August 19th, 2018

Trinity 12


Epistle: 2 Cor. 3:4-11


The Spirit, Not the Letter

    4 And we have such trust through Christ toward God. 5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think of anything as being from ourselves, but our sufficiency is from God, 6 who also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit;[a] for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.

Glory of the New Covenant

    7 But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, 8 how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? 9 For if the ministry of condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more in glory. 10 For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. 11 For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

Footnotes:2 Corinthians 3:6 Or spirit


Gospel: Mark 7:31-37


Jesus Heals a Deaf-Mute

    31 Again, departing from the region of Tyre and Sidon, He came through the midst of the region of Decapolis to the Sea of Galilee. 32 Then they brought to Him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, and they begged Him to put His hand on him. 33 And He took him aside from the multitude, and put His fingers in his ears, and He spat and touched his tongue. 34 Then, looking up to heaven, He sighed, and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened.” 35 Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plainly. 36 Then He commanded them that they should tell no one; but the more He commanded them, the more widely they proclaimed it. 37 And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well. He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak.”



Old Testament: Isaiah 29:18-19


18 In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book,
      And the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness.
       19 The humble also shall increase their joy in the LORD,
      And the poor among men shall rejoice
      In the Holy One of Israel.
      



Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 119:89-96


לLAMED

 89 Forever, O LORD,
         Your word is settled in heaven.
 90 Your faithfulness endures to all generations;
         You established the earth, and it abides.
 91 They continue this day according to Your ordinances,
         For all are Your servants.
 92 Unless Your law had been my delight,
         I would then have perished in my affliction.
 93 I will never forget Your precepts,
         For by them You have given me life.
 94 I am Yours, save me;
         For I have sought Your precepts.
 95 The wicked wait for me to destroy me,
         But I will consider Your testimonies.
 96 I have seen the consummation of all perfection,
         But Your commandment is exceedingly broad.
         
   



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 104


Praise to the Sovereign LORD for His Creation and Providence

   – 1 Bless the LORD, O my soul!
         
         O LORD my God, You are very great:
         You are clothed with honor and majesty,
 2 Who cover Yourself with light as with a garment,
         Who stretch out the heavens like a curtain.
         
 3 He lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters,
         Who makes the clouds His chariot,
         Who walks on the wings of the wind,
 4 Who makes His angels spirits,
         His ministers a flame of fire.
         
 5 You who laid the foundations of the earth,
         So that it should not be moved forever,
 6 You covered it with the deep as with a garment;
         The waters stood above the mountains.
 7 At Your rebuke they fled;
         At the voice of Your thunder they hastened away.
 8 They went up over the mountains;
         They went down into the valleys,
         To the place which You founded for them.
 9 You have set a boundary that they may not pass over,
         That they may not return to cover the earth.
         
 10 He sends the springs into the valleys;
         They flow among the hills.
 11 They give drink to every beast of the field;
         The wild donkeys quench their thirst.
 12 By them the birds of the heavens have their home;
         They sing among the branches.
 13 He waters the hills from His upper chambers;
         The earth is satisfied with the fruit of Your works.
         
 14 He causes the grass to grow for the cattle,
         And vegetation for the service of man,
         That he may bring forth food from the earth,
 15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man,
         Oil to make his face shine,
         And bread which strengthens man’s heart.
 16 The trees of the LORD are full of sap,
         The cedars of Lebanon which He planted,
 17 Where the birds make their nests;
         The stork has her home in the fir trees.
 18 The high hills are for the wild goats;
         The cliffs are a refuge for the rock badgers.[a]
         
 19 He appointed the moon for seasons;
         The sun knows its going down.
 20 You make darkness, and it is night,
         In which all the beasts of the forest creep about.
 21 The young lions roar after their prey,
         And seek their food from God.
 22 When the sun rises, they gather together
         And lie down in their dens.
 23 Man goes out to his work
         And to his labor until the evening.
         
