January 25th, 2019

The Conversion of Saint Paul


Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, You turned the heart of him who persecuted the Church and by his preaching caused the light of the Gospel to shine throughout the world. Grant us ever to rejoice in the saving light of Your Gospel and, following the example of the apostle Paul, to spread it to the ends of the earth; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Old Testament (LSB): Acts 9:1-22


The Conversion of Saul

 1(A)Now Saul, still (B)breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest,

 2and asked for (C)letters from him to (D)the synagogues at (E)Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to (F)the Way, both men and women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.

 3As he was traveling, it happened that he was approaching Damascus, and (G)suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him;

 4and (H)he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?"

 5And he said, "Who are You, Lord?" And He said, "I am Jesus whom you are persecuting,

 6but get up and enter the city, and (I)it will be told you what you must do."

 7The men who traveled with him (J)stood speechless, (K)hearing the voice but seeing no one.

 8Saul got up from the ground, and (L)though his eyes were open, he could see nothing; and leading him by the hand, they brought him into (M)Damascus.

 9And he was three days without sight, and neither ate nor drank.

 10Now there was a disciple at (N)Damascus named (O)Ananias; and the Lord said to him in (P)a vision, "Ananias." And he said, "Here I am, Lord."

 11And the Lord said to him, "Get up and go to the street called Straight, and inquire at the house of Judas for a man from (Q)Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying,

 12and he has seen [a]in a vision a man named Ananias come in and (R)lay his hands on him, so that he might regain his sight."

 13But Ananias answered, "Lord, I have heard from many about this man, (S)how much harm he did to (T)Your saints at Jerusalem;

 14and here he (U)has authority from the chief priests to bind all who (V)call on Your name."

 15But the Lord said to him, "Go, for (W)he is a chosen [b]instrument of Mine, to bear My name before (X)the Gentiles and (Y)kings and the sons of Israel;

 16for (Z)I will show him how much he must suffer for My name's sake."

 17So Ananias departed and entered the house, and after (AA)laying his hands on him said, "(AB)Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you on the road by which you were coming, has sent me so that you may regain your sight and be (AC)filled with the Holy Spirit."

 18And immediately there fell from his eyes something like scales, and he regained his sight, and he got up and was baptized;

 19and he took food and was strengthened.

   

Saul Begins to Preach Christ

    Now (AD) for several days he was with (AE) the disciples who were at Damascus,

 20and immediately he began to proclaim Jesus (AF)in the synagogues, saying, "He is (AG)the Son of God."

 21All those hearing him continued to be amazed, and were saying, "Is this not he who in Jerusalem (AH)destroyed those who (AI)called on this name, and who had come here for the purpose of bringing them bound before the chief priests?"

 22But Saul kept increasing in strength and confounding the Jews who lived at Damascus by proving that this Jesus is the Christ.

