March 31st, 2018

Holy Saturday (Easter Vigil)


First Reading: Ex. 13:17-14:9


Pillars of Cloud and Fire

 17When Pharaoh let the people go, God did(A) not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For God said, "Lest the people(B) change their minds when they see war and return to Egypt." 18But God(C) led the people around by the way of the wilderness toward the Red Sea. And the people of Israel went up out of the land of Egypt equipped for battle. 19Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph[a] had made the sons of Israel solemnly swear, saying,(D) "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones with you from here." 20And(E) they moved on from Succoth and encamped at Etham, on the edge of the wilderness. 21And(F) the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. 22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.

Crossing the Red Sea

 1Then the LORD said to Moses, 2"Tell the people of Israel to(G) turn back and encamp in front of Pi-hahiroth, between(H) Migdol and the sea, in front of Baal-zephon; you shall encamp facing it, by the sea. 3For Pharaoh will say of the people of Israel, 'They are wandering in the land; the wilderness has shut them in.' 4And(I) I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will pursue them, and I will(J) get glory over Pharaoh and all his host,(K) and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD." And they did so.

 5When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the(L) mind of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, "What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?" 6So he made ready his chariot and took his army with him, 7and took(M) six hundred chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them. 8And(N) the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the people of Israel while(O) the people of Israel were going out defiantly. 9The(P) Egyptians pursued them, all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them(Q) encamped at the sea, by Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

Footnotes:Exodus 13:19 Samaritan, Septuagint; Hebrew he
Cross references:Exodus 13:17 : Psalm 107:7 Exodus 13:17 : Exodus 14:11, 12; Neh 9:17; Num 14:1-4 Exodus 13:18 : Exodus 14:2; Deut 32:10; Num 33:6-49 Exodus 13:19 : Gen 50:25; Josh 24:32; Heb 11:22; Acts 7:16 Exodus 13:20 : Exodus 12:37; Num 33:6 Exodus 13:21 : Exodus 14:19, 24; 40:38; Num 10:34; 14:14; Deut 1:33; Neh 9:12, 19; Psalm 78:14; 99:7; 105:39; 1 Cor 10:1; Isa 4:5; Num 9:15-23 Exodus 14:2 : Exodus 13:18, 20; Num 33:7, 8 Exodus 14:2 : Jer 44:1 Exodus 14:4 : Exodus 4:21 Exodus 14:4 : Rom 9:17, 22, 23; Exodus 9:16 Exodus 14:4 : Exodus 7:5 Exodus 14:5 : Psalm 105:25 Exodus 14:7 : Exodus 15:4; Isa 31:1 Exodus 14:8 : Exodus 14:4 Exodus 14:8 : Exodus 6:1; 13:3, 9, 16; Num 33:3; Deut 26:8; Acts 13:17; Exodus 3:19 Exodus 14:9 : Exodus 15:9; Josh 24:6 Exodus 14:9 : Exodus 14:2


Second Reading: Heb. 7:1-22


The Priestly Order of Melchizedek
 1For this(A) Melchizedek, king of(B) Salem, priest of(C) the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. He is first, by translation of his name, king of righteousness, and then he is also king of Salem, that is, king of peace. 3He is without father or mother(D) or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever.

 4See how great this man was to whom Abraham(E) the patriarch gave a tenth of the spoils! 5And(F) those descendants of Levi who receive the priestly office have a commandment in the law to take tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers,[a] though these also are descended from Abraham. 6But this man(G) who does not have his descent from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed(H) him who had the promises. 7It is beyond dispute that the inferior is blessed by the superior. 8In the one case tithes are received by mortal men, but in the other case, by one(I) of whom it is testified that(J) he lives. 9One might even say that Levi himself, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, 10for he was still in the loins of his ancestor when Melchizedek met him.

Jesus Compared to Melchizedek
 11(K) Now if perfection had been attainable through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need would there have been for another priest to arise after the order of Melchizedek, rather than one named after the order of Aaron? 12For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well. 13For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar. 14For it is evident that our Lord was descended(L) from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.

 15This becomes even more evident when another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, 16who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life. 17For it is witnessed of him,
   (M) "You are a priest forever,
   after the order of Melchizedek."

