September 23rd, 2018

Trinity 17

Explanation of the Week

"Do not exalt yourself in the presence of the king" (Prov 25:6-14). Rather, take the lowest position at the table. Humble yourself before Him. For your place is not for you to take but for Him to give. Conduct yourself with all lowliness and gentleness, bearing with one another in love (Ephesians 4:1-6), that the King may give you glory in the presence of those at the table with you. "For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted" (Luke 14:1-11). Is this not the way of Christ? He is the one who took the lowest place, who humbled Himself even to the point of death for us. He is now exalted to the highest place at the right hand of the Father that penitent believers may be exalted together with Him in the resurrection. To the humble at His Supper He says, "Friend, go up higher," giving you His very body and blood for your forgiveness that you may ascend to take part in the great wedding feast which has no end.


Righteous are | You, O LORD,*
     and upright are Your | judgments.
Deal with Your servant according to Your | mercy,*
     and teach me Your | statutes. (Psalm 119:137, 124)

Blessed are the undefiled | in the way,*
     who walk in the law | of the LORD!
Blessed are those who keep His testi- | monies,*
     who seek Him with the | whole heart!
Oh, that my ways were | directed*
     to keep Your | statutes!
Then I would not | be ashamed,*
     when I look into all Your com- | mandments. (Psalm 119:1-2, 5-6)

Collect (LSB)

Lord, we implore You, grant Your people grace to withstand the temptations of the devil and with pure hearts and minds to follow You, the only God; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

Lord, we beseech Thee, grant Thy people grace to withstand the temptations of the devil and with pure hearts and mind to follow Thee, the only God; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever on God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Da quaesumus Domine populo tuo diabolica vitare contagia, et te solum Deum pura mente sectari. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Prov. 25:6-14

6 Do not exalt yourself in the presence of the king,
      And do not stand in the place of the great;
       7 For it is better that he say to you,
      “ Come up here,”
      Than that you should be put lower in the presence of the prince,
      Whom your eyes have seen.
       8 Do not go hastily to court;
      For what will you do in the end,
      When your neighbor has put you to shame?
       9 Debate your case with your neighbor,
      And do not disclose the secret to another;
       10 Lest he who hears it expose your shame,
      And your reputation be ruined.
       11 A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold
      In settings of silver.
       12 Like an earring of gold and an ornament of fine gold
      Is a wise rebuker to an obedient ear.
       13 Like the cold of snow in time of harvest
      Is a faithful messenger to those who send him,
      For he refreshes the soul of his masters.
       14 Whoever falsely boasts of giving
      Is like clouds and wind without rain.

Old Testament: 1 Sam. 2:1-10

Hannah’s Prayer

 1 And Hannah prayed and said:
      “My heart rejoices in the LORD;
      My horn[a] is exalted in the LORD.
      I smile at my enemies,
      Because I rejoice in Your salvation.

 2 “No one is holy like the LORD,
      For there is none besides You,
      Nor is there any rock like our God.

 3 “Talk no more so very proudly;
      Let no arrogance come from your mouth,
      For the LORD is the God of knowledge;
      And by Him actions are weighed.

 4 “The bows of the mighty men are broken,
      And those who stumbled are girded with strength.

 5 Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread,
      And the hungry have ceased to hunger.
      Even the barren has borne seven,
      And she who has many children has become feeble.

 6 “The LORD kills and makes alive;
      He brings down to the grave and brings up.

 7 The LORD makes poor and makes rich;
      He brings low and lifts up.

 8 He raises the poor from the dust
      And lifts the beggar from the ash heap,
      To set them among princes
      And make them inherit the throne of glory.
      “For the pillars of the earth are the LORD’s,
      And He has set the world upon them.

 9 He will guard the feet of His saints,
      But the wicked shall be silent in darkness.
      “For by strength no man shall prevail.

 10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken in pieces;
      From heaven He will thunder against them.
      The LORD will judge the ends of the earth.
      “He will give strength to His king,
      And exalt the horn of His anointed.”

