December 9th, 2018
Populus Zion (Advent 2)
Explanation of the Week
The Day on which our Lord will return is a "great and dreadful Day" (Mal 4:1-6). For He will come in a cloud with great power and glory. To the wicked and the proud, it will be a Day of judgment that will "burn them up." The signs preceding this Day will bring them fear and fainting. But to those who believe, who fear the name of the Lord, this Day is one to look forward to and rejoice in. "Look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near" (Lk 21:25-36) Christ our Redeemer is coming; the Sun of Righteousness is bringing healing in His wings. Let us, then, give attention to the words of the Lord, which do not pass away. Let us through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures (Rom 15:4-13) be strengthened in our hope by the Holy Spirit and watch diligently for Jesus' coming. Then, by God's grace, we shall escape all these things that will come to pass and stand before the Son of Man.
Daughter of | Zion,*
behold, surely your salvation is | coming.
The LORD will cause His glorious voice | to be heard,*
and you shall have glad- | ness of heart. (Isaiah 30:29, 30; 62:11)
Psalm:Give ear, O Shepherd of | Israel,*
You who lead Jacob | like a flock.
Restore | us, O God;*
cause Your face to shine, and we | shall be saved!
Return, we beseech You, O | God of Hosts,*
look down from heav- | en and see.
Let Your hand be upon the Man of Your | right hand,*
upon the Son of Man whom You made strong | for Yourself. (Psalm 80:1, 3, 14, 17)
Stir up our hearts, O Lord, to make ready the way of Your only-begotten Son, that by His coming we may be enabled to serve You with pure minds; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.
Stir up our hearts, O Lord, to make ready the way of Thine only-begotten Son, so that by His coming we may be enabled to serve Thee with pure minds; through the same Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.
Excita Domine corda nostra ad praeparandas unigeniti tui vias, ut per eius adventum purificatis tibi mentibus serviamus, Qui cum Patre et Spiritu sancto vivis et regnas DEUS, per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.
Old Testament (LSB): Mal. 4:1-6
The Day of the LORD
1 "Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and that day that is coming will set them on fire," says the LORD Almighty. "Not a root or a branch will be left to them. 2 But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings. And you will go out and leap like calves released from the stall. 3 Then you will trample down the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I do these things," says the LORD Almighty.
4 "Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel.
5 "See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. 6 He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with a curse."
Old Testament: Micah 4:1-7
The Mountain of the LORD
1 In the last days
the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established
as chief among the mountains;
it will be raised above the hills,
and peoples will stream to it.
2 Many nations will come and say,
"Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob.
He will teach us his ways,
so that we may walk in his paths."
The law will go out from Zion,
the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
3 He will judge between many peoples
and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide.
They will beat their swords into plowshares
and their spears into pruning hooks.
Nation will not take up sword against nation,
nor will they train for war anymore.
4 Every man will sit under his own vine
and under his own fig tree,
and no one will make them afraid,
for the LORD Almighty has spoken.
5 All the nations may walk
in the name of their gods;
we will walk in the name of the LORD
our God for ever and ever.
The LORD's Plan
6 "In that day," declares the LORD,
"I will gather the lame;
I will assemble the exiles
and those I have brought to grief.
7 I will make the lame a remnant,
those driven away a strong nation.
The LORD will rule over them in Mount Zion
from that day and forever.
Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God | will shine forth:*
our | God shall come.
Gather My saints together | unto Me,*
those who have made a covenant with Me by | sacrifice. (Psalm 50:2–3a , 5)
Epistle: Rom. 15:4-13
4For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.
5May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give you a spirit of unity among yourselves as you follow Christ Jesus, 6so that with one heart and mouth you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7Accept one another, then, just as Christ accepted you, in order to bring praise to God. 8For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews[a]
on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs 9so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written:
"Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles;
I will sing hymns to your name."[b]
10Again, it says,
"Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people."[c]
"Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles,
and sing praises to him, all you peoples."[d]
12And again, Isaiah says,
"The Root of Jesse will spring up,
one who will arise to rule over the nations;
the Gentiles will hope in him."[e]
13May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.Footnotes:
Romans 15:8 Greek circumcision
Romans 15:9 2 Samuel 22:50; Psalm 18:49
Romans 15:10 Deut. 32:43
Romans 15:11 Psalm 117:1
Romans 15:12 Isaiah 11:10
Alle- | luia.*
Alle- | luia.
