November 25th, 2018

Last Sunday


Explanation of the Week

"The day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night" (1 Thess 5:1-11). The arrival of the bridegroom will be sudden and unexpected. Therefore you are to be watchful and ready like the five wise virgins. "For you know neither the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming" (Matt 25:1-13). The lamps are the Word of Christ. The oil in the lamps is the Holy Spirit, who works through the Word to create and sustain the flame of faith in Christ. The foolish are those who do not give proper attention to the working of the Holy Spirit in baptism, preaching, and the supper, and so their faith does not endure. The wise, however, are those who diligently attend to these gifts of the Spirit, and who therefore have an abundance of oil. The flame of faith endures to the end. By God's grace they are received into the eternal wedding feast of the Lamb in His kingdom, the new heavens and the new earth created by the Lord for the joy of His people (Is 65:17-25).

Introit

Antiphon:
For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, | says the LORD,*
     thoughts of peace and not of | evil,
Then you will call upon Me and go and | pray to Me,*
     and I will listen | unto you. (Jeremiah 29:11-12)

Psalm:
Lord, You have been favorable | to Your land;*
     You have brought back the captivity of | Jacob.
Show us Your | mercy, LORD,*
     and grant us Your sal- | vation.
Surely His salvation is near to those who | fear Him,*
     that glory may dwell | in our land.
Truth shall spring out | of the earth,*
     and righteousness shall look down from | heaven. (Psalm 85:1, 7, 9, 11)

Collect (LSB)

O Lord, absolve Your people from their offenses that, from the bonds of our sins which by reason of our frailty we have brought upon ourselves, we may be delivered by Your bountiful goodness; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit , one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

O God, so rule and govern our hearts and minds by Thy Holy Spirit that being ever mindful of the end of all things and the day of Thy just judgment, we may be stirred up to holiness of living here and dwell with Thee forever hereafter; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Absolve quaesumus Domine tuorum delicta populorum, ut a peccatorum nostrorum nexibus, quae pro nostra fragilitate contraximus, tua benignitate liberemur. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Isaiah 65:17-25


The Glorious New Creation

    17 “ For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;
      And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.
       18 But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
      For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing,
      And her people a joy.
       19 I will rejoice in Jerusalem,
      And joy in My people;
      The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her,
      Nor the voice of crying.
       20 “ No more shall an infant from there live but a few days,
      Nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days;
      For the child shall die one hundred years old,
      But the sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed.
       21 They shall build houses and inhabit them;
      They shall plant vineyards and eat their fruit.
       22 They shall not build and another inhabit;
      They shall not plant and another eat;
      For as the days of a tree, so shall be the days of My people,
      And My elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
       23 They shall not labor in vain,
      Nor bring forth children for trouble;
      For they shall be the descendants of the blessed of the LORD,
      And their offspring with them.
       24 “ It shall come to pass
      That before they call, I will answer;
      And while they are still speaking, I will hear.
       25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together,
      The lion shall eat straw like the ox,
      And dust shall be the serpent’s food.
      They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,”
      Says the LORD.



Old Testament: Isaiah 65:17-19


The Glorious New Creation

    17 “ For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;
      And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.
       18 But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
      For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing,
      And her people a joy.
       19 I will rejoice in Jerusalem,
      And joy in My people;
      The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her,
      Nor the voice of crying.
      



Gradual

The King’s daughter shall be brought / to the King;*
     the virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be / brought to You.
With gladness and rejoicing they / shall be brought;*
     they shall enter the King’s / palace. (Psalm 45:14–15)

Epistle: 1 Thess. 5:1-11


The Day of the Lord

 1 But concerning the times and the seasons, brethren, you have no need that I should write to you. 2 For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night. 3 For when they say, “Peace and safety!” then sudden destruction comes upon them, as labor pains upon a pregnant woman. And they shall not escape. 4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief. 5 You are all sons of light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of darkness. 6 Therefore let us not sleep, as others do, but let us watch and be sober. 7 For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk are drunk at night. 8 But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation. 9 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him. 11 Therefore comfort each other and edify one another, just as you also are doing.



Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heav- / en from God,*
     prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. Alle- / luia. (Revelation 21:2)

Gospel: Matt. 25:1-13


The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins

 1 “Then the kingdom of heaven shall be likened to ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Now five of them were wise, and five were foolish. 3 Those who were foolish took their lamps and took no oil with them, 4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. 5 But while the bridegroom was delayed, they all slumbered and slept. 6 “And at midnight a cry was heard: ‘Behold, the bridegroom is coming;[a] go out to meet him!’ 7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. 8 And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9 But the wise answered, saying, ‘No, lest there should not be enough for us and you; but go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.’ 10 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the wedding; and the door was shut. 11 “Afterward the other virgins came also, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us!’ 12 But he answered and said, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13 “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour[b] in which the Son of Man is coming.

Footnotes:Matthew 25:6 NU-Text omits is coming. Matthew 25:13 NU-Text omits the rest of this verse.


