August 12th, 2018

Trinity 11


Collect

Almighty and everlasting God, who art always more ready to hear than we to pray and art wont to give more than either we desire or deserve, pour down upon us the abundance of Thy mercy, forgiving us those things whereof our conscience is afraid, and giving us those good things which we are not worthy to ask but through the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, always more ready to hear than we to pray and to give more than we either desire or deserve, pour down upon us the abundance of Your mercy, forgiving those things of which our conscience is afraid and giving us those good things that we are not worthy to ask, except through the merits and mediation of Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui abundantia pietatis tuae, et merita supplicum excedis et vota, effunde super nos misericordiam tuam, ut dimittas quae conscientia metuit, et adjicias quae oratio non praesumit. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Explanation of the Week

"The Lord respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering" (Gen 4:1-15). For unlike Abel, Cain's offering did not proceed from a heart that revered and trusted in the Lord. Thus, the lowly tax collector who prayed, "God be merciful to me, sinner!" was the one who went down to his house justified before God, not the respectable, outwardly righteous Pharisee who trusted in himself and his own good living (Luke 18:9-14). "For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast" (Eph 2:1-10). The one who penitently despairs of his own righteousness and relies completely on the atoning mercy of God in Christ is the one who is declared righteous. For Christ died for our sins and rose again the third day (1 Cor 15:1-10). Therefore, "everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted."

Introit

Antiphon:
God is in His holy habi- | tation.*
     He gives a home to the | desolate.
The God of Israel is He who | gives strength*
     and power to His | people. (Psalm 68:5-6, 35)

Psalm:
Let God arise, Let His enemies be | scattered;*
     let those also who hate Him flee be- | fore Him.
But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice be- | fore God;*
     yes, let them rejoice ex- | ceedingly.
O God, when you went out before Your | people,*
     you, O God, provided from Your goodness | for the poor.
Blessed be the Lord, who daily loads us with | benefits,*
     the God of our sal- | vation! (Psalm 68:1, 3, 7, 10, 19)

Offertory

I will extol You, O LORD, for You have lifted me up, And have not let my foes rejoice over me. O LORD my God, I cried out to You, And You healed me. (Psalm 30)

Gradual

My heart trusted in God, and / I am helped;*
     therefore my heart greatly re- / joices.
To You I will cry, O / LORD my Rock;*
     Hear the voice of my supplications when I / cry to You. (Psalm 28:7, 1)

Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
LORD, You have been our / dwelling place*
     in all generations. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 90:1)

Old Testament: 2 Sam. 22:19-29


 19 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
      But the LORD was my support.

 20 He also brought me out into a broad place;
      He delivered me because He delighted in me.

 21 “The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness;
      According to the cleanness of my hands
      He has recompensed me.

 22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
      And have not wickedly departed from my God.

 23 For all His judgments were before me;
      And as for His statutes, I did not depart from them.

 24 I was also blameless before Him,
      And I kept myself from my iniquity.

 25 Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
      According to my cleanness in His eyes.[a]

 26 “With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful;
      With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;

 27 With the pure You will show Yourself pure;
      And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.

 28 You will save the humble people;
      But Your eyes are on the haughty, that You may bring them down.

 29 “For You are my lamp, O LORD;
      The LORD shall enlighten my darkness.

Footnotes:2 Samuel 22:25 Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read the cleanness of my hands in His sight (compare Psalm 18:24); Targum reads my cleanness before His word.


Old Testament (LSB): Gen. 4:1-15


Cain Murders Abel

 1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have acquired a man from the LORD.” 2 Then she bore again, this time his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the LORD. 4 Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the LORD respected Abel and his offering, 5 but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. 6 So the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? 7 If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.” 8 Now Cain talked with Abel his brother;[a] and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him. 9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 And He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. 11 So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. A fugitive and a vagabond you shall be on the earth.” 13 And Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is greater than I can bear! 14 Surely You have driven me out this day from the face of the ground; I shall be hidden from Your face; I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth, and it will happen that anyone who finds me will kill me.” 15 And the LORD said to him, “Therefore,[b] whoever kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the LORD set a mark on Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him.

Footnotes:Genesis 4:8 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate add "Let us go out to the field." Genesis 4:15 Following Masoretic Text and Targum; Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read Not so.


Epistle: 1 Cor. 15:1-10


The Risen Christ, Faith’s Reality

 1 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. 6 After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. 7 After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. 8 Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time. 9 For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.



Gospel: Luke 18:9-14


The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector

    9 Also He spoke this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: 10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, ‘God, I thank You that I am not like other men—extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I possess.’ 13 And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me a sinner!’ 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”



Matins Psalm(s): Ps 119:81-88


כKAPH

 81 My soul faints for Your salvation,
         But I hope in Your word.
 82 My eyes fail from searching Your word,
         Saying, “When will You comfort me?”
 83 For I have become like a wineskin in smoke,
         Yet I do not forget Your statutes.
 84 How many are the days of Your servant?
         When will You execute judgment on those who persecute me?
 85 The proud have dug pits for me,
         Which is not according to Your law.
 86 All Your commandments are faithful;
         They persecute me wrongfully;
         Help me!
 87 They almost made an end of me on earth,
         But I did not forsake Your precepts.
 88 Revive me according to Your lovingkindness,
         So that I may keep the testimony of Your mouth.
         
   



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 147


Praise to God for His Word and Providence

 1 Praise the LORD!
         For it is good to sing praises to our God;
         For it is pleasant, and praise is beautiful.
         
