March 25th, 2018

Palmarum (Palm Sunday)


Explanation of the Week

"Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey." (Zech 9:9-12; Mt 21:1-9) Our Lord rides in this humble fashion because He is entering Jerusalem to humble Himself even to the point of death on a cross. (Phil 2:5-11) His kingly crown will not be made of gold but of thorns, the sign of sin's curse. For His royal reign is displayed in bearing this curse for His people, saving us from our enemies by sacrificing His own life. The sinless One takes the place of the sinner so that the sinner can be freed and bear the name "Barabbas," "son of the Father." (Matthew 26 and 27) It is at the name of this exalted Savior, Jesus, that we bow in humble faith. With the centurion who declared, "Truly this was the Son of God!" we are given to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Introit

Antiphon:
But You, O LORD, do not be | far from Me;*
     O My Strength, hasten to | help Me!
Save Me from the | lion's mouth*
     and from the horns of the wild | oxen! (Psalm 22:19, 21)

Psalm:
My God, My God, why have You for- | saken Me?*
     Why are You so far from | helping Me.
All those who see Me ridi- | cule Me;*
     they shoot out the lip, they | shake the head.
They say "He trusted in the LORD, let Him | rescue Him;*
     let Him deliver Him, since He de- | lights in Him!"
Be not far from Me, for trou- | ble is near;*
     for there is | none to help. (Psalm 22:1, 7-8, 11)
(The Gloria Patri is omitted)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, You sent Your Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Himself our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross. Mercifully grant that we may follow the example of His great humility and patience and be made partakers of His resurrection; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty and everlasting God, who hast sent Thy Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Him our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross that all mankind should follow the example of His great humility, mercifully grant that we may both follow the example of his patience and also be made partakers of His resurrection; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui humano generi ad imitandum humanitatis Exemplum, salvatorem nostrum carnem sumere et crucem subire fecisti, concede propitius, ut et patientiae ipsius habere documenta, et resurrectionis consortia mereamur. Per eundem Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Zech. 9:9-12


The Coming of Zion's King

 9 Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion!
       Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem!
       See, your king [a] comes to you,
       righteous and having salvation,
       gentle and riding on a donkey,
       on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

 10 I will take away the chariots from Ephraim
       and the war-horses from Jerusalem,
       and the battle bow will be broken.
       He will proclaim peace to the nations.
       His rule will extend from sea to sea
       and from the River [b] to the ends of the earth. [c]

 11 As for you, because of the blood of my covenant with you,
       I will free your prisoners from the waterless pit.

 12 Return to your fortress, O prisoners of hope;
       even now I announce that I will restore twice as much to you.

Footnotes:Zechariah 9:9 Or King Zechariah 9:10 That is, the Euphrates Zechariah 9:10 Or the end of the land


Old Testament: Zech. 9:9-10


The Coming of Zion's King

 9 Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion!
       Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem!
       See, your king [a] comes to you,
       righteous and having salvation,
       gentle and riding on a donkey,
       on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

 10 I will take away the chariots from Ephraim
       and the war-horses from Jerusalem,
       and the battle bow will be broken.
       He will proclaim peace to the nations.
       His rule will extend from sea to sea
       and from the River [b] to the ends of the earth. [c]

Footnotes:Zechariah 9:9 Or King Zechariah 9:10 That is, the Euphrates Zechariah 9:10 Or the end of the land


Gradual

You hold me by my | right hand.*
     You will guide me with Your counsel, and afterward receive me to | glory.
Truly God is good to | Israel, *
     to such as are | pure in heart. (Psalm 73:23–24, 1)

Epistle: Phil. 2:5-11


 5Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus:
 6Who, being in very nature[a] God,
      did not consider equality with God something to be grasped,
 7but made himself nothing,
      taking the very nature[b] of a servant,
      being made in human likeness.
 8And being found in appearance as a man,
      he humbled himself
      and became obedient to death—
         even death on a cross!
 9Therefore God exalted him to the highest place
      and gave him the name that is above every name,
 10that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow,
      in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
 11and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord,
      to the glory of God the Father.

Footnotes:Philippians 2:6 Or in the form of Philippians 2:7 Or the form


Verse

My | God, My God,*
     Why have You for- | saken Me?
Why are You so far from | helping Me,*
     and from the words of My | groaning?
Our fathers trust- | ed in You;*
     they trusted, and You de- | livered them.
They cried to You, and were de- | livered;*
     they trusted in You, and were | not ashamed. (Psalm 22:1, 4, 5)

Gospel: Matt. 21:1-9


The Triumphal Entry

 1As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2saying to them, "Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. Untie them and bring them to me. 3If anyone says anything to you, tell him that the Lord needs them, and he will send them right away."

 4This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet:
 5"Say to the Daughter of Zion,
      'See, your king comes to you,
   gentle and riding on a donkey,
      on a colt, the foal of a donkey.' "[a]

 6The disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 7They brought the donkey and the colt, placed their cloaks on them, and Jesus sat on them. 8A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted,
   "Hosanna[b] to the Son of David!"
   "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!"[c]
   "Hosanna[d] in the highest!"

