March 25th, 2018

Palmarum (Palm Sunday)


Explanation of the Week

"Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey." (Zech 9:9-12; Mt 21:1-9) Our Lord rides in this humble fashion because He is entering Jerusalem to humble Himself even to the point of death on a cross. (Phil 2:5-11) His kingly crown will not be made of gold but of thorns, the sign of sin's curse. For His royal reign is displayed in bearing this curse for His people, saving us from our enemies by sacrificing His own life. The sinless One takes the place of the sinner so that the sinner can be freed and bear the name "Barabbas," "son of the Father." (Matthew 26 and 27) It is at the name of this exalted Savior, Jesus, that we bow in humble faith. With the centurion who declared, "Truly this was the Son of God!" we are given to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Introit

Antiphon:
But You, O LORD, do not be | far from Me;*
     O My Strength, hasten to | help Me!
Save Me from the | lion's mouth*
     and from the horns of the wild | oxen! (Psalm 22:19, 21)

Psalm:
My God, My God, why have You for- | saken Me?*
     Why are You so far from | helping Me.
All those who see Me ridi- | cule Me;*
     they shoot out the lip, they | shake the head.
They say "He trusted in the LORD, let Him | rescue Him;*
     let Him deliver Him, since He de- | lights in Him!"
Be not far from Me, for trou- | ble is near;*
     for there is | none to help. (Psalm 22:1, 7-8, 11)
(The Gloria Patri is omitted)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, You sent Your Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Himself our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross. Mercifully grant that we may follow the example of His great humility and patience and be made partakers of His resurrection; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty and everlasting God, who hast sent Thy Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Him our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross that all mankind should follow the example of His great humility, mercifully grant that we may both follow the example of his patience and also be made partakers of His resurrection; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui humano generi ad imitandum humanitatis Exemplum, salvatorem nostrum carnem sumere et crucem subire fecisti, concede propitius, ut et patientiae ipsius habere documenta, et resurrectionis consortia mereamur. Per eundem Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Zech. 9:9-12


 9Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

 10And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.

 11As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.

 12Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope: even to day do I declare that I will render double unto thee;



Old Testament: Zech. 9:9-10


 9Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

 10And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.



Gradual

You hold me by my | right hand.*
     You will guide me with Your counsel, and afterward receive me to | glory.
Truly God is good to | Israel, *
     to such as are | pure in heart. (Psalm 73:23–24, 1)

Epistle: Phil. 2:5-11


 5Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

 6Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:

 7But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:

 8And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

 9Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

 10That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

 11And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.



Verse

My | God, My God,*
     Why have You for- | saken Me?
Why are You so far from | helping Me,*
     and from the words of My | groaning?
Our fathers trust- | ed in You;*
     they trusted, and You de- | livered them.
They cried to You, and were de- | livered;*
     they trusted in You, and were | not ashamed. (Psalm 22:1, 4, 5)

Gospel: Matt. 21:1-9


 1And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,

 2Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.

 3And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.

 4All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,

 5Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.

 6And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,

 7And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.

 8And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.

 9And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.



Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 61


 1Hear my cry, O God; attend unto my prayer.

 2From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I.

 3For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy.

 4I will abide in thy tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah.

 5For thou, O God, hast heard my vows: thou hast given me the heritage of those that fear thy name.

 6Thou wilt prolong the king's life: and his years as many generations.

 7He shall abide before God for ever: O prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him.

 8So will I sing praise unto thy name for ever, that I may daily perform my vows.



First Reading: Ex. 8:1-32


 1And the LORD spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

 2And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:

 3And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs:

 4And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.

 5And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.

 6And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.

 7And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.

 8Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat the LORD, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD.

 9And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only?

 10And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the LORD our God.

 11And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.

 12And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the LORD because of the frogs which he had brought against Pharaoh.

 13And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.

 14And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank.

 15But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

 16And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

 17And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

 18And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

 19Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

 20And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

 21Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.

 22And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.

 23And I will put a division between my people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.

 24And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants' houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies.

 25And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.

 26And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us?

 27We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as he shall command us.

 28And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.

 29And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.

 30And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD.

 31And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.

 32And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.



Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 67


 1God be merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.

 2That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations.

 3Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.

 4O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth. Selah.

 5Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.

 6Then shall the earth yield her increase; and God, even our own God, shall bless us.

 7God shall bless us; and all the ends of the earth shall fear him.



Second Reading: Heb. 1:1-14


 1God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

 2Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

 3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

 4Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

 5For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

 6And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

 7And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

 8But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

 9Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

 10And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:

 11They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;

 12And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

 13But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

 14Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?



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