 18For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside(N) because of its weakness and uselessness 19(for(O) the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand,(P) a better hope is introduced, through which(Q) we draw near to God.

 20And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath, 21but this one was made a priest with an oath by the one who said to him:
   (R) "The Lord has sworn
   and will not change his mind,'You are a priest forever.'"

 22This makes Jesus the guarantor of(S) a better covenant.

Footnotes:Hebrews 7:5 Or brothers and sisters
Cross references:Hebrews 7:1 : Gen 14:18-20 Hebrews 7:1 : Psalm 76:2 Hebrews 7:1 : Num 24:16; Deut 32:8 Hebrews 7:3 : Hebrews 7:6 Hebrews 7:4 : Acts 2:29; 7:8, 9 Hebrews 7:5 : Num 18:21, 26; 2 Chr 31:4, 5 Hebrews 7:6 : Hebrews 7:3 Hebrews 7:6 : Rom 4:13 Hebrews 7:8 : Hebrews 5:6; 6:20 Hebrews 7:8 : John 6:57; Rev 1:17, 18 Hebrews 7:11 : Hebrews 7:18, 19; Hebrews 8:7; Gal 2:21 Hebrews 7:14 : Isa 11:1; Mic 5:2; Matt 1:3; Luke 3:33; Rev 5:5 Hebrews 7:17 : Hebrews 7:21; Hebrews 5:6; 6:20; Psalm 110:4 Hebrews 7:18 : Rom 8:3; Gal 4:9 Hebrews 7:19 : Hebrews 9:9; 10:1; Lev 16:16; Acts 13:39 Hebrews 7:19 : Hebrews 6:18 Hebrews 7:19 : Hebrews 7:25; Lev 10:3; Hebrews 4:16 Hebrews 7:21 : Hebrews 7:17 Hebrews 7:22 : Hebrews 8:6


Epistle: 1 Pet. 3:17-22


17For(A) it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God’s will, than for doing evil.

 18For Christ also(B) suffered[a](C) once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous,(D) that he might bring us to God, being put to death(E) in the flesh but made alive(F) in the spirit, 19in which[b] he went and(G) proclaimed[c] to the spirits in prison, 20because[d] they formerly did not obey,(H) when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah,(I) while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is,(J) eight persons, were brought safely through water. 21Baptism, which corresponds to this,(K) now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but(L) as an appeal to God for a good conscience,(M) through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22who has gone into heaven and(N) is at the right hand of God,(O) with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.

Footnotes:1 Peter 3:18 Some manuscripts died 1 Peter 3:19 Or the Spirit, in whom 1 Peter 3:19 Or preached 1 Peter 3:20 Or when
Cross references:1 Peter 3:17 : 1 Peter 2:20; 1 Peter 4:15, 16 1 Peter 3:18 : 1 Peter 2:21; 4:1; Rom 4:25 1 Peter 3:18 : Heb 9:26, 28 1 Peter 3:18 : Rom 5:2 1 Peter 3:18 : 1 Peter 4:1; Col 1:22; 2 Cor 13:4 1 Peter 3:18 : 1 Peter 4:6 1 Peter 3:19 : 1 Peter 3:18 1 Peter 3:20 : Gen 6:3, 5, 13, 14 1 Peter 3:20 : Heb 11:7 1 Peter 3:20 : Gen 7:1, 7, 23; 8:18; 2 Pet 2:5 1 Peter 3:21 : Mark 16:16; Acts 16:33; Rom 6:3-6; Titus 3:5 1 Peter 3:21 : Rom 10:10 1 Peter 3:21 : 1 Peter 1:3 1 Peter 3:22 : Acts 2:33, 34; Rom 8:34; Eph 1:20; Col 3:1; Heb 1:3 1 Peter 3:22 : Rom 8:38; 1 Cor 15:24; Eph 1:21


Gospel: Matt. 27:57-66


Jesus Is Buried

 57(A) When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud 60and(B) laid it in his own new tomb,(C) which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled(D) a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. 61Mary Magdalene and(E) the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the tomb.

