March 25th, 2018

Palmarum (Palm Sunday)


Collect

Almighty and everlasting God, who hast sent Thy Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Him our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross that all mankind should follow the example of His great humility, mercifully grant that we may both follow the example of his patience and also be made partakers of His resurrection; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, You sent Your Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Himself our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross. Mercifully grant that we may follow the example of His great humility and patience and be made partakers of His resurrection; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui humano generi ad imitandum humanitatis Exemplum, salvatorem nostrum carnem sumere et crucem subire fecisti, concede propitius, ut et patientiae ipsius habere documenta, et resurrectionis consortia mereamur. Per eundem Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Explanation of the Week

"Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey." (Zech 9:9-12; Mt 21:1-9) Our Lord rides in this humble fashion because He is entering Jerusalem to humble Himself even to the point of death on a cross. (Phil 2:5-11) His kingly crown will not be made of gold but of thorns, the sign of sin's curse. For His royal reign is displayed in bearing this curse for His people, saving us from our enemies by sacrificing His own life. The sinless One takes the place of the sinner so that the sinner can be freed and bear the name "Barabbas," "son of the Father." (Matthew 26 and 27) It is at the name of this exalted Savior, Jesus, that we bow in humble faith. With the centurion who declared, "Truly this was the Son of God!" we are given to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Introit

Antiphon:
But You, O LORD, do not be | far from Me;*
     O My Strength, hasten to | help Me!
Save Me from the | lion's mouth*
     and from the horns of the wild | oxen! (Psalm 22:19, 21)

Psalm:
My God, My God, why have You for- | saken Me?*
     Why are You so far from | helping Me.
All those who see Me ridi- | cule Me;*
     they shoot out the lip, they | shake the head.
They say "He trusted in the LORD, let Him | rescue Him;*
     let Him deliver Him, since He de- | lights in Him!"
Be not far from Me, for trou- | ble is near;*
     for there is | none to help. (Psalm 22:1, 7-8, 11)
(The Gloria Patri is omitted)

Gradual

You hold me by my | right hand.*
     You will guide me with Your counsel, and afterward receive me to | glory.
Truly God is good to | Israel, *
     to such as are | pure in heart. (Psalm 73:23–24, 1)

Verse

My | God, My God,*
     Why have You for- | saken Me?
Why are You so far from | helping Me,*
     and from the words of My | groaning?
Our fathers trust- | ed in You;*
     they trusted, and You de- | livered them.
They cried to You, and were de- | livered;*
     they trusted in You, and were | not ashamed. (Psalm 22:1, 4, 5)

Old Testament: Zech. 9:9-10


The Coming King

    9 “ Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
      Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
      Behold, your King is coming to you;
      He is just and having salvation,
      Lowly and riding on a donkey,
      A colt, the foal of a donkey.
       10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
      And the horse from Jerusalem;
      The battle bow shall be cut off.
      He shall speak peace to the nations;
      His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea,
      And from the River to the ends of the earth.’[a]

Footnotes:Zechariah 9:10 Psalm 72:8


Old Testament (LSB): Zech. 9:9-12


The Coming King

    9 “ Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
      Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
      Behold, your King is coming to you;
      He is just and having salvation,
      Lowly and riding on a donkey,
      A colt, the foal of a donkey.
       10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
      And the horse from Jerusalem;
      The battle bow shall be cut off.
      He shall speak peace to the nations;
      His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea,
      And from the River to the ends of the earth.’[a]

God Will Save His People

    11 “ As for you also,
      Because of the blood of your covenant,
      I will set your prisoners free from the waterless pit.
       12 Return to the stronghold,
      You prisoners of hope.
      Even today I declare
      That I will restore double to you.
      

Footnotes:Zechariah 9:10 Psalm 72:8


Epistle: Phil. 2:5-11


The Humbled and Exalted Christ

    5 Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, 7 but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. 9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.



Gospel: Matt. 21:1-9


The Triumphal Entry

 1 Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage,[a] at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me. 3 And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.” 4 All[b] this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
       5 “ Tell the daughter of Zion,
      ‘ Behold, your King is coming to you,
      Lowly, and sitting on a donkey,
      A colt, the foal of a donkey.’”[c] 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him[d] on them. 8 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:
      “ Hosanna to the Son of David!
      ‘ Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’[e]
      Hosanna in the highest!”

Footnotes:Matthew 21:1 M-Text reads Bethsphage. Matthew 21:4 NU-Text omits All. Matthew 21:5 Zechariah 9:9 Matthew 21:7 NU-Text reads and He sat. Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:26


Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 61


To the Chief Musician. On a stringed instrument.[a]A Psalm of David.

 1 Hear my cry, O God;
         Attend to my prayer.
 2 From the end of the earth I will cry to You,
         When my heart is overwhelmed;
         Lead me to the rock that is higher than I.
         
