August 5th, 2018

Trinity 10


Explanation of the Week

Our Lord wept over Jerusalem for the destruction that would soon come upon her. For she did not recognize the time of God's visitation in Christ, who had come to bring her peace (Luke 19:41-48). Through His prophets God had consistently called His people to turn from their deceit and false worship. "But My people do not know the judgment of the Lord" (Jer 7:1-11; 8:4-12). They sought to establish their own righteousness rather than receive Christ's righteousness through faith (Rom 9:30-10:4). So it was that God was in His temple to cleanse it, a precursor to the once-for-all cleansing from sin which He would accomplish in the temple of His own body on the cross. God grant us to know the things that make for our peaceÑHis visitation in the Word and SacramentsÑthat by the Holy Spirit we may penitently confess "Jesus is Lord" (1 Cor 12:1-11).

Introit

Antiphon:
As for me, I will call upon God, and He shall | hear my voice.*
     He has redeemed my | soul in peace.
Cast your burden | on the LORD,*
     and He shall sus- | tain you. (Psalm 55:16-18, 22)

Psalm:
Give ear to my | prayer, O God,*
     and do not hide Yourself from my suppli- | cation.
My heart is severely pained with- | in me,*
     and the terrors of death have fallen up- | on me.
Fearfulness and trembling have come up- | on me,*
     and horror has over- | whelmed me.
I will pray, and | cry aloud,*
     and the LORD shall | save me. (Psalm 55:1, 4-5, 17, 16)

Collect (LSB)

O God, You declare Your almighty power above all in showing mercy and pity. Mercifully grant us such a measure of Your grace that we may obtain Your gracious promises and be made partakers of Your heavenly treasures; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Collect (TLH)

O God, who declarest Thine almighty power chiefly in showing mercy and pity, mercifully grant unto us such a measure of Thy grace that we, running the way of Thy commandments, may obtain Thy gracious promises and be made partakers of Thy heavenly treasure; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Deus qui omnipotentiam parcendo maxime et miserendo manifestas, multiplica super nos gratiam tuam, ut ad tua promissa currentes, coelestium bonorum facias esse consortes. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Jer. 8:4-12


The Peril of False Teaching

    4 “Moreover you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD:
      “ Will they fall and not rise?
      Will one turn away and not return?
       5 Why has this people slidden back,
      Jerusalem, in a perpetual backsliding?
      They hold fast to deceit,
      They refuse to return.
       6 I listened and heard,
      But they do not speak aright.
      No man repented of his wickedness,
      Saying, ‘What have I done?’
      Everyone turned to his own course,
      As the horse rushes into the battle.
       7 “ Even the stork in the heavens
      Knows her appointed times;
      And the turtledove, the swift, and the swallow
      Observe the time of their coming.
      But My people do not know the judgment of the LORD.
       8 “ How can you say, ‘We are wise,
      And the law of the LORD is with us’?
      Look, the false pen of the scribe certainly works falsehood.
       9 The wise men are ashamed,
      They are dismayed and taken.
      Behold, they have rejected the word of the LORD;
      So what wisdom do they have?
       10 Therefore I will give their wives to others,
      And their fields to those who will inherit them;
      Because from the least even to the greatest
      Everyone is given to covetousness;
      From the prophet even to the priest
      Everyone deals falsely.
       11 For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of My people slightly,
      Saying, ‘Peace, peace!’
      When there is no peace.
       12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination?
      No! They were not at all ashamed,
      Nor did they know how to blush.
      Therefore they shall fall among those who fall;
      In the time of their punishment
      They shall be cast down,” says the LORD.
      



Old Testament: Jer. 7:1-7


Trusting in Lying Words

 1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2 “Stand in the gate of the LORD’s house, and proclaim there this word, and say, ‘Hear the word of the LORD, all you of Judah who enter in at these gates to worship the LORD!’” 3 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place. 4 Do not trust in these lying words, saying, ‘The temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD are these.’ 5 “For if you thoroughly amend your ways and your doings, if you thoroughly execute judgment between a man and his neighbor, 6 if you do not oppress the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, or walk after other gods to your hurt, 7 then I will cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers forever and ever.



