March 25th, 2018

Palmarum (Palm Sunday)


Explanation of the Week

"Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey." (Zech 9:9-12; Mt 21:1-9) Our Lord rides in this humble fashion because He is entering Jerusalem to humble Himself even to the point of death on a cross. (Phil 2:5-11) His kingly crown will not be made of gold but of thorns, the sign of sin's curse. For His royal reign is displayed in bearing this curse for His people, saving us from our enemies by sacrificing His own life. The sinless One takes the place of the sinner so that the sinner can be freed and bear the name "Barabbas," "son of the Father." (Matthew 26 and 27) It is at the name of this exalted Savior, Jesus, that we bow in humble faith. With the centurion who declared, "Truly this was the Son of God!" we are given to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Introit

Antiphon:
But You, O LORD, do not be | far from Me;*
     O My Strength, hasten to | help Me!
Save Me from the | lion's mouth*
     and from the horns of the wild | oxen! (Psalm 22:19, 21)

Psalm:
My God, My God, why have You for- | saken Me?*
     Why are You so far from | helping Me.
All those who see Me ridi- | cule Me;*
     they shoot out the lip, they | shake the head.
They say "He trusted in the LORD, let Him | rescue Him;*
     let Him deliver Him, since He de- | lights in Him!"
Be not far from Me, for trou- | ble is near;*
     for there is | none to help. (Psalm 22:1, 7-8, 11)
(The Gloria Patri is omitted)

Collect (LSB)

Almighty and everlasting God, You sent Your Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Himself our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross. Mercifully grant that we may follow the example of His great humility and patience and be made partakers of His resurrection; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Collect (TLH)

Almighty and everlasting God, who hast sent Thy Son, our Savior Jesus Christ, to take upon Him our flesh and to suffer death upon the cross that all mankind should follow the example of His great humility, mercifully grant that we may both follow the example of his patience and also be made partakers of His resurrection; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Collecta Latina

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui humano generi ad imitandum humanitatis Exemplum, salvatorem nostrum carnem sumere et crucem subire fecisti, concede propitius, ut et patientiae ipsius habere documenta, et resurrectionis consortia mereamur. Per eundem Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.

Old Testament (LSB): Zech. 9:9-12


The Coming King of Zion

 9(A) Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
   Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem!(B) Behold,(C) your king is coming to you;
   righteous and having salvation is he,(D) humble and mounted on a donkey,
   on a colt, the foal of a donkey. 10(E) I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
   and(F) the war horse from Jerusalem;and the battle bow shall be cut off,
   and(G) he shall speak peace to the nations;(H) his rule shall be from sea to sea,
   and from(I) the River to the ends of the earth. 11As for you also, because of(J) the blood of my covenant with you,
   (K) I will set your prisoners free from(L) the waterless pit. 12Return to your stronghold, O(M) prisoners of hope;
   today I declare that(N) I will restore to you double.

Cross references:Zechariah 9:9 : Zeph 3:14 Zechariah 9:9 : Cited Matt 21:5; John 12:15 Zechariah 9:9 : Jer 23:5 Zechariah 9:9 : Matt 11:29 Zechariah 9:10 : Hos 1:7 Zechariah 9:10 : Mic 5:10 Zechariah 9:10 : Mic 5:5 Zechariah 9:10 : Psalm 72:8 Zechariah 9:10 : Exodus 23:31 Zechariah 9:11 : Exodus 24:8 Zechariah 9:11 : Isa 42:7; 51:14; 61:1 Zechariah 9:11 : Gen 37:24; Jer 38:6 Zechariah 9:12 : Jer 31:17 Zechariah 9:12 : Isa 61:7


Old Testament: Zech. 9:9-10


The Coming King of Zion

 9(A) Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
   Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem!(B) Behold,(C) your king is coming to you;
   righteous and having salvation is he,(D) humble and mounted on a donkey,
   on a colt, the foal of a donkey. 10(E) I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim
   and(F) the war horse from Jerusalem;and the battle bow shall be cut off,
   and(G) he shall speak peace to the nations;(H) his rule shall be from sea to sea,
   and from(I) the River to the ends of the earth.