Offertory

Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD; Lord, hear my voice: Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD. (Psalm 130)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 103


A Psalm of David.

 1 Bless the LORD, O my soul;
         And all that is within me, bless His holy name!
 2 Bless the LORD, O my soul,
         And forget not all His benefits:
 3 Who forgives all your iniquities,
         Who heals all your diseases,
 4 Who redeems your life from destruction,
         Who crowns you with lovingkindness and tender mercies,
 5 Who satisfies your mouth with good things,
         So that your youth is renewed like the eagle’s.
         
 6 The LORD executes righteousness
         And justice for all who are oppressed.
 7 He made known His ways to Moses,
         His acts to the children of Israel.
 8 The LORD is merciful and gracious,
         Slow to anger, and abounding in mercy.
 9 He will not always strive with us,
         Nor will He keep His anger forever.
 10 He has not dealt with us according to our sins,
         Nor punished us according to our iniquities.
         
 11 For as the heavens are high above the earth,
         So great is His mercy toward those who fear Him;
 12 As far as the east is from the west,
         So far has He removed our transgressions from us.
 13 As a father pities his children,
         So the LORD pities those who fear Him.
 14 For He knows our frame;
         He remembers that we are dust.
         
 15 As for man, his days are like grass;
         As a flower of the field, so he flourishes.
 16 For the wind passes over it, and it is gone,
         And its place remembers it no more.[a]
 17 But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting
         On those who fear Him,
         And His righteousness to children’s children,
 18 To such as keep His covenant,
         And to those who remember His commandments to do them.
         
 19 The LORD has established His throne in heaven,
         And His kingdom rules over all.
         
 20 Bless the LORD, you His angels,
         Who excel in strength, who do His word,
         Heeding the voice of His word.
 21 Bless the LORD, all you His hosts,
         You ministers of His, who do His pleasure.
 22 Bless the LORD, all His works,
         In all places of His dominion.
         
         Bless the LORD, O my soul!

Footnotes:Psalm 103:16 Compare Job 7:10


First Reading: Dan. 5:1-30


Belshazzar’s Feast

 1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast for a thousand of his lords, and drank wine in the presence of the thousand. 2 While he tasted the wine, Belshazzar gave the command to bring the gold and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the temple which had been in Jerusalem, that the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines might drink from them. 3 Then they brought the gold vessels that had been taken from the temple of the house of God which had been in Jerusalem; and the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines drank from them. 4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold and silver, bronze and iron, wood and stone. 5 In the same hour the fingers of a man’s hand appeared and wrote opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace; and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. 6 Then the king’s countenance changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his hips were loosened and his knees knocked against each other. 7 The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. The king spoke, saying to the wise men of Babylon, “Whoever reads this writing, and tells me its interpretation, shall be clothed with purple and have a chain of gold around his neck; and he shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.” 8 Now all the king’s wise men came, but they could not read the writing, or make known to the king its interpretation. 9 Then King Belshazzar was greatly troubled, his countenance was changed, and his lords were astonished. 10 The queen, because of the words of the king and his lords, came to the banquet hall. The queen spoke, saying, “O king, live forever! Do not let your thoughts trouble you, nor let your countenance change. 11 There is a man in your kingdom in whom is the Spirit of the Holy God. And in the days of your father, light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, were found in him; and King Nebuchadnezzar your father—your father the king—made him chief of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers. 12 Inasmuch as an excellent spirit, knowledge, understanding, interpreting dreams, solving riddles, and explaining enigmas[a] were found in this Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar, now let Daniel be called, and he will give the interpretation.”

The Writing on the Wall Explained

    13 Then Daniel was brought in before the king. The king spoke, and said to Daniel, “Are you that Daniel who is one of the captives[b] from Judah, whom my father the king brought from Judah? 14 I have heard of you, that the Spirit of God is in you, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom are found in you. 15 Now the wise men, the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing and make known to me its interpretation, but they could not give the interpretation of the thing. 16 And I have heard of you, that you can give interpretations and explain enigmas. Now if you can read the writing and make known to me its interpretation, you shall be clothed with purple and have a chain of gold around your neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.” 17 Then Daniel answered, and said before the king, “Let your gifts be for yourself, and give your rewards to another; yet I will read the writing to the king, and make known to him the interpretation. 18 O king, the Most High God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom and majesty, glory and honor. 19 And because of the majesty that He gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whomever he wished, he executed; whomever he wished, he kept alive; whomever he wished, he set up; and whomever he wished, he put down. 20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his spirit was hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him. 21 Then he was driven from the sons of men, his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild donkeys. They fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till he knew that the Most High God rules in the kingdom of men, and appoints over it whomever He chooses. 22 “But you his son, Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart, although you knew all this. 23 And you have lifted yourself up against the Lord of heaven. They have brought the vessels of His house before you, and you and your lords, your wives and your concubines, have drunk wine from them. And you have praised the gods of silver and gold, bronze and iron, wood and stone, which do not see or hear or know; and the God who holds your breath in His hand and owns all your ways, you have not glorified. 24 Then the fingers[c] of the hand were sent from Him, and this writing was written. 25 “And this is the inscription that was written:
      MENE,[d] MENE, TEKEL,[e] UPHARSIN.[f]

 26 This is the interpretation of each word. MENE: God has numbered your kingdom, and finished it; 27 TEKEK: You have been weighed in the balances, and found wanting; 28 PERES: Your kingdom has been divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.”[g] 29 Then Belshazzar gave the command, and they clothed Daniel with purple and put a chain of gold around his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.

