December 2nd, 2018

Ad Te Levavi (Advent 1)


Explanation of the Week

The new church year begins by focusing on the humble coming of our Lord. "Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey." Even as He was born in a lowly manger, so Jesus rides into Jerusalem on a beast of burden. For He bears the sin of the world. He is the Son of David riding to His enthronement on the cross, where He shows Himself to be "The Lord, our Righteousness" (Jer 23:5-8). Our Lord still comes in great humility to deliver His righteousness to us in the Word and Sacraments. Before receiving Christ's body and blood, we also sing, "Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!" (Mt 21:1-9) And as we receive the Sacrament, we set our hearts on His return in glory, for "Our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed" (Rom 13:11-14).

Introit

Antiphon:
To You, O LORD, I lift | up my soul.*
     O my God, I trust in You; Let me not | be ashamed;
Let not my enemies triumph | over me.*
     Let no one who waits on You | be ashamed. (Psalm 25:1-3a)

Psalm:
Show me Your | ways, O LORD;*
     teach | me Your paths.
For You are the God of my sal- | vation;*
     on You I wait | all the day.
Let integrity and uprightness pre- | serve me,*
     for I | wait for You.
Redeem Isra- | el, O God,*
     out of all their | troubles. (Psalm 25:4-5, 21-22)

Collect (LSB)

Stir up Your power, O Lord, and come, that by Your protection we may be rescued from the threatening perils of our sins and saved by Your mighty deliverance; for You live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

Stir up, we beseech Thee, Thy power, O Lord, and come, that by Thy protection we may be rescued from the threatening perils of our sins and saved by Thy mighty deliverance; who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Excita quaesumus Domine potentiam tuam, et veni, ut ab imminentibus peccatorum nostrorum periculis te mereamur protegente eripi, et te liberante saluari. Qui cum Patre et Spiritu sancto vivis et regnas DEUS, per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Jer. 23:5-8


5 “ Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD,
      “ That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness;
      A King shall reign and prosper,
      And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
       6 In His days Judah will be saved,
      And Israel will dwell safely;
      Now this is His name by which He will be called:
      THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.[a] 7 “Therefore, behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “that they shall no longer say, ‘As the LORD lives who brought up the children of Israel from the land of Egypt,’ 8 but, ‘As the LORD lives who brought up and led the descendants of the house of Israel from the north country and from all the countries where I had driven them.’ And they shall dwell in their own land.”

Footnotes:Jeremiah 23:6 Hebrew YHWH Tsidkenu


Old Testament: Jer. 33:14-18


14 ‘Behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah:
       15 ‘ In those days and at that time
      I will cause to grow up to David
      A Branch of righteousness;
      He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
       16 In those days Judah will be saved,
      And Jerusalem will dwell safely.
      And this is the name by which she will be called:
      THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.’[a] 17 “For thus says the LORD: ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; 18 nor shall the priests, the Levites, lack a man to offer burnt offerings before Me, to kindle grain offerings, and to sacrifice continually.’”

Footnotes:Jeremiah 33:16 Compare 23:5, 6


Gradual

Let no one who | waits on You*
     be a- /shamed, O Lord
Show me Your | ways, O LORD;
     teach | me Your paths. (Psalm 25:3-4)

Epistle: Rom. 13:11-14


Put on Christ

    11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Therefore let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. 13 Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy. 14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.



Verse

Alle- | luia.*
     Alle- | luia.
Show us Your | mercy, LORD,*
     and grant us Your salvation. Alle- | luia. (Psalm 85:7)

Gospel: Matt. 21:1-9


The Triumphal Entry

 1 Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage,[a] at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me. 3 And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.” 4 All[b] this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
       5 “ Tell the daughter of Zion,
      ‘ Behold, your King is coming to you,
      Lowly, and sitting on a donkey,
      A colt, the foal of a donkey.’”[c] 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him[d] on them. 8 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:
      “ Hosanna to the Son of David!
      ‘ Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’[e]
      Hosanna in the highest!”

Footnotes:Matthew 21:1 M-Text reads Bethsphage. Matthew 21:4 NU-Text omits All. Matthew 21:5 Zechariah 9:9 Matthew 21:7 NU-Text reads and He sat. Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:26


Offertory

To You, O LORD, I lift up my soul. O my God, I trust in You; Let me not be ashamed; Let not my enemies triumph over me. Let no one who waits on You be ashamed. (Psalm 25)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 1


The Way of the Righteous and the End of the Ungodly

 1 Blessed is the man
         Who walks not in the counsel of the ungodly,
         Nor stands in the path of sinners,
         Nor sits in the seat of the scornful;
 2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD,
         And in His law he meditates day and night.
 3 He shall be like a tree
         Planted by the rivers of water,
         That brings forth its fruit in its season,
         Whose leaf also shall not wither;
         And whatever he does shall prosper.
         
 4 The ungodly are not so,
         But are like the chaff which the wind drives away.
 5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment,
         Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.
         
 6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous,
         But the way of the ungodly shall perish.