 3 For You have been a shelter for me,
         A strong tower from the enemy.
 4 I will abide in Your tabernacle forever;
         I will trust in the shelter of Your wings.  Selah  
         
 5 For You, O God, have heard my vows;
         You have given me the heritage of those who fear Your name.
 6 You will prolong the king’s life,
         His years as many generations.
 7 He shall abide before God forever.
         Oh, prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him!
         
 8 So I will sing praise to Your name forever,
         That I may daily perform my vows.

Footnotes:Psalm 61:1 Hebrew neginah


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 67


To the Chief Musician. On stringed instruments.[a] A Psalm. A Song.

 1 God be merciful to us and bless us,
         And cause His face to shine upon us,  Selah  
 2 That Your way may be known on earth,
         Your salvation among all nations.
         
 3 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
         Let all the peoples praise You.
 4 Oh, let the nations be glad and sing for joy!
         For You shall judge the people righteously,
         And govern the nations on earth.  Selah  
         
 5 Let the peoples praise You, O God;
         Let all the peoples praise You.
 6 Then the earth shall yield her increase;
         God, our own God, shall bless us.
 7 God shall bless us,
         And all the ends of the earth shall fear Him.

Footnotes:Psalm 67:1 Hebrew neginoth


First Reading: Ex. 8:1-32


The Second Plague: Frogs
 1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. 2 But if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your territory with frogs. 3 So the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, into your bedroom, on your bed, into the houses of your servants, on your people, into your ovens, and into your kneading bowls. 4 And the frogs shall come up on you, on your people, and on all your servants.”’” 5 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.’” 6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt. 7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt. 8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, “Entreat the LORD that He may take away the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice to the LORD.” 9 And Moses said to Pharaoh, “Accept the honor of saying when I shall intercede for you, for your servants, and for your people, to destroy the frogs from you and your houses, that they may remain in the river only.” 10 So he said, “Tomorrow.” And he said, “Let it be according to your word, that you may know that there is no one like the LORD our God. 11 And the frogs shall depart from you, from your houses, from your servants, and from your people. They shall remain in the river only.” 12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh. And Moses cried out to the LORD concerning the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh. 13 So the LORD did according to the word of Moses. And the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courtyards, and out of the fields. 14 They gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank. 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
The Third Plague: Lice
    16 So the LORD said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 17 And they did so. For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and it became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. 18 Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. So there were lice on man and beast. 19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as the LORD had said.
The Fourth Plague: Flies
    20 And the LORD said to Moses, “Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water. Then say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. 21 Or else, if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand. 22 And in that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, in order that you may know that I am the LORD in the midst of the land. 23 I will make a difference[a] between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall be.”’” 24 And the LORD did so. Thick swarms of flies came into the house of Pharaoh, into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt. The land was corrupted because of the swarms of flies. 25 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God in the land.” 26 And Moses said, “It is not right to do so, for we would be sacrificing the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God. If we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, then will they not stone us? 27 We will go three days’ journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the LORD our God as He will command us.” 28 So Pharaoh said, “I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Intercede for me.” 29 Then Moses said, “Indeed I am going out from you, and I will entreat the LORD, that the swarms of flies may depart tomorrow from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. But let Pharaoh not deal deceitfully anymore in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.” 30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and entreated the LORD. 31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained. 32 But Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also; neither would he let the people go.

Footnotes:Exodus 8:23 Literally set a ransom (compare Exodus 9:4 and 11:7)


Second Reading: Heb. 1:1-14


God’s Supreme Revelation

 1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself[a] purged our[b] sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

The Son Exalted Above Angels

    5 For to which of the angels did He ever say:
      “ You are My Son,
      Today I have begotten You”?[c]

   And again:
      “ I will be to Him a Father,
      And He shall be to Me a Son”?[d] 6 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says:
      “ Let all the angels of God worship Him.”[e]

 7 And of the angels He says:
      “ Who makes His angels spirits
      And His ministers a flame of fire.”[f]

 8 But to the Son He says:
      “ Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;
      A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
       9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness;
      Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You
      With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”[g]
   

 10 And:
   
      “ You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth,
      And the heavens are the work of Your hands.
       11 They will perish, but You remain;
      And they will all grow old like a garment;
       12 Like a cloak You will fold them up,
      And they will be changed.
      But You are the same,
      And Your years will not fail.”[h]
    13 But to which of the angels has He ever said:
   
      “ Sit at My right hand,
      Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?[i]
   

 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?

Footnotes:Hebrews 1:3 NU-Text omits by Himself. Hebrews 1:3 NU-Text omits our. Hebrews 1:5 Psalm 2:7 Hebrews 1:5 2 Samuel 7:14 Hebrews 1:6 Deuteronomy 32:43 (Septuagint, Dead Sea Scrolls); Psalm 97:7 Hebrews 1:7 Psalm 104:4 Hebrews 1:9 Psalm 45:6, 7 Hebrews 1:12 Psalm 102:25–27 Hebrews 1:13 Psalm 110:1


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