The powers of | heaven*
will be | shaken.
Then they will see the Son of Man coming | in a cloud*
with power and great glory. Alle- | luia. (Luke 21:26–27)
Gospel: Luke 21:25-36
25"There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. 27At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near."
29He told them this parable: "Look at the fig tree and all the trees. 30When they sprout leaves, you can see for yourselves and know that summer is near. 31Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that the kingdom of God is near.
32"I tell you the truth, this generation[a]
will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. 33Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
34"Be careful, or your hearts will be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness and the anxieties of life, and that day will close on you unexpectedly like a trap. 35For it will come upon all those who live on the face of the whole earth. 36Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man."Footnotes:
Luke 21:32 Or race
Will You not revive us again, That Your people may rejoice in You? Show us Your mercy, LORD, And grant us Your salvation. (Psalm 85)
Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 42
BOOK II : Psalms 42-72
For the director of music. A maskil of the Sons of Korah. [a]
[b] As the deer pants for streams of water,
so my soul pants for you, O God.
2 My soul thirsts for God, for the living God.
When can I go and meet with God?
3 My tears have been my food
day and night,
while men say to me all day long,
"Where is your God?"
4 These things I remember
as I pour out my soul:
how I used to go with the multitude,
leading the procession to the house of God,
with shouts of joy and thanksgiving
among the festive throng.
5 Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why so disturbed within me?
Put your hope in God,
for I will yet praise him,
my Savior and 6 my God.
soul is downcast within me;
therefore I will remember you
from the land of the Jordan,
the heights of Hermon—from Mount Mizar.
7 Deep calls to deep
in the roar of your waterfalls;
all your waves and breakers
have swept over me.
8 By day the LORD directs his love,
at night his song is with me—
a prayer to the God of my life.
9 I say to God my Rock,
"Why have you forgotten me?
Why must I go about mourning,
oppressed by the enemy?"
10 My bones suffer mortal agony
as my foes taunt me,
saying to me all day long,
"Where is your God?"
11 Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why so disturbed within me?
Put your hope in God,
for I will yet praise him,
my Savior and my God.Footnotes:
Psalm 42:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term
Psalm 42:1 In many Hebrew manuscripts Psalms 42 and 43 constitute one psalm.
Psalm 42:6 A few Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts praise him for his saving help. / 6 O my God, my
First Reading: Is. 26:1-19
A Song of Praise 1
In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:
We have a strong city;
God makes salvation
its walls and ramparts. 2
Open the gates
that the righteous nation may enter,
the nation that keeps faith. 3
You will keep in perfect peace
him whose mind is steadfast,
because he trusts in you. 4
Trust in the LORD forever,
for the LORD, the LORD, is the Rock eternal. 5
He humbles those who dwell on high,
he lays the lofty city low;
he levels it to the ground
and casts it down to the dust. 6
Feet trample it down—
the feet of the oppressed,
the footsteps of the poor. 7
The path of the righteous is level;
O upright One, you make the way of the righteous smooth. 8
Yes, LORD, walking in the way of your laws, [a]
we wait for you;
your name and renown
are the desire of our hearts. 9
My soul yearns for you in the night;
in the morning my spirit longs for you.
When your judgments come upon the earth,
the people of the world learn righteousness. 10
Though grace is shown to the wicked,
they do not learn righteousness;
even in a land of uprightness they go on doing evil
and regard not the majesty of the LORD. 11
O LORD, your hand is lifted high,
but they do not see it.