Footnotes:Matthew 21:5 Zech. 9:9 Matthew 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning "Save!" which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15 Matthew 21:9 Psalm 118:26 Matthew 21:9 A Hebrew expression meaning "Save!" which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 15


Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 61


For the director of music. With stringed instruments. Of David.

 1 Hear my cry, O God;
       listen to my prayer.

 2 From the ends of the earth I call to you,
       I call as my heart grows faint;
       lead me to the rock that is higher than I.

 3 For you have been my refuge,
       a strong tower against the foe.

 4 I long to dwell in your tent forever
       and take refuge in the shelter of your wings.
       Selah

 5 For you have heard my vows, O God;
       you have given me the heritage of those who fear your name.

 6 Increase the days of the king's life,
       his years for many generations.

 7 May he be enthroned in God's presence forever;
       appoint your love and faithfulness to protect him.

 8 Then will I ever sing praise to your name
       and fulfill my vows day after day.



First Reading: Ex. 8:1-32


 1 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me. 2 If you refuse to let them go, I will plague your whole country with frogs. 3 The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs. 4 The frogs will go up on you and your people and all your officials.' "

 5 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Stretch out your hand with your staff over the streams and canals and ponds, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.' "

 6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land. 7 But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts; they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.

 8 Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Pray to the LORD to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD."

 9 Moses said to Pharaoh, "I leave to you the honor of setting the time for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs, except for those that remain in the Nile."

 10 "Tomorrow," Pharaoh said.
      Moses replied, "It will be as you say, so that you may know there is no one like the LORD our God. 11 The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials and your people; they will remain only in the Nile."

 12 After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh, Moses cried out to the LORD about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh. 13 And the LORD did what Moses asked. The frogs died in the houses, in the courtyards and in the fields. 14 They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them. 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.

The Plague of Gnats
 16 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,' and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats." 17 They did this, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground, gnats came upon men and animals. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats. 18 But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. And the gnats were on men and animals.

 19 The magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not listen, just as the LORD had said.

The Plague of Flies
 20 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Get up early in the morning and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the water and say to him, 'This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me. 21 If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground where they are.

 22 " 'But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen, where my people live; no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will know that I, the LORD, am in this land. 23 I will make a distinction [a] between my people and your people. This miraculous sign will occur tomorrow.' "

 24 And the LORD did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh's palace and into the houses of his officials, and throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies.

 25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Go, sacrifice to your God here in the land."

 26 But Moses said, "That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the LORD our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us? 27 We must take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, as he commands us."

 28 Pharaoh said, "I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the LORD your God in the desert, but you must not go very far. Now pray for me."

 29 Moses answered, "As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the LORD, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD."

 30 Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD, 31 and the LORD did what Moses asked: The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people; not a fly remained. 32 But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people go.

Footnotes:Exodus 8:23 Septuagint and Vulgate; Hebrew will put a deliverance


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 67


For the director of music. With stringed instruments. A psalm. A song.

 1 May God be gracious to us and bless us
       and make his face shine upon us,
       Selah

 2 that your ways may be known on earth,
       your salvation among all nations.

 3 May the peoples praise you, O God;
       may all the peoples praise you.

 4 May the nations be glad and sing for joy,
       for you rule the peoples justly
       and guide the nations of the earth.
       Selah

 5 May the peoples praise you, O God;
       may all the peoples praise you.

 6 Then the land will yield its harvest,
       and God, our God, will bless us.

 7 God will bless us,
       and all the ends of the earth will fear him.



Second Reading: Heb. 1:1-14


The Son Superior to Angels

 1In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. 3The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. 4So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs.

 5For to which of the angels did God ever say,
   "You are my Son;
      today I have become your Father[a]"[b]? Or again,
   "I will be his Father,
      and he will be my Son"[c]? 6And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says,
   "Let all God's angels worship him."[d] 7In speaking of the angels he says,
   "He makes his angels winds,
      his servants flames of fire."[e] 8But about the Son he says,
   "Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever,
      and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.
 9You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness;
      therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions
      by anointing you with the oil of joy."[f] 10He also says,
   "In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth,
      and the heavens are the work of your hands.
 11They will perish, but you remain;
      they will all wear out like a garment.
 12You will roll them up like a robe;
      like a garment they will be changed.
   But you remain the same,
      and your years will never end."[g] 13To which of the angels did God ever say,
      "Sit at my right hand
   until I make your enemies
      a footstool for your feet"[h]? 14Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?

Footnotes:Hebrews 1:5 Or have begotten you Hebrews 1:5 Psalm 2:7 Hebrews 1:5 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chron. 17:13 Hebrews 1:6 Deut. 32:43 (see Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint) Hebrews 1:7 Psalm 104:4 Hebrews 1:9 Psalm 45:6,7 Hebrews 1:12 Psalm 102:25-27 Hebrews 1:13 Psalm 110:1


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