Footnotes:Acts 9:12 A few early mss do not contain in a vision Acts 9:15 Or vessel
Cross references:Acts 9:1 : Acts 9:1-22; 22:3-16; 26:9-18 Acts 9:1 : Acts 8:3; 9:13-21 Acts 9:2 : Acts 9:14, 21; 22:5; 26:10 Acts 9:2 : Matt 10:17 Acts 9:2 : Gen 14:15; 2 Cor 11:32; Gal 1:17 Acts 9:2 : John 14:6; Acts 18:25; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14, 22 Acts 9:3 : 1 Cor 15:8 Acts 9:4 : Acts 22:7; 26:14 Acts 9:6 : Acts 9:16 Acts 9:7 : Acts 26:14 Acts 9:7 : John 12:29; Acts 22:9 Acts 9:8 : Acts 9:18; 22:11 Acts 9:8 : Gen 14:15; 2 Cor 11:32; Gal 1:17 Acts 9:10 : Gen 14:15; 2 Cor 11:32; Gal 1:17 Acts 9:10 : Acts 22:12 Acts 9:10 : Acts 10:3, 17, 19; 11:5; 12:9; 16:9; 18:9 Acts 9:11 : Acts 9:30; 11:25; 21:39; 22:3 Acts 9:12 : Mark 5:23; Acts 6:6; 9:17 Acts 9:13 : Acts 8:3 Acts 9:13 : Acts 9:32, 41; 26:10; Rom 1:7; 15:25, 26, 31; 16:2, 15; 1 Cor 1:2 Acts 9:14 : Acts 9:2, 21 Acts 9:14 : Acts 7:59 Acts 9:15 : Acts 13:2; Rom 1:1; 9:23; Gal 1:15; Eph 3:7 Acts 9:15 : Acts 22:21; 26:17; Rom 1:5; 11:13; 15:16; Gal 1:16; 2:7-ff; Eph 3:1, 8; 1 Tim 2:7; 2 Tim 4:17 Acts 9:15 : Acts 25:22; 26:1, 32; 2 Tim 4:17 Acts 9:16 : Acts 20:23; 21:4, 11, 13; 2 Cor 6:4; 11:23-27; 1 Thess 3:3 Acts 9:17 : Mark 5:23; Acts 6:6; 9:12 Acts 9:17 : Acts 22:13 Acts 9:17 : Acts 2:4 Acts 9:19 : Acts 26:20 Acts 9:19 : Acts 9:26,38; 11:26 Acts 9:20 : Acts 13:5, 14; 14:1; 16:13; 17:2, 10; 18:4, 19; 19:8 Acts 9:20 : Matt 4:3; Acts 9:22; 13:33 Acts 9:21 : Acts 8:3; 9:13; Gal 1:13, 23 Acts 9:21 : Acts 9:14


Epistle: Gal. 1:11-24


Paul Defends His Ministry

 11For (A)I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is (B)not according to man.

 12For (C)I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a (D)revelation of Jesus Christ.

 13For you have heard of (E)my former manner of life in Judaism, how I (F)used to persecute (G)the church of God beyond measure and (H)tried to destroy it;

 14and I (I)was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my (J)ancestral traditions.

 15But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother's womb and (K)called me through His grace, was pleased

 16to reveal His Son in me so that I might (L)preach Him among the Gentiles, (M)I did not immediately consult with (N)flesh and blood,

 17(O)nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to (P)Damascus.

 18Then (Q)three years later I went up (R)to Jerusalem to become acquainted with (S)Cephas, and stayed with him fifteen days.

 19But I did not see any other of the apostles except (T)James, the Lord's brother.

 20(Now in what I am writing to you, I assure you (U)before God that I am not lying.)

 21Then (V)I went into the regions of (W)Syria and (X)Cilicia.

 22I was still unknown by sight to (Y)the churches of Judea which were (Z)in Christ;

 23but only, they kept hearing, "He who once persecuted us is now preaching (AA)the faith which he once (AB)tried to destroy."

 24And they (AC)were glorifying God because of me.

Cross references:Galatians 1:11 : Rom 2:16; 1 Cor 15:1 Galatians 1:11 : 1 Cor 3:4; 9:8 Galatians 1:12 : 1 Cor 11:23; Gal 1:1 Galatians 1:12 : 1 Cor 2:10; 2 Cor 12:1; Gal 1:16; 2:2 Galatians 1:13 : Acts 26:4 Galatians 1:13 : Acts 8:3; 22:4, 5 Galatians 1:13 : 1 Cor 10:32 Galatians 1:13 : Acts 9:21 Galatians 1:14 : Acts 22:3 Galatians 1:14 : Jer 9:14; Matt 15:2; Mark 7:3; Col 2:8 Galatians 1:15 : Is 49:1, 5; Jer 1:5; Acts 9:15; Rom 1:1; Gal 1:6 Galatians 1:16 : Acts 9:15; Gal 2:9 Galatians 1:16 : Acts 9:20 Galatians 1:16 : Matt 16:17 Galatians 1:17 : Acts 9:19-22 Galatians 1:17 : Acts 9:2 Galatians 1:18 : Acts 9:22 Galatians 1:18 : Acts 9:26 Galatians 1:18 : John 1:42; Gal 2:9, 11, 14 Galatians 1:19 : Matt 12:46; Acts 12:17 Galatians 1:20 : Rom 9:1; 2 Cor 1:23; 11:31 Galatians 1:21 : Acts 9:30 Galatians 1:21 : Acts 15:23, 41 Galatians 1:21 : Acts 6:9 Galatians 1:22 : 1 Cor 7:17; 1 Thess 2:14 Galatians 1:22 : Rom 16:7 Galatians 1:23 : Acts 6:7; Gal 6:10 Galatians 1:23 : Acts 9:21 Galatians 1:24 : Matt 9:8


Gospel: Matt. 19:27-30


The Disciples' Reward

 27Then Peter said to Him, "Behold, we have left everything and followed You; what then will there be for us?"