Let them see your zeal for your people and be put to shame;
let the fire reserved for your enemies consume them. 12
LORD, you establish peace for us;
all that we have accomplished you have done for us. 13
O LORD, our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us,
but your name alone do we honor. 14
They are now dead, they live no more;
those departed spirits do not rise.
You punished them and brought them to ruin;
you wiped out all memory of them. 15
You have enlarged the nation, O LORD;
you have enlarged the nation.
You have gained glory for yourself;
you have extended all the borders of the land. 16
LORD, they came to you in their distress;
when you disciplined them,
they could barely whisper a prayer. [b] 17
As a woman with child and about to give birth
writhes and cries out in her pain,
so were we in your presence, O LORD. 18
We were with child, we writhed in pain,
but we gave birth to wind.
We have not brought salvation to the earth;
we have not given birth to people of the world. 19
But your dead will live;
their bodies will rise.
You who dwell in the dust,
wake up and shout for joy.
Your dew is like the dew of the morning;
the earth will give birth to her dead.Footnotes:
Isaiah 26:8 Or judgments
Isaiah 26:16 The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 91
1 He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High
will rest in the shadow of the Almighty. [a]
2 I will say [b]
of the LORD, "He is my refuge and my fortress,
my God, in whom I trust."
3 Surely he will save you from the fowler's snare
and from the deadly pestilence.
4 He will cover you with his feathers,
and under his wings you will find refuge;
his faithfulness will be your shield and rampart.
5 You will not fear the terror of night,
nor the arrow that flies by day,
6 nor the pestilence that stalks in the darkness,
nor the plague that destroys at midday.
7 A thousand may fall at your side,
ten thousand at your right hand,
but it will not come near you.
8 You will only observe with your eyes
and see the punishment of the wicked.
9 If you make the Most High your dwelling—
even the LORD, who is my refuge-
10 then no harm will befall you,
no disaster will come near your tent.
11 For he will command his angels concerning you
to guard you in all your ways;
12 they will lift you up in their hands,
so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.
13 You will tread upon the lion and the cobra;
you will trample the great lion and the serpent.
14 "Because he loves me," says the LORD, "I will rescue him;
I will protect him, for he acknowledges my name.
15 He will call upon me, and I will answer him;
I will be with him in trouble,
I will deliver him and honor him.
16 With long life will I satisfy him
and show him my salvation."Footnotes:
Psalm 91:1 Hebrew Shaddai
Psalm 91:2 Or He says
Second Reading: 1 John 3:1-24
How great is the love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God! And that is what we are! The reason the world does not know us is that it did not know him. 2
Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known. But we know that when he appears,[a]
we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is. 3
Everyone who has this hope in him purifies himself, just as he is pure. 4
Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness. 5
But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is no sin. 6
No one who lives in him keeps on sinning. No one who continues to sin has either seen him or known him. 7
Dear children, do not let anyone lead you astray. He who does what is right is righteous, just as he is righteous. 8
He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil's work. 9
No one who is born of God will continue to sin, because God's seed remains in him; he cannot go on sinning, because he has been born of God. 10
This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not a child of God; nor is anyone who does not love his brother.
Love one another 11
This is the message you heard from the beginning: We should love one another. 12
Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own actions were evil and his brother's were righteous. 13
Do not be surprised, my brothers, if the world hates you. 14
We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love our brothers. Anyone who does not love remains in death. 15
Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life in him. 16
This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers. 17
If anyone has material possessions and sees his brother in need but has no pity on him, how can the love of God be in him? 18
Dear children, let us not love with words or tongue but with actions and in truth. 19
This then is how we know that we belong to the truth, and how we set our hearts at rest in his presence 20
whenever our hearts condemn us. For God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything. 21
Dear friends, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have confidence before God 22
and receive from him anything we ask, because we obey his commands and do what pleases him. 23
And this is his command: to believe in the name of his Son, Jesus Christ, and to love one another as he commanded us. 24
Those who obey his commands live in him, and he in them. And this is how we know that he lives in us: We know it by the Spirit he gave us.Footnotes:
1 John 3:2 Or when it is made known