Footnotes:1 Samuel 2:1 That is, strength


Blessed is the nation whose God / is the LORD,*
     the people He has chosen as His own in- / heritance.
By the word of the LORD the / heav’ns were made,*
     and all the host of them by the breath / of His mouth. (Psalm 33:12, 6)

Epistle: Eph. 4:1-6

Walk in Unity

 1 I, therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you to walk worthy of the calling with which you were called, 2 with all lowliness and gentleness, with longsuffering, bearing with one another in love, 3 endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. 4 There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called in one hope of your calling; 5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism; 6 one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you[a] all.

Footnotes:Ephesians 4:6 NU-Text omits you; M-Text reads us.


Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
I love the LORD, because He has / heard My voice*
     and my supplications. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 116:1)

Gospel: Luke 14:1-11

A Man with Dropsy Healed on the Sabbath

 1 Now it happened, as He went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees to eat bread on the Sabbath, that they watched Him closely. 2 And behold, there was a certain man before Him who had dropsy. 3 And Jesus, answering, spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”[a] 4 But they kept silent. And He took him and healed him, and let him go. 5 Then He answered them, saying, “Which of you, having a donkey[b] or an ox that has fallen into a pit, will not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day?” 6 And they could not answer Him regarding these things.

Take the Lowly Place

    7 So He told a parable to those who were invited, when He noted how they chose the best places, saying to them: 8 “When you are invited by anyone to a wedding feast, do not sit down in the best place, lest one more honorable than you be invited by him; 9 and he who invited you and him come and say to you, ‘Give place to this man,’ and then you begin with shame to take the lowest place. 10 But when you are invited, go and sit down in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes he may say to you, ‘Friend, go up higher.’ Then you will have glory in the presence of those who sit at the table with you. 11 For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

Footnotes:Luke 14:3 NU-Text adds or not. Luke 14:5 NU-Text and M-Text read son.


I, Daniel, prayed unto the Lord my God, and said: Hear, O Lord, the prayer of thy servant: cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary: and mercifully behold this thy people, which is called by thy Name, O God. (Daniel 9)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 119:129-136


 129 Your testimonies are wonderful;
         Therefore my soul keeps them.
 130 The entrance of Your words gives light;
         It gives understanding to the simple.
 131 I opened my mouth and panted,
         For I longed for Your commandments.
 132 Look upon me and be merciful to me,
         As Your custom is toward those who love Your name.
 133 Direct my steps by Your word,
         And let no iniquity have dominion over me.
 134 Redeem me from the oppression of man,
         That I may keep Your precepts.
 135 Make Your face shine upon Your servant,
         And teach me Your statutes.
 136 Rivers of water run down from my eyes,
         Because men do not keep Your law.

First Reading: Neh. 9:1-21

The People Confess Their Sins

 1 Now on the twenty-fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, in sackcloth, and with dust on their heads.[a] 2 Then those of Israelite lineage separated themselves from all foreigners; and they stood and confessed their sins and the iniquities of their fathers. 3 And they stood up in their place and read from the Book of the Law of the LORD their God for one-fourth of the day; and for another fourth they confessed and worshiped the LORD their God. 4 Then Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani stood on the stairs of the Levites and cried out with a loud voice to the LORD their God. 5 And the Levites, Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said:
      “Stand up and bless the LORD your God
      Forever and ever!
      “ Blessed be Your glorious name,
      Which is exalted above all blessing and praise!

 6 You alone are the LORD;
      You have made heaven,
      The heaven of heavens, with all their host,
      The earth and everything on it,
      The seas and all that is in them,
      And You preserve them all.
      The host of heaven worships You.

 7 “You are the LORD God,
      Who chose Abram,
      And brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans,
      And gave him the name Abraham;

 8 You found his heart faithful before You,
      And made a covenant with him
      To give the land of the Canaanites,
      The Hittites, the Amorites,
      The Perizzites, the Jebusites,
      And the Girgashites—
      To give it to his descendants.
      You have performed Your words,
      For You are righteous.

 9 “You saw the affliction of our fathers in Egypt,
      And heard their cry by the Red Sea.

 10 You showed signs and wonders against Pharaoh,
      Against all his servants,
      And against all the people of his land.
      For You knew that they acted proudly against them.
      So You made a name for Yourself, as it is this day.

 11 And You divided the sea before them,
      So that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land;
      And their persecutors You threw into the deep,
      As a stone into the mighty waters.

 12 Moreover You led them by day with a cloudy pillar,
      And by night with a pillar of fire,
      To give them light on the road
      Which they should travel.