Cross references:Zechariah 9:9 : Zeph 3:14 Zechariah 9:9 : Cited Matt 21:5; John 12:15 Zechariah 9:9 : Jer 23:5 Zechariah 9:9 : Matt 11:29 Zechariah 9:10 : Hos 1:7 Zechariah 9:10 : Mic 5:10 Zechariah 9:10 : Mic 5:5 Zechariah 9:10 : Psalm 72:8 Zechariah 9:10 : Exodus 23:31


Gradual

You hold me by my | right hand.*
     You will guide me with Your counsel, and afterward receive me to | glory.
Truly God is good to | Israel, *
     to such as are | pure in heart. (Psalm 73:23–24, 1)

Epistle: Phil. 2:5-11


5(A) Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus,[a] 6(B) who, though he was in(C) the form of God, did not count equality with God(D) a thing to be grasped, 7but(E) made himself nothing, taking the form of a(F) servant,[b](G) being born in the likeness of men. 8And being found in human form, he humbled himself by(H) becoming obedient to the point of death,(I) even death on a cross. 9(J) Therefore(K) God has(L) highly exalted him and bestowed on him(M) the name that is above every name, 10so that at the name of Jesus(N) every knee should bow,(O) in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11and(P) every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is(Q) Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Footnotes:Philippians 2:5 Or which was also in Christ Jesus Philippians 2:7 Greek bondservant
Cross references:Philippians 2:5 : Rom 15:3; Matt 11:29 Philippians 2:6 : John 1:1 Philippians 2:6 : 2 Cor 4:4 Philippians 2:6 : John 5:18; 10:33; John 14:28 Philippians 2:7 : 2 Cor 8:9; 13:4; Mark 9:12 Philippians 2:7 : Isa 42:1; Matt 20:28 Philippians 2:7 : Rom 8:3; Gal 4:4; John 1:14 Philippians 2:8 : Heb 5:8; Matt 26:39; John 10:18; Rom 5:19 Philippians 2:8 : Heb 12:2 Philippians 2:9 : John 10:17; Isa 52:13; 53:12; Heb 2:9 Philippians 2:9 : Matt 28:18 Philippians 2:9 : Acts 2:33 Philippians 2:9 : Eph 1:21; Heb 1:4; Acts 5:41 Philippians 2:10 : Isa 45:23; Rom 14:11 Philippians 2:10 : Rev 5:3, 13; Eph 1:10 Philippians 2:11 : Rom 10:9; 1 Cor 12:3 Philippians 2:11 : Rom 14:9; John 13:13


Verse

My | God, My God,*
     Why have You for- | saken Me?
Why are You so far from | helping Me,*
     and from the words of My | groaning?
Our fathers trust- | ed in You;*
     they trusted, and You de- | livered them.
They cried to You, and were de- | livered;*
     they trusted in You, and were | not ashamed. (Psalm 22:1, 4, 5)

Gospel: Matt. 21:1-9


The Triumphal Entry

 1(A) Now when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to(B) the Mount of Olives, then Jesus(C) sent two disciples, 2saying to them, "Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me. 3If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord needs them,' and he will send them at once." 4This took place(D) to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying,
 5(E) "Say to the daughter of Zion,'Behold, your king is coming to you,
   (F) humble, and mounted on a donkey,
   and[a] on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.'"

 6The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. 7They brought the donkey and the colt and put on them their cloaks, and he sat on them. 8Most of the crowd(G) spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting,(H) "Hosanna to(I) the Son of David!(J) Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna(K) in the highest!"

