May 27th, 2018

Trinity Sunday


Epistle: Rom. 11:33-36


33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!
       34 “ For who has known the mind of the LORD?
      Or who has become His counselor?”[a]
       35 “ Or who has first given to Him
      And it shall be repaid to him?”[b] 36 For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.

Footnotes:Romans 11:34 Isaiah 40:13; Jeremiah 23:18 Romans 11:35 Job 41:11


Gospel: John 3:1-15


The New Birth

 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.” 3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 4 Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” 5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.” 9 Nicodemus answered and said to Him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things? 11 Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness. 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.[a] 14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in Him should not perish but[b] have eternal life.

Footnotes:John 3:13 NU-Text omits who is in heaven. John 3:15 NU-Text omits not perish but.


Old Testament: Ezek. 18:30-32


30 “Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways,” says the Lord GOD. “Repent, and turn from all your transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your ruin. 31 Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit. For why should you die, O house of Israel? 32 For I have no pleasure in the death of one who dies,” says the Lord GOD. “Therefore turn and live!”



Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 67; Ps. 8; Ps. 148


To the Chief Musician. On stringed instruments.[a] A Psalm. A Song.

 1 God be merciful to us and bless us,
         And cause His face to shine upon us,  Selah  
 2 That Your way may be known on earth,
         Your salvation among all nations.
         
 3 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
         Let all the peoples praise You.
 4 Oh, let the nations be glad and sing for joy!
         For You shall judge the people righteously,
         And govern the nations on earth.  Selah  
         
 5 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
         Let all the peoples praise You.
 6 Then the earth shall yield her increase;
         God, our own God, shall bless us.
 7 God shall bless us,
         And all the ends of the earth shall fear Him.

Footnotes:Psalm 67:1 Hebrew neginoth




To the Chief Musician. On the instrument of Gath.[a] A Psalm of David.

 1 O LORD, our Lord,
         How excellent is Your name in all the earth,
         Who have set Your glory above the heavens!
         
 2 Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
         You have ordained strength,
         Because of Your enemies,
         That You may silence the enemy and the avenger.
         
 3 When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers,
         The moon and the stars, which You have ordained,
 4 What is man that You are mindful of him,
         And the son of man that You visit him?
 5 For You have made him a little lower than the angels,[b]
         And You have crowned him with glory and honor.
         
 6 You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands;
         You have put all things under his feet,
 7 All sheep and oxen—
         Even the beasts of the field,
 8 The birds of the air,
         And the fish of the sea
         That pass through the paths of the seas.
         
 9 O LORD, our Lord,
         How excellent is Your name in all the earth!

Footnotes:Psalm 8:1 Hebrew Al Gittith Psalm 8:5 Hebrew Elohim, God; Septuagint, Syriac, Targum, and Jewish tradition translate as angels.




Praise to the LORD from Creation

 1 Praise the LORD!
         
         Praise the LORD from the heavens;
         Praise Him in the heights!
 2 Praise Him, all His angels;
         Praise Him, all His hosts!
 3 Praise Him, sun and moon;
         Praise Him, all you stars of light!
 4 Praise Him, you heavens of heavens,
         And you waters above the heavens!
         
 5 Let them praise the name of the LORD,
         For He commanded and they were created.
 6 He also established them forever and ever;
         He made a decree which shall not pass away.
         
 7 Praise the LORD from the earth,
         You great sea creatures and all the depths;
 8 Fire and hail, snow and clouds;
         Stormy wind, fulfilling His word;
 9 Mountains and all hills;
         Fruitful trees and all cedars;
 10 Beasts and all cattle;
         Creeping things and flying fowl;
 11 Kings of the earth and all peoples;
         Princes and all judges of the earth;
 12 Both young men and maidens;
         Old men and children.
         
 13 Let them praise the name of the LORD,
         For His name alone is exalted;
         His glory is above the earth and heaven.
 14 And He has exalted the horn of His people,
         The praise of all His saints—
         Of the children of Israel,
         A people near to Him.
         
         Praise the LORD!



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 115; Ps. 143


The Futility of Idols and the Trustworthiness of God

 1 Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us,
         But to Your name give glory,
         Because of Your mercy,
         Because of Your truth.
 2 Why should the Gentiles say,
         “So where is their God?”
         
 3 But our God is in heaven;
         He does whatever He pleases.
 4 Their idols are silver and gold,
         The work of men’s hands.
 5 They have mouths, but they do not speak;
         Eyes they have, but they do not see;
 6 They have ears, but they do not hear;
         Noses they have, but they do not smell;
 7 They have hands, but they do not handle;
         Feet they have, but they do not walk;
         Nor do they mutter through their throat.
 8 Those who make them are like them;
         So is everyone who trusts in them.
         
