August 1st, 2018

Wednesday of Trinity 9


First Reading: 1 Sam. 17:1-19


David and Goliath

 1Now the Philistines(A) gathered their armies for battle. And they were gathered at(B) Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and(C) Azekah, in(D) Ephes-dammim. 2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered, and encamped in(E) the Valley of Elah, and drew up in line of battle against the Philistines. 3And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between them. 4And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named(F) Goliath of(G) Gath, whose height was six[a] cubits and a span. 5He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels[b] of bronze. 6And he had bronze armor on his legs, and a(H) javelin of bronze slung between his shoulders. 7The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron.(I) And his shield-bearer went before him. 8He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why have you come out to draw up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and(J) are you not servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me. 9If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants(K) and serve us." 10And the Philistine said,(L) "I defy the ranks of Israel this day. Give me a man, that we may fight together." 11When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

 12Now David was(M) the son of an(N) Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah,(O) named Jesse,(P) who had eight sons. In the days of Saul the man was already old and advanced in years.[c] 13The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the battle. And(Q) the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14(R) David was the youngest. The three eldest followed Saul, 15but David went back and forth from Saul(S) to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem. 16For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand, morning and evening.

 17And Jesse said to David his son, "Take for your brothers an ephah[d] of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers. 18(T) Also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand.(U) See if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them."

 19Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

Footnotes:1 Samuel 17:4 Hebrew; Septuagint, Dead Sea Scroll and Josephus four 1 Samuel 17:5 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams 1 Samuel 17:12 Septuagint, Syriac; Hebrew years among men 1 Samuel 17:17 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
Cross references:1 Samuel 17:1 : 1 Samuel 13:5 1 Samuel 17:1 : Josh 15:35 1 Samuel 17:1 : Josh 10:10; Neh 11:30 1 Samuel 17:1 : 1 Chr 11:13 1 Samuel 17:2 : 1 Samuel 17:19; 1 Samuel 21:9 1 Samuel 17:4 : 2 Sam 21:19; 1 Chr 20:4 1 Samuel 17:4 : 1 Samuel 21:10; Josh 11:22; 13:3 1 Samuel 17:6 : 1 Samuel 17:45 1 Samuel 17:7 : 1 Samuel 17:41 1 Samuel 17:8 : 1 Samuel 8:17 1 Samuel 17:9 : 1 Samuel 11:1 1 Samuel 17:10 : 1 Samuel 17:25, 26, 36, 45; 2 Sam 21:21 1 Samuel 17:12 : 1 Samuel 17:58; 1 Samuel 16:1, 18; Ruth 4:22 1 Samuel 17:12 : Gen 35:19 1 Samuel 17:12 : 1 Samuel 17:58; 1 Samuel 16:1, 18 1 Samuel 17:12 : 1 Samuel 16:10, 11; 1 Chr 2:13-15 1 Samuel 17:13 : 1 Samuel 16:6, 8, 9; 1 Chr 2:13 1 Samuel 17:14 : 1 Samuel 16:11 1 Samuel 17:15 : 1 Samuel 16:19 1 Samuel 17:18 : 1 Samuel 16:20 1 Samuel 17:18 : Gen 37:14


Second Reading: Acts 26:1-23


Paul’s Defense Before Agrippa

 1So(A) Agrippa said to Paul, "You have permission to speak for yourself." Then Paul stretched out his hand and made his defense:

 2"I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am going to make my defense today(B) against all the accusations of the Jews, 3especially because you are familiar with all the(C) customs and(D) controversies of the Jews. Therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.

 4(E) "My manner of life from my youth, spent from the beginning among(F) my own nation and in Jerusalem, is known by all the Jews. 5They have known for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that(G) according to the strictest(H) party of our(I) religion I have lived as(J) a Pharisee. 6And now I stand here on trial because of my hope in(K) the promise made by God to our fathers, 7(L) to which(M) our twelve tribes hope to(N) attain, as they earnestly worship night and day. And for this hope(O) I am accused by Jews, O king! 8Why is it thought(P) incredible by any of you that God raises the dead?

 9(Q) "I myself was convinced that I ought to do many things in opposing the name of(R) Jesus of Nazareth. 10(S) And I did so in Jerusalem. I not only locked up many of the saints in prison after receiving authority(T) from the chief priests, but(U) when they were put to death I cast my vote against them. 11And(V) I punished them often in all the synagogues and tried to make them(W) blaspheme, and(X) in raging fury against them I(Y) persecuted them even to foreign cities.