Belshazzar’s Fall

    30 That very night Belshazzar, king of the Chaldeans, was slain.

Footnotes:Daniel 5:12 Literally untying knots, and so in verse 16 Daniel 5:13 Literally of the sons of the captivity Daniel 5:24 Literally palm Daniel 5:25 Literally a mina (50 shekels) from the verb "to number" Daniel 5:25 Literally a shekel from the verb "to weigh" Daniel 5:25 Literally and half-shekels from the verb "to divide" Daniel 5:28 Aramaic Paras, consonant with Peres


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 27; Ps. 97


A Psalm of David.

 1 The LORD is my light and my salvation;
         Whom shall I fear?
         The LORD is the strength of my life;
         Of whom shall I be afraid?
 2 When the wicked came against me
         To eat up my flesh,
         My enemies and foes,
         They stumbled and fell.
 3 Though an army may encamp against me,
         My heart shall not fear;
         Though war may rise against me,
         In this I will be confident.
         
 4 One thing I have desired of the LORD,
         That will I seek:
         That I may dwell in the house of the LORD
         All the days of my life,
         To behold the beauty of the LORD,
         And to inquire in His temple.
 5 For in the time of trouble
         He shall hide me in His pavilion;
         In the secret place of His tabernacle
         He shall hide me;
         He shall set me high upon a rock.
         
 6 And now my head shall be lifted up above my enemies all around me;
         Therefore I will offer sacrifices of joy in His tabernacle;
         I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the LORD.
         
 7 Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice!
         Have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
 8 When You said, “Seek My face,”
         My heart said to You, “Your face, LORD, I will seek.”
 9 Do not hide Your face from me;
         Do not turn Your servant away in anger;
         You have been my help;
         Do not leave me nor forsake me,
         O God of my salvation.
 10 When my father and my mother forsake me,
         Then the LORD will take care of me.
         
 11 Teach me Your way, O LORD,
         And lead me in a smooth path, because of my enemies.
 12 Do not deliver me to the will of my adversaries;
         For false witnesses have risen against me,
         And such as breathe out violence.
 13 I would have lost heart, unless I had believed
         That I would see the goodness of the LORD
         In the land of the living.
         
 14 Wait on the LORD;
         Be of good courage,
         And He shall strengthen your heart;
         Wait, I say, on the LORD!





A Song of Praise to the Sovereign LORD

 1 The LORD reigns;
         Let the earth rejoice;
         Let the multitude of isles be glad!
         
 2 Clouds and darkness surround Him;
         Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.
 3 A fire goes before Him,
         And burns up His enemies round about.
 4 His lightnings light the world;
         The earth sees and trembles.
 5 The mountains melt like wax at the presence of the LORD,
         At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
 6 The heavens declare His righteousness,
         And all the peoples see His glory.
         
 7 Let all be put to shame who serve carved images,
         Who boast of idols.
         Worship Him, all you gods.
 8 Zion hears and is glad,
         And the daughters of Judah rejoice
         Because of Your judgments, O LORD.
 9 For You, LORD, are most high above all the earth;
         You are exalted far above all gods.
         
 10 You who love the LORD, hate evil!
         He preserves the souls of His saints;
         He delivers them out of the hand of the wicked.
 11 Light is sown for the righteous,
         And gladness for the upright in heart.
 12 Rejoice in the LORD, you righteous,
         And give thanks at the remembrance of His holy name.[a]

Footnotes:Psalm 97:12 Or His holiness


Second Reading: Rev. 21:9-27


The New Jerusalem

    9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me[a] and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.”[b] 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy[c] Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. 12 Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 14 Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names[d] of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 15 And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 18 The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

The Glory of the New Jerusalem

    22 But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it,[e] for the glory[f] of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24 And the nations of those who are saved[g] shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it.[h] 25 Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). 26 And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it.[i] 27 But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes[j] an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.

Footnotes:Revelation 21:9 NU-Text and M-Text omit to me. Revelation 21:9 M-Text reads I will show you the woman, the Lamb’s bride. Revelation 21:10 NU-Text and M-Text omit the great and read the holy city, Jerusalem. Revelation 21:14 NU-Text and M-Text read twelve names. Revelation 21:23 NU-Text and M-Text omit in it. Revelation 21:23 M-Text reads the very glory. Revelation 21:24 NU-Text and M-Text omit of those who are saved. Revelation 21:24 M-Text reads the glory and honor of the nations to Him. Revelation 21:26 M-Text adds that they may enter in. Revelation 21:27 NU-Text and M-Text read anything profane, nor one who causes.


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