:6,9)

Psalm:
The LORD reigns; let the | earth rejoice;*
     let the multitude of | isles be glad!
He preserves the souls | of His saints;*
     He delivers them out of the hand of the | wicked.
Light is sown for the | righteous,*
     and gladness for the up- | right in heart.
Rejoice in the LORD, you | righteous,*
     And give thanks at the remembrance of His | holy name. (Psalm 97:1, 10-12)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, mercifully look upon our infirmities and stretch forth the hand of Your majesty to heal and defend us; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty and everlasting God, mercifully look upon our infirmities, and in all our dangers and necessities stretch forth the right hand of Thy majesty to help and defend us; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens et aeterne Deus, infirmitatem nostram propitius respice, atque ad protegendum nos dexteram tuae Majestatis extende. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): 2 Kings 5:1-15


 1Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man with his master, and honourable, because by him the LORD had given deliverance unto Syria: he was also a mighty man in valour, but he was a leper.

 2And the Syrians had gone out by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on Naaman's wife.

 3And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord were with the prophet that is in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy.

 4And one went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that is of the land of Israel.

 5And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment.

 6And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have therewith sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy.

 7And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider, I pray you, and see how he seeketh a quarrel against me.

 8And it was so, when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.

 9So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and stood at the door of the house of Elisha.

 10And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean.

 11But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the LORD his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.

 12Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went away in a rage.

 13And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?

 14Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.

 15And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a blessing of thy servant.



Old Testament: Jer. 33:6-9


 6Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.

 7And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first.

 8And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me.

 9And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it.



Gradual

The nations shall fear the name | of the LORD,*
     and all the kings of the earth Your | glory.
For the LORD shall build up | Zion;*
     He shall appear in His | glory. (Psalm 102:15–16)

Epistle: Rom. 12:16-21


 16Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.

 17Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.

 18If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.

 19Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.

 20Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.

 21Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.



Verse

Alle- | luia.*
     Alle- | luia.
The LORD reigns; let the | earth rejoice,*
     let the multitude of nations be glad! Alle- | luia. (Psalm 97:1)

Gospel: Matt. 8:1-13


 1When he was come down from the mountain, great multitudes followed him.

 2And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

 3And Jesus put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.

 4And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.

 5And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him,

 6And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.

 7And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him.

 8The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.

 9For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.

 10When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.

 11And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.

 12But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

 13And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, so be it done unto thee. And his servant was healed in the selfsame hour.



Offertory

The right hand of the LORD is exalted; The right hand of the LORD does valiantly. I shall not die, but live, And declare the works of the LORD. (Psalm 118)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 15


 1Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?

 2He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.

 3He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

 4In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

 5He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.



First Reading: Zech. 4:1-5:11


 1And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

 2And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof:

 3And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

 4So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord?

 5Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

 6Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

 7Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.

 8Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

 9The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.

 10For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with those seven; they are the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.

 11Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof?

 12And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?

 13And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

 14Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the LORD of the whole earth.

 1Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.

 2And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.

 3Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it.

 4I will bring it forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.

 5Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth.

 6And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

 7And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah.

 8And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof.

 9Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.

 10Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah?

 11And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 33


 1Rejoice in the LORD, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright.

 2Praise the LORD with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.

 3Sing unto him a new song; play skilfully with a loud noise.

 4For the word of the LORD is right; and all his works are done in truth.

 5He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the LORD.

 6By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

 7He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.

 8Let all the earth fear the LORD: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.

 9For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.

 10The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.

 11The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.

 12Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

 13The LORD looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men.

 14From the place of his habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth.

 15He fashioneth their hearts alike; he considereth all their works.

 16There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.

 17An horse is a vain thing for safety: neither shall he deliver any by his great strength.

 18Behold, the eye of the LORD is upon them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy;

 19To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.

 20Our soul waiteth for the LORD: he is our help and our shield.

 21For our heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in his holy name.

 22Let thy mercy, O LORD, be upon us, according as we hope in thee.



Second Reading: Rom. 15:14-33


 14And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.

 15Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God,

 16That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.

 17I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God.

 18For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed,

 19Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

 20Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation:

 21But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand.

 22For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming to you.

 23But now having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come unto you;

 24Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with your company.

 25But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints.

 26For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem.

 27It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.

 28When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.

 29And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.

 30Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me;

 31That I may be delivered from them that do not believe in Judaea; and that my service which I have for Jerusalem may be accepted of the saints;

 32That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.

 33Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.



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