 28And Jesus said to them, "Truly I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in the regeneration when (A)the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, (B)you also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

 29"And (C)everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother [a]or children or farms for My name's sake, will receive many times as much, and will inherit eternal life.

 30"(D)But many who are first will be last; and the last, first.

Footnotes:Matthew 19:29 One early ms adds or wife
Cross references:Matthew 19:28 : Matt 25:31 Matthew 19:28 : Luke 22:30; Rev 3:21; 4:4; 11:16; 20:4 Matthew 19:29 : Matt 6:33; Mark 10:29; Luke 18:29 Matthew 19:30 : Matt 20:16; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30


First Reading: Zech. 1:1-21


A Call to Repentance

 1In the eighth month of the second year of (A)Darius, the word of the LORD came to (B)Zechariah the prophet, the son of Berechiah, the son of (C)Iddo saying,

 2"The LORD was very (D)angry with your fathers.

 3"Therefore say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "(E)Return to Me," declares the LORD of hosts, "that I may return to you," says the LORD of hosts.

 4"Do not be (F)like your fathers, to whom the (G)former prophets proclaimed, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "(H)Return now from your evil ways and from your evil deeds "' But they did (I)not listen or give heed to Me," declares the LORD.

 5"Your (J)fathers, where are they? And the (K)prophets, do they live forever?

 6"But did not My words and My statutes, which I commanded My servants the prophets, (L)overtake your fathers? Then they repented and said, '(M)As the LORD of hosts purposed to do to us in accordance with our ways and our deeds, so He has dealt with us.'"'"

Patrol of the Earth

 7On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Shebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of the LORD came to Zechariah the prophet, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, as follows:

 8I saw at night, and behold, a man was riding on a (N)red horse, and he was standing among the (O)myrtle trees which were in the ravine, with red, sorrel and (P)white horses behind him.

 9Then I said, "My (Q)lord, what are these?" And the (R)angel who was speaking with me said to me, "I will show you what these are."

 10And the man who was standing among the myrtle trees answered and said, "These are those whom the LORD has sent to (S)patrol the earth."

 11So they answered the angel of the LORD who was (T)standing among the myrtle trees and said, "We have patrolled the earth, and behold, (U)all the earth is peaceful and quiet."

 12Then the angel of the LORD said, "O LORD of hosts, (V)how long will You (W)have no compassion for Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, with which You have been (X)indignant these (Y)seventy years?"

 13The LORD answered the (Z)angel who was speaking with me with gracious words, (AA)comforting words.

 14So the angel who was speaking with me said to me, "(AB)Proclaim, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "I am (AC)exceedingly jealous for Jerusalem and Zion.

 15"But I am very (AD)angry with the nations who are (AE)at ease; for while I was only a little angry, they (AF)furthered the disaster."

 16'Therefore thus says the LORD, "I will (AG)return to Jerusalem with compassion; My (AH)house will be built in it," declares the LORD of hosts, "and a measuring (AI)line will be stretched over Jerusalem."'

 17"Again, proclaim, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "My (AJ)cities will again overflow with prosperity, and the LORD will again (AK)comfort Zion and again (AL)choose Jerusalem."'"

 18Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there were four horns.

 19So I said to the angel who was speaking with me, "What are these?" And he answered me, "These are the (AM)horns which have scattered Judah, Israel and Jerusalem."

 20Then the LORD showed me four (AN)craftsmen.

 21I said, "What are these coming to do?" And he said, "These are the (AO)horns which have scattered Judah so that no man lifts up his head; but these craftsmen have come to terrify them, to (AP)throw down the horns of the nations who have lifted up their horns against the land of Judah in order to scatter it."