Gradual

Keep me as the apple / of Your eye;*
     hide me under the shadow / of Your wings.
Let my vindication come from Your / presence;*
     let Your eyes look on the things that / are upright. (Psalm 17:8, 2)

Epistle: 1 Cor. 12:1-11


Spiritual Gifts: Unity in Diversity

 1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be ignorant: 2 You know that[a] you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, however you were led. 3 Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed, and no one can say that Jesus is Lord except by the Holy Spirit. 4 There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. 6 And there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God who works all in all. 7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to each one for the profit of all: 8 for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same[b] Spirit, 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another discerning of spirits, to another different kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. 11 But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills.

Footnotes:1 Corinthians 12:2 NU-Text and M-Text add when. 1 Corinthians 12:9 NU-Text reads one.


Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
O LORD, God of my sal- / vation,*
     I have cried out day and night before You. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 88:1)

Gospel: Luke 19:41-48


Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

    41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

    45 Then He went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it,[a] 46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is[b] a house of prayer,’[c] but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’[d] 47 And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him, 48 and were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.

Footnotes:Luke 19:45 NU-Text reads those who were selling. Luke 19:46 NU-Text reads shall be. Luke 19:46 Isaiah 56:7 Luke 19:46 Jeremiah 7:11


Offertory

To You, O LORD, I lift up my soul. O my God, I trust in You; Let me not be ashamed; Let not my enemies triumph over me. Indeed, let no one who waits on You be ashamed. (Psalm 25)

Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 119:73-80


יYOD

 73 Your hands have made me and fashioned me;
         Give me understanding, that I may learn Your commandments.
 74 Those who fear You will be glad when they see me,
         Because I have hoped in Your word.
 75 I know, O LORD, that Your judgments are right,
         And that in faithfulness You have afflicted me.
 76 Let, I pray, Your merciful kindness be for my comfort,
         According to Your word to Your servant.
 77 Let Your tender mercies come to me, that I may live;
         For Your law is my delight.
 78 Let the proud be ashamed,
         For they treated me wrongfully with falsehood;
         But I will meditate on Your precepts.
 79 Let those who fear You turn to me,
         Those who know Your testimonies.
 80 Let my heart be blameless regarding Your statutes,
         That I may not be ashamed.
         
   



First Reading: 1 Sam. 19:1-24


Saul Persecutes David

 1 Now Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David; but Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted greatly in David. 2 So Jonathan told David, saying, “My father Saul seeks to kill you. Therefore please be on your guard until morning, and stay in a secret place and hide. 3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will speak with my father about you. Then what I observe, I will tell you.” 4 Thus Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father, and said to him, “Let not the king sin against his servant, against David, because he has not sinned against you, and because his works have been very good toward you. 5 For he took his life in his hands and killed the Philistine, and the LORD brought about a great deliverance for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause?” 6 So Saul heeded the voice of Jonathan, and Saul swore, “As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed.” 7 Then Jonathan called David, and Jonathan told him all these things. So Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as in times past. 8 And there was war again; and David went out and fought with the Philistines, and struck them with a mighty blow, and they fled from him. 9 Now the distressing spirit from the LORD came upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing music with his hand. 10 Then Saul sought to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he slipped away from Saul’s presence; and he drove the spear into the wall. So David fled and escaped that night. 11 Saul also sent messengers to David’s house to watch him and to kill him in the morning. And Michal, David’s wife, told him, saying, “If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed.” 12 So Michal let David down through a window. And he went and fled and escaped. 13 And Michal took an image and laid it in the bed, put a cover of goats’ hair for his head, and covered it with clothes. 14 So when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, “He is sick.” 15 Then Saul sent the messengers back to see David, saying, “Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him.” 16 And when the messengers had come in, there was the image in the bed, with a cover of goats’ hair for his head. 17 Then Saul said to Michal, “Why have you deceived me like this, and sent my enemy away, so that he has escaped?” And Michal answered Saul, “He said to me, ‘Let me go! Why should I kill you?’” 18 So David fled and escaped, and went to Samuel at Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and stayed in Naioth. 19 Now it was told Saul, saying, “Take note, David is at Naioth in Ramah!” 20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David. And when they saw the group of prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as leader over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied. 21 And when Saul was told, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. Then Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also. 22 Then he also went to Ramah, and came to the great well that is at Sechu. So he asked, and said, “Where are Samuel and David?” And someone said, “Indeed they are at Naioth in Ramah.” 23 So he went there to Naioth in Ramah. Then the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on and prophesied until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 And he also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say, “Is Saul also among the prophets?”[a]