 9 O Israel, trust in the LORD;
         He is their help and their shield.
 10 O house of Aaron, trust in the LORD;
         He is their help and their shield.
 11 You who fear the LORD, trust in the LORD;
         He is their help and their shield.
         
 12 The LORD has been mindful of us;
         He will bless us;
         He will bless the house of Israel;
         He will bless the house of Aaron.
 13 He will bless those who fear the LORD,
         Both small and great.
         
 14 May the LORD give you increase more and more,
         You and your children.
 15 May you be blessed by the LORD,
         Who made heaven and earth.
         
 16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’s;
         But the earth He has given to the children of men.
 17 The dead do not praise the LORD,
         Nor any who go down into silence.
 18 But we will bless the LORD
         From this time forth and forevermore.
         
         Praise the LORD!





A Psalm of David.

 1 Hear my prayer, O LORD,
         Give ear to my supplications!
         In Your faithfulness answer me,
         And in Your righteousness.
 2 Do not enter into judgment with Your servant,
         For in Your sight no one living is righteous.
         
 3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul;
         He has crushed my life to the ground;
         He has made me dwell in darkness,
         Like those who have long been dead.
 4 Therefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me;
         My heart within me is distressed.
         
 5 I remember the days of old;
         I meditate on all Your works;
         I muse on the work of Your hands.
 6 I spread out my hands to You;
         My soul longs for You like a thirsty land.  Selah  
         
 7 Answer me speedily, O LORD;
         My spirit fails!
         Do not hide Your face from me,
         Lest I be like those who go down into the pit.
 8 Cause me to hear Your lovingkindness in the morning,
         For in You do I trust;
         Cause me to know the way in which I should walk,
         For I lift up my soul to You.
         
 9 Deliver me, O LORD, from my enemies;
         In You I take shelter.[a]
 10 Teach me to do Your will,
         For You are my God;
         Your Spirit is good.
         Lead me in the land of uprightness.
         
 11 Revive me, O LORD, for Your name’s sake!
         For Your righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.
 12 In Your mercy cut off my enemies,
         And destroy all those who afflict my soul;
         For I am Your servant.

Footnotes:Psalm 143:9 Septuagint and Vulgate read To You I flee.


Collect

Almighty and everlasting God, who hast given unto us, Thy servants, grace by the confession of a true faith, to aknowledge the glory of the eternal Trinity and in the power of the Divine Majesty to worship the Unity, we beseech Thee that Thou wouldst keep us steadfast in this faith and evermore defend us from all adversities; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end.

Old Testament (LSB): Isaiah 6:1-7


Isaiah Called to Be a Prophet

 1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple. 2 Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one cried to another and said:
      “ Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts;
      The whole earth is full of His glory!”

 4 And the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke. 5 So I said:
      “ Woe is me, for I am undone!
      Because I am a man of unclean lips,
      And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips;
      For my eyes have seen the King,
      The LORD of hosts.” 6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a live coal which he had taken with the tongs from the altar. 7 And he touched my mouth with it, and said:
      “ Behold, this has touched your lips;
      Your iniquity is taken away,
      And your sin purged.”



Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, You have given us grace to acknowledge the glory of the eternal Trinity by the confession of a true faith and to worship the Unity in the power of the Divine Majesty. Keep us steadfast in this faith and defend us from all adversities; for You, O Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, live and reign, one God, now and forever.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui dedisti famulis tuis in confessione verae fidei aeternae trinitatis gloriam agnoscere, et in potentia majestatis adorare unitatem quaesumus, ut eiusdem fidei firmitate ab omnibus semper muniamur adversis. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Explanation of the Week

When Isaiah beheld the glory of the Lord, he cried out "Woe is me!" For the sinner cannot stand in the presence of a holy God and live (Is 6:1-7). But God the Father lifted up His Son Jesus for us on the cross, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life (John 3:1-15). This eternal life of Christ is given us according to the Holy Spirit's good pleasure in Baptism. "Unless one is born (again) of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." To sinners in fear of death, the messengers of God place on our lips the living body and blood of Christ and speak His words of absolution, "Your iniquity is taken away, and your sin purged." Having received forgiveness and life from the Father through the Son by the Holy Spirit, we join with the angels in praising the blessed Trinity, "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts!" "For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen" (Rom 11:33-36).

