November 11th, 2018

Third Last Sunday


Explanation of the Week

"The kingdom of God does not come with observation" (Luke 17:20-30). You must use your ears and not your eyes. For God's kingdom in this world is one of faith, and faith comes by hearing the Word of Christ. The people of Israel, however, wanted to walk not by faith but by sight. When Moses delayed in coming down the mountain, they decided to make a visible god for themselves, the golden calf (Ex 32:1-20). Upon such faithless and false worshipers God's judgment comes. Only on the Last Day will our faith be turned to sight. "For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be" (Matt 24:15-28). The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, and He will gather His people to Himself, both the living and the dead. In a world in which our days are few and full of trouble (Job 14:1-6), let us comfort one another with these words of the resurrection and the coming of our Lord Jesus.

Introit

Antiphon:
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in | trouble;*
     deliver me from the hand of my | enemies.
Do not let me be a- | shamed, O LORD,*
     for I have called u- | pon You. (Psalm 31:9, 15, 17)

Psalm:
In You, O LORD, I | put my trust;*
     let me never | be ashamed;
Deliver me in Your | righteousness.*
     Bow down Your ear to me; deliver me | speedily.
Into Your hand I commit my | spirit;*
     You have redeemed me, O LORD | God of truth.
Be of good courage, and He shall streng- | then your heart,*
     all you who hope | in the LORD. (Psalm 31:1-2, 5, 24)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty God, we implore You, show Your mercy to Your humble servants that we, who put no trust in our own merits, may not be dealt with after the severity of Your judgment but according to Your mercy; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty God, we beseech Thee, show Thy mercy unto Thy humble servants, that we who put no trust in our own merits may not be dealt with after the severity of Thy judgment, but according to Thy mercy; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, misericordiam tuam ostende supplicibus; ut qui de meritorum qualitate diffidimus, non iudicium tuum, sed indulgentiam sentiamus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Exodus 32:1-20


The Gold Calf

 1 Now when the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us gods that shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.” 2 And Aaron said to them, “Break off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3 So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron. 4 And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf. Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!” 5 So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.” 6 Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 7 And the LORD said to Moses, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. 8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’” 9 And the LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and indeed it is a stiff-necked people! 10 Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them. And I will make of you a great nation.” 11 Then Moses pleaded with the LORD his God, and said: “LORD, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and relent from this harm to Your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’”[a] 14 So the LORD relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people. 15 And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets. 17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.” 18 But he said:
      “It is not the noise of the shout of victory,
      Nor the noise of the cry of defeat,
      But the sound of singing I hear.” 19 So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 20 Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it.

Footnotes:Exodus 32:13 Genesis 13:15 and 22:17


Old Testament: Isaiah 49:12-17


12 Surely these shall come from afar;
      Look! Those from the north and the west,
      And these from the land of Sinim.”
       13 Sing, O heavens!
      Be joyful, O earth!
      And break out in singing, O mountains!
      For the LORD has comforted His people,
      And will have mercy on His afflicted.

God Will Remember Zion
    14 But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me,
      And my Lord has forgotten me.”
       15 “ Can a woman forget her nursing child,
      And not have compassion on the son of her womb?
      Surely they may forget,
      Yet I will not forget you.
       16 See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands;
      Your walls are continually before Me.
       17 Your sons[a] shall make haste;
      Your destroyers and those who laid you waste
      Shall go away from you.
      

Footnotes:Isaiah 49:17 Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Targum, and Vulgate read builders.


Gradual

Your enemies roar in the midst of Your / meeting place;*
     they set up their ban- / ners for signs.
Remember Your congregation, which You have pur- / chased of old,*
     the tribe of Your inheritance, which You / have redeemed. (Psalm 74:4, 2)

Epistle: 1 Thess. 4:13-18


The Comfort of Christ’s Coming

    13 But I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, lest you sorrow as others who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus.[a] 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.

Footnotes:1 Thessalonians 4:14 Or those who through Jesus sleep


Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
There is a river whose streams shall make glad the ci- / ty of God,*
     the holy place of the tabernacle of the Most High. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 46:4)

Gospel: Matt. 24:15-28


The Great Tribulation

    15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’[a] spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. 18 And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened. 23 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 See, I have told you beforehand. 26 “Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. 27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together.

Footnotes:Matthew 24:15 Daniel 11:31; 12:11


Offertory

Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD; Lord, hear my voice: Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD. (Psalm 130)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 116


Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death

 1 I love the LORD, because He has heard
         My voice and my supplications.
 2 Because He has inclined His ear to me,
         Therefore I will call upon Him as long as I live.
         
 3 The pains of death surrounded me,
         And the pangs of Sheol laid hold of me;
         I found trouble and sorrow.
 4 Then I called upon the name of the LORD:
         “O LORD, I implore You, deliver my soul!”
         
 5 Gracious is the LORD, and righteous;
         Yes, our God is merciful.
 6 The LORD preserves the simple;
         I was brought low, and He saved me.
 7 Return to your rest, O my soul,
         For the LORD has dealt bountifully with you.
         
