May 2nd, 2018

Athanasius of Alexandria, Pastor and Confessor

First Reading: Lev. 23:23-44

The Feast of Trumpets

 23And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24"Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In(A) the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest,(B) a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall present a food offering to the LORD."

The Day of Atonement

 26And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 27"Now(C) on the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves and present a food offering to the LORD. 28And you shall not do any work on that very day, for it is a Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God. 29For whoever is not afflicted on that very day(D) shall be cut off from his people. 30And whoever does any work on that very day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31You shall not do any work. It is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict yourselves. On the ninth day of the month beginning at evening, from evening to evening shall you keep your Sabbath."

The Feast of Booths

 33And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 34"Speak to the people of Israel, saying,(E) On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of Booths[a] to the LORD. 35On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work. 36For seven days you shall present food offerings to the LORD.(F) On the eighth day you shall hold a holy convocation and present a food offering to the LORD. It is a(G) solemn assembly; you shall not do any ordinary work.

 37(H) "These are the appointed feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim as times of holy convocation, for presenting to the LORD food offerings, burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day, 38(I) besides the LORD’s Sabbaths and besides your gifts and besides all your vow offerings and besides all your freewill offerings, which you give to the LORD.

 39"On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have(J) gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the LORD seven days. On the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest. 40And(K) you shall take on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and(L) you shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. 41(M) You shall celebrate it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It is a statute forever throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42(N) You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43that(O) your generations may know that I made the people of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God."

 44Thus Moses(P) declared to the people of Israel the appointed feasts of the LORD.

Footnotes:Leviticus 23:34 Or tabernacles
Cross references:Leviticus 23:24 : Num 29:1 Leviticus 23:24 : Leviticus 25:9 Leviticus 23:27 : Leviticus 16:29, 30; Num 29:7 Leviticus 23:29 : Exodus 30:33 Leviticus 23:34 : Num 29:12; Deut 16:13; Ezra 3:4; Neh 8:14; Ezek 45:25; Hos 12:9; Zech 14:16; John 7:2 Leviticus 23:36 : Num 29:35; Neh 8:18; John 7:37 Leviticus 23:36 : Num 29:35; Deut 16:8; 2 Kgs 10:20; 2 Chr 7:9; Neh 8:18; Isa 1:13; Joel 1:14; 2:15; Amos 5:21 Leviticus 23:37 : Leviticus 23:2, 4 Leviticus 23:38 : Num 29:39 Leviticus 23:39 : Exodus 23:16; Deut 16:13 Leviticus 23:40 : Neh 8:14-18 Leviticus 23:40 : Deut 16:14, 15 Leviticus 23:41 : Num 29:12-38 Leviticus 23:42 : Neh 8:14-18 Leviticus 23:43 : Deut 31:10-13 Leviticus 23:44 : Leviticus 23:2

Second Reading: Lk. 12:35-53

You Must Be Ready

 35(A) "Stay dressed for action[a] and(B) keep your lamps burning, 36and be like men who are(C) waiting for their master to come home from the wedding feast, so that they may open the door to him at once when he comes and(D) knocks. 37(E) Blessed are those servants[b] whom the master finds(F) awake when he comes. Truly, I say to you,(G) he will dress himself for service and have them recline at table, and he will come and serve them. 38If he comes in the second watch, or in the third, and finds them awake, blessed are those servants! 39(H) But know this, that if the master of the house had known at what hour(I) the thief was coming, he[c] would not have left his house to be broken into. 40You also must be(J) ready, for(K) the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect."

 41Peter said, "Lord,(L) are you telling this parable for us or for all?" 42And the Lord said, "Who then is(M) the faithful and(N) wise manager, whom his master will set over his household, to give them their portion of food at the proper time? 43(O) Blessed is that servant[d] whom his master will find so doing when he comes. 44Truly, I say to you,(P) he will set him over all his possessions. 45But if that servant says to himself, 'My master(Q) is delayed in coming,' and begins to beat the male and female servants, and to eat and drink and(R) get drunk, 46the master of that servant will come(S) on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know, and will cut him in pieces and put him with the unfaithful. 47(T) And that servant who(U) knew his master’s will but(V) did not get ready(W) or act according to his will, will receive a severe beating. 48(X) But the one who did not know, and did what deserved a beating,(Y) will receive a light beating.(Z) Everyone to whom much was given, of him much will be required, and from him to whom they entrusted much, they will demand the more.

Not Peace, but Division

 49(AA) "I came to cast fire on the earth, and would that it were already kindled! 50(AB) I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how(AC) great is my distress until it is accomplished! 51(AD) Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth?(AE) No, I tell you, but rather division. 52For from now on in one house there will be five divided, three against two and two against three. 53They will be divided,(AF) father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

Footnotes:Luke 12:35 Greek Let your loins stay girded; compare Exodus 12:11 Luke 12:37 Greek bondservants Luke 12:39 Some manuscripts add would have stayed awake and Luke 12:43 Greek bondservant; also verses 45, 46, 47
Cross references:Luke 12:35 : Eph 6:14; 1 Pet 1:13 Luke 12:35 : Matt 25:7 Luke 12:36 : 2 Pet 3:12 Luke 12:36 : Rev 3:20 Luke 12:37 : Matt 24:42, 46 Luke 12:37 : John 13:4; Luke 12:35; Luke 17:8 Luke 12:37 : Luke 22:27 Luke 12:39 : For Luke 12:39-46, Matt 24:43-51 Luke 12:39 : 1 Thess 5:2; 2 Pet 3:10; Rev 3:3 Luke 12:40 : Luke 12:47; Matt 25:10 Luke 12:40 : Luke 21:27 Luke 12:41 : Mark 13:37 Luke 12:42 : Matt 24:45 Luke 12:42 : Luke 16:1 Luke 12:43 : John 13:17; Rev 16:15 Luke 12:44 : Matt 25:21, 23 Luke 12:45 : Matt 25:5; Heb 10:37; 2 Pet 3:4, 9 Luke 12:45 : 1 Thess 5:7 Luke 12:46 : 2 Pet 3:12; Luke 12:40 Luke 12:47 : Matt 11:24; John 15:22, 24 Luke 12:47 : James 4:17; 2 Pet 2:21 Luke 12:47 : Luke 12:40 Luke 12:47 : Deut 25:2, 3 Luke 12:48 : Lev 5:17; Num 15:29, 30 Luke 12:48 : Rom 1:19, 20; 2:14, 15; 1 Tim 1:13 Luke 12:48 : Matt 25:29; Matt 13:12 Luke 12:49 : Matt 3:11 Luke 12:50 : Mark 10:38 Luke 12:50 : 2 Cor 5:14 (Gk) Luke 12:51 : For Luke 12:51-53, Matt 10:34, 35 Luke 12:51 : Rev 6:4 Luke 12:53 : Matt 10:21; Mic 7:6


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