 13 “You came down also on Mount Sinai,
      And spoke with them from heaven,
      And gave them just ordinances and true laws,
      Good statutes and commandments.

 14 You made known to them Your holy Sabbath,
      And commanded them precepts, statutes and laws,
      By the hand of Moses Your servant.

 15 You gave them bread from heaven for their hunger,
      And brought them water out of the rock for their thirst,
      And told them to go in to possess the land
      Which You had sworn to give them.

 16 “But they and our fathers acted proudly,
      Hardened their necks,
      And did not heed Your commandments.

 17 They refused to obey,
      And they were not mindful of Your wonders
      That You did among them.
      But they hardened their necks,
      And in their rebellion[b]
      They appointed a leader
      To return to their bondage.
      But You are God,
      Ready to pardon,
      Gracious and merciful,
      Slow to anger,
      Abundant in kindness,
      And did not forsake them.

 18 “Even when they made a molded calf for themselves,
      And said, ‘This is your god
      That brought you up out of Egypt,’
      And worked great provocations,

 19 Yet in Your manifold mercies
      You did not forsake them in the wilderness.
      The pillar of the cloud did not depart from them by day,
      To lead them on the road;
      Nor the pillar of fire by night,
      To show them light,
      And the way they should go.

 20 You also gave Your good Spirit to instruct them,
      And did not withhold Your manna from their mouth,
      And gave them water for their thirst.

 21 Forty years You sustained them in the wilderness;
      They lacked nothing;
      Their clothes did not wear out[c]
      And their feet did not swell.

Footnotes:Nehemiah 9:1 Literally earth on them Nehemiah 9:17 Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint reads in Egypt. Nehemiah 9:21 Compare Deuteronomy 29:5

Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 56

To the Chief Musician. Set to “The Silent Dove in Distant Lands.”[a] A Michtam of David when the Philistines captured him in Gath.

 1 Be merciful to me, O God, for man would swallow me up;
         Fighting all day he oppresses me.
 2 My enemies would hound me all day,
         For there are many who fight against me, O Most High.
 3 Whenever I am afraid,
         I will trust in You.
 4 In God (I will praise His word),
         In God I have put my trust;
         I will not fear.
         What can flesh do to me?
 5 All day they twist my words;
         All their thoughts are against me for evil.
 6 They gather together,
         They hide, they mark my steps,
         When they lie in wait for my life.
 7 Shall they escape by iniquity?
         In anger cast down the peoples, O God!
 8 You number my wanderings;
         Put my tears into Your bottle;
         Are they not in Your book?
 9 When I cry out to You,
         Then my enemies will turn back;
         This I know, because God is for me.
 10 In God (I will praise His word),
         In the LORD (I will praise His word),
 11 In God I have put my trust;
         I will not be afraid.
         What can man do to me?
 12 Vows made to You are binding upon me, O God;
         I will render praises to You,
 13 For You have delivered my soul from death.
         Have You not kept my feet from falling,
         That I may walk before God
         In the light of the living?

Footnotes:Psalm 56:1 Hebrew Jonath Elem Rechokim

Second Reading: 1 Tim. 5:17-6:2

Honor the Elders

    17 Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine. 18 For the Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain,”[a] and, “The laborer is worthy of his wages.”[b] 19 Do not receive an accusation against an elder except from two or three witnesses. 20 Those who are sinning rebuke in the presence of all, that the rest also may fear. 21 I charge you before God and the Lord Jesus Christ and the elect angels that you observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing with partiality. 22 Do not lay hands on anyone hastily, nor share in other people’s sins; keep yourself pure. 23 No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for your stomach’s sake and your frequent infirmities. 24 Some men’s sins are clearly evident, preceding them to judgment, but those of some men follow later. 25 Likewise, the good works of some are clearly evident, and those that are otherwise cannot be hidden.

Honor Masters

 1 Let as many bondservants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, so that the name of God and His doctrine may not be blasphemed. 2 And those who have believing masters, let them not despise them because they are brethren, but rather serve them because those who are benefited are believers and beloved. Teach and exhort these things.

Footnotes:1 Timothy 5:18 Deuteronomy 25:4 1 Timothy 5:18 Luke 10:7


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