 8 For You have delivered my soul from death,
         My eyes from tears,
         And my feet from falling.
 9 I will walk before the LORD
         In the land of the living.
 10 I believed, therefore I spoke,
         “I am greatly afflicted.”
 11 I said in my haste,
         “All men are liars.”
         
 12 What shall I render to the LORD
         For all His benefits toward me?
 13 I will take up the cup of salvation,
         And call upon the name of the LORD.
 14 I will pay my vows to the LORD
         Now in the presence of all His people.
         
 15 Precious in the sight of the LORD
         Is the death of His saints.
         
 16 O LORD, truly I am Your servant;
         I am Your servant, the son of Your maidservant;
         You have loosed my bonds.
 17 I will offer to You the sacrifice of thanksgiving,
         And will call upon the name of the LORD.
         
 18 I will pay my vows to the LORD
         Now in the presence of all His people,
 19 In the courts of the LORD’s house,
         In the midst of you, O Jerusalem.
         
         Praise the LORD!



First Reading: Jer. 23:21-40


21 “ I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran.
      I have not spoken to them, yet they prophesied.
       22 But if they had stood in My counsel,
      And had caused My people to hear My words,
      Then they would have turned them from their evil way
      And from the evil of their doings.
       23Am I a God near at hand,” says the LORD,
      “ And not a God afar off?
       24 Can anyone hide himself in secret places,
      So I shall not see him?” says the LORD;
      “ Do I not fill heaven and earth?” says the LORD. 25 “I have heard what the prophets have said who prophesy lies in My name, saying, ‘I have dreamed, I have dreamed!’ 26 How long will this be in the heart of the prophets who prophesy lies? Indeed they are prophets of the deceit of their own heart, 27 who try to make My people forget My name by their dreams which everyone tells his neighbor, as their fathers forgot My name for Baal.
       28 “ The prophet who has a dream, let him tell a dream;
      And he who has My word, let him speak My word faithfully.
      What is the chaff to the wheat?” says the LORD.
       29Is not My word like a fire?” says the LORD,
      “ And like a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces? 30 “Therefore behold, I am against the prophets,” says the LORD, “who steal My words every one from his neighbor. 31 Behold, I am against the prophets,” says the LORD, “who use their tongues and say, ‘He says.’ 32 Behold, I am against those who prophesy false dreams,” says the LORD, “and tell them, and cause My people to err by their lies and by their recklessness. Yet I did not send them or command them; therefore they shall not profit this people at all,” says the LORD. 33 “So when these people or the prophet or the priest ask you, saying, ‘What is the oracle of the LORD?’ you shall then say to them, ‘What oracle?’[a] I will even forsake you,” says the LORD. 34 “And as for the prophet and the priest and the people who say, ‘The oracle of the LORD!’ I will even punish that man and his house. 35 Thus every one of you shall say to his neighbor, and every one to his brother, ‘What has the LORD answered?’ and, ‘What has the LORD spoken?’ 36 And the oracle of the LORD you shall mention no more. For every man’s word will be his oracle, for you have perverted the words of the living God, the LORD of hosts, our God. 37 Thus you shall say to the prophet, ‘What has the LORD answered you?’ and, ‘What has the LORD spoken?’ 38 But since you say, ‘The oracle of the LORD!’ therefore thus says the LORD: ‘Because you say this word, “The oracle of the LORD!” and I have sent to you, saying, “Do not say, ‘The oracle of the LORD!’” 39 therefore behold, I, even I, will utterly forget you and forsake you, and the city that I gave you and your fathers, and will cast you out of My presence. 40 And I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.’”

Footnotes:Jeremiah 23:33 Septuagint, Targum, and Vulgate read ‘You are the burden.’


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 18:20-29



 20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness;
         According to the cleanness of my hands
         He has recompensed me.
 21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
         And have not wickedly departed from my God.
 22 For all His judgments were before me,
         And I did not put away His statutes from me.
 23 I was also blameless before Him,
         And I kept myself from my iniquity.
 24 Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
         According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
         
 25 With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful;
         With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;
 26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure;
         And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
 27 For You will save the humble people,
         But will bring down haughty looks.
         
 28 For You will light my lamp;
         The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
 29 For by You I can run against a troop,
         By my God I can leap over a wall.



Second Reading: Matt. 25:31-46


The Son of Man Will Judge the Nations

    31 “When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy[a] angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. 33 And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left. 34 Then the King will say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: 35 for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; 36 I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.’ 37 “Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink? 38 When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You? 39 Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’ 40 And the King will answer and say to them, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.’ 41 “Then He will also say to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels: 42 for I was hungry and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink; 43 I was a stranger and you did not take Me in, naked and you did not clothe Me, sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.’ 44 “Then they also will answer Him,[b] saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to You?’ 45 Then He will answer them, saying, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ 46 And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

Footnotes:Matthew 25:31 NU-Text omits holy. Matthew 25:44 NU-Text and M-Text omit Him.


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