 24 O LORD, how manifold are Your works!
         In wisdom You have made them all.
         The earth is full of Your possessions—
 25 This great and wide sea,
         In which are innumerable teeming things,
         Living things both small and great.
 26 There the ships sail about;
         There is that Leviathan
         Which You have made to play there.
         
 27 These all wait for You,
         That You may give them their food in due season.
 28 What You give them they gather in;
         You open Your hand, they are filled with good.
 29 You hide Your face, they are troubled;
         You take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.
 30 You send forth Your Spirit, they are created;
         And You renew the face of the earth.
         
 31 May the glory of the LORD endure forever;
         May the LORD rejoice in His works.
 32 He looks on the earth, and it trembles;
         He touches the hills, and they smoke.
         
 33 I will sing to the LORD as long as I live;
         I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
 34 May my meditation be sweet to Him;
         I will be glad in the LORD.
 35 May sinners be consumed from the earth,
         And the wicked be no more.
         
         Bless the LORD, O my soul!
         Praise the LORD!

Footnotes:Psalm 104:18 Or rock hyrax (compare Leviticus 11:5)


Collect

Almighty and merciful God, of whose only gift it cometh that Thy faithful people do unto Thee true and laudable service, grant, we beseech Thee, that we may so faithfully serve Thee in this life that we fail not finally to attain Thy heavenly promises; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth, and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Isaiah 29:17-24


Future Recovery of Wisdom

    17 Is it not yet a very little while
      Till Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field,
      And the fruitful field be esteemed as a forest?
       18 In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book,
      And the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness.
       19 The humble also shall increase their joy in the LORD,
      And the poor among men shall rejoice
      In the Holy One of Israel.
       20 For the terrible one is brought to nothing,
      The scornful one is consumed,
      And all who watch for iniquity are cut off—
       21 Who make a man an offender by a word,
      And lay a snare for him who reproves in the gate,
      And turn aside the just by empty words. 22 Therefore thus says the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob:
      “ Jacob shall not now be ashamed,
      Nor shall his face now grow pale;
       23 But when he sees his children,
      The work of My hands, in his midst,
      They will hallow My name,
      And hallow the Holy One of Jacob,
      And fear the God of Israel.
       24 These also who erred in spirit will come to understanding,
      And those who complained will learn doctrine.”



Collect (LSB)

Almighty and merciful God, by Your gift alone Your faithful people render true and laudable service. Help us steadfastly to live in this life according to Your promises and finally attain Your heavenly glory; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens et misericors Deus, de cuius munere venit, ut tibi a fidelibus tuis digne et laudabiliter serviatur, tribue quaesumus nobis, ut ad promissiones tuas sine offensione curramus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Explanation of the Week

A man was brought to Jesus who was deaf and therefore also had an impediment in his speech (Mark 7:31-37). In the same way, all are by nature deaf toward God and therefore also unable to confess the faith rightly. For "faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God" (Rom 10:9-17). Jesus put His fingers into the man's ears, and He spat and touched His tongue. Even so in Holy Baptism water sanctified by the words of Jesus' mouth is applied to us; and the finger of God, that is, the life-giving Holy Spirit (2 Cor 3:4-11) is put into our ears in the hearing of the baptismal Gospel. Jesus' sighing "Ephphatha" opened the man's ears, and his tongue was loosed to speak plainly as Isaiah prophesied of the Messiah, "In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book" (Is 29:18-24) So also, He who sighed and breathed His last on the cross for us has given us to hear and believe in Him and has opened our lips that our mouths may declare His praise.

Introit

Antiphon:
Make haste, O God, to de- | liver me!*
     Make haste to help | me, O LORD!
Let them be ashamed and con- | founded*
     who | seek my life. (Psalm 70:1-2)

Psalm:
Let them be turned back | and confused*
     who de- | sire my hurt.
Let all those who seek | You rejoice*
     and be | glad in You.
But I am poor and | needy;*
     make haste to | me, O God!
You are my help and my de- | liverer;*
     O LORD, do | not delay. (Psalm 70:2, 4, 5)