Footnotes:Matthew 21:5 Or even
Cross references:Matthew 21:1 : For Matthew 21:1-9, Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-38; John 12:12-15 Matthew 21:1 : Matthew 24:3; 26:30; Zech 14:4; John 8:1; Acts 1:12 Matthew 21:1 : Mark 14:13 Matthew 21:4 : Matthew 1:22 Matthew 21:5 : Zech 9:9; Isa 62:11 Matthew 21:5 : Matthew 11:29 Matthew 21:8 : 2 Kgs 9:13 Matthew 21:9 : Rev 7:10; Psalm 118:25 (Heb) Matthew 21:9 : Matthew 20:30 Matthew 21:9 : Matthew 23:39; Psalm 118:26 Matthew 21:9 : Luke 2:14; Psalm 148:1


Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 61


Lead Me to the Rock

To the choirmaster: with(A) stringed instruments. Of David.

 1Hear my cry, O God,
   (B) listen to my prayer; 2from the end of the earth I call to you
   when my heart is(C) faint.Lead me to(D) the rock
   that is higher than I, 3for you have been(E) my refuge,
   a strong(F) tower against the enemy.

 4Let me(G) dwell in your tent forever!
   Let me take refuge under(H) the shelter of your wings!
                         Selah
5For you, O God, have heard my vows;
   you have given me the heritage of those who fear your name.

 6(I) Prolong(J) the life of the king;
   may his years endure to all generations! 7May he be enthroned forever before God;
   appoint(K) steadfast love and faithfulness to watch over him!

 8So will I ever sing praises to your name,
   as I(L) perform my vows day after day.

Cross references:Psalm 61:1 : Psalm 4, title Psalm 61:1 : Psalm 55:1, 2 Psalm 61:2 : Psalm 77:3 Psalm 61:2 : Psalm 18:2 Psalm 61:3 : Psalm 14:6 Psalm 61:3 : Prov 18:10 Psalm 61:4 : Psalm 15:1; 27:4 Psalm 61:4 : Psalm 17:8 Psalm 61:6 : Psalm 21:4 Psalm 61:6 : Psalm 63:11 Psalm 61:7 : Psalm 40:11 Psalm 61:8 : Psalm 50:14


First Reading: Ex. 8:1-32


The Second Plague: Frogs
 1[a] Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh and say to him, 'Thus says the LORD, "Let my people go, that(A) they may serve me. 2But if you(B) refuse to let them go, behold, I will plague all your country with(C) frogs. 3The Nile shall swarm with frogs that shall come up into your house and into(D) your bedroom and on your bed and into the houses of your servants and your people,[b] and into your ovens and your kneading bowls. 4The frogs shall come up on you and on your people and on all your servants."'" 5[c] And the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron,(E) 'Stretch out your hand with your staff over the rivers, over the canals and over the pools, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt!'" 6So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and(F) the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt. 7But(G) the magicians did the same by their secret arts and made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.

 8Then Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron and said,(H) "Plead with the LORD to take away the frogs from me and from my people, and(I) I will let the people go to sacrifice to the LORD." 9Moses said to Pharaoh, "Be pleased to command me when(J) I am to plead for you and for your servants and for your people, that the frogs be cut off from you and your houses and be left only in the Nile." 10And he said, "Tomorrow." Moses said, "Be it as you say, so(K) that you may know that(L) there is no one like the LORD our God. 11The frogs shall go away from you and your houses and your servants and your people. They shall be left only in the Nile." 12So Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried to the LORD about the frogs, as he had agreed with Pharaoh.[d] 13And the LORD did according to the word of Moses. The frogs died out in the houses, the courtyards, and the fields. 14And they gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank. 15But when Pharaoh saw that there was a(M) respite, he(N) hardened his heart and would not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

The Third Plague: Gnats
 16Then the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron,(O) 'Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the earth, so that it may become gnats in all the land of Egypt.'" 17And they did so. Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff and struck the dust of the earth, and(P) there were gnats on man and beast. All the dust of the earth became gnats in all the land of Egypt. 18The(Q) magicians tried by their secret arts to produce gnats, but they could not. So there were gnats on man and beast. 19Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is(R) the finger of God." But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the LORD had said.
The Fourth Plague: Flies
 20Then the LORD said to Moses,(S) "Rise up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh, as he goes out to the water, and say to him, 'Thus says the LORD,(T) "Let my people go, that they may serve me. 21Or else, if you will not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants and your people, and into your houses. And the houses of the Egyptians shall be filled with swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand. 22But on that day(U) I will set apart the land of Goshen, where my people dwell, so that no swarms of flies shall be there,(V) that you may know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.[e] 23Thus I will put a division[f] between my people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall happen."'" 24And the LORD did so.(W) There came great swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh and into his servants’ houses. Throughout all the land of Egypt the land was ruined by the swarms of flies.

