November 12th, 2017
Third Last Sunday
Epistle: 1 Thess. 4:13-18
The Comfort of Christ’s Coming
13 But I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, lest you sorrow as others who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus.[a] 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.Footnotes:
1 Thessalonians 4:14 Or those who through Jesus sleep
Gospel: Matt. 24:15-28
The Great Tribulation
15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’[a] spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. 18 And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened. 23 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 See, I have told you beforehand. 26 “Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. 27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together.Footnotes:
Matthew 24:15 Daniel 11:31; 12:11
Old Testament: Isaiah 49:12-17
12 Surely these shall come from afar;
Look! Those from the north and the west,
And these from the land of Sinim.”
13 Sing, O heavens!
Be joyful, O earth!
And break out in singing, O mountains!
For the LORD has comforted His people,
And will have mercy on His afflicted.
God Will Remember Zion
14 But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me,
And my Lord has forgotten me.”
15 “ Can a woman forget her nursing child,
And not have compassion on the son of her womb?
Surely they may forget,
Yet I will not forget you.
16 See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands;
Your walls are
continually before Me.
17 Your sons[a]
shall make haste;
Your destroyers and those who laid you waste
Shall go away from you. Footnotes:
Isaiah 49:17 Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Targum, and Vulgate read builders
Matins Psalm(s): Ps. 116
Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death
1 I love the LORD, because He has heard
My voice and my supplications.
2 Because He has inclined His ear to me,
Therefore I will call upon Him as long as I live.
3 The pains of death surrounded me,
And the pangs of Sheol laid hold of me;
I found trouble and sorrow.
4 Then I called upon the name of the LORD:
“O LORD, I implore You, deliver my soul!”
5 Gracious is the LORD, and righteous;
Yes, our God is merciful.
6 The LORD preserves the simple;
I was brought low, and He saved me.
7 Return to your rest, O my soul,
For the LORD has dealt bountifully with you.
8 For You have delivered my soul from death,
My eyes from tears,
And my feet from falling.
9 I will walk before the LORD
In the land of the living.
10 I believed, therefore I spoke,
“I am greatly afflicted.”
11 I said in my haste,
“All men are liars.”
12 What shall I render to the LORD
For all His benefits toward me?
13 I will take up the cup of salvation,
And call upon the name of the LORD.
14 I will pay my vows to the LORD
Now in the presence of all His people.
15 Precious in the sight of the LORD
Is the death of His saints.
16 O LORD, truly I am Your servant;
I am Your servant, the son of Your maidservant;
You have loosed my bonds.
17 I will offer to You the sacrifice of thanksgiving,
And will call upon the name of the LORD.
18 I will pay my vows to the LORD
Now in the presence of all His people,
19 In the courts of the LORD’s house,
In the midst of you, O Jerusalem.
Praise the LORD!
Vespers Psalm(s): Ps. 18:20-29
20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands
He has recompensed me.
21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
And have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For all His judgments were before me,
And I did not put away His statutes from me.
23 I was also blameless before Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.
24 Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
25 With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful;
With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;
26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure;
And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
27 For You will save the humble people,
But will bring down haughty looks.
28 For You will light my lamp;
The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
29 For by You I can run against a troop,
By my God I can leap over a wall.
Almighty God, we beseech Thee, show Thy mercy unto Thy humble servants, that we who put no trust in our own merits may not be dealt with after the severity of Thy judgment, but according to Thy mercy; through Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.
Old Testament (LSB): Exodus 32:1-20
The Gold Calf
1 Now when the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us gods that shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.” 2 And Aaron said to them, “Break off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3 So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron. 4 And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf. Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!” 5 So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.” 6 Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 7 And the LORD said to Moses, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. 8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’” 9 And the LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and indeed it is a stiff-necked people! 10 Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them. And I will make of you a great nation.” 11 Then Moses pleaded with the LORD his God, and said: “LORD, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and relent from this harm to Your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’”[a] 14 So the LORD relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people. 15 And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets. 17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.” 18 But he said: Footnotes:
“It is not the noise of the shout of victory,
Nor the noise of the cry of defeat,
But the sound of singing I hear.” 19 So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 20 Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it.
Exodus 32:13 Genesis 13:15 and 22:17
Almighty God, we implore You, show Your mercy to Your humble servants that we, who put no trust in our own merits, may not be dealt with after the severity of Your judgment but according to Your mercy; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.
Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, misericordiam tuam ostende supplicibus; ut qui de meritorum qualitate diffidimus, non iudicium tuum, sed indulgentiam sentiamus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus sancti Deus. Per omnia secula seculorum, Amen.
Explanation of the Week
"The kingdom of God does not come with observation" (Luke 17:20-30). You must use your ears and not your eyes. For God's kingdom in this world is one of faith, and faith comes by hearing the Word of Christ. The people of Israel, however, wanted to walk not by faith but by sight. When Moses delayed in coming down the mountain, they decided to make a visible god for themselves, the golden calf (Ex 32:1-20). Upon such faithless and false worshipers God's judgment comes. Only on the Last Day will our faith be turned to sight. "For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be" (Matt 24:15-28). The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, and He will gather His people to Himself, both the living and the dead. In a world in which our days are few and full of trouble (Job 14:1-6), let us comfort one another with these words of the resurrection and the coming of our Lord Jesus.
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in | trouble;*
deliver me from the hand of my | enemies.
Do not let me be a- | shamed, O LORD,*
for I have called u- | pon You. (Psalm 31:9, 15, 17)
In You, O LORD, I | put my trust;*
let me never | be ashamed;
Deliver me in Your | righteousness.*
Bow down Your ear to me; deliver me | speedily.
Into Your hand I commit my | spirit;*
You have redeemed me, O LORD | God of truth.
Be of good courage, and He shall streng- | then your heart,*
all you who hope | in the LORD. (Psalm 31:1-2, 5, 24)
Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD; Lord, hear my voice: Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD. (Psalm 130)
Your enemies roar in the midst of Your / meeting place;*
they set up their ban- / ners for signs.
Remember Your congregation, which You have pur- / chased of old,*
the tribe of Your inheritance, which You / have redeemed. (Psalm 74:4, 2)
Alle- / luia.*
Alle- / luia.
There is a river whose streams shall make glad the ci- / ty of God,*
the holy place of the tabernacle of the Most High. Alle- / luia. (Psalm 46:4)
First Reading: Jer. 25:1-18
Seventy Years of Desolation 1
The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was
the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), 2
which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying: 3
“From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, this is
the twenty-third year in which the word of the LORD has come to me; and I have spoken to you, rising early and speaking, but you have not listened. 4
And the LORD has sent to you all His servants the prophets, rising early and sending them,
but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear. 5
They said, ‘Repent now everyone of his evil way and his evil doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD has given to you and your fathers forever and ever. 6
Do not go after other gods to serve them and worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands; and I will not harm you.’ 7
Yet you have not listened to Me,” says the LORD, “that you might provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt. 8
“Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Because you have not heard My words, 9
behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,’ says the LORD, ‘and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, a hissing, and perpetual desolations. 10
Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp. 11
And this whole land shall be a desolation and
an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12
‘Then it will come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that
I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the LORD; ‘and I will make it a perpetual desolation. 13
So I will bring on that land all My words which I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah has prophesied concerning all the nations. 14
(For many nations and great kings shall be served by them also; and I will repay them according to their deeds and according to the works of their own hands.)’”
Judgment on the Nations 15
For thus says the LORD God of Israel to me: “Take this wine cup of fury from My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it. 16
And they will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them.” 17
Then I took the cup from the LORD’s hand, and made all the nations drink, to whom the LORD had sent me: 18
Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is
Second Reading: Matt. 26:1-19
The Plot to Kill Jesus 1
Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, that
He said to His disciples, 2
“You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.” 3
Then the chief priests, the scribes,[a]
and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 4
and plotted to take Jesus by trickery and kill Him. 5
But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar among the people.”
The Anointing at Bethany 6
And when Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper, 7
a woman came to Him having an alabaster flask of very costly fragrant oil, and she poured it
on His head as He sat at the table. 8
But when His disciples saw it,
they were indignant, saying, “Why this waste? 9
For this fragrant oil might have been sold for much and given to the
But when Jesus was aware of it,
He said to them, “Why do you trouble the woman? For she has done a good work for Me. 11
For you have the poor with you always, but Me you do not have always. 12
For in pouring this fragrant oil on My body, she did it
for My burial. 13
Assuredly, I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told as a memorial to her.”
Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus 14
Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15
and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16
So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him.
Jesus Celebrates Passover with His Disciples 17
Now on the first day of the Feast
of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?” 18
And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”’” 19
So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover. Footnotes:
Matthew 26:3 NU-Text omits the scribes.