Offertory

Moses besought the Lord his God, and said, "Lord, why doth Thy wrath wax hot against Thy people? Turn from Thy fierce wrath: remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Thy servants, to whom Thou swearest to give a land flowing with milk and honey." And the Lord repented of the evil which He thought to do unto His people. (Exodus 32)

Gradual

I will bless the LORD / at all times;*
     His praise shall continually be / in my mouth.
My soul shall make its boast / in the LORD;*
     the humble shall hear of it / and be glad. (Psalm 34:1–2)

Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
Sing aloud to / God our strength;*
     make a joyful shout to the God of Jacob. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 81:1)

First Reading: 2 Sam. 11:1-27


David, Bathsheba, and Uriah

 1 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem. 2 Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed and walked on the roof of the king’s house. And from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful to behold. 3 So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, “Is this not Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” 4 Then David sent messengers, and took her; and she came to him, and he lay with her, for she was cleansed from her impurity; and she returned to her house. 5 And the woman conceived; so she sent and told David, and said, “I am with child.” 6 Then David sent to Joab, saying, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent Uriah to David. 7 When Uriah had come to him, David asked how Joab was doing, and how the people were doing, and how the war prospered. 8 And David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” So Uriah departed from the king’s house, and a gift of food from the king followed him. 9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house. 10 So when they told David, saying, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Did you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?” 11 And Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah are dwelling in tents, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open fields. Shall I then go to my house to eat and drink, and to lie with my wife? As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing.” 12 Then David said to Uriah, “Wait here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart.” So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next. 13 Now when David called him, he ate and drank before him; and he made him drunk. And at evening he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house. 14 In the morning it happened that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, “Set Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retreat from him, that he may be struck down and die.” 16 So it was, while Joab besieged the city, that he assigned Uriah to a place where he knew there were valiant men. 17 Then the men of the city came out and fought with Joab. And some of the people of the servants of David fell; and Uriah the Hittite died also. 18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war, 19 and charged the messenger, saying, “When you have finished telling the matters of the war to the king, 20 if it happens that the king’s wrath rises, and he says to you: ‘Why did you approach so near to the city when you fought? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall? 21 Who struck Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth?[a] Was it not a woman who cast a piece of a millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?’—then you shall say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.’” 22 So the messenger went, and came and told David all that Joab had sent by him. 23 And the messenger said to David, “Surely the men prevailed against us and came out to us in the field; then we drove them back as far as the entrance of the gate. 24 The archers shot from the wall at your servants; and some of the king’s servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.” 25 Then David said to the messenger, “Thus you shall say to Joab: ‘Do not let this thing displease you, for the sword devours one as well as another. Strengthen your attack against the city, and overthrow it.’ So encourage him.” 26 When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. 27 And when her mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.

Footnotes:2 Samuel 11:21 Same as Jerubbaal (Gideon), Judges 6:32ff


Second Reading: 1 Cor. 11:17-34


Conduct at the Lord’s Supper

    17 Now in giving these instructions I do not praise you, since you come together not for the better but for the worse. 18 For first of all, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you, and in part I believe it. 19 For there must also be factions among you, that those who are approved may be recognized among you. 20 Therefore when you come together in one place, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper. 21 For in eating, each one takes his own supper ahead of others; and one is hungry and another is drunk. 22 What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I do not praise you.

Institution of the Lord’s Supper

    23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat;[a] this is My body which is broken[b] for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes.

Examine Yourself

    27 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood[c] of the Lord. 28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner[d] eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord’s[e] body. 30 For this reason many are weak and sick among you, and many sleep. 31 For if we would judge ourselves, we would not be judged. 32 But when we are judged, we are chastened by the Lord, that we may not be condemned with the world. 33 Therefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for one another. 34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you come together for judgment. And the rest I will set in order when I come.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 11:24 NU-Text omits Take, eat. 1 Corinthians 11:24 NU-Text omits broken. 1 Corinthians 11:27 NU-Text and M-Text read the blood. 1 Corinthians 11:29 NU-Text omits in an unworthy manner. 1 Corinthians 11:29 NU-Text omits Lord’s.


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