 25Then Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron and said, "Go, sacrifice to your God within the land." 26But Moses said, "It would not be right to do so, for the offerings we shall sacrifice to the LORD our God are an(X) abomination to the Egyptians. If we sacrifice offerings abominable to the Egyptians before their eyes, will they not stone us? 27We must go(Y) three days’ journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the LORD our God(Z) as he tells us." 28So Pharaoh said, "I will let you go to sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only you must not go very far away.(AA) Plead for me." 29Then Moses said, "Behold, I am going out from you and I will plead with the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, tomorrow. Only let not Pharaoh(AB) cheat again by not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD." 30So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD. 31And the LORD did as Moses asked, and removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; not one remained. 32But Pharaoh(AC) hardened his heart this time also, and did not let the people go.

Footnotes:Exodus 8:1 Ch 7:26 in Hebrew Exodus 8:3 Or among your people Exodus 8:5 Ch 8:1 in Hebrew Exodus 8:12 Or which he had brought upon Pharaoh Exodus 8:22 Or that I the LORD am in the land Exodus 8:23 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew set redemption
Cross references:Exodus 8:1 : Exodus 8:20; Exodus 3:12, 18 Exodus 8:2 : Exodus 7:14; 9:2 Exodus 8:2 : Rev 16:13 Exodus 8:3 : Psalm 105:30 Exodus 8:5 : Exodus 7:19 Exodus 8:6 : Psalm 78:45; 105:30 Exodus 8:7 : Exodus 7:11 Exodus 8:8 : Exodus 8:28, 30; Exodus 9:28; 10:17, 18; Num 21:7; 1 Kgs 13:6; Acts 8:24 Exodus 8:8 : Exodus 8:25-28; Exodus 10:8, 24; 12:31, 32 Exodus 8:9 : Exodus 8:8 Exodus 8:10 : Exodus 8:22; Exodus 7:17 Exodus 8:10 : Exodus 9:14; Deut 33:26; 2 Sam 7:22; 1 Chr 17:20; Psalm 86:8; Isa 46:9; Jer 10:6, 7 Exodus 8:15 : Eccles 8:11 Exodus 8:15 : Exodus 8:32; Exodus 7:14; 9:7, 34; 10:1 Exodus 8:16 : Exodus 7:19 Exodus 8:17 : Psalm 105:31 Exodus 8:18 : Exodus 7:11 Exodus 8:19 : Exodus 31:18; Psalm 8:3; Luke 11:20 Exodus 8:20 : Exodus 7:15; 9:13 Exodus 8:20 : Exodus 8:1 Exodus 8:22 : Exodus 9:4; 11:7; Mal 3:18 Exodus 8:22 : Exodus 8:10; Exodus 7:17 Exodus 8:24 : Psalm 78:45; 105:31; Isa 7:18 Exodus 8:26 : Gen 43:32; 46:34 Exodus 8:27 : Exodus 3:18 Exodus 8:27 : Exodus 3:12 Exodus 8:28 : Exodus 8:8 Exodus 8:29 : Exodus 8:15; Jer 42:20, 21 Exodus 8:32 : Exodus 8:15


Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 67


Make Your Face Shine upon Us

To the choirmaster: with(A) stringed instruments. A Psalm. A Song.

 1May God(B) be gracious to us and bless us
   and make his face to(C) shine upon us,
                         Selah
2that(D) your way may be known on earth,
   your(E) saving power among all nations. 3(F) Let the peoples praise you, O God;
   let all the peoples praise you!

 4Let the nations be glad and sing for joy,
   for you(G) judge the peoples with equity
   and guide the nations upon earth.
                         Selah
5(H) Let the peoples praise you, O God;
   let all the peoples praise you!