 2 The LORD builds up Jerusalem;
         He gathers together the outcasts of Israel.
 3 He heals the brokenhearted
         And binds up their wounds.
 4 He counts the number of the stars;
         He calls them all by name.
 5 Great is our Lord, and mighty in power;
         His understanding is infinite.
 6 The LORD lifts up the humble;
         He casts the wicked down to the ground.
         
 7 Sing to the LORD with thanksgiving;
         Sing praises on the harp to our God,
 8 Who covers the heavens with clouds,
         Who prepares rain for the earth,
         Who makes grass to grow on the mountains.
 9 He gives to the beast its food,
         And to the young ravens that cry.
         
 10 He does not delight in the strength of the horse;
         He takes no pleasure in the legs of a man.
 11 The LORD takes pleasure in those who fear Him,
         In those who hope in His mercy.
         
 12 Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem!
         Praise your God, O Zion!
 13 For He has strengthened the bars of your gates;
         He has blessed your children within you.
 14 He makes peace in your borders,
         And fills you with the finest wheat.
         
 15 He sends out His command to the earth;
         His word runs very swiftly.
 16 He gives snow like wool;
         He scatters the frost like ashes;
 17 He casts out His hail like morsels;
         Who can stand before His cold?
 18 He sends out His word and melts them;
         He causes His wind to blow, and the waters flow.
         
 19 He declares His word to Jacob,
         His statutes and His judgments to Israel.
 20 He has not dealt thus with any nation;
         And as for His judgments, they have not known them.
         
         Praise the LORD!



First Reading: 1 Sam. 28:3-25


Saul Consults a Medium

    3 Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had lamented for him and buried him in Ramah, in his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the spiritists out of the land. 4 Then the Philistines gathered together, and came and encamped at Shunem. So Saul gathered all Israel together, and they encamped at Gilboa. 5 When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly. 6 And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by dreams or by Urim or by the prophets. 7 Then Saul said to his servants, “Find me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her.” And his servants said to him, “In fact, there is a woman who is a medium at En Dor.” 8 So Saul disguised himself and put on other clothes, and he went, and two men with him; and they came to the woman by night. And he said, “Please conduct a séance for me, and bring up for me the one I shall name to you.” 9 Then the woman said to him, “Look, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the spiritists from the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die?” 10 And Saul swore to her by the LORD, saying, “As the LORD lives, no punishment shall come upon you for this thing.” 11 Then the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?” And he said, “Bring up Samuel for me.” 12 When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice. And the woman spoke to Saul, saying, “Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul!” 13 And the king said to her, “Do not be afraid. What did you see?” And the woman said to Saul, “I saw a spirit[a] ascending out of the earth.” 14 So he said to her, “What is his form?” And she said, “An old man is coming up, and he is covered with a mantle.” And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground and bowed down. 15 Now Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?” And Saul answered, “I am deeply distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God has departed from me and does not answer me anymore, neither by prophets nor by dreams. Therefore I have called you, that you may reveal to me what I should do.” 16 Then Samuel said: “So why do you ask me, seeing the LORD has departed from you and has become your enemy? 17 And the LORD has done for Himself[b] as He spoke by me. For the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, David. 18 Because you did not obey the voice of the LORD nor execute His fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore the LORD has done this thing to you this day. 19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines. And tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The LORD will also deliver the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.” 20 Immediately Saul fell full length on the ground, and was dreadfully afraid because of the words of Samuel. And there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day or all night. 21 And the woman came to Saul and saw that he was severely troubled, and said to him, “Look, your maidservant has obeyed your voice, and I have put my life in my hands and heeded the words which you spoke to me. 22 Now therefore, please, heed also the voice of your maidservant, and let me set a piece of bread before you; and eat, that you may have strength when you go on your way.” 23 But he refused and said, “I will not eat.” So his servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he heeded their voice. Then he arose from the ground and sat on the bed. 24 Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house, and she hastened to kill it. And she took flour and kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread from it. 25 So she brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they rose and went away that night.

Footnotes:1 Samuel 28:13 Hebrew elohim 1 Samuel 28:17 Or him, that is, David


Second Reading: 1 Cor. 6:1-20


Do Not Sue the Brethren

 1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints? 2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 3 Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? 4 If then you have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint those who are least esteemed by the church to judge? 5 I say this to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you, not even one, who will be able to judge between his brethren? 6 But brother goes to law against brother, and that before unbelievers! 7 Now therefore, it is already an utter failure for you that you go to law against one another. Why do you not rather accept wrong? Why do you not rather let yourselves be cheated? 8 No, you yourselves do wrong and cheat, and you do these things to your brethren! 9 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals,[a] nor sodomites, 10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.

Glorify God in Body and Spirit

    12 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not helpful. All things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any. 13 Foods for the stomach and the stomach for foods, but God will destroy both it and them. Now the body is not for sexual immorality but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. 14 And God both raised up the Lord and will also raise us up by His power. 15 Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a harlot? Certainly not! 16 Or do you not know that he who is joined to a harlot is one body with her? For “the two,” He says, “shall become one flesh.”[b] 17 But he who is joined to the Lord is one spirit with Him. 18 Flee sexual immorality. Every sin that a man does is outside the body, but he who commits sexual immorality sins against his own body. 19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? 20 For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body[c] and in your spirit, which are God’s.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 6:9 That is, catamites 1 Corinthians 6:16 Genesis 2:24 1 Corinthians 6:20 NU-Text ends the verse at body.


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