Paul Tells of His Conversion

 12"In this connection(Z) I journeyed to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests. 13At midday, O king, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, that shone around me and those who journeyed with me. 14And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me(AA) in the Hebrew language,[a] 'Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.' 15And I said, 'Who are you, Lord?' And the Lord said, 'I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. 16But rise and(AB) stand upon your feet, for I have appeared to you for this purpose,(AC) to appoint you as a servant and witness to the things in which you have seen me and to those in which I will appear to you, 17(AD) delivering you from your people and from the Gentiles—(AE) to whom I(AF) am sending you 18(AG) to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from(AH) the power of Satan to God, that they may receive(AI) forgiveness of sins and(AJ) a place among those who are sanctified(AK) by faith in me.'

 19"Therefore, O King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to(AL) the heavenly vision, 20but declared first(AM) to those in Damascus,(AN) then in Jerusalem and throughout all the region of Judea, and also(AO) to the Gentiles, that they should(AP) repent and(AQ) turn to God, performing deeds(AR) in keeping with their repentance. 21For this reason(AS) the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill me. 22(AT) To this day I have had the help that comes from God, and so(AU) I stand here testifying both to small and great, saying nothing but what(AV) the prophets and Moses said would come to pass: 23(AW) that the Christ(AX) must suffer and that,(AY) by being the first(AZ) to rise from the dead,(BA) he would proclaim(BB) light both to our people and to the Gentiles."

Footnotes:Acts 26:14 Or the Hebrew dialect (that is, Aramaic)
Cross references:Acts 26:1 : Acts 9:15 Acts 26:2 : Acts 25:7, 19; Acts 26:7 Acts 26:3 : Acts 6:14 Acts 26:3 : Acts 18:15 Acts 26:4 : Gal 1:13 Acts 26:4 : Acts 24:17; 28:19 Acts 26:5 : Acts 22:3 Acts 26:5 : Acts 24:5 Acts 26:5 : James 1:26, 27 Acts 26:5 : Acts 23:6 Acts 26:6 : Acts 13:32 Acts 26:7 : Acts 2:33; Heb 10:36; 11:13, 39 Acts 26:7 : Matt 19:28; Luke 22:30; James 1:1; Rev 21:12; Ezra 6:17 Acts 26:7 : Phil 3:11 Acts 26:7 : Acts 26:2 Acts 26:8 : Acts 17:3; 1 Cor 15:12 Acts 26:9 : 1 Tim 1:13; John 16:2; Acts 3:17 Acts 26:9 : Acts 22:8 Acts 26:10 : Acts 8:3 Acts 26:10 : Acts 26:12; Acts 9:1, 2, 14, 21; 22:4, 5 Acts 26:10 : Acts 22:20 Acts 26:11 : Acts 22:19 Acts 26:11 : Acts 13:45 Acts 26:11 : Acts 9:1 Acts 26:11 : Acts 22:5 Acts 26:12 : For Acts 26:12-18, Acts 9:3-8; 22:6-11 Acts 26:14 : Acts 21:40; 22:2 Acts 26:16 : Ezek 2:1; Dan 10:11 Acts 26:16 : Acts 22:14, 15 Acts 26:17 : Acts 12:11; 1 Chr 16:35; Jer 1:8, 19; 15:20 Acts 26:17 : Acts 9:15 Acts 26:17 : Rom 11:13; 1 Tim 2:7 Acts 26:18 : Isa 35:5; 42:7 Acts 26:18 : Luke 22:53; 1 Cor 5:5 Acts 26:18 : Acts 5:31 Acts 26:18 : Acts 20:32 Acts 26:18 : Acts 15:9; 2 Thess 2:13 Acts 26:19 : Acts 26:13 Acts 26:20 : Acts 9:19, 20 Acts 26:20 : Acts 9:26-29; 22:17-20 Acts 26:20 : Acts 13:46 Acts 26:20 : Acts 2:38 Acts 26:20 : Acts 14:15 Acts 26:20 : Matt 3:8; Luke 3:8 Acts 26:21 : Acts 21:27, 30, 31; 24:18 Acts 26:22 : 2 Cor 1:10; Heb 13:5, 6 Acts 26:22 : Eph 6:13 Acts 26:22 : Acts 10:43; 24:14 Acts 26:23 : Luke 24:26; Heb 2:10; Acts 3:18 Acts 26:23 : John 12:34 Acts 26:23 : 1 Cor 15:20, 23; Col 1:18; Rev 1:5 Acts 26:23 : Rom 1:4 Acts 26:23 : Eph 2:17 Acts 26:23 : Acts 26:18; Luke 2:32


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