First Reading: Is. 8:9-9:7


9 “ Be shattered, O you peoples, and be broken in pieces!
      Give ear, all you from far countries.
      Gird yourselves, but be broken in pieces;
      Gird yourselves, but be broken in pieces.
       10 Take counsel together, but it will come to nothing;
      Speak the word, but it will not stand,
      For God is with us.”[a]

Fear God, Heed His Word
    11 For the LORD spoke thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying:
       12 “ Do not say, ‘A conspiracy,’
      Concerning all that this people call a conspiracy,
      Nor be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled.
       13 The LORD of hosts, Him you shall hallow;
      Let Him be your fear,
      And let Him be your dread.
       14 He will be as a sanctuary,
      But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense
      To both the houses of Israel,
      As a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
       15 And many among them shall stumble;
      They shall fall and be broken,
      Be snared and taken.”
       16 Bind up the testimony,
      Seal the law among my disciples.
       17 And I will wait on the LORD,
      Who hides His face from the house of Jacob;
      And I will hope in Him.
       18 Here am I and the children whom the LORD has given me!
      We are for signs and wonders in Israel
      From the LORD of hosts,
      Who dwells in Mount Zion. 19 And when they say to you, “Seek those who are mediums and wizards, who whisper and mutter,” should not a people seek their God? Should they seek the dead on behalf of the living? 20 To the law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. 21 They will pass through it hard-pressed and hungry; and it shall happen, when they are hungry, that they will be enraged and curse their king and their God, and look upward. 22 Then they will look to the earth, and see trouble and darkness, gloom of anguish; and they will be driven into darkness.
The Government of the Promised Son
 1 Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed,
      As when at first He lightly esteemed
      The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
      And afterward more heavily oppressed her,
      By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan,
      In Galilee of the Gentiles.
       2 The people who walked in darkness
      Have seen a great light;
      Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death,
      Upon them a light has shined.
       3 You have multiplied the nation
      And increased its joy;[b]
      They rejoice before You
      According to the joy of harvest,
      As men rejoice when they divide the spoil.
       4 For You have broken the yoke of his burden
      And the staff of his shoulder,
      The rod of his oppressor,
      As in the day of Midian.
       5 For every warrior’s sandal from the noisy battle,
      And garments rolled in blood,
      Will be used for burning and fuel of fire.
       6 For unto us a Child is born,
      Unto us a Son is given;
      And the government will be upon His shoulder.
      And His name will be called
      Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
      Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
       7 Of the increase of His government and peace
      There will beno end,
      Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
      To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
      From that time forward, even forever.
      The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.

Footnotes:Isaiah 8:10 Hebrew Immanuel Isaiah 9:3 Following Qere and Targum; Kethib and Vulgate read not increased joy; Septuagint reads Most of the people You brought down in Your joy.


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 143


A Psalm of David.

 1 Hear my prayer, O LORD,
         Give ear to my supplications!
         In Your faithfulness answer me,
         And in Your righteousness.
 2 Do not enter into judgment with Your servant,
         For in Your sight no one living is righteous.
         
 3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul;
         He has crushed my life to the ground;
         He has made me dwell in darkness,
         Like those who have long been dead.
 4 Therefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me;
         My heart within me is distressed.
         
 5 I remember the days of old;
         I meditate on all Your works;
         I muse on the work of Your hands.
 6 I spread out my hands to You;
         My soul longs for You like a thirsty land.  Selah  
         
 7 Answer me speedily, O LORD;
         My spirit fails!
         Do not hide Your face from me,
         Lest I be like those who go down into the pit.
 8 Cause me to hear Your lovingkindness in the morning,
         For in You do I trust;
         Cause me to know the way in which I should walk,
         For I lift up my soul to You.
         
 9 Deliver me, O LORD, from my enemies;
         In You I take shelter.[a]
 10 Teach me to do Your will,
         For You are my God;
         Your Spirit is good.
         Lead me in the land of uprightness.
         
 11 Revive me, O LORD, for Your name’s sake!
         For Your righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.
 12 In Your mercy cut off my enemies,
         And destroy all those who afflict my soul;
         For I am Your servant.

Footnotes:Psalm 143:9 Septuagint and Vulgate read To You I flee.


Second Reading: 1 Pt. 4:1-19


 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered for us[a] in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2 that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God. 3 For we have spent enough of our past lifetime[b] in doing the will of the Gentiles—when we walked in lewdness, lusts, drunkenness, revelries, drinking parties, and abominable idolatries. 4 In regard to these, they think it strange that you do not run with them in the same flood of dissipation, speaking evil of you. 5 They will give an account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 6 For this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.

Serving for God’s Glory
    7 But the end of all things is at hand; therefore be serious and watchful in your prayers. 8 And above all things have fervent love for one another, for “love will cover a multitude of sins.”[c] 9 Be hospitable to one another without grumbling. 10 As each one has received a gift, minister it to one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. 11 If anyone speaks, let him speak as the oracles of God. If anyone ministers, let him do it as with the ability which God supplies, that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belong the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Suffering for God’s Glory
    12 Beloved, do not think it strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened to you; 13 but rejoice to the extent that you partake of Christ’s sufferings, that when His glory is revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy. 14 If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you.[d] On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is glorified. 15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evildoer, or as a busybody in other people’s matters. 16 Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in this matter.[e] 17 For the time has come for judgment to begin at the house of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the end of those who do not obey the gospel of God? 18 Now
      “ If the righteous one is scarcely saved,
      Where will the ungodly and the sinner appear?”[f]

 19 Therefore let those who suffer according to the will of God commit their souls to Him in doing good, as to a faithful Creator.

Footnotes:1 Peter 4:1 NU-Text omits for us. 1 Peter 4:3 NU-Text reads time. 1 Peter 4:8 Proverbs 10:12 1 Peter 4:14 NU-Text omits the rest of this verse. 1 Peter 4:16 NU-Text reads name. 1 Peter 4:18 Proverbs 11:31


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