 6The earth has(I) yielded its increase;
   God, our God, shall bless us. 7God shall bless us;
   let(J) all the ends of the earth fear him!

Cross references:Psalm 67:1 : Psalm 4, title Psalm 67:1 : Num 6:25 Psalm 67:1 : Psalm 4:6 Psalm 67:2 : Acts 18:25 Psalm 67:2 : Psalm 98:3; Luke 2:30; Titus 2:11 Psalm 67:3 : Psalm 22:27 Psalm 67:4 : Psalm 58:11 Psalm 67:5 : Psalms 42:3 Psalm 67:6 : Psalm 85:12; Lev 26:4; Ezek 34:27; Hos 2:22 Psalm 67:7 : Psalm 22:27


Second Reading: Heb. 1:1-14


The Supremacy of God’s Son

 1Long ago, at many times and(A) in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2but(B) in these last days(C) he has spoken to us by(D) his Son, whom he appointed(E) the heir of all things,(F) through whom also he created(G) the world. 3He is the radiance of the glory of God and(H) the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power.(I) After making purification for sins,(J) he sat down(K) at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4having become as much superior to angels as the name(L) he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.

 5For to which of the angels did God ever say,
   (M) "You are my Son,
   today I have begotten you"?

   

   Or again,
   (N) "I will be to him a father,
   and he shall be to me a son"?

 6And again, when he brings(O) the firstborn into the world, he says,
   (P) "Let all God’s angels worship him."

 7Of the angels he says,
   (Q) "He makes his angels winds,
   and his ministers a flame of fire."

 8But of the Son he says,
   (R) "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,
   the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. 9You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness;therefore God, your God,(S) has anointed you
   with(T) the oil of gladness beyond your companions."

 10And,
   (U) "You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning,
   and the heavens are the work of your hands; 11they will perish, but you remain;
   they will all wear out like a garment, 12like a robe you will roll them up,
   like a garment they will be changed.[a]But you are(V) the same,
   and your years will have no end."

 13And to which of the angels has he ever said,
   (W) "Sit at my right hand
   (X) until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet"?

 14Are they not all ministering spirits(Y) sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to(Z) inherit salvation?

Footnotes:Hebrews 1:12 Some manuscripts omit like a garment
Cross references:Hebrews 1:1 : Num 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 Hebrews 1:2 : 1 Pet 1:20; Hebrews 9:26; Acts 2:17 Hebrews 1:2 : Hebrews 2:3 Hebrews 1:2 : Matt 14:33 Hebrews 1:2 : Psalm 2:8; Matt 21:38; Matt 28:18 Hebrews 1:2 : Hebrews 3:3; John 1:3 Hebrews 1:2 : Hebrews 11:3 Hebrews 1:3 : 2 Cor 4:4 Hebrews 1:3 : Hebrews 9:14 Hebrews 1:3 : Mark 16:19 Hebrews 1:3 : Luke 22:69 Hebrews 1:4 : Eph 1:21; Phil 2:9 Hebrews 1:5 : Hebrews 5:5; Acts 13:33; Psalm 2:7 Hebrews 1:5 : 2 Sam 7:14; Psalm 89:26, 27 Hebrews 1:6 : Rom 8:29 Hebrews 1:6 : Deut 32:43 (Gk); Psalm 97:7 Hebrews 1:7 : Psalm 104:4 Hebrews 1:8 : Psalm 45:6, 7 Hebrews 1:9 : Isa 61:1 Hebrews 1:9 : Isa 61:3 Hebrews 1:10 : Psalm 102:25-27 Hebrews 1:12 : Hebrews 13:8 Hebrews 1:13 : Psalm 110:1 Hebrews 1:13 : Hebrews 10:13 Hebrews 1:14 : Gen 19:16; 28:12; 32:1, 2; Judg 6:11; 13:3; Psalm 34:7; 91:11; 103:20, 21; Dan 3:28; 6:22; 10:11; Matt 18:10 Hebrews 1:14 : Matt 25:34


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