December 11th, 2018

Tuesday of Populus Zion (Advent 2)

First Reading: Is. 28:14-29

 14 Therefore hear the word of the LORD, you scoffers
       who rule this people in Jerusalem.

 15 You boast, "We have entered into a covenant with death,
       with the grave [a] we have made an agreement.
       When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by,
       it cannot touch us,
       for we have made a lie our refuge
       and falsehood [b] our hiding place."

 16 So this is what the Sovereign LORD says:
       "See, I lay a stone in Zion,
       a tested stone,
       a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation;
       the one who trusts will never be dismayed.

 17 I will make justice the measuring line
       and righteousness the plumb line;
       hail will sweep away your refuge, the lie,
       and water will overflow your hiding place.

 18 Your covenant with death will be annulled;
       your agreement with the grave will not stand.
       When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by,
       you will be beaten down by it.

 19 As often as it comes it will carry you away;
       morning after morning, by day and by night,
       it will sweep through."
       The understanding of this message
       will bring sheer terror.

 20 The bed is too short to stretch out on,
       the blanket too narrow to wrap around you.

 21 The LORD will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim,
       he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon—
       to do his work, his strange work,
       and perform his task, his alien task.

 22 Now stop your mocking,
       or your chains will become heavier;
       the Lord, the LORD Almighty, has told me
       of the destruction decreed against the whole land.

 23 Listen and hear my voice;
       pay attention and hear what I say.

 24 When a farmer plows for planting, does he plow continually?
       Does he keep on breaking up and harrowing the soil?

 25 When he has leveled the surface,
       does he not sow caraway and scatter cummin?
       Does he not plant wheat in its place, [c]
       barley in its plot, [d]
       and spelt in its field?

 26 His God instructs him
       and teaches him the right way.

 27 Caraway is not threshed with a sledge,
       nor is a cartwheel rolled over cummin;
       caraway is beaten out with a rod,
       and cummin with a stick.

 28 Grain must be ground to make bread;
       so one does not go on threshing it forever.
       Though he drives the wheels of his threshing cart over it,
       his horses do not grind it.

 29 All this also comes from the LORD Almighty,
       wonderful in counsel and magnificent in wisdom.

Footnotes:Isaiah 28:15 Hebrew Sheol ; also in verse 18 Isaiah 28:15 Or false gods Isaiah 28:25 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain. Isaiah 28:25 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

Second Reading: 1 John 5:1-21

Faith in the Son of God

 1Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves the father loves his child as well. 2This is how we know that we love the children of God: by loving God and carrying out his commands. 3This is love for God: to obey his commands. And his commands are not burdensome, 4for everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith. 5Who is it that overcomes the world? Only he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God.

 6This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. He did not come by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth. 7For there are three that testify: 8the[a] Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement. 9We accept man's testimony, but God's testimony is greater because it is the testimony of God, which he has given about his Son. 10Anyone who believes in the Son of God has this testimony in his heart. Anyone who does not believe God has made him out to be a liar, because he has not believed the testimony God has given about his Son. 11And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.

Concluding Remarks

 13I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. 14This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. 15And if we know that he hears us—whatever we ask—we know that we have what we asked of him.

 16If anyone sees his brother commit a sin that does not lead to death, he should pray and God will give him life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There is a sin that leads to death. I am not saying that he should pray about that. 17All wrongdoing is sin, and there is sin that does not lead to death.

 18We know that anyone born of God does not continue to sin; the one who was born of God keeps him safe, and the evil one cannot harm him. 19We know that we are children of God, and that the whole world is under the control of the evil one. 20We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true. And we are in him who is true—even in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.

 21Dear children, keep yourselves from idols.

Footnotes:1 John 5:8 Late manuscripts of the Vulgate testify in heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. 8 And there are three that testify on earth: the (not found in any Greek manuscript before the sixteenth century)


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