The Guard at the Tomb

 62The next day, that is, after the day of(F) Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said, "Sir, we remember how(G) that impostor said, while he was still alive,(H) 'After three days I will rise.' 64Therefore order the tomb to be made secure until the third day,(I) lest his disciples go and steal him away and tell the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last fraud will be worse than the first." 65Pilate said to them, "You have(J) a guard[a] of soldiers. Go, make it as secure as you can." 66So they went and made the tomb secure by(K) sealing the stone and setting a guard.

Footnotes:Matthew 27:65 Or Take a guard
Cross references:Matthew 27:57 : For Matthew 27:57-61, Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42 Matthew 27:60 : Isa 53:9 Matthew 27:60 : Isa 22:16 Matthew 27:60 : Mark 16:4; John 11:38 Matthew 27:61 : Matthew 27:56; Matthew 28:1 Matthew 27:62 : Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14, 31, 42 Matthew 27:63 : Matthew 27:64; John 7:12 Matthew 27:63 : Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 28:6; Mark 8:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 18:33; 24:6, 7; Matthew 26:61; John 2:19 Matthew 27:64 : Matthew 28:13 Matthew 27:65 : Matthew 28:11 Matthew 27:66 : Dan 6:17


Old Testament (LSB): Dan. 6:1-24


Daniel and the Lions’ Den

 1It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom(A) 120(B) satraps, to be throughout the whole kingdom; 2and over them(C) three presidents, of whom Daniel was one, to whom these(D) satraps should give account, so that the king might suffer no loss. 3Then this Daniel became(E) distinguished above all(F) the other presidents and(G) satraps, because(H) an excellent spirit was in him. And the king planned(I) to set him over the whole kingdom. 4Then(J) the presidents and(K) the satraps(L) sought to find a ground for complaint against Daniel with regard to the kingdom,(M) but they could find no ground for complaint or any fault, because he was faithful, and no error or fault was found in him. 5Then these men said, "We shall not find any ground for complaint against this Daniel unless we find it in connection with the law of his God."

 6Then these(N) presidents and(O) satraps came by agreement[a] to the king and said to him, "O(P) King Darius, live forever! 7All the(Q) presidents of the kingdom, the prefects and the satraps, the(R) counselors and the governors are agreed that the king should establish an ordinance and enforce an(S) injunction, that whoever makes petition to any god or man for thirty days, except to you, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions. 8Now, O king, establish(T) the injunction and sign the document, so that it cannot be changed, according to(U) the law of(V) the Medes and the Persians,(W) which cannot be revoked." 9Therefore King Darius signed the document and(X) injunction.

 10When Daniel knew that the document had been signed, he went to his house where(Y) he had windows in his upper chamber open(Z) toward Jerusalem. He got down on his knees(AA) three times a day and prayed and(AB) gave thanks before his God, as he had done previously. 11Then these men came by agreement and found Daniel making petition and plea before his God. 12Then they(AC) came near and said before the king, concerning the injunction, "O king! Did you not sign(AD) an injunction, that anyone who makes petition to any god or man within thirty days except to you, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions?" The king answered and said, "The thing stands fast, according to the law of(AE) the Medes and Persians,(AF) which cannot be revoked." 13Then they answered and said before the king,(AG) "Daniel, who is one(AH) of the exiles(AI) from Judah,(AJ) pays no attention to you, O king, or(AK) the injunction you have signed, but makes his petition three times a day."

 14Then(AL) the king, when he heard these words, was much distressed and set his mind to deliver Daniel. And he labored till the sun went down to rescue him. 15Then these men came by agreement to the king and said to the king, "Know, O king, that it is a law of the Medes and Persians that no(AM) injunction or ordinance that the king establishes can be changed."

 16Then the king commanded, and Daniel was brought and cast into the den of lions. The king declared[b] to Daniel, "May(AN) your God, whom you serve continually, deliver you!" 17(AO) And a stone was brought and laid on the mouth of the den,(AP) and the king sealed it(AQ) with his own signet and with the signet of his(AR) lords, that nothing might be changed concerning Daniel. 18Then the king went to his palace and spent the night fasting;(AS) no diversions were brought to him, and(AT) sleep fled from him.