Introit

Antiphon:
Blessed be the Holy | Trinity*
     and the Undivided | Unity:
Let us give glo- | ry to Him*
     For He has shown mercy | unto us. (Liturgical Text)

Psalm:
O | LORD, our Lord,*
     How excellent is Your name in | all the earth,
You have set Your glory above the | heavens!*
     Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants, You have or- | dained strength.
What is man that You are mind- | ful of him,*
     and the son of man that You | visit him?
For You have made him a little lower than the | angels,*
     and You have crowned him with glory and | honor. (Psalm 8:1-5)

Offertory

Blessed be God the Father, and the only-begotten Son of God, and likewise the Holy Spirit: for He has shown His mercy upon us. (Tobit 12)

Gradual

Blessed are You, O Lord, who be- / holds the deep,*
     and who dwells between the / cherubim.
Blessed are You, O Lord, in the firmament of / heaven,*
     and greatly to be praised for- / ever. (Song of the Three Children, 32–34)

Verse

Alle- / luia.*
     Alle- / luia.
Blessed are You, O Lord God of our / Fathers,*
     and greatly to be praised and glorified forever. Alle- / luia. (Song of the Three Children, 29)

First Reading: Eccl. 4:1-16


 1 Then I returned and considered all the oppression that is done under the sun:
      And look! The tears of the oppressed,
      But they have no comforter—
      On the side of their oppressors there is power,
      But they have no comforter.
       2 Therefore I praised the dead who were already dead,
      More than the living who are still alive.
       3 Yet, better than both is he who has never existed,
      Who has not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.

The Vanity of Selfish Toil
 4 Again, I saw that for all toil and every skillful work a man is envied by his neighbor. This also is vanity and grasping for the wind.
       5 The fool folds his hands
      And consumes his own flesh.
       6 Better a handful with quietness
      Than both hands full, together with toil and grasping for the wind.

 7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun:
       8 There is one alone, without companion:
      He has neither son nor brother.
      Yet there is no end to all his labors,
      Nor is his eye satisfied with riches.
      But he never asks,
      “ For whom do I toil and deprive myself of good?”
      This also is vanity and a grave misfortune.

The Value of a Friend
    9 Two are better than one,
      Because they have a good reward for their labor.
       10 For if they fall, one will lift up his companion.
      But woe to him who is alone when he falls,
      For he has no one to help him up.
       11 Again, if two lie down together, they will keep warm;
      But how can one be warm alone?
       12 Though one may be overpowered by another, two can withstand him.
      And a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
Popularity Passes Away
    13 Better a poor and wise youth
      Than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more.
       14 For he comes out of prison to be king,
      Although he was born poor in his kingdom.
       15 I saw all the living who walk under the sun;
      They were with the second youth who stands in his place.
       16 There was no end of all the people over whom he was made king;
      Yet those who come afterward will not rejoice in him.
      Surely this also is vanity and grasping for the wind.



Second Reading: John 7:32-53


Jesus and the Religious Leaders

    32 The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things concerning Him, and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him. 33 Then Jesus said to them,[a] “I shall be with you a little while longer, and then I go to Him who sent Me. 34 You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come.” 35 Then the Jews said among themselves, “Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him? Does He intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks? 36 What is this thing that He said, ‘You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come’?”

The Promise of the Holy Spirit

    37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” 39 But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing[b] in Him would receive; for the Holy[c] Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

Who Is He?

    40 Therefore many[d] from the crowd, when they heard this saying, said, “Truly this is the Prophet.” 41 Others said, “This is the Christ.” But some said, “Will the Christ come out of Galilee? 42 Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” 43 So there was a division among the people because of Him. 44 Now some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him.

Rejected by the Authorities

    45 Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why have you not brought Him?” 46 The officers answered, “No man ever spoke like this Man!” 47 Then the Pharisees answered them, “Are you also deceived? 48 Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him? 49 But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.” 50 Nicodemus (he who came to Jesus by night,[e] being one of them) said to them, 51 “Does our law judge a man before it hears him and knows what he is doing?” 52 They answered and said to him, “Are you also from Galilee? Search and look, for no prophet has arisen[f] out of Galilee.”

An Adulteress Faces the Light of the World

    53 And everyone went to his own house.[g]

Footnotes:John 7:33 NU-Text and M-Text omit to them. John 7:39 NU-Text reads who believed. John 7:39 NU-Text omits Holy. John 7:40 NU-Text reads some. John 7:50 NU-Text reads before. John 7:52 NU-Text reads is to rise. John 7:53 The words And everyone through sin no more (8:11) are bracketed by NU-Text as not original. They are present in over 900 manuscripts.


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