Footnotes:1 Samuel 19:24 Compare 1 Samuel 10:12


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 143


A Psalm of David.

 1 Hear my prayer, O LORD,
         Give ear to my supplications!
         In Your faithfulness answer me,
         And in Your righteousness.
 2 Do not enter into judgment with Your servant,
         For in Your sight no one living is righteous.
         
 3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul;
         He has crushed my life to the ground;
         He has made me dwell in darkness,
         Like those who have long been dead.
 4 Therefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me;
         My heart within me is distressed.
         
 5 I remember the days of old;
         I meditate on all Your works;
         I muse on the work of Your hands.
 6 I spread out my hands to You;
         My soul longs for You like a thirsty land.  Selah  
         
 7 Answer me speedily, O LORD;
         My spirit fails!
         Do not hide Your face from me,
         Lest I be like those who go down into the pit.
 8 Cause me to hear Your lovingkindness in the morning,
         For in You do I trust;
         Cause me to know the way in which I should walk,
         For I lift up my soul to You.
         
 9 Deliver me, O LORD, from my enemies;
         In You I take shelter.[a]
 10 Teach me to do Your will,
         For You are my God;
         Your Spirit is good.
         Lead me in the land of uprightness.
         
 11 Revive me, O LORD, for Your name’s sake!
         For Your righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.
 12 In Your mercy cut off my enemies,
         And destroy all those who afflict my soul;
         For I am Your servant.

Footnotes:Psalm 143:9 Septuagint and Vulgate read To You I flee.


Second Reading: Acts 28:1-15


Paul’s Ministry on Malta

 1 Now when they had escaped, they then found out that the island was called Malta. 2 And the natives showed us unusual kindness; for they kindled a fire and made us all welcome, because of the rain that was falling and because of the cold. 3 But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat, and fastened on his hand. 4 So when the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he has escaped the sea, yet justice does not allow to live.” 5 But he shook off the creature into the fire and suffered no harm. 6 However, they were expecting that he would swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But after they had looked for a long time and saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds and said that he was a god. 7 In that region there was an estate of the leading citizen of the island, whose name was Publius, who received us and entertained us courteously for three days. 8 And it happened that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever and dysentery. Paul went in to him and prayed, and he laid his hands on him and healed him. 9 So when this was done, the rest of those on the island who had diseases also came and were healed. 10 They also honored us in many ways; and when we departed, they provided such things as were necessary.

Arrival at Rome

    11 After three months we sailed in an Alexandrian ship whose figurehead was the Twin Brothers, which had wintered at the island. 12 And landing at Syracuse, we stayed three days. 13 From there we circled round and reached Rhegium. And after one day the south wind blew; and the next day we came to Puteoli, 14 where we found brethren, and were invited to stay with them seven days. And so we went toward Rome. 15 And from there, when the brethren heard about us, they came to meet us as far as Appii Forum and Three Inns. When Paul saw them, he thanked God and took courage.



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