 19Then, at break of day, the king arose and went in haste to the den of lions. 20As he came near to the den where Daniel was, he cried out in a tone of anguish. The king declared to Daniel, "O Daniel, servant of(AU) the living God,(AV) has your God, whom you serve continually,(AW) been able to deliver you from the lions?" 21Then Daniel said to the king,(AX) "O king, live forever! 22My God(AY) sent his angel(AZ) and shut the lions’ mouths, and they have not harmed me, because I was found blameless(BA) before him; and also before you, O king, I have done no harm." 23Then the king was exceedingly glad, and commanded that Daniel be taken up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and(BB) no kind of harm was found on him, because he had trusted in his God. 24And the king commanded, and(BC) those men who had maliciously accused Daniel were brought and cast into the den of lions—they, their children, and their wives. And before they reached the bottom of the den, the lions overpowered them and broke all their bones in pieces.

Footnotes:Daniel 6:6 Or came thronging; also verses 11, 15 Daniel 6:16 Aramaic answered and said; also verse 20
Cross references:Daniel 6:1 : Esth 1:1 Daniel 6:1 : Daniel 3:2 Daniel 6:2 : Daniel 5:7, 16, 29 Daniel 6:2 : Daniel 6:1 Daniel 6:3 : Esth 3:1 Daniel 6:3 : Daniel 6:2 Daniel 6:3 : Daniel 6:1 Daniel 6:3 : Daniel 5:12 Daniel 6:3 : Gen 41:40; Esth 10:3 Daniel 6:4 : Daniel 6:2 Daniel 6:4 : Daniel 6:1 Daniel 6:4 : Eccles 4:4 Daniel 6:4 : Ezek 14:14, 20 Daniel 6:6 : Daniel 6:2 Daniel 6:6 : Daniel 6:1 Daniel 6:6 : Daniel 6:21; Daniel 2:4 Daniel 6:7 : Daniel 6:2 Daniel 6:7 : Daniel 3:24; 4:36 Daniel 6:7 : Daniel 6:12, 13, 15 Daniel 6:8 : Daniel 6:7 Daniel 6:8 : Daniel 6:12, 15; Esth 1:19 Daniel 6:8 : Daniel 8:20 Daniel 6:8 : Daniel 6:15; Esth 8:8 Daniel 6:9 : Daniel 6:7 Daniel 6:10 : Psalm 137:5 Daniel 6:10 : Psalm 28:2; 138:2; 1 Kgs 8:48 Daniel 6:10 : Psalm 55:17 Daniel 6:10 : Daniel 2:23 Daniel 6:12 : Daniel 3:8 Daniel 6:12 : Daniel 6:7, 8, 9 Daniel 6:12 : Daniel 6:8 Daniel 6:12 : Daniel 6:8 Daniel 6:13 : Daniel 1:6 Daniel 6:13 : Daniel 2:25 Daniel 6:13 : Daniel 3:12 Daniel 6:13 : Daniel 6:12 Daniel 6:13 : Daniel 6:10 Daniel 6:14 : Matt 14:9; Mark 6:26 Daniel 6:15 : Daniel 6:12 Daniel 6:16 : Acts 27:23 Daniel 6:17 : Lam 3:53 Daniel 6:17 : Matt 27:66; Rev 20:3 Daniel 6:17 : Esth 3:12 Daniel 6:17 : Daniel 4:36; 5:1 Daniel 6:18 : Prov 25:20 Daniel 6:18 : Esth 6:1; Daniel 2:1 Daniel 6:20 : Daniel 6:26 Daniel 6:20 : Daniel 6:16 Daniel 6:20 : Daniel 3:15 Daniel 6:21 : Daniel 2:4 Daniel 6:22 : Daniel 3:28 Daniel 6:22 : Heb 11:33; Psalm 22:21; 2 Tim 4:17 Daniel 6:22 : Daniel 6:4 Daniel 6:23 : Daniel 3:25 Daniel 6:24 : Deut 19:19


Collect (LSB)

O God, You made this most holy night to shine with the glory of the Lord's resurrection. Preserve in us the spirit of adoption which You have given that, made alive in body and soul, we may serve You purely; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

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