Cross references:Zechariah 1:1 : Ezra 4:24; 6:15; Hag 1:15; 2:10; Zech 1:7; 7:1 Zechariah 1:1 : Ezra 5:1; 6:14; Zech 7:1; Matt 23:35; Luke 11:51 Zechariah 1:1 : Neh 12:4, 16 Zechariah 1:2 : 2 Chr 36:16; Jer 44:6; Ezek 8:18; Zech 1:15 Zechariah 1:3 : Is 31:6; 44:22; Mal 3:7 Zechariah 1:4 : Ps 78:8; 106:6, 7 Zechariah 1:4 : 2 Chr 24:19; 36:15 Zechariah 1:4 : Is 1:16-19; Jer 4:1; Ezek 33:11 Zechariah 1:4 : Jer 6:17; 11:7, 8 Zechariah 1:5 : Lam 5:7 Zechariah 1:5 : John 8:52 Zechariah 1:6 : Jer 12:16, 17; 44:28, 29; Amos 9:10 Zechariah 1:6 : Lam 2:17 Zechariah 1:8 : Zech 6:2; Rev 6:4 Zechariah 1:8 : Neh 8:15; Is 41:19; 55:13; Zech 1:10, 11 Zechariah 1:8 : Zech 6:3; Rev 6:2 Zechariah 1:9 : Zech 1:19; 4:4, 5, 13; 6:4 Zechariah 1:9 : Zech 2:3; 5:5 Zechariah 1:10 : Job 1:7; Zech 1:11; 4:10; 6:5-8 Zechariah 1:11 : Zech 1:8, 10 Zechariah 1:11 : Is 14:7 Zechariah 1:12 : Ps 74:10; Jer 12:4; Hab 1:2 Zechariah 1:12 : Ps 102:13; Jer 30:18 Zechariah 1:12 : Ps 102:10; Jer 15:17 Zechariah 1:12 : Jer 25:11; 29:10; Dan 9:2; Zech 7:5 Zechariah 1:13 : Zech 1:9; 4:1 Zechariah 1:13 : Is 40:1, 2; 57:18 Zechariah 1:14 : Is 40:2, 6; Zech 1:17 Zechariah 1:14 : Zech 8:2 Zechariah 1:15 : Zech 1:2 Zechariah 1:15 : Ps 123:4; Jer 48:11 Zechariah 1:15 : Amos 1:11 Zechariah 1:16 : Is 54:8-10; Zech 2:10, 11 Zechariah 1:16 : Ezra 6:14, 15; Zech 4:9 Zechariah 1:16 : Jer 31:39; Zech 2:2, 4 Zechariah 1:17 : Is 44:26; 61:4 Zechariah 1:17 : Is 51:3 Zechariah 1:17 : Zech 2:12 Zechariah 1:19 : 1 Kin 22:11; Ps 75:4, 5; Amos 6:13 mg Zechariah 1:20 : Is 44:12; 54:16 Zechariah 1:21 : Zech 1:19 Zechariah 1:21 : Ps 75:10


Second Reading: Rom. 14:1-23


Principles of Conscience

 1Now (A)accept the one who is (B)weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing judgment on his opinions.

 2(C)One person has faith that he may eat all things, but he who is (D)weak eats vegetables only.

 3The one who eats is not to (E)regard with contempt the one who does not eat, and the one who does not eat is not to (F)judge the one who eats, for God has (G)accepted him.

 4(H)Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand.

 5(I)One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike Each person must be (J)fully convinced in his own mind.

 6He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, does so for the Lord, for he (K)gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to God.

 7For not one of us (L)lives for himself, and not one dies for himself;

 8for if we live, we live for the Lord, or if we die, we die for the Lord; therefore (M)whether we live or die, we are the Lord's.

 9For to this end (N)Christ died and lived again, that He might be (O)Lord both of the dead and of the living.

 10But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you (P)regard your brother with contempt? For (Q)we will all stand before the judgment seat of God.

 11For it is written,
         "(R)AS I LIVE, SAYS THE LORD, (S)EVERY KNEE SHALL BOW TO ME,
         AND EVERY TONGUE SHALL GIVE PRAISE TO GOD."

 12So then (T)each one of us will give an account of himself to God.

 13Therefore let us not (U)judge one another anymore, but rather determine this--(V)not to put an obstacle or a stumbling block in a brother's way.

 14I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that (W)nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who (X)thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

 15For if because of food your brother is hurt, you are no longer (Y)walking according to love (Z)Do not destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.

 16Therefore (AA)do not let what is for you a good thing be spoken of as evil;

 17for the kingdom of God (AB)is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and (AC)peace and (AD)joy in the Holy Spirit.

 18For he who in this way (AE)serves Christ is (AF)acceptable to God and approved by men.

 19So then [a]we (AG)pursue the things which make for peace and the (AH)building up of one another.

 20(AI)Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food (AJ)All things indeed are clean, but (AK)they are evil for the man who eats and gives offense.

 21(AL)It is good not to eat meat or to drink wine, or to do anything by which your brother stumbles.

 22The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God. Happy is he who (AM)does not condemn himself in what he approves.

 23But (AN)he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.

Footnotes:Romans 14:19 Later mss read let us pursue
Cross references:Romans 14:1 : Acts 28:2; Rom 11:15; 14:3; 15:7 Romans 14:1 : Rom 14:2; 15:1; 1 Cor 8:9-ff; 9:22 Romans 14:2 : Rom 14:14 Romans 14:2 : Rom 14:1; 15:1; 1 Cor 8:9-ff; 9:22 Romans 14:3 : Luke 18:9; Rom 14:10 Romans 14:3 : Rom 14:10, 13; Col 2:16 Romans 14:3 : Acts 28:2; Rom 11:15; 14:1; 15:7 Romans 14:4 : Rom 9:20; James 4:12 Romans 14:5 : Gal 4:10 Romans 14:5 : Luke 1:1; Rom 4:21; 14:23 Romans 14:6 : Matt 14:19; 15:36; 1 Cor 10:30; 1 Tim 4:3 Romans 14:7 : Rom 8:38; 2 Cor 5:15; Gal 2:20; Phil 1:20 Romans 14:8 : Luke 20:38; Phil 1:20; 1 Thess 5:10; Rev 14:13 Romans 14:9 : Rev 1:18; 2:8 Romans 14:9 : Matt 28:18; John 12:24; Phil 2:11; 1 Thess 5:10 Romans 14:10 : Luke 18:9; Rom 14:3 Romans 14:10 : Rom 2:16; 2 Cor 5:10 Romans 14:11 : Is 45:23 Romans 14:11 : Phil 2:10 Romans 14:12 : Matt 12:36; 16:27; 1 Pet 4:5 Romans 14:13 : Matt 7:1; Rom 14:3 Romans 14:13 : 1 Cor 8:13 Romans 14:14 : Acts 10:15; Rom 14:2, 20 Romans 14:14 : 1 Cor 8:7 Romans 14:15 : Eph 5:2 Romans 14:15 : Rom 14:20; 1 Cor 8:11 Romans 14:16 : 1 Cor 10:30; Titus 2:5 Romans 14:17 : 1 Cor 8:8 Romans 14:17 : Rom 15:13; Gal 5:22 Romans 14:17 : Rom 15:13; Gal 5:22 Romans 14:18 : Rom 16:18 Romans 14:18 : 2 Cor 8:21; Phil 4:8; 1 Pet 2:12 Romans 14:19 : Ps 34:14; Rom 12:18; 1 Cor 7:15; 2 Tim 2:22; Heb 12:14 Romans 14:19 : Rom 15:2; 1 Cor 10:23; 14:3, 26; 2 Cor 12:19; Eph 4:12, 29 Romans 14:20 : Rom 14:15 Romans 14:20 : Acts 10:15; Rom 14:2, 14 Romans 14:20 : 1 Cor 8:9-12 Romans 14:21 : 1 Cor 8:13 Romans 14:22 : 1 John 3:21 Romans 14:23 : Rom 14:5


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